599 599 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * tracing clocks * * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> * * Implements 3 trace clock variants, with differing scalability/precision * tradeoffs: * * - local: CPU-local trace clock * - medium: scalable global clock with some jitter * - global: globally monotonic, serialized clock * * Tracer plugins will chose a default from these clocks. */ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/trace_clock.h> /* * trace_clock_local(): the simplest and least coherent tracing clock. * * Useful for tracing that does not cross to other CPUs nor * does it go through idle events. */ u64 notrace trace_clock_local(void) { u64 clock; /* * sched_clock() is an architecture implemented, fast, scalable, * lockless clock. It is not guaranteed to be coherent across * CPUs, nor across CPU idle events. */ preempt_disable_notrace(); clock = sched_clock(); preempt_enable_notrace(); return clock; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_clock_local); /* * trace_clock(): 'between' trace clock. Not completely serialized, * but not completely incorrect when crossing CPUs either. * * This is based on cpu_clock(), which will allow at most ~1 jiffy of * jitter between CPUs. So it's a pretty scalable clock, but there * can be offsets in the trace data. */ u64 notrace trace_clock(void) { return local_clock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_clock); /* * trace_jiffy_clock(): Simply use jiffies as a clock counter. * Note that this use of jiffies_64 is not completely safe on * 32-bit systems. But the window is tiny, and the effect if * we are affected is that we will have an obviously bogus * timestamp on a trace event - i.e. not life threatening. */ u64 notrace trace_clock_jiffies(void) { return jiffies_64_to_clock_t(jiffies_64 - INITIAL_JIFFIES); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_clock_jiffies); /* * trace_clock_global(): special globally coherent trace clock * * It has higher overhead than the other trace clocks but is still * an order of magnitude faster than GTOD derived hardware clocks. * * Used by plugins that need globally coherent timestamps. */ /* keep prev_time and lock in the same cacheline. */ static struct { u64 prev_time; arch_spinlock_t lock; } trace_clock_struct ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp = { .lock = (arch_spinlock_t)__ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, }; u64 notrace trace_clock_global(void) { unsigned long flags; int this_cpu; u64 now, prev_time; raw_local_irq_save(flags); this_cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); /* * The global clock "guarantees" that the events are ordered * between CPUs. But if two events on two different CPUS call * trace_clock_global at roughly the same time, it really does * not matter which one gets the earlier time. Just make sure * that the same CPU will always show a monotonic clock. * * Use a read memory barrier to get the latest written * time that was recorded. */ smp_rmb(); prev_time = READ_ONCE(trace_clock_struct.prev_time); now = sched_clock_cpu(this_cpu); /* Make sure that now is always greater than or equal to prev_time */ if ((s64)(now - prev_time) < 0) now = prev_time; /* * If in an NMI context then dont risk lockups and simply return * the current time. */ if (unlikely(in_nmi())) goto out; /* Tracing can cause strange recursion, always use a try lock */ if (arch_spin_trylock(&trace_clock_struct.lock)) { /* Reread prev_time in case it was already updated */ prev_time = READ_ONCE(trace_clock_struct.prev_time); if ((s64)(now - prev_time) < 0) now = prev_time; trace_clock_struct.prev_time = now; /* The unlock acts as the wmb for the above rmb */ arch_spin_unlock(&trace_clock_struct.lock); } out: raw_local_irq_restore(flags); return now; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_clock_global); static atomic64_t trace_counter; /* * trace_clock_counter(): simply an atomic counter. * Use the trace_counter "counter" for cases where you do not care * about timings, but are interested in strict ordering. */ u64 notrace trace_clock_counter(void) { return atomic64_add_return(1, &trace_counter); }
758 758 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * net/sched/act_gact.c Generic actions * * copyright Jamal Hadi Salim (2002-4) */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <net/netlink.h> #include <net/pkt_sched.h> #include <net/pkt_cls.h> #include <linux/tc_act/tc_gact.h> #include <net/tc_act/tc_gact.h> static unsigned int gact_net_id; static struct tc_action_ops act_gact_ops; #ifdef CONFIG_GACT_PROB static int gact_net_rand(struct tcf_gact *gact) { smp_rmb(); /* coupled with smp_wmb() in tcf_gact_init() */ if (prandom_u32() % gact->tcfg_pval) return gact->tcf_action; return gact->tcfg_paction; } static int gact_determ(struct tcf_gact *gact) { u32 pack = atomic_inc_return(&gact->packets); smp_rmb(); /* coupled with smp_wmb() in tcf_gact_init() */ if (pack % gact->tcfg_pval) return gact->tcf_action; return gact->tcfg_paction; } typedef int (*g_rand)(struct tcf_gact *gact); static g_rand gact_rand[MAX_RAND] = { NULL, gact_net_rand, gact_determ }; #endif /* CONFIG_GACT_PROB */ static const struct nla_policy gact_policy[TCA_GACT_MAX + 1] = { [TCA_GACT_PARMS] = { .len = sizeof(struct tc_gact) }, [TCA_GACT_PROB] = { .len = sizeof(struct tc_gact_p) }, }; static int tcf_gact_init(struct net *net, struct nlattr *nla, struct nlattr *est, struct tc_action **a, int ovr, int bind, bool rtnl_held, struct tcf_proto *tp, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct tc_action_net *tn = net_generic(net, gact_net_id); struct nlattr *tb[TCA_GACT_MAX + 1]; struct tcf_chain *goto_ch = NULL; struct tc_gact *parm; struct tcf_gact *gact; int ret = 0; u32 index; int err; #ifdef CONFIG_GACT_PROB struct tc_gact_p *p_parm = NULL; #endif if (nla == NULL) return -EINVAL; err = nla_parse_nested_deprecated(tb, TCA_GACT_MAX, nla, gact_policy, NULL); if (err < 0) return err; if (tb[TCA_GACT_PARMS] == NULL) return -EINVAL; parm = nla_data(tb[TCA_GACT_PARMS]); index = parm->index; #ifndef CONFIG_GACT_PROB if (tb[TCA_GACT_PROB] != NULL) return -EOPNOTSUPP; #else if (tb[TCA_GACT_PROB]) { p_parm = nla_data(tb[TCA_GACT_PROB]); if (p_parm->ptype >= MAX_RAND) return -EINVAL; if (TC_ACT_EXT_CMP(p_parm->paction, TC_ACT_GOTO_CHAIN)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "goto chain not allowed on fallback"); return -EINVAL; } } #endif err = tcf_idr_check_alloc(tn, &index, a, bind); if (!err) { ret = tcf_idr_create(tn, index, est, a, &act_gact_ops, bind, true); if (ret) { tcf_idr_cleanup(tn, index); return ret; } ret = ACT_P_CREATED; } else if (err > 0) { if (bind)/* dont override defaults */ return 0; if (!ovr) { tcf_idr_release(*a, bind); return -EEXIST; } } else { return err; } err = tcf_action_check_ctrlact(parm->action, tp, &goto_ch, extack); if (err < 0) goto release_idr; gact = to_gact(*a); spin_lock_bh(&gact->tcf_lock); goto_ch = tcf_action_set_ctrlact(*a, parm->action, goto_ch); #ifdef CONFIG_GACT_PROB if (p_parm) { gact->tcfg_paction = p_parm->paction; gact->tcfg_pval = max_t(u16, 1, p_parm->pval); /* Make sure tcfg_pval is written before tcfg_ptype * coupled with smp_rmb() in gact_net_rand() & gact_determ() */ smp_wmb(); gact->tcfg_ptype = p_parm->ptype; } #endif spin_unlock_bh(&gact->tcf_lock); if (goto_ch) tcf_chain_put_by_act(goto_ch); return ret; release_idr: tcf_idr_release(*a, bind); return err; } static int tcf_gact_act(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tc_action *a, struct tcf_result *res) { struct tcf_gact *gact = to_gact(a); int action = READ_ONCE(gact->tcf_action); #ifdef CONFIG_GACT_PROB { u32 ptype = READ_ONCE(gact->tcfg_ptype); if (ptype) action = gact_rand[ptype](gact); } #endif bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(gact->common.cpu_bstats), skb); if (action == TC_ACT_SHOT) qstats_drop_inc(this_cpu_ptr(gact->common.cpu_qstats)); tcf_lastuse_update(&gact->tcf_tm); return action; } static void tcf_gact_stats_update(struct tc_action *a, u64 bytes, u32 packets, u64 lastuse, bool hw) { struct tcf_gact *gact = to_gact(a); int action = READ_ONCE(gact->tcf_action); struct tcf_t *tm = &gact->tcf_tm; _bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(gact->common.cpu_bstats), bytes, packets); if (action == TC_ACT_SHOT) this_cpu_ptr(gact->common.cpu_qstats)->drops += packets; if (hw) _bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(gact->common.cpu_bstats_hw), bytes, packets); tm->lastuse = max_t(u64, tm->lastuse, lastuse); } static int tcf_gact_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tc_action *a, int bind, int ref) { unsigned char *b = skb_tail_pointer(skb); struct tcf_gact *gact = to_gact(a); struct tc_gact opt = { .index = gact->tcf_index, .refcnt = refcount_read(&gact->tcf_refcnt) - ref, .bindcnt = atomic_read(&gact->tcf_bindcnt) - bind, }; struct tcf_t t; spin_lock_bh(&gact->tcf_lock); opt.action = gact->tcf_action; if (nla_put(skb, TCA_GACT_PARMS, sizeof(opt), &opt)) goto nla_put_failure; #ifdef CONFIG_GACT_PROB if (gact->tcfg_ptype) { struct tc_gact_p p_opt = { .paction = gact->tcfg_paction, .pval = gact->tcfg_pval, .ptype = gact->tcfg_ptype, }; if (nla_put(skb, TCA_GACT_PROB, sizeof(p_opt), &p_opt)) goto nla_put_failure; } #endif tcf_tm_dump(&t, &gact->tcf_tm); if (nla_put_64bit(skb, TCA_GACT_TM, sizeof(t), &t, TCA_GACT_PAD)) goto nla_put_failure; spin_unlock_bh(&gact->tcf_lock); return skb->len; nla_put_failure: spin_unlock_bh(&gact->tcf_lock); nlmsg_trim(skb, b); return -1; } static int tcf_gact_walker(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int type, const struct tc_action_ops *ops, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct tc_action_net *tn = net_generic(net, gact_net_id); return tcf_generic_walker(tn, skb, cb, type, ops, extack); } static int tcf_gact_search(struct net *net, struct tc_action **a, u32 index) { struct tc_action_net *tn = net_generic(net, gact_net_id); return tcf_idr_search(tn, a, index); } static size_t tcf_gact_get_fill_size(const struct tc_action *act) { size_t sz = nla_total_size(sizeof(struct tc_gact)); /* TCA_GACT_PARMS */ #ifdef CONFIG_GACT_PROB if (to_gact(act)->tcfg_ptype) /* TCA_GACT_PROB */ sz += nla_total_size(sizeof(struct tc_gact_p)); #endif return sz; } static struct tc_action_ops act_gact_ops = { .kind = "gact", .id = TCA_ID_GACT, .owner = THIS_MODULE, .act = tcf_gact_act, .stats_update = tcf_gact_stats_update, .dump = tcf_gact_dump, .init = tcf_gact_init, .walk = tcf_gact_walker, .lookup = tcf_gact_search, .get_fill_size = tcf_gact_get_fill_size, .size = sizeof(struct tcf_gact), }; static __net_init int gact_init_net(struct net *net) { struct tc_action_net *tn = net_generic(net, gact_net_id); return tc_action_net_init(net, tn, &act_gact_ops); } static void __net_exit gact_exit_net(struct list_head *net_list) { tc_action_net_exit(net_list, gact_net_id); } static struct pernet_operations gact_net_ops = { .init = gact_init_net, .exit_batch = gact_exit_net, .id = &gact_net_id, .size = sizeof(struct tc_action_net), }; MODULE_AUTHOR("Jamal Hadi Salim(2002-4)"); MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Generic Classifier actions"); MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); static int __init gact_init_module(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_GACT_PROB pr_info("GACT probability on\n"); #else pr_info("GACT probability NOT on\n"); #endif return tcf_register_action(&act_gact_ops, &gact_net_ops); } static void __exit gact_cleanup_module(void) { tcf_unregister_action(&act_gact_ops, &gact_net_ops); } module_init(gact_init_module); module_exit(gact_cleanup_module);
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1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* memcontrol.h - Memory Controller * * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2007 * Author Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> * * Copyright 2007 OpenVZ SWsoft Inc * Author: Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMCONTROL_H #define _LINUX_MEMCONTROL_H #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/vm_event_item.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/page_counter.h> #include <linux/vmpressure.h> #include <linux/eventfd.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmstat.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> struct mem_cgroup; struct page; struct mm_struct; struct kmem_cache; /* Cgroup-specific page state, on top of universal node page state */ enum memcg_stat_item { MEMCG_CACHE = NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS, MEMCG_RSS, MEMCG_RSS_HUGE, MEMCG_SWAP, MEMCG_SOCK, /* XXX: why are these zone and not node counters? */ MEMCG_KERNEL_STACK_KB, MEMCG_NR_STAT, }; enum memcg_memory_event { MEMCG_LOW, MEMCG_HIGH, MEMCG_MAX, MEMCG_OOM, MEMCG_OOM_KILL, MEMCG_SWAP_MAX, MEMCG_SWAP_FAIL, MEMCG_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS, }; enum mem_cgroup_protection { MEMCG_PROT_NONE, MEMCG_PROT_LOW, MEMCG_PROT_MIN, }; struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_cookie { pg_data_t *pgdat; int priority; unsigned int generation; }; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG #define MEM_CGROUP_ID_SHIFT 16 #define MEM_CGROUP_ID_MAX USHRT_MAX struct mem_cgroup_id { int id; refcount_t ref; }; /* * Per memcg event counter is incremented at every pagein/pageout. With THP, * it will be incremated by the number of pages. This counter is used for * for trigger some periodic events. This is straightforward and better * than using jiffies etc. to handle periodic memcg event. */ enum mem_cgroup_events_target { MEM_CGROUP_TARGET_THRESH, MEM_CGROUP_TARGET_SOFTLIMIT, MEM_CGROUP_TARGET_NUMAINFO, MEM_CGROUP_NTARGETS, }; struct memcg_vmstats_percpu { long stat[MEMCG_NR_STAT]; unsigned long events[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS]; unsigned long nr_page_events; unsigned long targets[MEM_CGROUP_NTARGETS]; }; struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_iter { struct mem_cgroup *position; /* scan generation, increased every round-trip */ unsigned int generation; }; struct lruvec_stat { long count[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; }; /* * Bitmap of shrinker::id corresponding to memcg-aware shrinkers, * which have elements charged to this memcg. */ struct memcg_shrinker_map { struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned long map[0]; }; /* * per-zone information in memory controller. */ struct mem_cgroup_per_node { struct lruvec lruvec; /* Legacy local VM stats */ struct lruvec_stat __percpu *lruvec_stat_local; /* Subtree VM stats (batched updates) */ struct lruvec_stat __percpu *lruvec_stat_cpu; atomic_long_t lruvec_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; unsigned long lru_zone_size[MAX_NR_ZONES][NR_LRU_LISTS]; struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_iter iter[DEF_PRIORITY + 1]; struct memcg_shrinker_map __rcu *shrinker_map; struct rb_node tree_node; /* RB tree node */ unsigned long usage_in_excess;/* Set to the value by which */ /* the soft limit is exceeded*/ bool on_tree; bool congested; /* memcg has many dirty pages */ /* backed by a congested BDI */ struct mem_cgroup *memcg; /* Back pointer, we cannot */ /* use container_of */ }; struct mem_cgroup_threshold { struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd; unsigned long threshold; }; /* For threshold */ struct mem_cgroup_threshold_ary { /* An array index points to threshold just below or equal to usage. */ int current_threshold; /* Size of entries[] */ unsigned int size; /* Array of thresholds */ struct mem_cgroup_threshold entries[0]; }; struct mem_cgroup_thresholds { /* Primary thresholds array */ struct mem_cgroup_threshold_ary *primary; /* * Spare threshold array. * This is needed to make mem_cgroup_unregister_event() "never fail". * It must be able to store at least primary->size - 1 entries. */ struct mem_cgroup_threshold_ary *spare; }; enum memcg_kmem_state { KMEM_NONE, KMEM_ALLOCATED, KMEM_ONLINE, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) struct memcg_padding { char x[0]; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; #define MEMCG_PADDING(name) struct memcg_padding name; #else #define MEMCG_PADDING(name) #endif /* * Remember four most recent foreign writebacks with dirty pages in this * cgroup. Inode sharing is expected to be uncommon and, even if we miss * one in a given round, we're likely to catch it later if it keeps * foreign-dirtying, so a fairly low count should be enough. * * See mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty_slowpath() for details. */ #define MEMCG_CGWB_FRN_CNT 4 struct memcg_cgwb_frn { u64 bdi_id; /* bdi->id of the foreign inode */ int memcg_id; /* memcg->css.id of foreign inode */ u64 at; /* jiffies_64 at the time of dirtying */ struct wb_completion done; /* tracks in-flight foreign writebacks */ }; /* * The memory controller data structure. The memory controller controls both * page cache and RSS per cgroup. We would eventually like to provide * statistics based on the statistics developed by Rik Van Riel for clock-pro, * to help the administrator determine what knobs to tune. */ struct mem_cgroup { struct cgroup_subsys_state css; /* Private memcg ID. Used to ID objects that outlive the cgroup */ struct mem_cgroup_id id; /* Accounted resources */ struct page_counter memory; struct page_counter swap; /* Legacy consumer-oriented counters */ struct page_counter memsw; struct page_counter kmem; struct page_counter tcpmem; /* Upper bound of normal memory consumption range */ unsigned long high; /* Range enforcement for interrupt charges */ struct work_struct high_work; unsigned long soft_limit; /* vmpressure notifications */ struct vmpressure vmpressure; /* * Should the accounting and control be hierarchical, per subtree? */ bool use_hierarchy; /* * Should the OOM killer kill all belonging tasks, had it kill one? */ bool oom_group; /* protected by memcg_oom_lock */ bool oom_lock; int under_oom; int swappiness; /* OOM-Killer disable */ int oom_kill_disable; /* memory.events and memory.events.local */ struct cgroup_file events_file; struct cgroup_file events_local_file; /* handle for "memory.swap.events" */ struct cgroup_file swap_events_file; /* protect arrays of thresholds */ struct mutex thresholds_lock; /* thresholds for memory usage. RCU-protected */ struct mem_cgroup_thresholds thresholds; /* thresholds for mem+swap usage. RCU-protected */ struct mem_cgroup_thresholds memsw_thresholds; /* For oom notifier event fd */ struct list_head oom_notify; /* * Should we move charges of a task when a task is moved into this * mem_cgroup ? And what type of charges should we move ? */ unsigned long move_charge_at_immigrate; /* taken only while moving_account > 0 */ spinlock_t move_lock; unsigned long move_lock_flags; MEMCG_PADDING(_pad1_); /* * set > 0 if pages under this cgroup are moving to other cgroup. */ atomic_t moving_account; struct task_struct *move_lock_task; /* Legacy local VM stats and events */ struct memcg_vmstats_percpu __percpu *vmstats_local; /* Subtree VM stats and events (batched updates) */ struct memcg_vmstats_percpu __percpu *vmstats_percpu; MEMCG_PADDING(_pad2_); atomic_long_t vmstats[MEMCG_NR_STAT]; atomic_long_t vmevents[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS]; /* memory.events */ atomic_long_t memory_events[MEMCG_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS]; atomic_long_t memory_events_local[MEMCG_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS]; unsigned long socket_pressure; /* Legacy tcp memory accounting */ bool tcpmem_active; int tcpmem_pressure; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM /* Index in the kmem_cache->memcg_params.memcg_caches array */ int kmemcg_id; enum memcg_kmem_state kmem_state; struct list_head kmem_caches; #endif int last_scanned_node; #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 nodemask_t scan_nodes; atomic_t numainfo_events; atomic_t numainfo_updating; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct list_head cgwb_list; struct wb_domain cgwb_domain; struct memcg_cgwb_frn cgwb_frn[MEMCG_CGWB_FRN_CNT]; #endif /* List of events which userspace want to receive */ struct list_head event_list; spinlock_t event_list_lock; #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct deferred_split deferred_split_queue; #endif struct mem_cgroup_per_node *nodeinfo[0]; /* WARNING: nodeinfo must be the last member here */ }; /* * size of first charge trial. "32" comes from vmscan.c's magic value. * TODO: maybe necessary to use big numbers in big irons. */ #define MEMCG_CHARGE_BATCH 32U extern struct mem_cgroup *root_mem_cgroup; static inline bool mem_cgroup_is_root(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return (memcg == root_mem_cgroup); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_disabled(void) { return !cgroup_subsys_enabled(memory_cgrp_subsys); } static inline void mem_cgroup_protection(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *min, unsigned long *low) { *min = *low = 0; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return; /* * There is no reclaim protection applied to a targeted reclaim. * We are special casing this specific case here because * mem_cgroup_protected calculation is not robust enough to keep * the protection invariant for calculated effective values for * parallel reclaimers with different reclaim target. This is * especially a problem for tail memcgs (as they have pages on LRU) * which would want to have effective values 0 for targeted reclaim * but a different value for external reclaim. * * Example * Let's have global and A's reclaim in parallel: * | * A (low=2G, usage = 3G, max = 3G, children_low_usage = 1.5G) * |\ * | C (low = 1G, usage = 2.5G) * B (low = 1G, usage = 0.5G) * * For the global reclaim * A.elow = A.low * B.elow = min(B.usage, B.low) because children_low_usage <= A.elow * C.elow = min(C.usage, C.low) * * With the effective values resetting we have A reclaim * A.elow = 0 * B.elow = B.low * C.elow = C.low * * If the global reclaim races with A's reclaim then * B.elow = C.elow = 0 because children_low_usage > A.elow) * is possible and reclaiming B would be violating the protection. * */ if (root == memcg) return; *min = READ_ONCE(memcg->memory.emin); *low = READ_ONCE(memcg->memory.elow); } enum mem_cgroup_protection mem_cgroup_protected(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg); int mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct mem_cgroup **memcgp, bool compound); int mem_cgroup_try_charge_delay(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct mem_cgroup **memcgp, bool compound); void mem_cgroup_commit_charge(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, bool lrucare, bool compound); void mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, bool compound); void mem_cgroup_uncharge(struct page *page); void mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(struct list_head *page_list); void mem_cgroup_migrate(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage); static struct mem_cgroup_per_node * mem_cgroup_nodeinfo(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid) { return memcg->nodeinfo[nid]; } /** * mem_cgroup_lruvec - get the lru list vector for a node or a memcg zone * @node: node of the wanted lruvec * @memcg: memcg of the wanted lruvec * * Returns the lru list vector holding pages for a given @node or a given * @memcg and @zone. This can be the node lruvec, if the memory controller * is disabled. */ static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lruvec(struct pglist_data *pgdat, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *mz; struct lruvec *lruvec; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) { lruvec = node_lruvec(pgdat); goto out; } mz = mem_cgroup_nodeinfo(memcg, pgdat->node_id); lruvec = &mz->lruvec; out: /* * Since a node can be onlined after the mem_cgroup was created, * we have to be prepared to initialize lruvec->pgdat here; * and if offlined then reonlined, we need to reinitialize it. */ if (unlikely(lruvec->pgdat != pgdat)) lruvec->pgdat = pgdat; return lruvec; } struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(struct page *, struct pglist_data *); struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_task(struct task_struct *p); struct mem_cgroup *get_mem_cgroup_from_mm(struct mm_struct *mm); struct mem_cgroup *get_mem_cgroup_from_page(struct page *page); static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css){ return css ? container_of(css, struct mem_cgroup, css) : NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_put(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (memcg) css_put(&memcg->css); } #define mem_cgroup_from_counter(counter, member) \ container_of(counter, struct mem_cgroup, member) struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_iter(struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_cookie *); void mem_cgroup_iter_break(struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup *); int mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(struct mem_cgroup *, int (*)(struct task_struct *, void *), void *); static inline unsigned short mem_cgroup_id(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return 0; return memcg->id.id; } struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_id(unsigned short id); static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_seq(struct seq_file *m) { return mem_cgroup_from_css(seq_css(m)); } static inline struct mem_cgroup *lruvec_memcg(struct lruvec *lruvec) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *mz; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return NULL; mz = container_of(lruvec, struct mem_cgroup_per_node, lruvec); return mz->memcg; } /** * parent_mem_cgroup - find the accounting parent of a memcg * @memcg: memcg whose parent to find * * Returns the parent memcg, or NULL if this is the root or the memory * controller is in legacy no-hierarchy mode. */ static inline struct mem_cgroup *parent_mem_cgroup(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (!memcg->memory.parent) return NULL; return mem_cgroup_from_counter(memcg->memory.parent, memory); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_is_descendant(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct mem_cgroup *root) { if (root == memcg) return true; if (!root->use_hierarchy) return false; return cgroup_is_descendant(memcg->css.cgroup, root->css.cgroup); } static inline bool mm_match_cgroup(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct mem_cgroup *task_memcg; bool match = false; rcu_read_lock(); task_memcg = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner)); if (task_memcg) match = mem_cgroup_is_descendant(task_memcg, memcg); rcu_read_unlock(); return match; } struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_css_from_page(struct page *page); ino_t page_cgroup_ino(struct page *page); static inline bool mem_cgroup_online(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return true; return !!(memcg->css.flags & CSS_ONLINE); } /* * For memory reclaim. */ int mem_cgroup_select_victim_node(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void mem_cgroup_update_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zid, int nr_pages); static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_zone_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zone_idx) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *mz; mz = container_of(lruvec, struct mem_cgroup_per_node, lruvec); return mz->lru_zone_size[zone_idx][lru]; } void mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(void); unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_max(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); unsigned long mem_cgroup_size(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void mem_cgroup_print_oom_context(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct task_struct *p); void mem_cgroup_print_oom_meminfo(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); static inline void mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(void) { WARN_ON(current->in_user_fault); current->in_user_fault = 1; } static inline void mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(void) { WARN_ON(!current->in_user_fault); current->in_user_fault = 0; } static inline bool task_in_memcg_oom(struct task_struct *p) { return p->memcg_in_oom; } bool mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(bool wait); struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_get_oom_group(struct task_struct *victim, struct mem_cgroup *oom_domain); void mem_cgroup_print_oom_group(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP extern int do_swap_account; #endif struct mem_cgroup *lock_page_memcg(struct page *page); void __unlock_page_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void unlock_page_memcg(struct page *page); /* * idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item. * Keep in sync with memcg_exact_page_state(). */ static inline unsigned long memcg_page_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { long x = atomic_long_read(&memcg->vmstats[idx]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } /* * idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item. * Keep in sync with memcg_exact_page_state(). */ static inline unsigned long memcg_page_state_local(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { long x = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu(memcg->vmstats_local->stat[idx], cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } void __mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int val); /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int val) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, val); local_irq_restore(flags); } /** * mod_memcg_page_state - update page state statistics * @page: the page * @idx: page state item to account * @val: number of pages (positive or negative) * * The @page must be locked or the caller must use lock_page_memcg() * to prevent double accounting when the page is concurrently being * moved to another memcg: * * lock_page(page) or lock_page_memcg(page) * if (TestClearPageState(page)) * mod_memcg_page_state(page, state, -1); * unlock_page(page) or unlock_page_memcg(page) * * Kernel pages are an exception to this, since they'll never move. */ static inline void __mod_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx, int val) { if (page->mem_cgroup) __mod_memcg_state(page->mem_cgroup, idx, val); } static inline void mod_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx, int val) { if (page->mem_cgroup) mod_memcg_state(page->mem_cgroup, idx, val); } static inline unsigned long lruvec_page_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *pn; long x; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx); pn = container_of(lruvec, struct mem_cgroup_per_node, lruvec); x = atomic_long_read(&pn->lruvec_stat[idx]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } static inline unsigned long lruvec_page_state_local(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *pn; long x = 0; int cpu; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx); pn = container_of(lruvec, struct mem_cgroup_per_node, lruvec); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu(pn->lruvec_stat_local->count[idx], cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } void __mod_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val); void __mod_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx, int val); void mod_memcg_obj_state(void *p, int idx, int val); static inline void mod_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, val); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline void __mod_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { pg_data_t *pgdat = page_pgdat(page); struct lruvec *lruvec; /* Untracked pages have no memcg, no lruvec. Update only the node */ if (!page->mem_cgroup) { __mod_node_page_state(pgdat, idx, val); return; } lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(pgdat, page->mem_cgroup); __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, val); } static inline void mod_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, val); local_irq_restore(flags); } unsigned long mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long *total_scanned); void __count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx, unsigned long count); static inline void count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx, unsigned long count) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __count_memcg_events(memcg, idx, count); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline void count_memcg_page_event(struct page *page, enum vm_event_item idx) { if (page->mem_cgroup) count_memcg_events(page->mem_cgroup, idx, 1); } static inline void count_memcg_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum vm_event_item idx) { struct mem_cgroup *memcg; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return; rcu_read_lock(); memcg = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner)); if (likely(memcg)) count_memcg_events(memcg, idx, 1); rcu_read_unlock(); } static inline void memcg_memory_event(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum memcg_memory_event event) { atomic_long_inc(&memcg->memory_events_local[event]); cgroup_file_notify(&memcg->events_local_file); do { atomic_long_inc(&memcg->memory_events[event]); cgroup_file_notify(&memcg->events_file); if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys)) break; if (cgrp_dfl_root.flags & CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_LOCAL_EVENTS) break; } while ((memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg)) && !mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)); } static inline void memcg_memory_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum memcg_memory_event event) { struct mem_cgroup *memcg; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return; rcu_read_lock(); memcg = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner)); if (likely(memcg)) memcg_memory_event(memcg, event); rcu_read_unlock(); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE void mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup(struct page *head); #endif #else /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ #define MEM_CGROUP_ID_SHIFT 0 #define MEM_CGROUP_ID_MAX 0 struct mem_cgroup; static inline bool mem_cgroup_is_root(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return true; } static inline bool mem_cgroup_disabled(void) { return true; } static inline void memcg_memory_event(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum memcg_memory_event event) { } static inline void memcg_memory_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum memcg_memory_event event) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_protection(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *min, unsigned long *low) { *min = *low = 0; } static inline enum mem_cgroup_protection mem_cgroup_protected( struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return MEMCG_PROT_NONE; } static inline int mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct mem_cgroup **memcgp, bool compound) { *memcgp = NULL; return 0; } static inline int mem_cgroup_try_charge_delay(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct mem_cgroup **memcgp, bool compound) { *memcgp = NULL; return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_commit_charge(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, bool lrucare, bool compound) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, bool compound) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_uncharge(struct page *page) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(struct list_head *page_list) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_migrate(struct page *old, struct page *new) { } static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lruvec(struct pglist_data *pgdat, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return node_lruvec(pgdat); } static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(struct page *page, struct pglist_data *pgdat) { return &pgdat->lruvec; } static inline bool mm_match_cgroup(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return true; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *get_mem_cgroup_from_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *get_mem_cgroup_from_page(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_put(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline struct mem_cgroup * mem_cgroup_iter(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *prev, struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_cookie *reclaim) { return NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_iter_break(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *prev) { } static inline int mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int (*fn)(struct task_struct *, void *), void *arg) { return 0; } static inline unsigned short mem_cgroup_id(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return 0; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_id(unsigned short id) { WARN_ON_ONCE(id); /* XXX: This should always return root_mem_cgroup */ return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_seq(struct seq_file *m) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *lruvec_memcg(struct lruvec *lruvec) { return NULL; } static inline bool mem_cgroup_online(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return true; } static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_zone_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zone_idx) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_max(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_size(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_print_oom_context(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct task_struct *p) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_print_oom_meminfo(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline struct mem_cgroup *lock_page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline void __unlock_page_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void unlock_page_memcg(struct page *page) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(void) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(void) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(void) { } static inline bool task_in_memcg_oom(struct task_struct *p) { return false; } static inline bool mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(bool wait) { return false; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_get_oom_group( struct task_struct *victim, struct mem_cgroup *oom_domain) { return NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_print_oom_group(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline unsigned long memcg_page_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long memcg_page_state_local(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { return 0; } static inline void __mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int nr) { } static inline void mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int nr) { } static inline void __mod_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx, int nr) { } static inline void mod_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx, int nr) { } static inline unsigned long lruvec_page_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { return node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx); } static inline unsigned long lruvec_page_state_local(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { return node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx); } static inline void __mod_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { __mod_node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx, val); } static inline void mod_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { mod_node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx, val); } static inline void __mod_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { __mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, val); } static inline void mod_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, val); } static inline void __mod_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { struct page *page = virt_to_head_page(p); __mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, val); } static inline void mod_memcg_obj_state(void *p, int idx, int val) { } static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long *total_scanned) { return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup(struct page *head) { } static inline void count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx, unsigned long count) { } static inline void __count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx, unsigned long count) { } static inline void count_memcg_page_event(struct page *page, int idx) { } static inline void count_memcg_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum vm_event_item idx) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void __inc_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { __mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, 1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void __dec_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { __mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, -1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void __inc_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx) { __mod_memcg_page_state(page, idx, 1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void __dec_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx) { __mod_memcg_page_state(page, idx, -1); } static inline void __inc_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, 1); } static inline void __dec_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, -1); } static inline void __inc_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, 1); } static inline void __dec_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, -1); } static inline void __inc_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_slab_state(p, idx, 1); } static inline void __dec_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_slab_state(p, idx, -1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void inc_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, 1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void dec_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, -1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void inc_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx) { mod_memcg_page_state(page, idx, 1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void dec_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx) { mod_memcg_page_state(page, idx, -1); } static inline void inc_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, 1); } static inline void dec_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, -1); } static inline void inc_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx) { mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, 1); } static inline void dec_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx) { mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, -1); } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct wb_domain *mem_cgroup_wb_domain(struct bdi_writeback *wb); void mem_cgroup_wb_stats(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long *pfilepages, unsigned long *pheadroom, unsigned long *pdirty, unsigned long *pwriteback); void mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty_slowpath(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb); static inline void mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb) { if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return; if (unlikely(&page->mem_cgroup->css != wb->memcg_css)) mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty_slowpath(page, wb); } void mem_cgroup_flush_foreign(struct bdi_writeback *wb); #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline struct wb_domain *mem_cgroup_wb_domain(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_wb_stats(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long *pfilepages, unsigned long *pheadroom, unsigned long *pdirty, unsigned long *pwriteback) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_flush_foreign(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ struct sock; bool mem_cgroup_charge_skmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned int nr_pages); void mem_cgroup_uncharge_skmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned int nr_pages); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG extern struct static_key_false memcg_sockets_enabled_key; #define mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled static_branch_unlikely(&memcg_sockets_enabled_key) void mem_cgroup_sk_alloc(struct sock *sk); void mem_cgroup_sk_free(struct sock *sk); static inline bool mem_cgroup_under_socket_pressure(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys) && memcg->tcpmem_pressure) return true; do { if (time_before(jiffies, memcg->socket_pressure)) return true; } while ((memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg))); return false; } extern int memcg_expand_shrinker_maps(int new_id); extern void memcg_set_shrinker_bit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid, int shrinker_id); #else #define mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled 0 static inline void mem_cgroup_sk_alloc(struct sock *sk) { }; static inline void mem_cgroup_sk_free(struct sock *sk) { }; static inline bool mem_cgroup_under_socket_pressure(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return false; } static inline void memcg_set_shrinker_bit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid, int shrinker_id) { } #endif struct kmem_cache *memcg_kmem_get_cache(struct kmem_cache *cachep); void memcg_kmem_put_cache(struct kmem_cache *cachep); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM int __memcg_kmem_charge(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order); void __memcg_kmem_uncharge(struct page *page, int order); int __memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order, struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void __memcg_kmem_uncharge_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned int nr_pages); extern struct static_key_false memcg_kmem_enabled_key; extern struct workqueue_struct *memcg_kmem_cache_wq; extern int memcg_nr_cache_ids; void memcg_get_cache_ids(void); void memcg_put_cache_ids(void); /* * Helper macro to loop through all memcg-specific caches. Callers must still * check if the cache is valid (it is either valid or NULL). * the slab_mutex must be held when looping through those caches */ #define for_each_memcg_cache_index(_idx) \ for ((_idx) = 0; (_idx) < memcg_nr_cache_ids; (_idx)++) static inline bool memcg_kmem_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&memcg_kmem_enabled_key); } static inline int memcg_kmem_charge(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order) { if (memcg_kmem_enabled()) return __memcg_kmem_charge(page, gfp, order); return 0; } static inline void memcg_kmem_uncharge(struct page *page, int order) { if (memcg_kmem_enabled()) __memcg_kmem_uncharge(page, order); } static inline int memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (memcg_kmem_enabled()) return __memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(page, gfp, order, memcg); return 0; } static inline void memcg_kmem_uncharge_memcg(struct page *page, int order, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (memcg_kmem_enabled()) __memcg_kmem_uncharge_memcg(memcg, 1 << order); } /* * helper for accessing a memcg's index. It will be used as an index in the * child cache array in kmem_cache, and also to derive its name. This function * will return -1 when this is not a kmem-limited memcg. */ static inline int memcg_cache_id(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return memcg ? memcg->kmemcg_id : -1; } struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_obj(void *p); #else static inline int memcg_kmem_charge(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order) { return 0; } static inline void memcg_kmem_uncharge(struct page *page, int order) { } static inline int __memcg_kmem_charge(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order) { return 0; } static inline void __memcg_kmem_uncharge(struct page *page, int order) { } #define for_each_memcg_cache_index(_idx) \ for (; NULL; ) static inline bool memcg_kmem_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline int memcg_cache_id(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return -1; } static inline void memcg_get_cache_ids(void) { } static inline void memcg_put_cache_ids(void) { } static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_obj(void *p) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ #endif /* _LINUX_MEMCONTROL_H */
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3389 3390 3391 3392 3393 3394 3395 3396 3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405 3406 3407 3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * ext4.h * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/include/linux/minix_fs.h * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _EXT4_H #define _EXT4_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/quota.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/version.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/blockgroup_lock.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/compat.h> #endif #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsverity.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The fourth extended filesystem constants/structures */ /* * with AGGRESSIVE_CHECK allocator runs consistency checks over * structures. these checks slow things down a lot */ #define AGGRESSIVE_CHECK__ /* * with DOUBLE_CHECK defined mballoc creates persistent in-core * bitmaps, maintains and uses them to check for double allocations */ #define DOUBLE_CHECK__ /* * Define EXT4FS_DEBUG to produce debug messages */ #undef EXT4FS_DEBUG /* * Debug code */ #ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG #define ext4_debug(f, a...) \ do { \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs DEBUG (%s, %d): %s:", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__); \ printk(KERN_DEBUG f, ## a); \ } while (0) #else #define ext4_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Turn on EXT_DEBUG to get lots of info about extents operations. */ #define EXT_DEBUG__ #ifdef EXT_DEBUG #define ext_debug(fmt, ...) printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* data type for block offset of block group */ typedef int ext4_grpblk_t; /* data type for filesystem-wide blocks number */ typedef unsigned long long ext4_fsblk_t; /* data type for file logical block number */ typedef __u32 ext4_lblk_t; /* data type for block group number */ typedef unsigned int ext4_group_t; enum SHIFT_DIRECTION { SHIFT_LEFT = 0, SHIFT_RIGHT, }; /* * Flags used in mballoc's allocation_context flags field. * * Also used to show what's going on for debugging purposes when the * flag field is exported via the traceport interface */ /* prefer goal again. length */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE 0x0001 /* blocks already reserved */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED 0x0002 /* metadata is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA 0x0004 /* first blocks in the file */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST 0x0008 /* search for the best chunk */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST 0x0010 /* data is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA 0x0020 /* don't preallocate (for tails) */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC 0x0040 /* allocate for locality group */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC 0x0080 /* allocate goal blocks or none */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY 0x0100 /* goal is meaningful */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL 0x0200 /* blocks already pre-reserved by delayed allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED 0x0400 /* We are doing stream allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC 0x0800 /* Use reserved root blocks if needed */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS 0x1000 /* Use blocks from reserved pool */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED 0x2000 struct ext4_allocation_request { /* target inode for block we're allocating */ struct inode *inode; /* how many blocks we want to allocate */ unsigned int len; /* logical block in target inode */ ext4_lblk_t logical; /* the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_lblk_t lleft; /* the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_lblk_t lright; /* phys. target (a hint) */ ext4_fsblk_t goal; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_fsblk_t pleft; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_fsblk_t pright; /* flags. see above EXT4_MB_HINT_* */ unsigned int flags; }; /* * Logical to physical block mapping, used by ext4_map_blocks() * * This structure is used to pass requests into ext4_map_blocks() as * well as to store the information returned by ext4_map_blocks(). It * takes less room on the stack than a struct buffer_head. */ #define EXT4_MAP_NEW (1 << BH_New) #define EXT4_MAP_MAPPED (1 << BH_Mapped) #define EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN (1 << BH_Unwritten) #define EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY (1 << BH_Boundary) #define EXT4_MAP_FLAGS (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED |\ EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY) struct ext4_map_blocks { ext4_fsblk_t m_pblk; ext4_lblk_t m_lblk; unsigned int m_len; unsigned int m_flags; }; /* * Block validity checking, system zone rbtree. */ struct ext4_system_blocks { struct rb_root root; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* * Flags for ext4_io_end->flags */ #define EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN 0x0001 /* * For converting unwritten extents on a work queue. 'handle' is used for * buffered writeback. */ typedef struct ext4_io_end { struct list_head list; /* per-file finished IO list */ handle_t *handle; /* handle reserved for extent * conversion */ struct inode *inode; /* file being written to */ struct bio *bio; /* Linked list of completed * bios covering the extent */ unsigned int flag; /* unwritten or not */ atomic_t count; /* reference counter */ loff_t offset; /* offset in the file */ ssize_t size; /* size of the extent */ } ext4_io_end_t; struct ext4_io_submit { struct writeback_control *io_wbc; struct bio *io_bio; ext4_io_end_t *io_end; sector_t io_next_block; }; /* * Special inodes numbers */ #define EXT4_BAD_INO 1 /* Bad blocks inode */ #define EXT4_ROOT_INO 2 /* Root inode */ #define EXT4_USR_QUOTA_INO 3 /* User quota inode */ #define EXT4_GRP_QUOTA_INO 4 /* Group quota inode */ #define EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO 5 /* Boot loader inode */ #define EXT4_UNDEL_DIR_INO 6 /* Undelete directory inode */ #define EXT4_RESIZE_INO 7 /* Reserved group descriptors inode */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_INO 8 /* Journal inode */ /* First non-reserved inode for old ext4 filesystems */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO 11 /* * Maximal count of links to a file */ #define EXT4_LINK_MAX 65000 /* * Macro-instructions used to manage several block sizes */ #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE 1024 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE 65536 #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 10 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 16 #define EXT4_MAX_CLUSTER_LOG_SIZE 30 #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) ((s)->s_blocksize) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) (EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE << (s)->s_log_block_size) #endif #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / sizeof(__u32)) #define EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) << \ EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_blocksize_bits) # define EXT4_CLUSTER_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_log_block_size + 10) #endif #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_addr_per_block_bits) #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_first_ino) #else #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE : \ (s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO : \ (s)->s_first_ino) #endif #define EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size, blkbits) ALIGN((size), (1 << (blkbits))) #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(size, offset, blkbits) \ ((EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size + offset, blkbits) >> blkbits) - (offset >> \ blkbits)) /* Translate a block number to a cluster number */ #define EXT4_B2C(sbi, blk) ((blk) >> (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate a cluster number to a block number */ #define EXT4_C2B(sbi, cluster) ((cluster) << (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate # of blks to # of clusters */ #define EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, blks) (((blks) + (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1) >> \ (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Mask out the low bits to get the starting block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ~((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ~((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Fill in the low bits to get the last block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_LBLK_CFILL(sbi, lblk) ((lblk) | \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Get the cluster offset */ #define EXT4_PBLK_COFF(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_COFF(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* * Structure of a blocks group descriptor */ struct ext4_group_desc { __le32 bg_block_bitmap_lo; /* Blocks bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_lo; /* Inodes bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_table_lo; /* Inodes table block */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_lo;/* Free blocks count */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_lo;/* Free inodes count */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_lo; /* Directories count */ __le16 bg_flags; /* EXT4_BG_flags (INODE_UNINIT, etc) */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_lo; /* Exclude bitmap for snapshots */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_lo; /* Unused inodes count */ __le16 bg_checksum; /* crc16(sb_uuid+group+desc) */ __le32 bg_block_bitmap_hi; /* Blocks bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_hi; /* Inodes bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_table_hi; /* Inodes table block MSB */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_hi;/* Free blocks count MSB */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_hi;/* Free inodes count MSB */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_hi; /* Directories count MSB */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_hi; /* Unused inodes count MSB */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_hi; /* Exclude bitmap block MSB */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) BE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) BE */ __u32 bg_reserved; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) /* * Structure of a flex block group info */ struct flex_groups { atomic64_t free_clusters; atomic_t free_inodes; atomic_t used_dirs; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT 0x0001 /* Inode table/bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT 0x0002 /* Block bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED 0x0004 /* On-disk itable initialized to zero */ /* * Macro-instructions used to manage group descriptors */ #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE 32 #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT 64 #define EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE #define EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_size) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_clusters_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inodes_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s)) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_inodes_per_group) #endif /* * Constants relative to the data blocks */ #define EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS 12 #define EXT4_IND_BLOCK EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS #define EXT4_DIND_BLOCK (EXT4_IND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_TIND_BLOCK (EXT4_DIND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_N_BLOCKS (EXT4_TIND_BLOCK + 1) /* * Inode flags */ #define EXT4_SECRM_FL 0x00000001 /* Secure deletion */ #define EXT4_UNRM_FL 0x00000002 /* Undelete */ #define EXT4_COMPR_FL 0x00000004 /* Compress file */ #define EXT4_SYNC_FL 0x00000008 /* Synchronous updates */ #define EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL 0x00000010 /* Immutable file */ #define EXT4_APPEND_FL 0x00000020 /* writes to file may only append */ #define EXT4_NODUMP_FL 0x00000040 /* do not dump file */ #define EXT4_NOATIME_FL 0x00000080 /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ #define EXT4_DIRTY_FL 0x00000100 #define EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL 0x00000200 /* One or more compressed clusters */ #define EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL 0x00000400 /* Don't compress */ /* nb: was previously EXT2_ECOMPR_FL */ #define EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL 0x00000800 /* encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ #define EXT4_INDEX_FL 0x00001000 /* hash-indexed directory */ #define EXT4_IMAGIC_FL 0x00002000 /* AFS directory */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL 0x00004000 /* file data should be journaled */ #define EXT4_NOTAIL_FL 0x00008000 /* file tail should not be merged */ #define EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL 0x00010000 /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ #define EXT4_TOPDIR_FL 0x00020000 /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ #define EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL 0x00040000 /* Set to each huge file */ #define EXT4_EXTENTS_FL 0x00080000 /* Inode uses extents */ #define EXT4_VERITY_FL 0x00100000 /* Verity protected inode */ #define EXT4_EA_INODE_FL 0x00200000 /* Inode used for large EA */ #define EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL 0x00400000 /* Blocks allocated beyond EOF */ #define EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL 0x10000000 /* Inode has inline data. */ #define EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL 0x20000000 /* Create with parents projid */ #define EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL 0x40000000 /* Casefolded file */ #define EXT4_RESERVED_FL 0x80000000 /* reserved for ext4 lib */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE 0x705BDFFF /* User visible flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE 0x604BC0FF /* User modifiable flags */ /* Flags we can manipulate with through EXT4_IOC_FSSETXATTR */ #define EXT4_FL_XFLAG_VISIBLE (EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL) /* Flags that should be inherited by new inodes from their parent. */ #define EXT4_FL_INHERITED (EXT4_SECRM_FL | EXT4_UNRM_FL | EXT4_COMPR_FL |\ EXT4_SYNC_FL | EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL |\ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL |\ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL) /* Flags that are appropriate for regular files (all but dir-specific ones). */ #define EXT4_REG_FLMASK (~(EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL)) /* Flags that are appropriate for non-directories/regular files. */ #define EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK (EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL) /* The only flags that should be swapped */ #define EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP (EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL | EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) /* Mask out flags that are inappropriate for the given type of inode. */ static inline __u32 ext4_mask_flags(umode_t mode, __u32 flags) { if (S_ISDIR(mode)) return flags; else if (S_ISREG(mode)) return flags & EXT4_REG_FLMASK; else return flags & EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK; } /* * Inode flags used for atomic set/get */ enum { EXT4_INODE_SECRM = 0, /* Secure deletion */ EXT4_INODE_UNRM = 1, /* Undelete */ EXT4_INODE_COMPR = 2, /* Compress file */ EXT4_INODE_SYNC = 3, /* Synchronous updates */ EXT4_INODE_IMMUTABLE = 4, /* Immutable file */ EXT4_INODE_APPEND = 5, /* writes to file may only append */ EXT4_INODE_NODUMP = 6, /* do not dump file */ EXT4_INODE_NOATIME = 7, /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ EXT4_INODE_DIRTY = 8, EXT4_INODE_COMPRBLK = 9, /* One or more compressed clusters */ EXT4_INODE_NOCOMPR = 10, /* Don't compress */ EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT = 11, /* Encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ EXT4_INODE_INDEX = 12, /* hash-indexed directory */ EXT4_INODE_IMAGIC = 13, /* AFS directory */ EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA = 14, /* file data should be journaled */ EXT4_INODE_NOTAIL = 15, /* file tail should not be merged */ EXT4_INODE_DIRSYNC = 16, /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR = 17, /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE = 18, /* Set to each huge file */ EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS = 19, /* Inode uses extents */ EXT4_INODE_VERITY = 20, /* Verity protected inode */ EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE = 21, /* Inode used for large EA */ EXT4_INODE_EOFBLOCKS = 22, /* Blocks allocated beyond EOF */ EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA = 28, /* Data in inode. */ EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT = 29, /* Create with parents projid */ EXT4_INODE_RESERVED = 31, /* reserved for ext4 lib */ }; /* * Since it's pretty easy to mix up bit numbers and hex values, we use a * build-time check to make sure that EXT4_XXX_FL is consistent with respect to * EXT4_INODE_XXX. If all is well, the macros will be dropped, so, it won't cost * any extra space in the compiled kernel image, otherwise, the build will fail. * It's important that these values are the same, since we are using * EXT4_INODE_XXX to test for flag values, but EXT4_XXX_FL must be consistent * with the values of FS_XXX_FL defined in include/linux/fs.h and the on-disk * values found in ext2, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and of course the values * defined in e2fsprogs. * * It's not paranoia if the Murphy's Law really *is* out to get you. :-) */ #define TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) (EXT4_##FLAG##_FL == (1U << EXT4_INODE_##FLAG)) #define CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) BUILD_BUG_ON(!TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG)) static inline void ext4_check_flag_values(void) { CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SECRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(UNRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMMUTABLE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(APPEND); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NODUMP); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOATIME); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRTY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPRBLK); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOCOMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(ENCRYPT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INDEX); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMAGIC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(JOURNAL_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOTAIL); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRSYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(TOPDIR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(HUGE_FILE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EXTENTS); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(VERITY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EA_INODE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EOFBLOCKS); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INLINE_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(PROJINHERIT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(RESERVED); } /* Used to pass group descriptor data when online resize is done */ struct ext4_new_group_input { __u32 group; /* Group number for this data */ __u64 block_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of block bitmap */ __u64 inode_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of inode bitmap */ __u64 inode_table; /* Absolute block number of inode table start */ __u32 blocks_count; /* Total number of blocks in this group */ __u16 reserved_blocks; /* Number of reserved blocks in this group */ __u16 unused; }; #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) struct compat_ext4_new_group_input { u32 group; compat_u64 block_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_table; u32 blocks_count; u16 reserved_blocks; u16 unused; }; #endif /* The struct ext4_new_group_input in kernel space, with free_blocks_count */ struct ext4_new_group_data { __u32 group; __u64 block_bitmap; __u64 inode_bitmap; __u64 inode_table; __u32 blocks_count; __u16 reserved_blocks; __u16 mdata_blocks; __u32 free_clusters_count; }; /* Indexes used to index group tables in ext4_new_group_data */ enum { BLOCK_BITMAP = 0, /* block bitmap */ INODE_BITMAP, /* inode bitmap */ INODE_TABLE, /* inode tables */ GROUP_TABLE_COUNT, }; /* * Flags used by ext4_map_blocks() */ /* Allocate any needed blocks and/or convert an unwritten extent to be an initialized ext4 */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE 0x0001 /* Request the creation of an unwritten extent */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT 0x0002 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) /* Caller is from the delayed allocation writeout path * finally doing the actual allocation of delayed blocks */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE 0x0004 /* caller is from the direct IO path, request to creation of an unwritten extents if not allocated, split the unwritten extent if blocks has been preallocated already*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO 0x0008 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT 0x0010 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Convert extent to initialized after IO complete */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Eventual metadata allocation (due to growing extent tree) * should not fail, so try to use reserved blocks for that.*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL 0x0020 /* Don't normalize allocation size (used for fallocate) */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE 0x0040 /* Request will not result in inode size update (user for fallocate) */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_KEEP_SIZE 0x0080 /* Convert written extents to unwritten */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN 0x0100 /* Write zeros to newly created written extents */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO 0x0200 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE |\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO) /* Caller will submit data before dropping transaction handle. This * allows jbd2 to avoid submitting data before commit. */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT 0x0400 /* * The bit position of these flags must not overlap with any of the * EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_*. They are used by ext4_find_extent(), * read_extent_tree_block(), ext4_split_extent_at(), * ext4_ext_insert_extent(), and ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(). * EXT4_EX_NOCACHE is used to indicate that the we shouldn't be * caching the extents when reading from the extent tree while a * truncate or punch hole operation is in progress. */ #define EXT4_EX_NOCACHE 0x40000000 #define EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE 0x20000000 /* * Flags used by ext4_free_blocks */ #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA 0x0001 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET 0x0002 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED 0x0004 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER 0x0010 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER 0x0020 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER 0x0040 /* * ioctl commands */ #define EXT4_IOC_GETFLAGS FS_IOC_GETFLAGS #define EXT4_IOC_SETFLAGS FS_IOC_SETFLAGS #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_SETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC_MIGRATE _IO('f', 9) /* note ioctl 10 reserved for an early version of the FIEMAP ioctl */ /* note ioctl 11 reserved for filesystem-independent FIEMAP ioctl */ #define EXT4_IOC_ALLOC_DA_BLKS _IO('f', 12) #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent) #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS _IOW('f', 16, __u64) #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT _IO('f', 17) #define EXT4_IOC_PRECACHE_EXTENTS _IO('f', 18) #define EXT4_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY #define EXT4_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_PWSALT #define EXT4_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY FS_IOC_GET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY /* ioctl codes 19--39 are reserved for fscrypt */ #define EXT4_IOC_CLEAR_ES_CACHE _IO('f', 40) #define EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE _IOW('f', 41, __u32) #define EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE _IOWR('f', 42, struct fiemap) #define EXT4_IOC_FSGETXATTR FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR #define EXT4_IOC_FSSETXATTR FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR #define EXT4_IOC_SHUTDOWN _IOR ('X', 125, __u32) /* * Flags for going down operation */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_DEFAULT 0x0 /* going down */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_LOGFLUSH 0x1 /* flush log but not data */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_NOLOGFLUSH 0x2 /* don't flush log nor data */ /* * Flags returned by EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE * * We only expose to userspace a subset of the state flags in * i_state_flags */ #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_EXT_PRECACHED 0x00000001 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEW 0x00000002 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEWENTRY 0x00000004 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE 0x00000008 #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) /* * ioctl commands in 32 bit emulation */ #define EXT4_IOC32_GETFLAGS FS_IOC32_GETFLAGS #define EXT4_IOC32_SETFLAGS FS_IOC32_SETFLAGS #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct compat_ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_SETVERSION #endif /* * Returned by EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE as an additional possible flag. * It indicates that the entry in extent status cache is for a hole. */ #define EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE 0x08000000 /* Max physical block we can address w/o extents */ #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS 0xFFFFFFFF /* Max logical block we can support */ #define EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK 0xFFFFFFFE /* * Structure of an inode on the disk */ struct ext4_inode { __le16 i_mode; /* File mode */ __le16 i_uid; /* Low 16 bits of Owner Uid */ __le32 i_size_lo; /* Size in bytes */ __le32 i_atime; /* Access time */ __le32 i_ctime; /* Inode Change time */ __le32 i_mtime; /* Modification time */ __le32 i_dtime; /* Deletion Time */ __le16 i_gid; /* Low 16 bits of Group Id */ __le16 i_links_count; /* Links count */ __le32 i_blocks_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 i_flags; /* File flags */ union { struct { __le32 l_i_version; } linux1; struct { __u32 h_i_translator; } hurd1; struct { __u32 m_i_reserved1; } masix1; } osd1; /* OS dependent 1 */ __le32 i_block[EXT4_N_BLOCKS];/* Pointers to blocks */ __le32 i_generation; /* File version (for NFS) */ __le32 i_file_acl_lo; /* File ACL */ __le32 i_size_high; __le32 i_obso_faddr; /* Obsoleted fragment address */ union { struct { __le16 l_i_blocks_high; /* were l_i_reserved1 */ __le16 l_i_file_acl_high; __le16 l_i_uid_high; /* these 2 fields */ __le16 l_i_gid_high; /* were reserved2[0] */ __le16 l_i_checksum_lo;/* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) LE */ __le16 l_i_reserved; } linux2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __u16 h_i_mode_high; __u16 h_i_uid_high; __u16 h_i_gid_high; __u32 h_i_author; } hurd2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __le16 m_i_file_acl_high; __u32 m_i_reserved2[2]; } masix2; } osd2; /* OS dependent 2 */ __le16 i_extra_isize; __le16 i_checksum_hi; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) BE */ __le32 i_ctime_extra; /* extra Change time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_mtime_extra; /* extra Modification time(nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_atime_extra; /* extra Access time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_crtime; /* File Creation time */ __le32 i_crtime_extra; /* extra FileCreationtime (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_version_hi; /* high 32 bits for 64-bit version */ __le32 i_projid; /* Project ID */ }; struct move_extent { __u32 reserved; /* should be zero */ __u32 donor_fd; /* donor file descriptor */ __u64 orig_start; /* logical start offset in block for orig */ __u64 donor_start; /* logical start offset in block for donor */ __u64 len; /* block length to be moved */ __u64 moved_len; /* moved block length */ }; #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2 #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1) #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) /* * Extended fields will fit into an inode if the filesystem was formatted * with large inodes (-I 256 or larger) and there are not currently any EAs * consuming all of the available space. For new inodes we always reserve * enough space for the kernel's known extended fields, but for inodes * created with an old kernel this might not have been the case. None of * the extended inode fields is critical for correct filesystem operation. * This macro checks if a certain field fits in the inode. Note that * inode-size = GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + i_extra_isize */ #define EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(ext4_inode, einode, field) \ ((offsetof(typeof(*ext4_inode), field) + \ sizeof((ext4_inode)->field)) \ <= (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + \ (einode)->i_extra_isize)) \ /* * We use an encoding that preserves the times for extra epoch "00": * * extra msb of adjust for signed * epoch 32-bit 32-bit tv_sec to * bits time decoded 64-bit tv_sec 64-bit tv_sec valid time range * 0 0 1 -0x80000000..-0x00000001 0x000000000 1901-12-13..1969-12-31 * 0 0 0 0x000000000..0x07fffffff 0x000000000 1970-01-01..2038-01-19 * 0 1 1 0x080000000..0x0ffffffff 0x100000000 2038-01-19..2106-02-07 * 0 1 0 0x100000000..0x17fffffff 0x100000000 2106-02-07..2174-02-25 * 1 0 1 0x180000000..0x1ffffffff 0x200000000 2174-02-25..2242-03-16 * 1 0 0 0x200000000..0x27fffffff 0x200000000 2242-03-16..2310-04-04 * 1 1 1 0x280000000..0x2ffffffff 0x300000000 2310-04-04..2378-04-22 * 1 1 0 0x300000000..0x37fffffff 0x300000000 2378-04-22..2446-05-10 * * Note that previous versions of the kernel on 64-bit systems would * incorrectly use extra epoch bits 1,1 for dates between 1901 and * 1970. e2fsck will correct this, assuming that it is run on the * affected filesystem before 2242. */ static inline __le32 ext4_encode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time) { u32 extra =((time->tv_sec - (s32)time->tv_sec) >> 32) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK; return cpu_to_le32(extra | (time->tv_nsec << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)); } static inline void ext4_decode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time, __le32 extra) { if (unlikely(extra & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_EPOCH_MASK))) time->tv_sec += (u64)(le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK) << 32; time->tv_nsec = (le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK) >> EXT4_EPOCH_BITS; } #define EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) {\ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((inode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime); \ } \ else \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32(clamp_t(int32_t, (inode)->xtime.tv_sec, S32_MIN, S32_MAX)); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((einode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ (inode)->xtime.tv_sec = (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) { \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ } \ else \ (inode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = \ (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = 0; \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define i_disk_version osd1.linux1.l_i_version #if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.linux1.l_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.linux2.l_i_file_acl_high #define i_blocks_high osd2.linux2.l_i_blocks_high #define i_uid_low i_uid #define i_gid_low i_gid #define i_uid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_gid_high #define i_checksum_lo osd2.linux2.l_i_checksum_lo #elif defined(__GNU__) #define i_translator osd1.hurd1.h_i_translator #define i_uid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_gid_high #define i_author osd2.hurd2.h_i_author #elif defined(__masix__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.masix1.m_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.masix2.m_i_file_acl_high #define i_reserved2 osd2.masix2.m_i_reserved2 #endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) */ #include "extents_status.h" /* * Lock subclasses for i_data_sem in the ext4_inode_info structure. * * These are needed to avoid lockdep false positives when we need to * allocate blocks to the quota inode during ext4_map_blocks(), while * holding i_data_sem for a normal (non-quota) inode. Since we don't * do quota tracking for the quota inode, this avoids deadlock (as * well as infinite recursion, since it isn't turtles all the way * down...) * * I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL - Used for most inodes * I_DATA_SEM_OTHER - Used by move_inode.c for the second normal inode * where the second inode has larger inode number * than the first * I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA - Used for quota inodes only * I_DATA_SEM_EA - Used for ea_inodes only */ enum { I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL = 0, I_DATA_SEM_OTHER, I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA, I_DATA_SEM_EA }; /* * fourth extended file system inode data in memory */ struct ext4_inode_info { __le32 i_data[15]; /* unconverted */ __u32 i_dtime; ext4_fsblk_t i_file_acl; /* * i_block_group is the number of the block group which contains * this file's inode. Constant across the lifetime of the inode, * it is used for making block allocation decisions - we try to * place a file's data blocks near its inode block, and new inodes * near to their parent directory's inode. */ ext4_group_t i_block_group; ext4_lblk_t i_dir_start_lookup; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) unsigned long i_state_flags; /* Dynamic state flags */ #endif unsigned long i_flags; /* * Extended attributes can be read independently of the main file * data. Taking i_mutex even when reading would cause contention * between readers of EAs and writers of regular file data, so * instead we synchronize on xattr_sem when reading or changing * EAs. */ struct rw_semaphore xattr_sem; struct list_head i_orphan; /* unlinked but open inodes */ /* * i_disksize keeps track of what the inode size is ON DISK, not * in memory. During truncate, i_size is set to the new size by * the VFS prior to calling ext4_truncate(), but the filesystem won't * set i_disksize to 0 until the truncate is actually under way. * * The intent is that i_disksize always represents the blocks which * are used by this file. This allows recovery to restart truncate * on orphans if we crash during truncate. We actually write i_disksize * into the on-disk inode when writing inodes out, instead of i_size. * * The only time when i_disksize and i_size may be different is when * a truncate is in progress. The only things which change i_disksize * are ext4_get_block (growth) and ext4_truncate (shrinkth). */ loff_t i_disksize; /* * i_data_sem is for serialising ext4_truncate() against * ext4_getblock(). In the 2.4 ext2 design, great chunks of inode's * data tree are chopped off during truncate. We can't do that in * ext4 because whenever we perform intermediate commits during * truncate, the inode and all the metadata blocks *must* be in a * consistent state which allows truncation of the orphans to restart * during recovery. Hence we must fix the get_block-vs-truncate race * by other means, so we have i_data_sem. */ struct rw_semaphore i_data_sem; /* * i_mmap_sem is for serializing page faults with truncate / punch hole * operations. We have to make sure that new page cannot be faulted in * a section of the inode that is being punched. We cannot easily use * i_data_sem for this since we need protection for the whole punch * operation and i_data_sem ranks below transaction start so we have * to occasionally drop it. */ struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_sem; struct inode vfs_inode; struct jbd2_inode *jinode; spinlock_t i_raw_lock; /* protects updates to the raw inode */ /* * File creation time. Its function is same as that of * struct timespec64 i_{a,c,m}time in the generic inode. */ struct timespec64 i_crtime; /* mballoc */ struct list_head i_prealloc_list; spinlock_t i_prealloc_lock; /* extents status tree */ struct ext4_es_tree i_es_tree; rwlock_t i_es_lock; struct list_head i_es_list; unsigned int i_es_all_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ unsigned int i_es_shk_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ ext4_lblk_t i_es_shrink_lblk; /* Offset where we start searching for extents to shrink. Protected by i_es_lock */ /* ialloc */ ext4_group_t i_last_alloc_group; /* allocation reservation info for delalloc */ /* In case of bigalloc, this refer to clusters rather than blocks */ unsigned int i_reserved_data_blocks; ext4_lblk_t i_da_metadata_calc_last_lblock; int i_da_metadata_calc_len; /* pending cluster reservations for bigalloc file systems */ struct ext4_pending_tree i_pending_tree; /* on-disk additional length */ __u16 i_extra_isize; /* Indicate the inline data space. */ u16 i_inline_off; u16 i_inline_size; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* quota space reservation, managed internally by quota code */ qsize_t i_reserved_quota; #endif /* Lock protecting lists below */ spinlock_t i_completed_io_lock; /* * Completed IOs that need unwritten extents handling and have * transaction reserved */ struct list_head i_rsv_conversion_list; struct work_struct i_rsv_conversion_work; atomic_t i_unwritten; /* Nr. of inflight conversions pending */ spinlock_t i_block_reservation_lock; /* * Transactions that contain inode's metadata needed to complete * fsync and fdatasync, respectively. */ tid_t i_sync_tid; tid_t i_datasync_tid; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA struct dquot *i_dquot[MAXQUOTAS]; #endif /* Precomputed uuid+inum+igen checksum for seeding inode checksums */ __u32 i_csum_seed; kprojid_t i_projid; }; /* * File system states */ #define EXT4_VALID_FS 0x0001 /* Unmounted cleanly */ #define EXT4_ERROR_FS 0x0002 /* Errors detected */ #define EXT4_ORPHAN_FS 0x0004 /* Orphans being recovered */ /* * Misc. filesystem flags */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH 0x0001 /* Signed dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH 0x0002 /* Unsigned dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_TEST_FILESYS 0x0004 /* to test development code */ /* * Mount flags set via mount options or defaults */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_MBCACHE 0x00001 /* Do not use mbcache */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID 0x00004 /* Create files with directory's group */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG 0x00008 /* Some debugging messages */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT 0x00010 /* Continue on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO 0x00020 /* Remount fs ro on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC 0x00040 /* Panic on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_MASK 0x00070 #define EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF 0x00080 /* Mimics the Minix statfs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD 0x00100 /* Don't use existing journal*/ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX 0x00200 /* Direct Access */ #else #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX 0 #endif #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS 0x00C00 /* Mode for data writes: */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA 0x00400 /* Write data to journal */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA 0x00800 /* Flush data before commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA 0x00C00 /* No data ordering */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_UPDATE_JOURNAL 0x01000 /* Update the journal format */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32 0x02000 /* Disable 32-bit UIDs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER 0x04000 /* Extended user attributes */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL 0x08000 /* POSIX Access Control Lists */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC 0x10000 /* No auto delalloc mapping */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER 0x20000 /* Use block barriers */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA 0x40000 /* Some quota option set */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA 0x80000 /* "old" user quota, * enable enforcement for hidden * quota files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA 0x100000 /* "old" group quota, enable * enforcement for hidden quota * files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA 0x200000 /* Enable project quota * enforcement */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK 0x400000 /* Enable support for dio read nolocking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x800000 /* Journal checksums */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x1000000 /* Journal Async Commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR 0x2000000 /* Trigger WARN_ON on error */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC 0x8000000 /* Delalloc support */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT 0x10000000 /* Abort on file data write */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x20000000 /* Block validity checking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD 0x40000000 /* Issue DISCARD requests */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE 0x80000000 /* Initialize uninitialized itables */ /* * Mount flags set either automatically (could not be set by mount option) * based on per file system feature or property or in special cases such as * distinguishing between explicit mount option definition and default. */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_DELALLOC 0x00000001 /* User explicitly specified delalloc */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_STD_GROUP_SIZE 0x00000002 /* We have standard group size of blocksize * 8 blocks */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_HURD_COMPAT 0x00000004 /* Support HURD-castrated file systems */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x00000008 /* User explicitly specified journal checksum */ #define clear_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define set_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt |= \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define test_opt(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt & \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt) #define clear_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define set_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 |= \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define test_opt2(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 & \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt) #define ext4_test_and_set_bit __test_and_set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit __set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit_atomic ext2_set_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_and_clear_bit __test_and_clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit __clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit_atomic ext2_clear_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_bit test_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_zero_bit find_next_zero_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_bit find_next_bit_le extern void ext4_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len); /* * Maximal mount counts between two filesystem checks */ #define EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT 20 /* Allow 20 mounts */ #define EXT4_DFL_CHECKINTERVAL 0 /* Don't use interval check */ /* * Behaviour when detecting errors */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE 1 /* Continue execution */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_RO 2 /* Remount fs read-only */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC 3 /* Panic */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_DEFAULT EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE /* Metadata checksum algorithm codes */ #define EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM 1 /* * Structure of the super block */ struct ext4_super_block { /*00*/ __le32 s_inodes_count; /* Inodes count */ __le32 s_blocks_count_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_lo; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_lo; /* Free blocks count */ /*10*/ __le32 s_free_inodes_count; /* Free inodes count */ __le32 s_first_data_block; /* First Data Block */ __le32 s_log_block_size; /* Block size */ __le32 s_log_cluster_size; /* Allocation cluster size */ /*20*/ __le32 s_blocks_per_group; /* # Blocks per group */ __le32 s_clusters_per_group; /* # Clusters per group */ __le32 s_inodes_per_group; /* # Inodes per group */ __le32 s_mtime; /* Mount time */ /*30*/ __le32 s_wtime; /* Write time */ __le16 s_mnt_count; /* Mount count */ __le16 s_max_mnt_count; /* Maximal mount count */ __le16 s_magic; /* Magic signature */ __le16 s_state; /* File system state */ __le16 s_errors; /* Behaviour when detecting errors */ __le16 s_minor_rev_level; /* minor revision level */ /*40*/ __le32 s_lastcheck; /* time of last check */ __le32 s_checkinterval; /* max. time between checks */ __le32 s_creator_os; /* OS */ __le32 s_rev_level; /* Revision level */ /*50*/ __le16 s_def_resuid; /* Default uid for reserved blocks */ __le16 s_def_resgid; /* Default gid for reserved blocks */ /* * These fields are for EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV superblocks only. * * Note: the difference between the compatible feature set and * the incompatible feature set is that if there is a bit set * in the incompatible feature set that the kernel doesn't * know about, it should refuse to mount the filesystem. * * e2fsck's requirements are more strict; if it doesn't know * about a feature in either the compatible or incompatible * feature set, it must abort and not try to meddle with * things it doesn't understand... */ __le32 s_first_ino; /* First non-reserved inode */ __le16 s_inode_size; /* size of inode structure */ __le16 s_block_group_nr; /* block group # of this superblock */ __le32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ /*60*/ __le32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __le32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /*68*/ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for volume */ /*78*/ char s_volume_name[16]; /* volume name */ /*88*/ char s_last_mounted[64] __nonstring; /* directory where last mounted */ /*C8*/ __le32 s_algorithm_usage_bitmap; /* For compression */ /* * Performance hints. Directory preallocation should only * happen if the EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC flag is on. */ __u8 s_prealloc_blocks; /* Nr of blocks to try to preallocate*/ __u8 s_prealloc_dir_blocks; /* Nr to preallocate for dirs */ __le16 s_reserved_gdt_blocks; /* Per group desc for online growth */ /* * Journaling support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL set. */ /*D0*/ __u8 s_journal_uuid[16]; /* uuid of journal superblock */ /*E0*/ __le32 s_journal_inum; /* inode number of journal file */ __le32 s_journal_dev; /* device number of journal file */ __le32 s_last_orphan; /* start of list of inodes to delete */ __le32 s_hash_seed[4]; /* HTREE hash seed */ __u8 s_def_hash_version; /* Default hash version to use */ __u8 s_jnl_backup_type; __le16 s_desc_size; /* size of group descriptor */ /*100*/ __le32 s_default_mount_opts; __le32 s_first_meta_bg; /* First metablock block group */ __le32 s_mkfs_time; /* When the filesystem was created */ __le32 s_jnl_blocks[17]; /* Backup of the journal inode */ /* 64bit support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_64BIT */ /*150*/ __le32 s_blocks_count_hi; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_hi; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_hi; /* Free blocks count */ __le16 s_min_extra_isize; /* All inodes have at least # bytes */ __le16 s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ __le32 s_flags; /* Miscellaneous flags */ __le16 s_raid_stride; /* RAID stride */ __le16 s_mmp_update_interval; /* # seconds to wait in MMP checking */ __le64 s_mmp_block; /* Block for multi-mount protection */ __le32 s_raid_stripe_width; /* blocks on all data disks (N*stride)*/ __u8 s_log_groups_per_flex; /* FLEX_BG group size */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* metadata checksum algorithm used */ __u8 s_encryption_level; /* versioning level for encryption */ __u8 s_reserved_pad; /* Padding to next 32bits */ __le64 s_kbytes_written; /* nr of lifetime kilobytes written */ __le32 s_snapshot_inum; /* Inode number of active snapshot */ __le32 s_snapshot_id; /* sequential ID of active snapshot */ __le64 s_snapshot_r_blocks_count; /* reserved blocks for active snapshot's future use */ __le32 s_snapshot_list; /* inode number of the head of the on-disk snapshot list */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_START offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_error_count) __le32 s_error_count; /* number of fs errors */ __le32 s_first_error_time; /* first time an error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_ino; /* inode involved in first error */ __le64 s_first_error_block; /* block involved of first error */ __u8 s_first_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le32 s_last_error_time; /* most recent time of an error */ __le32 s_last_error_ino; /* inode involved in last error */ __le32 s_last_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le64 s_last_error_block; /* block involved of last error */ __u8 s_last_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_END offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_mount_opts) __u8 s_mount_opts[64]; __le32 s_usr_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking user quota */ __le32 s_grp_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking group quota */ __le32 s_overhead_clusters; /* overhead blocks/clusters in fs */ __le32 s_backup_bgs[2]; /* groups with sparse_super2 SBs */ __u8 s_encrypt_algos[4]; /* Encryption algorithms in use */ __u8 s_encrypt_pw_salt[16]; /* Salt used for string2key algorithm */ __le32 s_lpf_ino; /* Location of the lost+found inode */ __le32 s_prj_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking project quota */ __le32 s_checksum_seed; /* crc32c(uuid) if csum_seed set */ __u8 s_wtime_hi; __u8 s_mtime_hi; __u8 s_mkfs_time_hi; __u8 s_lastcheck_hi; __u8 s_first_error_time_hi; __u8 s_last_error_time_hi; __u8 s_pad[2]; __le16 s_encoding; /* Filename charset encoding */ __le16 s_encoding_flags; /* Filename charset encoding flags */ __le32 s_reserved[95]; /* Padding to the end of the block */ __le32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ }; #define EXT4_S_ERR_LEN (EXT4_S_ERR_END - EXT4_S_ERR_START) #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * run-time mount flags */ #define EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED 0x0001 #define EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED 0x0002 /* Fatal error detected */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) ((sbi)->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy != NULL) #else #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) (0) #endif /* Number of quota types we support */ #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS 3 #define EXT4_ENC_UTF8_12_1 1 /* * fourth extended-fs super-block data in memory */ struct ext4_sb_info { unsigned long s_desc_size; /* Size of a group descriptor in bytes */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_block;/* Number of inodes per block */ unsigned long s_blocks_per_group;/* Number of blocks in a group */ unsigned long s_clusters_per_group; /* Number of clusters in a group */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_group;/* Number of inodes in a group */ unsigned long s_itb_per_group; /* Number of inode table blocks per group */ unsigned long s_gdb_count; /* Number of group descriptor blocks */ unsigned long s_desc_per_block; /* Number of group descriptors per block */ ext4_group_t s_groups_count; /* Number of groups in the fs */ ext4_group_t s_blockfile_groups;/* Groups acceptable for non-extent files */ unsigned long s_overhead; /* # of fs overhead clusters */ unsigned int s_cluster_ratio; /* Number of blocks per cluster */ unsigned int s_cluster_bits; /* log2 of s_cluster_ratio */ loff_t s_bitmap_maxbytes; /* max bytes for bitmap files */ struct buffer_head * s_sbh; /* Buffer containing the super block */ struct ext4_super_block *s_es; /* Pointer to the super block in the buffer */ struct buffer_head * __rcu *s_group_desc; unsigned int s_mount_opt; unsigned int s_mount_opt2; unsigned int s_mount_flags; unsigned int s_def_mount_opt; ext4_fsblk_t s_sb_block; atomic64_t s_resv_clusters; kuid_t s_resuid; kgid_t s_resgid; unsigned short s_mount_state; unsigned short s_pad; int s_addr_per_block_bits; int s_desc_per_block_bits; int s_inode_size; int s_first_ino; unsigned int s_inode_readahead_blks; unsigned int s_inode_goal; u32 s_hash_seed[4]; int s_def_hash_version; int s_hash_unsigned; /* 3 if hash should be signed, 0 if not */ struct percpu_counter s_freeclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_freeinodes_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirs_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirtyclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit; struct blockgroup_lock *s_blockgroup_lock; struct proc_dir_entry *s_proc; struct kobject s_kobj; struct completion s_kobj_unregister; struct super_block *s_sb; /* Journaling */ struct journal_s *s_journal; struct list_head s_orphan; struct mutex s_orphan_lock; unsigned long s_ext4_flags; /* Ext4 superblock flags */ unsigned long s_commit_interval; u32 s_max_batch_time; u32 s_min_batch_time; struct block_device *s_journal_bdev; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Names of quota files with journalled quota */ char __rcu *s_qf_names[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS]; int s_jquota_fmt; /* Format of quota to use */ #endif unsigned int s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ struct ext4_system_blocks __rcu *system_blks; #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS /* ext4 extents stats */ unsigned long s_ext_min; unsigned long s_ext_max; unsigned long s_depth_max; spinlock_t s_ext_stats_lock; unsigned long s_ext_blocks; unsigned long s_ext_extents; #endif /* for buddy allocator */ struct ext4_group_info ** __rcu *s_group_info; struct inode *s_buddy_cache; spinlock_t s_md_lock; unsigned short *s_mb_offsets; unsigned int *s_mb_maxs; unsigned int s_group_info_size; unsigned int s_mb_free_pending; struct list_head s_freed_data_list; /* List of blocks to be freed after commit completed */ /* tunables */ unsigned long s_stripe; unsigned int s_mb_stream_request; unsigned int s_mb_max_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_min_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_stats; unsigned int s_mb_order2_reqs; unsigned int s_mb_group_prealloc; unsigned int s_max_dir_size_kb; /* where last allocation was done - for stream allocation */ unsigned long s_mb_last_group; unsigned long s_mb_last_start; /* stats for buddy allocator */ atomic_t s_bal_reqs; /* number of reqs with len > 1 */ atomic_t s_bal_success; /* we found long enough chunks */ atomic_t s_bal_allocated; /* in blocks */ atomic_t s_bal_ex_scanned; /* total extents scanned */ atomic_t s_bal_goals; /* goal hits */ atomic_t s_bal_breaks; /* too long searches */ atomic_t s_bal_2orders; /* 2^order hits */ spinlock_t s_bal_lock; unsigned long s_mb_buddies_generated; unsigned long long s_mb_generation_time; atomic_t s_mb_lost_chunks; atomic_t s_mb_preallocated; atomic_t s_mb_discarded; atomic_t s_lock_busy; /* locality groups */ struct ext4_locality_group __percpu *s_locality_groups; /* for write statistics */ unsigned long s_sectors_written_start; u64 s_kbytes_written; /* the size of zero-out chunk */ unsigned int s_extent_max_zeroout_kb; unsigned int s_log_groups_per_flex; struct flex_groups * __rcu *s_flex_groups; ext4_group_t s_flex_groups_allocated; /* workqueue for reserved extent conversions (buffered io) */ struct workqueue_struct *rsv_conversion_wq; /* timer for periodic error stats printing */ struct timer_list s_err_report; /* Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_li_request *s_li_request; /* Wait multiplier for lazy initialization thread */ unsigned int s_li_wait_mult; /* Kernel thread for multiple mount protection */ struct task_struct *s_mmp_tsk; /* record the last minlen when FITRIM is called. */ unsigned long s_last_trim_minblks; /* Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi */ struct crypto_shash *s_chksum_driver; /* Precomputed FS UUID checksum for seeding other checksums */ __u32 s_csum_seed; /* Reclaim extents from extent status tree */ struct shrinker s_es_shrinker; struct list_head s_es_list; /* List of inodes with reclaimable extents */ long s_es_nr_inode; struct ext4_es_stats s_es_stats; struct mb_cache *s_ea_block_cache; struct mb_cache *s_ea_inode_cache; spinlock_t s_es_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Ratelimit ext4 messages. */ struct ratelimit_state s_err_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_warning_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_msg_ratelimit_state; /* Encryption policy for '-o test_dummy_encryption' */ struct fscrypt_dummy_policy s_dummy_enc_policy; /* * Barrier between writepages ops and changing any inode's JOURNAL_DATA * or EXTENTS flag. */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore s_writepages_rwsem; struct dax_device *s_daxdev; }; static inline struct ext4_sb_info *EXT4_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } static inline struct ext4_inode_info *EXT4_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct ext4_inode_info, vfs_inode); } static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino) { return ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO || (ino >= EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) && ino <= le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count)); } /* * Returns: sbi->field[index] * Used to access an array element from the following sbi fields which require * rcu protection to avoid dereferencing an invalid pointer due to reassignment * - s_group_desc * - s_group_info * - s_flex_group */ #define sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, field, index) \ ({ \ typeof(*((sbi)->field)) _v; \ rcu_read_lock(); \ _v = ((typeof(_v)*)rcu_dereference((sbi)->field))[index]; \ rcu_read_unlock(); \ _v; \ }) /* * Inode dynamic state flags */ enum { EXT4_STATE_JDATA, /* journaled data exists */ EXT4_STATE_NEW, /* inode is newly created */ EXT4_STATE_XATTR, /* has in-inode xattrs */ EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND, /* No space for expansion */ EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE, /* Alloc DA blks on close */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_MIGRATE, /* Inode is migrating */ EXT4_STATE_DIO_UNWRITTEN, /* need convert on dio done*/ EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY, /* File just added to dir */ EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA, /* may have in-inode data */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED, /* extents have been precached */ EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE, /* Lustre-style ea_inode */ EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS, /* building fs-verity Merkle tree */ }; #define EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(name, field, offset) \ static inline int ext4_test_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ return test_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ set_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ clear_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(flag, flags, 0) /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, state_flags, 0) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { (ei)->i_state_flags = 0; } #else EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, flags, 32) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { /* We depend on the fact that callers will set i_flags */ } #endif #else /* Assume that user mode programs are passing in an ext4fs superblock, not * a kernel struct super_block. This will allow us to call the feature-test * macros from user land. */ #define EXT4_SB(sb) (sb) #endif static inline bool ext4_verity_in_progress(struct inode *inode) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_VERITY) && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS); } #define NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) EXT4_I(inode)->i_dtime /* * Codes for operating systems */ #define EXT4_OS_LINUX 0 #define EXT4_OS_HURD 1 #define EXT4_OS_MASIX 2 #define EXT4_OS_FREEBSD 3 #define EXT4_OS_LITES 4 /* * Revision levels */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV 0 /* The good old (original) format */ #define EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV 1 /* V2 format w/ dynamic inode sizes */ #define EXT4_CURRENT_REV EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV #define EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE 128 #define EXT4_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX (((s64)1 << 34) - 1 + S32_MIN) #define EXT4_NON_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX S32_MAX #define EXT4_TIMESTAMP_MIN S32_MIN /* * Feature set definitions */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_IMAGIC_INODES 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_RESIZE_INODE 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER2 0x0200 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_STABLE_INODES 0x0800 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE 0x0040 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC 0x0200 /* * METADATA_CSUM also enables group descriptor checksums (GDT_CSUM). When * METADATA_CSUM is set, group descriptor checksums use the same algorithm as * all other data structures' checksums. However, the METADATA_CSUM and * GDT_CSUM bits are mutually exclusive. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_READONLY 0x1000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY 0x8000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPRESSION 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER 0x0004 /* Needs recovery */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_JOURNAL_DEV 0x0008 /* Journal device */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS 0x0040 /* extents support */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x0080 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG 0x0200 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE 0x0400 /* EA in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_DIRDATA 0x1000 /* data in dirent */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR 0x4000 /* >2GB or 3-lvl htree */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA 0x8000 /* data in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT 0x10000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD 0x20000 extern void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb); #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_prealloc, DIR_PREALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(imagic_inodes, IMAGIC_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(journal, HAS_JOURNAL) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(xattr, EXT_ATTR) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(resize_inode, RESIZE_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_index, DIR_INDEX) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super2, SPARSE_SUPER2) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(stable_inodes, STABLE_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super, SPARSE_SUPER) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(large_file, LARGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(btree_dir, BTREE_DIR) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(huge_file, HUGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(gdt_csum, GDT_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_nlink, DIR_NLINK) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(extra_isize, EXTRA_ISIZE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(quota, QUOTA) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(bigalloc, BIGALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(metadata_csum, METADATA_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(readonly, READONLY) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(project, PROJECT) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(verity, VERITY) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(compression, COMPRESSION) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(filetype, FILETYPE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_needs_recovery, RECOVER) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_dev, JOURNAL_DEV) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(meta_bg, META_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(extents, EXTENTS) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(mmp, MMP) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(flex_bg, FLEX_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(ea_inode, EA_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(dirdata, DIRDATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum_seed, CSUM_SEED) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(largedir, LARGEDIR) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(inline_data, INLINE_DATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(encrypt, ENCRYPT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(casefold, CASEFOLD) #define EXT2_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT3_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT3_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT3_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM|\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY) #define EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(ver) \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(2) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(3) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(4) static inline bool ext4_has_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat != 0); } /* * Superblock flags */ #define EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING 0 #define EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN 1 static inline int ext4_forced_shutdown(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return test_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); } /* * Default values for user and/or group using reserved blocks */ #define EXT4_DEF_RESUID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_RESGID 0 /* * Default project ID */ #define EXT4_DEF_PROJID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS 32 /* * Default mount options */ #define EXT4_DEFM_DEBUG 0x0001 #define EXT4_DEFM_BSDGROUPS 0x0002 #define EXT4_DEFM_XATTR_USER 0x0004 #define EXT4_DEFM_ACL 0x0008 #define EXT4_DEFM_UID16 0x0010 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_DATA 0x0020 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_ORDERED 0x0040 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_WBACK 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_NOBARRIER 0x0100 #define EXT4_DEFM_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x0200 #define EXT4_DEFM_DISCARD 0x0400 #define EXT4_DEFM_NODELALLOC 0x0800 /* * Default journal batch times */ #define EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME 0 #define EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME 15000 /* 15ms */ /* * Minimum number of groups in a flexgroup before we separate out * directories into the first block group of a flexgroup */ #define EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME 4 /* * Structure of a directory entry */ #define EXT4_NAME_LEN 255 /* * Base length of the ext4 directory entry excluding the name length */ #define EXT4_BASE_DIR_LEN (sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_2) - EXT4_NAME_LEN) struct ext4_dir_entry { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __le16 name_len; /* Name length */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * Encrypted Casefolded entries require saving the hash on disk. This structure * followed ext4_dir_entry_2's name[name_len] at the next 4 byte aligned * boundary. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_hash { __le32 hash; __le32 minor_hash; }; /* * The new version of the directory entry. Since EXT4 structures are * stored in intel byte order, and the name_len field could never be * bigger than 255 chars, it's safe to reclaim the extra byte for the * file_type field. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_2 { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __u8 name_len; /* Name length */ __u8 file_type; char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * Access the hashes at the end of ext4_dir_entry_2 */ #define EXT4_DIRENT_HASHES(entry) \ ((struct ext4_dir_entry_hash *) \ (((void *)(entry)) + \ ((8 + (entry)->name_len + EXT4_DIR_ROUND) & ~EXT4_DIR_ROUND))) #define EXT4_DIRENT_HASH(entry) le32_to_cpu(EXT4_DIRENT_HASHES(de)->hash) #define EXT4_DIRENT_MINOR_HASH(entry) \ le32_to_cpu(EXT4_DIRENT_HASHES(de)->minor_hash) static inline bool ext4_hash_in_dirent(const struct inode *inode) { return IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) && IS_ENCRYPTED(inode); } /* * This is a bogus directory entry at the end of each leaf block that * records checksums. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_tail { __le32 det_reserved_zero1; /* Pretend to be unused */ __le16 det_rec_len; /* 12 */ __u8 det_reserved_zero2; /* Zero name length */ __u8 det_reserved_ft; /* 0xDE, fake file type */ __le32 det_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */ }; #define EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(block, blocksize) \ ((struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)(((void *)(block)) + \ ((blocksize) - \ sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail)))) /* * Ext4 directory file types. Only the low 3 bits are used. The * other bits are reserved for now. */ #define EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN 0 #define EXT4_FT_REG_FILE 1 #define EXT4_FT_DIR 2 #define EXT4_FT_CHRDEV 3 #define EXT4_FT_BLKDEV 4 #define EXT4_FT_FIFO 5 #define EXT4_FT_SOCK 6 #define EXT4_FT_SYMLINK 7 #define EXT4_FT_MAX 8 #define EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM 0xDE /* * EXT4_DIR_PAD defines the directory entries boundaries * * NOTE: It must be a multiple of 4 */ #define EXT4_DIR_PAD 4 #define EXT4_DIR_ROUND (EXT4_DIR_PAD - 1) #define EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN ((1<<16)-1) /* * The rec_len is dependent on the type of directory. Directories that are * casefolded and encrypted need to store the hash as well, so we add room for * ext4_extended_dir_entry_2. For all entries related to '.' or '..' you should * pass NULL for dir, as those entries do not use the extra fields. */ static inline unsigned int ext4_dir_rec_len(__u8 name_len, const struct inode *dir) { int rec_len = (name_len + 8 + EXT4_DIR_ROUND); if (dir && ext4_hash_in_dirent(dir)) rec_len += sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_hash); return (rec_len & ~EXT4_DIR_ROUND); } /* * If we ever get support for fs block sizes > page_size, we'll need * to remove the #if statements in the next two functions... */ static inline unsigned int ext4_rec_len_from_disk(__le16 dlen, unsigned blocksize) { unsigned len = le16_to_cpu(dlen); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len == EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN || len == 0) return blocksize; return (len & 65532) | ((len & 3) << 16); #else return len; #endif } static inline __le16 ext4_rec_len_to_disk(unsigned len, unsigned blocksize) { if ((len > blocksize) || (blocksize > (1 << 18)) || (len & 3)) BUG(); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len < 65536) return cpu_to_le16(len); if (len == blocksize) { if (blocksize == 65536) return cpu_to_le16(EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN); else return cpu_to_le16(0); } return cpu_to_le16((len & 65532) | ((len >> 16) & 3)); #else return cpu_to_le16(len); #endif } /* * Hash Tree Directory indexing * (c) Daniel Phillips, 2001 */ #define is_dx(dir) (ext4_has_feature_dir_index((dir)->i_sb) && \ ext4_test_inode_flag((dir), EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir) unlikely((dir)->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX && \ !(ext4_has_feature_dir_nlink((dir)->i_sb) && is_dx(dir))) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(dir) ((dir)->i_nlink == 2 || (dir)->i_nlink == 1) /* Legal values for the dx_root hash_version field: */ #define DX_HASH_LEGACY 0 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4 1 #define DX_HASH_TEA 2 #define DX_HASH_LEGACY_UNSIGNED 3 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4_UNSIGNED 4 #define DX_HASH_TEA_UNSIGNED 5 #define DX_HASH_SIPHASH 6 static inline u32 ext4_chksum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[4]; } desc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(sbi->s_chksum_driver)!=sizeof(desc.ctx)); desc.shash.tfm = sbi->s_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length)); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* hash info structure used by the directory hash */ struct dx_hash_info { u32 hash; u32 minor_hash; int hash_version; u32 *seed; }; /* 32 and 64 bit signed EOF for dx directories */ #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT ((1UL << (32 - 1)) - 1) #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_64BIT ((1ULL << (64 - 1)) - 1) /* * Control parameters used by ext4_htree_next_block */ #define HASH_NB_ALWAYS 1 struct ext4_filename { const struct qstr *usr_fname; struct fscrypt_str disk_name; struct dx_hash_info hinfo; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_str crypto_buf; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct fscrypt_str cf_name; #endif }; #define fname_name(p) ((p)->disk_name.name) #define fname_usr_name(p) ((p)->usr_fname->name) #define fname_len(p) ((p)->disk_name.len) /* * Describe an inode's exact location on disk and in memory */ struct ext4_iloc { struct buffer_head *bh; unsigned long offset; ext4_group_t block_group; }; static inline struct ext4_inode *ext4_raw_inode(struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { return (struct ext4_inode *) (iloc->bh->b_data + iloc->offset); } static inline bool ext4_is_quota_file(struct inode *inode) { return IS_NOQUOTA(inode) && !(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL); } /* * This structure is stuffed into the struct file's private_data field * for directories. It is where we put information so that we can do * readdir operations in hash tree order. */ struct dir_private_info { struct rb_root root; struct rb_node *curr_node; struct fname *extra_fname; loff_t last_pos; __u32 curr_hash; __u32 curr_minor_hash; __u32 next_hash; }; /* calculate the first block number of the group */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_group_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group_no) { return group_no * (ext4_fsblk_t)EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block); } /* * Special error return code only used by dx_probe() and its callers. */ #define ERR_BAD_DX_DIR (-(MAX_ERRNO - 1)) /* htree levels for ext4 */ #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT 2 #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL 3 static inline int ext4_dir_htree_level(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) ? EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL : EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT; } /* * Timeout and state flag for lazy initialization inode thread. */ #define EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT 10 #define EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY 5 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT 0x0001 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING 0x0002 /* * Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_lazy_init { unsigned long li_state; struct list_head li_request_list; struct mutex li_list_mtx; }; struct ext4_li_request { struct super_block *lr_super; struct ext4_sb_info *lr_sbi; ext4_group_t lr_next_group; struct list_head lr_request; unsigned long lr_next_sched; unsigned long lr_timeout; }; struct ext4_features { struct kobject f_kobj; struct completion f_kobj_unregister; }; /* * This structure will be used for multiple mount protection. It will be * written into the block number saved in the s_mmp_block field in the * superblock. Programs that check MMP should assume that if * SEQ_FSCK (or any unknown code above SEQ_MAX) is present then it is NOT safe * to use the filesystem, regardless of how old the timestamp is. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAGIC 0x004D4D50U /* ASCII for MMP */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_CLEAN 0xFF4D4D50U /* mmp_seq value for clean unmount */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_FSCK 0xE24D4D50U /* mmp_seq value when being fscked */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX 0xE24D4D4FU /* maximum valid mmp_seq value */ struct mmp_struct { __le32 mmp_magic; /* Magic number for MMP */ __le32 mmp_seq; /* Sequence no. updated periodically */ /* * mmp_time, mmp_nodename & mmp_bdevname are only used for information * purposes and do not affect the correctness of the algorithm */ __le64 mmp_time; /* Time last updated */ char mmp_nodename[64]; /* Node which last updated MMP block */ char mmp_bdevname[32]; /* Bdev which last updated MMP block */ /* * mmp_check_interval is used to verify if the MMP block has been * updated on the block device. The value is updated based on the * maximum time to write the MMP block during an update cycle. */ __le16 mmp_check_interval; __le16 mmp_pad1; __le32 mmp_pad2[226]; __le32 mmp_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+mmp_block) */ }; /* arguments passed to the mmp thread */ struct mmpd_data { struct buffer_head *bh; /* bh from initial read_mmp_block() */ struct super_block *sb; /* super block of the fs */ }; /* * Check interval multiplier * The MMP block is written every update interval and initially checked every * update interval x the multiplier (the value is then adapted based on the * write latency). The reason is that writes can be delayed under load and we * don't want readers to incorrectly assume that the filesystem is no longer * in use. */ #define EXT4_MMP_CHECK_MULT 2UL /* * Minimum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL 5UL /* * Maximum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAX_CHECK_INTERVAL 300UL /* * Function prototypes */ /* * Ok, these declarations are also in <linux/kernel.h> but none of the * ext4 source programs needs to include it so they are duplicated here. */ # define NORET_TYPE /**/ # define ATTRIB_NORET __attribute__((noreturn)) # define NORET_AND noreturn, /* bitmap.c */ extern unsigned int ext4_count_free(char *bitmap, unsigned numchars); void ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); int ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); void ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); int ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); /* balloc.c */ extern void ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr, ext4_group_t *blockgrpp, ext4_grpblk_t *offsetp); extern ext4_group_t ext4_get_group_number(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); extern unsigned int ext4_block_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern ext4_grpblk_t ext4_block_group_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern int ext4_bg_has_super(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *count, int *errp); extern int ext4_claim_free_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, s64 nclusters, unsigned int flags); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_blocks_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_desc(struct super_block * sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head ** bh); extern int ext4_should_retry_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int *retries); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group); extern int ext4_wait_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head *bh); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group); extern unsigned ext4_free_clusters_after_init(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_to_goal_block(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern int ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, struct ext4_filename *fname); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static inline void ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(struct ext4_filename *dst, const struct fscrypt_name *src) { memset(dst, 0, sizeof(*dst)); dst->usr_fname = src->usr_fname; dst->disk_name = src->disk_name; dst->hinfo.hash = src->hash; dst->hinfo.minor_hash = src->minor_hash; dst->crypto_buf = src->crypto_buf; } static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_setup_filename(dir, iname, lookup, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE err = ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, fname); #endif return err; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE err = ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, fname); #endif return err; } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; name.crypto_buf = fname->crypto_buf; fscrypt_free_filename(&name); fname->crypto_buf.name = NULL; fname->usr_fname = NULL; fname->disk_name.name = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { int err = 0; fname->usr_fname = iname; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *) iname->name; fname->disk_name.len = iname->len; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE err = ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, fname); #endif return err; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { return ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, 1, fname); } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ /* dir.c */ extern int __ext4_check_dir_entry(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, struct file *, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *, struct buffer_head *, char *, int, unsigned int); #define ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, filp, de, bh, buf, size, offset) \ unlikely(__ext4_check_dir_entry(__func__, __LINE__, (dir), (filp), \ (de), (bh), (buf), (size), (offset))) extern int ext4_htree_store_dirent(struct file *dir_file, __u32 hash, __u32 minor_hash, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dirent, struct fscrypt_str *ent_name); extern void ext4_htree_free_dir_info(struct dir_private_info *p); extern int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de); void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname); static inline void ext4_update_dx_flag(struct inode *inode) { if (!ext4_has_feature_dir_index(inode->i_sb) && ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) { /* ext4_iget() should have caught this... */ WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)); ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); } } static const unsigned char ext4_filetype_table[] = { DT_UNKNOWN, DT_REG, DT_DIR, DT_CHR, DT_BLK, DT_FIFO, DT_SOCK, DT_LNK }; static inline unsigned char get_dtype(struct super_block *sb, int filetype) { if (!ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb) || filetype >= EXT4_FT_MAX) return DT_UNKNOWN; return ext4_filetype_table[filetype]; } extern int ext4_check_all_de(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size); /* fsync.c */ extern int ext4_sync_file(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); /* hash.c */ extern int ext4fs_dirhash(const struct inode *dir, const char *name, int len, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo); /* ialloc.c */ extern struct inode *__ext4_new_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *, umode_t, const struct qstr *qstr, __u32 goal, uid_t *owner, __u32 i_flags, int handle_type, unsigned int line_no, int nblocks); #define ext4_new_inode(handle, dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, i_flags) \ __ext4_new_inode((handle), (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ i_flags, 0, 0, 0) #define ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, \ type, nblocks) \ __ext4_new_inode(NULL, (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ 0, (type), __LINE__, (nblocks)) extern void ext4_free_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern struct inode * ext4_orphan_get(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern unsigned long ext4_count_free_inodes(struct super_block *); extern unsigned long ext4_count_dirs(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_inodes_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap); extern int ext4_init_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, int barrier); extern void ext4_end_bitmap_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* mballoc.c */ extern const struct seq_operations ext4_mb_seq_groups_ops; extern long ext4_mb_stats; extern long ext4_mb_max_to_scan; extern int ext4_mb_init(struct super_block *); extern int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle_t *, struct ext4_allocation_request *, int *); extern int ext4_mb_reserve_blocks(struct super_block *, int); extern void ext4_discard_preallocations(struct inode *); extern int __init ext4_init_mballoc(void); extern void ext4_exit_mballoc(void); extern void ext4_free_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count, int flags); extern int ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroups); extern int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t i, struct ext4_group_desc *desc); extern int ext4_group_add_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count); extern int ext4_trim_fs(struct super_block *, struct fstrim_range *); extern void ext4_process_freed_data(struct super_block *sb, tid_t commit_tid); /* inode.c */ int ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(struct inode *inode); struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); int ext4_bread_batch(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int bh_count, bool wait, struct buffer_head **bhs); int ext4_get_block_unwritten(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_dio_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create); int ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *head, unsigned from, unsigned to, int *partial, int (*fn)(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)); int do_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); #define FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC 1 #define CONVERT_INLINE_DATA 2 typedef enum { EXT4_IGET_NORMAL = 0, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL = 0x0001, /* OK to iget a system inode */ EXT4_IGET_HANDLE = 0x0002, /* Inode # is from a handle */ EXT4_IGET_BAD = 0x0004, /* Allow to iget a bad inode */ EXT4_IGET_EA_INODE = 0x0008 /* Inode should contain an EA value */ } ext4_iget_flags; extern struct inode *__ext4_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, ext4_iget_flags flags, const char *function, unsigned int line); #define ext4_iget(sb, ino, flags) \ __ext4_iget((sb), (ino), (flags), __func__, __LINE__) extern int ext4_write_inode(struct inode *, struct writeback_control *); extern int ext4_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int ext4_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern void ext4_evict_inode(struct inode *); extern void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *); extern int ext4_file_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int ext4_sync_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern void ext4_dirty_inode(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_change_inode_journal_flag(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *, struct ext4_iloc *); extern int ext4_inode_attach_jinode(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_truncate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_break_layouts(struct inode *); extern int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length); extern int ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle_t *, struct inode *, int nblocks); extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *); extern int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode); extern void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *); extern int ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(struct inode *, int nrblocks); extern int ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern vm_fault_t ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern vm_fault_t ext4_filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern qsize_t *ext4_get_reserved_space(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_get_projid(struct inode *inode, kprojid_t *projid); extern void ext4_da_release_space(struct inode *inode, int to_free); extern void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode, int used, int quota_claim); extern int ext4_issue_zeroout(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t len); /* indirect.c */ extern int ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ind_calc_metadata_amount(struct inode *inode, sector_t lblock); extern int ext4_ind_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks); extern void ext4_ind_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ind_remove_space(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); /* ioctl.c */ extern long ext4_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern long ext4_compat_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); /* migrate.c */ extern int ext4_ext_migrate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_ind_migrate(struct inode *inode); /* namei.c */ extern int ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash); extern int ext4_search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh, char *search_buf, int buf_size, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir); extern int ext4_generic_delete_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, void *entry_buf, int buf_size, int csum_size); extern bool ext4_empty_dir(struct inode *inode); /* resize.c */ extern void ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(void *to_free); extern int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_group_data *input); extern int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); extern int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); /* super.c */ extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags); extern int ext4_seq_options_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *offset); extern int ext4_calculate_overhead(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb); extern void *ext4_kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags); extern void *ext4_kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags); extern int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroup); extern const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno, char nbuf[16]); extern void ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, unsigned int flags); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_error_inode(struct inode *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_error_file(struct file *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); extern void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning_inode(const struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 4) void __ext4_msg(struct super_block *, const char *, const char *, ...); extern void __dump_mmp_msg(struct super_block *, struct mmp_struct *mmp, const char *, unsigned int, const char *); extern __printf(7, 8) void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *, unsigned int, struct super_block *, ext4_group_t, unsigned long, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE_BLOCK(inode, block, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_FILE(file, block, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_file((file), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a) #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_abort(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_abort(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, __func__, __LINE__, msg) #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_grp_locked_error(__func__, __LINE__, sb, grp, ino, block, \ fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_file(file, "", 0, block, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_abort(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_abort(sb, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning(sb, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_msg(sb, "", " "); \ } while (0) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, "", 0, "") #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_grp_locked_error("", 0, sb, grp, ino, block, " "); \ } while (0) #endif extern int ext4_update_compat_feature(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, __u32 compat); extern int ext4_update_rocompat_feature(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, __u32 rocompat); extern int ext4_update_incompat_feature(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, __u32 incompat); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed); static inline int ext4_has_metadata_csum(struct super_block *sb) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && !EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver); return ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver != NULL); } static inline int ext4_has_group_desc_csum(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_gdt_csum(sb) || ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ((ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_count_hi) << 32) | le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_count_lo); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_r_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ((ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->s_r_blocks_count_hi) << 32) | le32_to_cpu(es->s_r_blocks_count_lo); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_free_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ((ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->s_free_blocks_count_hi) << 32) | le32_to_cpu(es->s_free_blocks_count_lo); } static inline void ext4_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_free_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_r_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_r_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_r_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline loff_t ext4_isize(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode) { if (ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) || S_ISREG(le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_mode))) return ((loff_t)le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_high) << 32) | le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); return (loff_t) le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); } static inline void ext4_isize_set(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, loff_t i_size) { raw_inode->i_size_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_size); raw_inode->i_size_high = cpu_to_le32(i_size >> 32); } static inline struct ext4_group_info *ext4_get_group_info(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { struct ext4_group_info **grp_info; long indexv, indexh; BUG_ON(group >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count); indexv = group >> (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)); indexh = group & ((EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) - 1); grp_info = sbi_array_rcu_deref(EXT4_SB(sb), s_group_info, indexv); return grp_info[indexh]; } /* * Reading s_groups_count requires using smp_rmb() afterwards. See * the locking protocol documented in the comments of ext4_group_add() * in resize.c */ static inline ext4_group_t ext4_get_groups_count(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; smp_rmb(); return ngroups; } static inline ext4_group_t ext4_flex_group(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, ext4_group_t block_group) { return block_group >> sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } static inline unsigned int ext4_flex_bg_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } #define ext4_std_error(sb, errno) \ do { \ if ((errno)) \ __ext4_std_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (errno)); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* Each CPU can accumulate percpu_counter_batch clusters in their local * counters. So we need to make sure we have free clusters more * than percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids. Also add a window of 4 times. */ #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK (4 * (percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids)) #else #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK 0 #endif /* Update i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline void ext4_update_i_disksize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { WARN_ON_ONCE(S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) WRITE_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize, newsize); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); } /* Update i_size, i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline int ext4_update_inode_size(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { int changed = 0; if (newsize > inode->i_size) { i_size_write(inode, newsize); changed = 1; } if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) { ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, newsize); changed |= 2; } return changed; } int ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); struct ext4_group_info { unsigned long bb_state; struct rb_root bb_free_root; ext4_grpblk_t bb_first_free; /* first free block */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_free; /* total free blocks */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_fragments; /* nr of freespace fragments */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_largest_free_order;/* order of largest frag in BG */ struct list_head bb_prealloc_list; #ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK void *bb_bitmap; #endif struct rw_semaphore alloc_sem; ext4_grpblk_t bb_counters[]; /* Nr of free power-of-two-block * regions, index is order. * bb_counters[3] = 5 means * 5 free 8-block regions. */ }; #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT 0 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT 1 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 2 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 3 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(grp) \ (set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(grp) \ (clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION 8 #define EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD 2 static inline spinlock_t *ext4_group_lock_ptr(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { return bgl_lock_ptr(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_blockgroup_lock, group); } /* * Returns true if the filesystem is busy enough that attempts to * access the block group locks has run into contention. */ static inline int ext4_fs_is_busy(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return (atomic_read(&sbi->s_lock_busy) > EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD); } static inline void ext4_lock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spinlock_t *lock = ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group); if (spin_trylock(lock)) /* * We're able to grab the lock right away, so drop the * lock contention counter. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, -1, 0); else { /* * The lock is busy, so bump the contention counter, * and then wait on the spin lock. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, 1, EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION); spin_lock(lock); } } static inline void ext4_unlock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spin_unlock(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group)); } /* * Block validity checking */ #define ext4_check_indirect_blockref(inode, bh) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ (__le32 *)(bh)->b_data, \ EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_ind_check_inode(inode) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, \ EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS) /* * Inodes and files operations */ /* dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations ext4_dir_operations; /* file.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_file_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations ext4_file_operations; extern loff_t ext4_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin); /* inline.c */ extern int ext4_get_max_inline_size(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_init_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int len); extern int ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_readpage_inline(struct inode *inode, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep); extern int ext4_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern struct buffer_head * ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(struct inode *inode, unsigned len, struct page *page); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_read_inline_dir(struct file *filp, struct dir_context *ctx, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_inlinedir_to_tree(struct file *dir_file, struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_find_inline_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, int *has_inline_data); extern bool empty_inline_dir(struct inode *dir, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_inline_block(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de, int *retval); extern int ext4_inline_data_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, int *has_inline, __u64 start, __u64 len); struct iomap; extern int ext4_inline_data_iomap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap); extern int ext4_inline_data_truncate(struct inode *inode, int *has_inline); extern int ext4_convert_inline_data(struct inode *inode); static inline int ext4_has_inline_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA) && EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off; } /* namei.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations; extern struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child); extern struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int blocksize, int csum_size, unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len); extern void ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned int blocksize); extern int ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); #define S_SHIFT 12 static const unsigned char ext4_type_by_mode[(S_IFMT >> S_SHIFT) + 1] = { [S_IFREG >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_REG_FILE, [S_IFDIR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_DIR, [S_IFCHR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_CHRDEV, [S_IFBLK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_BLKDEV, [S_IFIFO >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_FIFO, [S_IFSOCK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SOCK, [S_IFLNK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SYMLINK, }; static inline void ext4_set_de_type(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, umode_t mode) { if (ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb)) de->file_type = ext4_type_by_mode[(mode & S_IFMT)>>S_SHIFT]; } /* readpages.c */ extern int ext4_mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, struct page *page, unsigned nr_pages, bool is_readahead); extern int __init ext4_init_post_read_processing(void); extern void ext4_exit_post_read_processing(void); /* symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; /* sysfs.c */ extern int ext4_register_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_unregister_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_sysfs(void); extern void ext4_exit_sysfs(void); /* block_validity */ extern void ext4_release_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_setup_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_system_zone(void); extern void ext4_exit_system_zone(void); extern int ext4_data_block_valid(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, ext4_fsblk_t start_blk, unsigned int count); extern int ext4_check_blockref(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, __le32 *, unsigned int); /* extents.c */ struct ext4_ext_path; struct ext4_extent; /* * Maximum number of logical blocks in a file; ext4_extent's ee_block is * __le32. */ #define EXT_MAX_BLOCKS 0xffffffff extern int ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *); extern int ext4_ext_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents); extern int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *); extern long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t len); extern int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_calc_metadata_amount(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblocks); extern int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode, int num, struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_can_extents_be_merged(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex1, struct ext4_extent *ex2); extern int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *, struct inode *, struct ext4_ext_path **, struct ext4_extent *, int); extern struct ext4_ext_path *ext4_find_extent(struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, struct ext4_ext_path **, int flags); extern void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *); extern int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode); extern ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_get_es_cache(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_collapse_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern int ext4_insert_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1, ext4_lblk_t lblk2, ext4_lblk_t count, int mark_unwritten,int *err); extern int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu); /* move_extent.c */ extern void ext4_double_down_write_data_sem(struct inode *first, struct inode *second); extern void ext4_double_up_write_data_sem(struct inode *orig_inode, struct inode *donor_inode); extern int ext4_move_extents(struct file *o_filp, struct file *d_filp, __u64 start_orig, __u64 start_donor, __u64 len, __u64 *moved_len); /* page-io.c */ extern int __init ext4_init_pageio(void); extern void ext4_exit_pageio(void); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_get_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_put_io_end_defer(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_io_submit_init(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void ext4_end_io_rsv_work(struct work_struct *work); extern void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io); extern int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct page *page, int len, struct writeback_control *wbc, bool keep_towrite); /* mmp.c */ extern int ext4_multi_mount_protect(struct super_block *, ext4_fsblk_t); /* verity.c */ extern const struct fsverity_operations ext4_verityops; /* * Add new method to test whether block and inode bitmaps are properly * initialized. With uninit_bg reading the block from disk is not enough * to mark the bitmap uptodate. We need to also zero-out the bitmap */ #define BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE BH_JBDPrivateStart static inline int bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { return (buffer_uptodate(bh) && test_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state)); } static inline void set_bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { set_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state); } #define in_range(b, first, len) ((b) >= (first) && (b) <= (first) + (len) - 1) /* For ioend & aio unwritten conversion wait queues */ #define EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ 37 #define ext4_ioend_wq(v) (&ext4__ioend_wq[((unsigned long)(v)) %\ EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]) extern wait_queue_head_t ext4__ioend_wq[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]; extern int ext4_resize_begin(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_resize_end(struct super_block *sb); static inline void ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_io_end *io_end) { if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)) { io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten); } } static inline void ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(ext4_io_end_t *io_end) { struct inode *inode = io_end->inode; if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) { io_end->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; /* Wake up anyone waiting on unwritten extent conversion */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten)) wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(inode)); } } extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_ops; static inline int ext4_buffer_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { /* * If the buffer has the write error flag, we have failed * to write out data in the block. In this case, we don't * have to read the block because we may read the old data * successfully. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && buffer_write_io_error(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); return buffer_uptodate(bh); } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _EXT4_H */
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1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Resizable, Scalable, Concurrent Hash Table * * Copyright (c) 2015-2016 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> * Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch> * Copyright (c) 2008-2014 Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net> * * Code partially derived from nft_hash * Rewritten with rehash code from br_multicast plus single list * pointer as suggested by Josh Triplett * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as * published by the Free Software Foundation. */ #ifndef _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H #define _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> /* * Objects in an rhashtable have an embedded struct rhash_head * which is linked into as hash chain from the hash table - or one * of two or more hash tables when the rhashtable is being resized. * The end of the chain is marked with a special nulls marks which has * the least significant bit set but otherwise stores the address of * the hash bucket. This allows us to be be sure we've found the end * of the right list. * The value stored in the hash bucket has BIT(0) used as a lock bit. * This bit must be atomically set before any changes are made to * the chain. To avoid dereferencing this pointer without clearing * the bit first, we use an opaque 'struct rhash_lock_head *' for the * pointer stored in the bucket. This struct needs to be defined so * that rcu_dereference() works on it, but it has no content so a * cast is needed for it to be useful. This ensures it isn't * used by mistake with clearing the lock bit first. */ struct rhash_lock_head {}; /* Maximum chain length before rehash * * The maximum (not average) chain length grows with the size of the hash * table, at a rate of (log N)/(log log N). * * The value of 16 is selected so that even if the hash table grew to * 2^32 you would not expect the maximum chain length to exceed it * unless we are under attack (or extremely unlucky). * * As this limit is only to detect attacks, we don't need to set it to a * lower value as you'd need the chain length to vastly exceed 16 to have * any real effect on the system. */ #define RHT_ELASTICITY 16u /** * struct bucket_table - Table of hash buckets * @size: Number of hash buckets * @nest: Number of bits of first-level nested table. * @rehash: Current bucket being rehashed * @hash_rnd: Random seed to fold into hash * @walkers: List of active walkers * @rcu: RCU structure for freeing the table * @future_tbl: Table under construction during rehashing * @ntbl: Nested table used when out of memory. * @buckets: size * hash buckets */ struct bucket_table { unsigned int size; unsigned int nest; u32 hash_rnd; struct list_head walkers; struct rcu_head rcu; struct bucket_table __rcu *future_tbl; struct lockdep_map dep_map; struct rhash_lock_head *buckets[] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; /* * NULLS_MARKER() expects a hash value with the low * bits mostly likely to be significant, and it discards * the msb. * We give it an address, in which the bottom bit is * always 0, and the msb might be significant. * So we shift the address down one bit to align with * expectations and avoid losing a significant bit. * * We never store the NULLS_MARKER in the hash table * itself as we need the lsb for locking. * Instead we store a NULL */ #define RHT_NULLS_MARKER(ptr) \ ((void *)NULLS_MARKER(((unsigned long) (ptr)) >> 1)) #define INIT_RHT_NULLS_HEAD(ptr) \ ((ptr) = NULL) static inline bool rht_is_a_nulls(const struct rhash_head *ptr) { return ((unsigned long) ptr & 1); } static inline void *rht_obj(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct rhash_head *he) { return (char *)he - ht->p.head_offset; } static inline unsigned int rht_bucket_index(const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return hash & (tbl->size - 1); } static inline unsigned int rht_key_get_hash(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params, unsigned int hash_rnd) { unsigned int hash; /* params must be equal to ht->p if it isn't constant. */ if (!__builtin_constant_p(params.key_len)) hash = ht->p.hashfn(key, ht->key_len, hash_rnd); else if (params.key_len) { unsigned int key_len = params.key_len; if (params.hashfn) hash = params.hashfn(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else if (key_len & (sizeof(u32) - 1)) hash = jhash(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else hash = jhash2(key, key_len / sizeof(u32), hash_rnd); } else { unsigned int key_len = ht->p.key_len; if (params.hashfn) hash = params.hashfn(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else hash = jhash(key, key_len, hash_rnd); } return hash; } static inline unsigned int rht_key_hashfn( struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { unsigned int hash = rht_key_get_hash(ht, key, params, tbl->hash_rnd); return rht_bucket_index(tbl, hash); } static inline unsigned int rht_head_hashfn( struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl, const struct rhash_head *he, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *ptr = rht_obj(ht, he); return likely(params.obj_hashfn) ? rht_bucket_index(tbl, params.obj_hashfn(ptr, params.key_len ?: ht->p.key_len, tbl->hash_rnd)) : rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, ptr + params.key_offset, params); } /** * rht_grow_above_75 - returns true if nelems > 0.75 * table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_75(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { /* Expand table when exceeding 75% load */ return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) > (tbl->size / 4 * 3) && (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size); } /** * rht_shrink_below_30 - returns true if nelems < 0.3 * table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_shrink_below_30(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { /* Shrink table beneath 30% load */ return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) < (tbl->size * 3 / 10) && tbl->size > ht->p.min_size; } /** * rht_grow_above_100 - returns true if nelems > table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_100(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) > tbl->size && (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size); } /** * rht_grow_above_max - returns true if table is above maximum * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_max(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) >= ht->max_elems; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(struct rhashtable *ht); int lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(const struct bucket_table *tbl, u32 hash); #else static inline int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(struct rhashtable *ht) { return 1; } static inline int lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(const struct bucket_table *tbl, u32 hash) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ void *rhashtable_insert_slow(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj); void rhashtable_walk_enter(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void rhashtable_walk_exit(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); int rhashtable_walk_start_check(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __acquires(RCU); static inline void rhashtable_walk_start(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) { (void)rhashtable_walk_start_check(iter); } void *rhashtable_walk_next(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void *rhashtable_walk_peek(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void rhashtable_walk_stop(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __releases(RCU); void rhashtable_free_and_destroy(struct rhashtable *ht, void (*free_fn)(void *ptr, void *arg), void *arg); void rhashtable_destroy(struct rhashtable *ht); struct rhash_lock_head **rht_bucket_nested(const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); struct rhash_lock_head **__rht_bucket_nested(const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); struct rhash_lock_head **rht_bucket_nested_insert(struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); #define rht_dereference(p, ht) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht)) #define rht_dereference_rcu(p, ht) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht)) #define rht_dereference_bucket(p, tbl, hash) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(tbl, hash)) #define rht_dereference_bucket_rcu(p, tbl, hash) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(tbl, hash)) #define rht_entry(tpos, pos, member) \ ({ tpos = container_of(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }) static inline struct rhash_lock_head *const *rht_bucket( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? rht_bucket_nested(tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } static inline struct rhash_lock_head **rht_bucket_var( struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? __rht_bucket_nested(tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } static inline struct rhash_lock_head **rht_bucket_insert( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? rht_bucket_nested_insert(ht, tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } /* * We lock a bucket by setting BIT(0) in the pointer - this is always * zero in real pointers. The NULLS mark is never stored in the bucket, * rather we store NULL if the bucket is empty. * bit_spin_locks do not handle contention well, but the whole point * of the hashtable design is to achieve minimum per-bucket contention. * A nested hash table might not have a bucket pointer. In that case * we cannot get a lock. For remove and replace the bucket cannot be * interesting and doesn't need locking. * For insert we allocate the bucket if this is the last bucket_table, * and then take the lock. * Sometimes we unlock a bucket by writing a new pointer there. In that * case we don't need to unlock, but we do need to reset state such as * local_bh. For that we have rht_assign_unlock(). As rcu_assign_pointer() * provides the same release semantics that bit_spin_unlock() provides, * this is safe. * When we write to a bucket without unlocking, we use rht_assign_locked(). */ static inline void rht_lock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head **bkt) { local_bh_disable(); bit_spin_lock(0, (unsigned long *)bkt); lock_map_acquire(&tbl->dep_map); } static inline void rht_lock_nested(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head **bucket, unsigned int subclass) { local_bh_disable(); bit_spin_lock(0, (unsigned long *)bucket); lock_acquire_exclusive(&tbl->dep_map, subclass, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rht_unlock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head **bkt) { lock_map_release(&tbl->dep_map); bit_spin_unlock(0, (unsigned long *)bkt); local_bh_enable(); } static inline struct rhash_head *__rht_ptr( struct rhash_lock_head *p, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return (struct rhash_head *) ((unsigned long)p & ~BIT(0) ?: (unsigned long)RHT_NULLS_MARKER(bkt)); } /* * Where 'bkt' is a bucket and might be locked: * rht_ptr_rcu() dereferences that pointer and clears the lock bit. * rht_ptr() dereferences in a context where the bucket is locked. * rht_ptr_exclusive() dereferences in a context where exclusive * access is guaranteed, such as when destroying the table. */ static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr_rcu( struct rhash_lock_head *const *p) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt = (void *)p; return __rht_ptr(rcu_dereference(*bkt), bkt); } static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr( struct rhash_lock_head *const *p, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt = (void *)p; return __rht_ptr(rht_dereference_bucket(*bkt, tbl, hash), bkt); } static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr_exclusive( struct rhash_lock_head *const *p) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt = (void *)p; return __rht_ptr(rcu_dereference_protected(*bkt, 1), bkt); } static inline void rht_assign_locked(struct rhash_lock_head **bkt, struct rhash_head *obj) { struct rhash_head __rcu **p = (struct rhash_head __rcu **)bkt; if (rht_is_a_nulls(obj)) obj = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*p, (void *)((unsigned long)obj | BIT(0))); } static inline void rht_assign_unlock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head **bkt, struct rhash_head *obj) { struct rhash_head __rcu **p = (struct rhash_head __rcu **)bkt; if (rht_is_a_nulls(obj)) obj = NULL; lock_map_release(&tbl->dep_map); rcu_assign_pointer(*p, obj); preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rht_for_each_from - iterate over hash chain from given head * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index */ #define rht_for_each_from(pos, head, tbl, hash) \ for (pos = head; \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket((pos)->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each - iterate over hash chain * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index */ #define rht_for_each(pos, tbl, hash) \ rht_for_each_from(pos, rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ tbl, hash) /** * rht_for_each_entry_from - iterate over hash chain from given head * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. */ #define rht_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, head, tbl, hash, member) \ for (pos = head; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket((pos)->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each_entry - iterate over hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. */ #define rht_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, tbl, hash, member) \ rht_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, \ rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ tbl, hash, member) /** * rht_for_each_entry_safe - safely iterate over hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @next: the &struct rhash_head to use as next in loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive allows for the looped code to * remove the loop cursor from the list. */ #define rht_for_each_entry_safe(tpos, pos, next, tbl, hash, member) \ for (pos = rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ next = !rht_is_a_nulls(pos) ? \ rht_dereference_bucket(pos->next, tbl, hash) : NULL; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = next, \ next = !rht_is_a_nulls(pos) ? \ rht_dereference_bucket(pos->next, tbl, hash) : NULL) /** * rht_for_each_rcu_from - iterate over rcu hash chain from given head * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_rcu_from(pos, head, tbl, hash) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = head; \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rht_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_rcu(pos, tbl, hash) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = rht_ptr_rcu(rht_bucket(tbl, hash)); \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from - iterated over rcu hash chain from given head * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from(tpos, pos, head, tbl, hash, member) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = head; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket_rcu(pos->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, tbl, hash, member) \ rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from(tpos, pos, \ rht_ptr_rcu(rht_bucket(tbl, hash)), \ tbl, hash, member) /** * rhl_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash table list * @pos: the &struct rlist_head to use as a loop cursor. * @list: the head of the list * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive should be used on the * list returned by rhltable_lookup. */ #define rhl_for_each_rcu(pos, list) \ for (pos = list; pos; pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rhl_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash table list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rlist_head to use as a loop cursor. * @list: the head of the list * @member: name of the &struct rlist_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive should be used on the * list returned by rhltable_lookup. */ #define rhl_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, list, member) \ for (pos = list; pos && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) static inline int rhashtable_compare(struct rhashtable_compare_arg *arg, const void *obj) { struct rhashtable *ht = arg->ht; const char *ptr = obj; return memcmp(ptr + ht->p.key_offset, arg->key, ht->p.key_len); } /* Internal function, do not use. */ static inline struct rhash_head *__rhashtable_lookup( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhashtable_compare_arg arg = { .ht = ht, .key = key, }; struct rhash_lock_head *const *bkt; struct bucket_table *tbl; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); restart: hash = rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, key, params); bkt = rht_bucket(tbl, hash); do { rht_for_each_rcu_from(he, rht_ptr_rcu(bkt), tbl, hash) { if (params.obj_cmpfn ? params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he)) : rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he))) continue; return he; } /* An object might have been moved to a different hash chain, * while we walk along it - better check and retry. */ } while (he != RHT_NULLS_MARKER(bkt)); /* Ensure we see any new tables. */ smp_rmb(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht); if (unlikely(tbl)) goto restart; return NULL; } /** * rhashtable_lookup - search hash table * @ht: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. The first matching entry is returned. * * This must only be called under the RCU read lock. * * Returns the first entry on which the compare function returned true. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_head *he = __rhashtable_lookup(ht, key, params); return he ? rht_obj(ht, he) : NULL; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_fast - search hash table, without RCU read lock * @ht: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. The first matching entry is returned. * * Only use this function when you have other mechanisms guaranteeing * that the object won't go away after the RCU read lock is released. * * Returns the first entry on which the compare function returned true. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *obj; rcu_read_lock(); obj = rhashtable_lookup(ht, key, params); rcu_read_unlock(); return obj; } /** * rhltable_lookup - search hash list table * @hlt: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. All matching entries are returned * in a list. * * This must only be called under the RCU read lock. * * Returns the list of entries that match the given key. */ static inline struct rhlist_head *rhltable_lookup( struct rhltable *hlt, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_head *he = __rhashtable_lookup(&hlt->ht, key, params); return he ? container_of(he, struct rhlist_head, rhead) : NULL; } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_insert_fast() instead. This * function returns the existing element already in hashes in there is a clash, * otherwise it returns an error via ERR_PTR(). */ static inline void *__rhashtable_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct rhashtable_compare_arg arg = { .ht = ht, .key = key, }; struct rhash_lock_head **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct bucket_table *tbl; struct rhash_head *head; unsigned int hash; int elasticity; void *data; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj, params); elasticity = RHT_ELASTICITY; bkt = rht_bucket_insert(ht, tbl, hash); data = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!bkt) goto out; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); if (unlikely(rcu_access_pointer(tbl->future_tbl))) { slow_path: rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); rcu_read_unlock(); return rhashtable_insert_slow(ht, key, obj); } rht_for_each_from(head, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { struct rhlist_head *plist; struct rhlist_head *list; elasticity--; if (!key || (params.obj_cmpfn ? params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, head)) : rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, head)))) { pprev = &head->next; continue; } data = rht_obj(ht, head); if (!rhlist) goto out_unlock; list = container_of(obj, struct rhlist_head, rhead); plist = container_of(head, struct rhlist_head, rhead); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->next, plist); head = rht_dereference_bucket(head->next, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->rhead.next, head); if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); data = NULL; goto out; } if (elasticity <= 0) goto slow_path; data = ERR_PTR(-E2BIG); if (unlikely(rht_grow_above_max(ht, tbl))) goto out_unlock; if (unlikely(rht_grow_above_100(ht, tbl))) goto slow_path; /* Inserting at head of list makes unlocking free. */ head = rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(obj->next, head); if (rhlist) { struct rhlist_head *list; list = container_of(obj, struct rhlist_head, rhead); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->next, NULL); } atomic_inc(&ht->nelems); rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); if (rht_grow_above_75(ht, tbl)) schedule_work(&ht->run_work); data = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return data; out_unlock: rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); goto out; } /** * rhashtable_insert_fast - insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhashtable_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *ret; ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, NULL, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhltable_insert_key - insert object into hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @key: the pointer to the key * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhltable_insert_key( struct rhltable *hlt, const void *key, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return PTR_ERR(__rhashtable_insert_fast(&hlt->ht, key, &list->rhead, params, true)); } /** * rhltable_insert - insert object into hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhltable_insert( struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(&hlt->ht, &list->rhead); key += params.key_offset; return rhltable_insert_key(hlt, key, list, params); } /** * rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * This lookup function may only be used for fixed key hash table (key_len * parameter set). It will BUG() if used inappropriately. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(ht, obj); void *ret; BUG_ON(ht->p.obj_hashfn); ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key + ht->p.key_offset, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_fast - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Just like rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast(), but this function returns the * object if it exists, NULL if it did not and the insertion was successful, * and an ERR_PTR otherwise. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(ht, obj); BUG_ON(ht->p.obj_hashfn); return __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key + ht->p.key_offset, obj, params, false); } /** * rhashtable_lookup_insert_key - search and insert object to hash table * with explicit key * @ht: hash table * @key: key * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Lookups may occur in parallel with hashtable mutations and resizing. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. * * Returns zero on success. */ static inline int rhashtable_lookup_insert_key( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *ret; BUG_ON(!ht->p.obj_hashfn || !key); ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_key - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * @data: pointer to element data already in hashes * * Just like rhashtable_lookup_insert_key(), but this function returns the * object if it exists, NULL if it does not and the insertion was successful, * and an ERR_PTR otherwise. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_key( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { BUG_ON(!ht->p.obj_hashfn || !key); return __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key, obj, params, false); } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_remove_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_remove_fast_one( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct rhash_lock_head **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; int err = -ENOENT; hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj, params); bkt = rht_bucket_var(tbl, hash); if (!bkt) return -ENOENT; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); rht_for_each_from(he, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { struct rhlist_head *list; list = container_of(he, struct rhlist_head, rhead); if (he != obj) { struct rhlist_head __rcu **lpprev; pprev = &he->next; if (!rhlist) continue; do { lpprev = &list->next; list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); } while (list && obj != &list->rhead); if (!list) continue; list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(*lpprev, list); err = 0; break; } obj = rht_dereference_bucket(obj->next, tbl, hash); err = 1; if (rhlist) { list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); if (list) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->rhead.next, obj); obj = &list->rhead; err = 0; } } if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else { rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); } goto unlocked; } rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); unlocked: if (err > 0) { atomic_dec(&ht->nelems); if (unlikely(ht->p.automatic_shrinking && rht_shrink_below_30(ht, tbl))) schedule_work(&ht->run_work); err = 0; } return err; } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_remove_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_remove_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct bucket_table *tbl; int err; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); /* Because we have already taken (and released) the bucket * lock in old_tbl, if we find that future_tbl is not yet * visible then that guarantees the entry to still be in * the old tbl if it exists. */ while ((err = __rhashtable_remove_fast_one(ht, tbl, obj, params, rhlist)) && (tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht))) ; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } /** * rhashtable_remove_fast - remove object from hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Since the hash chain is single linked, the removal operation needs to * walk the bucket chain upon removal. The removal operation is thus * considerable slow if the hash table is not correctly sized. * * Will automatically shrink the table if permitted when residency drops * below 30%. * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found. */ static inline int rhashtable_remove_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return __rhashtable_remove_fast(ht, obj, params, false); } /** * rhltable_remove - remove object from hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Since the hash chain is single linked, the removal operation needs to * walk the bucket chain upon removal. The removal operation is thus * considerable slow if the hash table is not correctly sized. * * Will automatically shrink the table if permitted when residency drops * below 30% * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found. */ static inline int rhltable_remove( struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return __rhashtable_remove_fast(&hlt->ht, &list->rhead, params, true); } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_replace_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_replace_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_head *obj_old, struct rhash_head *obj_new, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_lock_head **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; int err = -ENOENT; /* Minimally, the old and new objects must have same hash * (which should mean identifiers are the same). */ hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj_old, params); if (hash != rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj_new, params)) return -EINVAL; bkt = rht_bucket_var(tbl, hash); if (!bkt) return -ENOENT; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); rht_for_each_from(he, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { if (he != obj_old) { pprev = &he->next; continue; } rcu_assign_pointer(obj_new->next, obj_old->next); if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj_new); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else { rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj_new); } err = 0; goto unlocked; } rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); unlocked: return err; } /** * rhashtable_replace_fast - replace an object in hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj_old: pointer to hash head inside object being replaced * @obj_new: pointer to hash head inside object which is new * @params: hash table parameters * * Replacing an object doesn't affect the number of elements in the hash table * or bucket, so we don't need to worry about shrinking or expanding the * table here. * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found, * -EINVAL if hash is not the same for the old and new objects. */ static inline int rhashtable_replace_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj_old, struct rhash_head *obj_new, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct bucket_table *tbl; int err; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); /* Because we have already taken (and released) the bucket * lock in old_tbl, if we find that future_tbl is not yet * visible then that guarantees the entry to still be in * the old tbl if it exists. */ while ((err = __rhashtable_replace_fast(ht, tbl, obj_old, obj_new, params)) && (tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht))) ; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } /** * rhltable_walk_enter - Initialise an iterator * @hlt: Table to walk over * @iter: Hash table Iterator * * This function prepares a hash table walk. * * Note that if you restart a walk after rhashtable_walk_stop you * may see the same object twice. Also, you may miss objects if * there are removals in between rhashtable_walk_stop and the next * call to rhashtable_walk_start. * * For a completely stable walk you should construct your own data * structure outside the hash table. * * This function may be called from any process context, including * non-preemptable context, but cannot be called from softirq or * hardirq context. * * You must call rhashtable_walk_exit after this function returns. */ static inline void rhltable_walk_enter(struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhashtable_iter *iter) { return rhashtable_walk_enter(&hlt->ht, iter); } /** * rhltable_free_and_destroy - free elements and destroy hash list table * @hlt: the hash list table to destroy * @free_fn: callback to release resources of element * @arg: pointer passed to free_fn * * See documentation for rhashtable_free_and_destroy. */ static inline void rhltable_free_and_destroy(struct rhltable *hlt, void (*free_fn)(void *ptr, void *arg), void *arg) { return rhashtable_free_and_destroy(&hlt->ht, free_fn, arg); } static inline void rhltable_destroy(struct rhltable *hlt) { return rhltable_free_and_destroy(hlt, NULL, NULL); } #endif /* _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H */
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1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * NET3: Implementation of the ICMP protocol layer. * * Alan Cox, <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> * * Some of the function names and the icmp unreach table for this * module were derived from [icmp.c 1.0.11 06/02/93] by * Ross Biro, Fred N. van Kempen, Mark Evans, Alan Cox, Gerhard Koerting. * Other than that this module is a complete rewrite. * * Fixes: * Clemens Fruhwirth : introduce global icmp rate limiting * with icmp type masking ability instead * of broken per type icmp timeouts. * Mike Shaver : RFC1122 checks. * Alan Cox : Multicast ping reply as self. * Alan Cox : Fix atomicity lockup in ip_build_xmit * call. * Alan Cox : Added 216,128 byte paths to the MTU * code. * Martin Mares : RFC1812 checks. * Martin Mares : Can be configured to follow redirects * if acting as a router _without_ a * routing protocol (RFC 1812). * Martin Mares : Echo requests may be configured to * be ignored (RFC 1812). * Martin Mares : Limitation of ICMP error message * transmit rate (RFC 1812). * Martin Mares : TOS and Precedence set correctly * (RFC 1812). * Martin Mares : Now copying as much data from the * original packet as we can without * exceeding 576 bytes (RFC 1812). * Willy Konynenberg : Transparent proxying support. * Keith Owens : RFC1191 correction for 4.2BSD based * path MTU bug. * Thomas Quinot : ICMP Dest Unreach codes up to 15 are * valid (RFC 1812). * Andi Kleen : Check all packet lengths properly * and moved all kfree_skb() up to * icmp_rcv. * Andi Kleen : Move the rate limit bookkeeping * into the dest entry and use a token * bucket filter (thanks to ANK). Make * the rates sysctl configurable. * Yu Tianli : Fixed two ugly bugs in icmp_send * - IP option length was accounted wrongly * - ICMP header length was not accounted * at all. * Tristan Greaves : Added sysctl option to ignore bogus * broadcast responses from broken routers. * * To Fix: * * - Should use skb_pull() instead of all the manual checking. * This would also greatly simply some upper layer error handlers. --AK */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/inet.h> #include <linux/inetdevice.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/protocol.h> #include <net/icmp.h> #include <net/tcp.h> #include <net/udp.h> #include <net/raw.h> #include <net/ping.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <net/xfrm.h> #include <net/inet_common.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <net/l3mdev.h> /* * Build xmit assembly blocks */ struct icmp_bxm { struct sk_buff *skb; int offset; int data_len; struct { struct icmphdr icmph; __be32 times[3]; } data; int head_len; struct ip_options_data replyopts; }; /* An array of errno for error messages from dest unreach. */ /* RFC 1122: 3.2.2.1 States that NET_UNREACH, HOST_UNREACH and SR_FAILED MUST be considered 'transient errs'. */ const struct icmp_err icmp_err_convert[] = { { .errno = ENETUNREACH, /* ICMP_NET_UNREACH */ .fatal = 0, }, { .errno = EHOSTUNREACH, /* ICMP_HOST_UNREACH */ .fatal = 0, }, { .errno = ENOPROTOOPT /* ICMP_PROT_UNREACH */, .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = ECONNREFUSED, /* ICMP_PORT_UNREACH */ .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = EMSGSIZE, /* ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED */ .fatal = 0, }, { .errno = EOPNOTSUPP, /* ICMP_SR_FAILED */ .fatal = 0, }, { .errno = ENETUNREACH, /* ICMP_NET_UNKNOWN */ .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = EHOSTDOWN, /* ICMP_HOST_UNKNOWN */ .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = ENONET, /* ICMP_HOST_ISOLATED */ .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = ENETUNREACH, /* ICMP_NET_ANO */ .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = EHOSTUNREACH, /* ICMP_HOST_ANO */ .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = ENETUNREACH, /* ICMP_NET_UNR_TOS */ .fatal = 0, }, { .errno = EHOSTUNREACH, /* ICMP_HOST_UNR_TOS */ .fatal = 0, }, { .errno = EHOSTUNREACH, /* ICMP_PKT_FILTERED */ .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = EHOSTUNREACH, /* ICMP_PREC_VIOLATION */ .fatal = 1, }, { .errno = EHOSTUNREACH, /* ICMP_PREC_CUTOFF */ .fatal = 1, }, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(icmp_err_convert); /* * ICMP control array. This specifies what to do with each ICMP. */ struct icmp_control { bool (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); short error; /* This ICMP is classed as an error message */ }; static const struct icmp_control icmp_pointers[NR_ICMP_TYPES+1]; /* * The ICMP socket(s). This is the most convenient way to flow control * our ICMP output as well as maintain a clean interface throughout * all layers. All Socketless IP sends will soon be gone. * * On SMP we have one ICMP socket per-cpu. */ static struct sock *icmp_sk(struct net *net) { return this_cpu_read(*net->ipv4.icmp_sk); } /* Called with BH disabled */ static inline struct sock *icmp_xmit_lock(struct net *net) { struct sock *sk; sk = icmp_sk(net); if (unlikely(!spin_trylock(&sk->sk_lock.slock))) { /* This can happen if the output path signals a * dst_link_failure() for an outgoing ICMP packet. */ return NULL; } return sk; } static inline void icmp_xmit_unlock(struct sock *sk) { spin_unlock(&sk->sk_lock.slock); } int sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec __read_mostly = 1000; int sysctl_icmp_msgs_burst __read_mostly = 50; static struct { spinlock_t lock; u32 credit; u32 stamp; } icmp_global = { .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(icmp_global.lock), }; /** * icmp_global_allow - Are we allowed to send one more ICMP message ? * * Uses a token bucket to limit our ICMP messages to ~sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec. * Returns false if we reached the limit and can not send another packet. * Note: called with BH disabled */ bool icmp_global_allow(void) { u32 credit, delta, incr = 0, now = (u32)jiffies; bool rc = false; /* Check if token bucket is empty and cannot be refilled * without taking the spinlock. The READ_ONCE() are paired * with the following WRITE_ONCE() in this same function. */ if (!READ_ONCE(icmp_global.credit)) { delta = min_t(u32, now - READ_ONCE(icmp_global.stamp), HZ); if (delta < HZ / 50) return false; } spin_lock(&icmp_global.lock); delta = min_t(u32, now - icmp_global.stamp, HZ); if (delta >= HZ / 50) { incr = READ_ONCE(sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec) * delta / HZ; if (incr) WRITE_ONCE(icmp_global.stamp, now); } credit = min_t(u32, icmp_global.credit + incr, READ_ONCE(sysctl_icmp_msgs_burst)); if (credit) { /* We want to use a credit of one in average, but need to randomize * it for security reasons. */ credit = max_t(int, credit - prandom_u32_max(3), 0); rc = true; } WRITE_ONCE(icmp_global.credit, credit); spin_unlock(&icmp_global.lock); return rc; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(icmp_global_allow); static bool icmpv4_mask_allow(struct net *net, int type, int code) { if (type > NR_ICMP_TYPES) return true; /* Don't limit PMTU discovery. */ if (type == ICMP_DEST_UNREACH && code == ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED) return true; /* Limit if icmp type is enabled in ratemask. */ if (!((1 << type) & READ_ONCE(net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_ratemask))) return true; return false; } static bool icmpv4_global_allow(struct net *net, int type, int code) { if (icmpv4_mask_allow(net, type, code)) return true; if (icmp_global_allow()) return true; return false; } /* * Send an ICMP frame. */ static bool icmpv4_xrlim_allow(struct net *net, struct rtable *rt, struct flowi4 *fl4, int type, int code) { struct dst_entry *dst = &rt->dst; struct inet_peer *peer; bool rc = true; int vif; if (icmpv4_mask_allow(net, type, code)) goto out; /* No rate limit on loopback */ if (dst->dev && (dst->dev->flags&IFF_LOOPBACK)) goto out; vif = l3mdev_master_ifindex(dst->dev); peer = inet_getpeer_v4(net->ipv4.peers, fl4->daddr, vif, 1); rc = inet_peer_xrlim_allow(peer, READ_ONCE(net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_ratelimit)); if (peer) inet_putpeer(peer); out: return rc; } /* * Maintain the counters used in the SNMP statistics for outgoing ICMP */ void icmp_out_count(struct net *net, unsigned char type) { ICMPMSGOUT_INC_STATS(net, type); ICMP_INC_STATS(net, ICMP_MIB_OUTMSGS); } /* * Checksum each fragment, and on the first include the headers and final * checksum. */ static int icmp_glue_bits(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct icmp_bxm *icmp_param = (struct icmp_bxm *)from; __wsum csum; csum = skb_copy_and_csum_bits(icmp_param->skb, icmp_param->offset + offset, to, len, 0); skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, odd); if (icmp_pointers[icmp_param->data.icmph.type].error) nf_ct_attach(skb, icmp_param->skb); return 0; } static void icmp_push_reply(struct icmp_bxm *icmp_param, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rt) { struct sock *sk; struct sk_buff *skb; sk = icmp_sk(dev_net((*rt)->dst.dev)); if (ip_append_data(sk, fl4, icmp_glue_bits, icmp_param, icmp_param->data_len+icmp_param->head_len, icmp_param->head_len, ipc, rt, MSG_DONTWAIT) < 0) { __ICMP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), ICMP_MIB_OUTERRORS); ip_flush_pending_frames(sk); } else if ((skb = skb_peek(&sk->sk_write_queue)) != NULL) { struct icmphdr *icmph = icmp_hdr(skb); __wsum csum = 0; struct sk_buff *skb1; skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb1) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb1->csum); } csum = csum_partial_copy_nocheck((void *)&icmp_param->data, (char *)icmph, icmp_param->head_len, csum); icmph->checksum = csum_fold(csum); skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; ip_push_pending_frames(sk, fl4); } } /* * Driving logic for building and sending ICMP messages. */ static void icmp_reply(struct icmp_bxm *icmp_param, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ipcm_cookie ipc; struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb); struct net *net = dev_net(rt->dst.dev); struct flowi4 fl4; struct sock *sk; struct inet_sock *inet; __be32 daddr, saddr; u32 mark = IP4_REPLY_MARK(net, skb->mark); int type = icmp_param->data.icmph.type; int code = icmp_param->data.icmph.code; if (ip_options_echo(net, &icmp_param->replyopts.opt.opt, skb)) return; /* Needed by both icmp_global_allow and icmp_xmit_lock */ local_bh_disable(); /* global icmp_msgs_per_sec */ if (!icmpv4_global_allow(net, type, code)) goto out_bh_enable; sk = icmp_xmit_lock(net); if (!sk) goto out_bh_enable; inet = inet_sk(sk); icmp_param->data.icmph.checksum = 0; ipcm_init(&ipc); inet->tos = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; ipc.sockc.mark = mark; daddr = ipc.addr = ip_hdr(skb)->saddr; saddr = fib_compute_spec_dst(skb); if (icmp_param->replyopts.opt.opt.optlen) { ipc.opt = &icmp_param->replyopts.opt; if (ipc.opt->opt.srr) daddr = icmp_param->replyopts.opt.opt.faddr; } memset(&fl4, 0, sizeof(fl4)); fl4.daddr = daddr; fl4.saddr = saddr; fl4.flowi4_mark = mark; fl4.flowi4_uid = sock_net_uid(net, NULL); fl4.flowi4_tos = RT_TOS(ip_hdr(skb)->tos); fl4.flowi4_proto = IPPROTO_ICMP; fl4.flowi4_oif = l3mdev_master_ifindex(skb->dev); security_skb_classify_flow(skb, flowi4_to_flowi(&fl4)); rt = ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4); if (IS_ERR(rt)) goto out_unlock; if (icmpv4_xrlim_allow(net, rt, &fl4, type, code)) icmp_push_reply(icmp_param, &fl4, &ipc, &rt); ip_rt_put(rt); out_unlock: icmp_xmit_unlock(sk); out_bh_enable: local_bh_enable(); } /* * The device used for looking up which routing table to use for sending an ICMP * error is preferably the source whenever it is set, which should ensure the * icmp error can be sent to the source host, else lookup using the routing * table of the destination device, else use the main routing table (index 0). */ static struct net_device *icmp_get_route_lookup_dev(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct net_device *route_lookup_dev = NULL; if (skb->dev) route_lookup_dev = skb->dev; else if (skb_dst(skb)) route_lookup_dev = skb_dst(skb)->dev; return route_lookup_dev; } static struct rtable *icmp_route_lookup(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct sk_buff *skb_in, const struct iphdr *iph, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, u32 mark, int type, int code, struct icmp_bxm *param) { struct net_device *route_lookup_dev; struct rtable *rt, *rt2; struct flowi4 fl4_dec; int err; memset(fl4, 0, sizeof(*fl4)); fl4->daddr = (param->replyopts.opt.opt.srr ? param->replyopts.opt.opt.faddr : iph->saddr); fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_uid = sock_net_uid(net, NULL); fl4->flowi4_tos = RT_TOS(tos); fl4->flowi4_proto = IPPROTO_ICMP; fl4->fl4_icmp_type = type; fl4->fl4_icmp_code = code; route_lookup_dev = icmp_get_route_lookup_dev(skb_in); fl4->flowi4_oif = l3mdev_master_ifindex(route_lookup_dev); security_skb_classify_flow(skb_in, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4)); rt = ip_route_output_key_hash(net, fl4, skb_in); if (IS_ERR(rt)) return rt; /* No need to clone since we're just using its address. */ rt2 = rt; rt = (struct rtable *) xfrm_lookup(net, &rt->dst, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4), NULL, 0); if (!IS_ERR(rt)) { if (rt != rt2) return rt; } else if (PTR_ERR(rt) == -EPERM) { rt = NULL; } else return rt; err = xfrm_decode_session_reverse(skb_in, flowi4_to_flowi(&fl4_dec), AF_INET); if (err) goto relookup_failed; if (inet_addr_type_dev_table(net, route_lookup_dev, fl4_dec.saddr) == RTN_LOCAL) { rt2 = __ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4_dec); if (IS_ERR(rt2)) err = PTR_ERR(rt2); } else { struct flowi4 fl4_2 = {}; unsigned long orefdst; fl4_2.daddr = fl4_dec.saddr; rt2 = ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4_2); if (IS_ERR(rt2)) { err = PTR_ERR(rt2); goto relookup_failed; } /* Ugh! */ orefdst = skb_in->_skb_refdst; /* save old refdst */ skb_dst_set(skb_in, NULL); err = ip_route_input(skb_in, fl4_dec.daddr, fl4_dec.saddr, RT_TOS(tos), rt2->dst.dev); dst_release(&rt2->dst); rt2 = skb_rtable(skb_in); skb_in->_skb_refdst = orefdst; /* restore old refdst */ } if (err) goto relookup_failed; rt2 = (struct rtable *) xfrm_lookup(net, &rt2->dst, flowi4_to_flowi(&fl4_dec), NULL, XFRM_LOOKUP_ICMP); if (!IS_ERR(rt2)) { dst_release(&rt->dst); memcpy(fl4, &fl4_dec, sizeof(*fl4)); rt = rt2; } else if (PTR_ERR(rt2) == -EPERM) { if (rt) dst_release(&rt->dst); return rt2; } else { err = PTR_ERR(rt2); goto relookup_failed; } return rt; relookup_failed: if (rt) return rt; return ERR_PTR(err); } /* * Send an ICMP message in response to a situation * * RFC 1122: 3.2.2 MUST send at least the IP header and 8 bytes of header. * MAY send more (we do). * MUST NOT change this header information. * MUST NOT reply to a multicast/broadcast IP address. * MUST NOT reply to a multicast/broadcast MAC address. * MUST reply to only the first fragment. */ void __icmp_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, int type, int code, __be32 info, const struct ip_options *opt) { struct iphdr *iph; int room; struct icmp_bxm icmp_param; struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb_in); struct ipcm_cookie ipc; struct flowi4 fl4; __be32 saddr; u8 tos; u32 mark; struct net *net; struct sock *sk; if (!rt) goto out; if (rt->dst.dev) net = dev_net(rt->dst.dev); else if (skb_in->dev) net = dev_net(skb_in->dev); else goto out; /* * Find the original header. It is expected to be valid, of course. * Check this, icmp_send is called from the most obscure devices * sometimes. */ iph = ip_hdr(skb_in); if ((u8 *)iph < skb_in->head || (skb_network_header(skb_in) + sizeof(*iph)) > skb_tail_pointer(skb_in)) goto out; /* * No replies to physical multicast/broadcast */ if (skb_in->pkt_type != PACKET_HOST) goto out; /* * Now check at the protocol level */ if (rt->rt_flags & (RTCF_BROADCAST | RTCF_MULTICAST)) goto out; /* * Only reply to fragment 0. We byte re-order the constant * mask for efficiency. */ if (iph->frag_off & htons(IP_OFFSET)) goto out; /* * If we send an ICMP error to an ICMP error a mess would result.. */ if (icmp_pointers[type].error) { /* * We are an error, check if we are replying to an * ICMP error */ if (iph->protocol == IPPROTO_ICMP) { u8 _inner_type, *itp; itp = skb_header_pointer(skb_in, skb_network_header(skb_in) + (iph->ihl << 2) + offsetof(struct icmphdr, type) - skb_in->data, sizeof(_inner_type), &_inner_type); if (!itp) goto out; /* * Assume any unknown ICMP type is an error. This * isn't specified by the RFC, but think about it.. */ if (*itp > NR_ICMP_TYPES || icmp_pointers[*itp].error) goto out; } } /* Needed by both icmp_global_allow and icmp_xmit_lock */ local_bh_disable(); /* Check global sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec ratelimit, unless * incoming dev is loopback. If outgoing dev change to not be * loopback, then peer ratelimit still work (in icmpv4_xrlim_allow) */ if (!(skb_in->dev && (skb_in->dev->flags&IFF_LOOPBACK)) && !icmpv4_global_allow(net, type, code)) goto out_bh_enable; sk = icmp_xmit_lock(net); if (!sk) goto out_bh_enable; /* * Construct source address and options. */ saddr = iph->daddr; if (!(rt->rt_flags & RTCF_LOCAL)) { struct net_device *dev = NULL; rcu_read_lock(); if (rt_is_input_route(rt) && net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_errors_use_inbound_ifaddr) dev = dev_get_by_index_rcu(net, inet_iif(skb_in)); if (dev) saddr = inet_select_addr(dev, 0, RT_SCOPE_LINK); else saddr = 0; rcu_read_unlock(); } tos = icmp_pointers[type].error ? ((iph->tos & IPTOS_TOS_MASK) | IPTOS_PREC_INTERNETCONTROL) : iph->tos; mark = IP4_REPLY_MARK(net, skb_in->mark); if (__ip_options_echo(net, &icmp_param.replyopts.opt.opt, skb_in, opt)) goto out_unlock; /* * Prepare data for ICMP header. */ icmp_param.data.icmph.type = type; icmp_param.data.icmph.code = code; icmp_param.data.icmph.un.gateway = info; icmp_param.data.icmph.checksum = 0; icmp_param.skb = skb_in; icmp_param.offset = skb_network_offset(skb_in); inet_sk(sk)->tos = tos; ipcm_init(&ipc); ipc.addr = iph->saddr; ipc.opt = &icmp_param.replyopts.opt; ipc.sockc.mark = mark; rt = icmp_route_lookup(net, &fl4, skb_in, iph, saddr, tos, mark, type, code, &icmp_param); if (IS_ERR(rt)) goto out_unlock; /* peer icmp_ratelimit */ if (!icmpv4_xrlim_allow(net, rt, &fl4, type, code)) goto ende; /* RFC says return as much as we can without exceeding 576 bytes. */ room = dst_mtu(&rt->dst); if (room > 576) room = 576; room -= sizeof(struct iphdr) + icmp_param.replyopts.opt.opt.optlen; room -= sizeof(struct icmphdr); /* Guard against tiny mtu. We need to include at least one * IP network header for this message to make any sense. */ if (room <= (int)sizeof(struct iphdr)) goto ende; icmp_param.data_len = skb_in->len - icmp_param.offset; if (icmp_param.data_len > room) icmp_param.data_len = room; icmp_param.head_len = sizeof(struct icmphdr); /* if we don't have a source address at this point, fall back to the * dummy address instead of sending out a packet with a source address * of 0.0.0.0 */ if (!fl4.saddr) fl4.saddr = htonl(INADDR_DUMMY); icmp_push_reply(&icmp_param, &fl4, &ipc, &rt); ende: ip_rt_put(rt); out_unlock: icmp_xmit_unlock(sk); out_bh_enable: local_bh_enable(); out:; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__icmp_send); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> void icmp_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, int type, int code, __be32 info) { struct sk_buff *cloned_skb = NULL; struct ip_options opts = { 0 }; enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo; struct nf_conn *ct; __be32 orig_ip; ct = nf_ct_get(skb_in, &ctinfo); if (!ct || !(ct->status & IPS_SRC_NAT)) { __icmp_send(skb_in, type, code, info, &opts); return; } if (skb_shared(skb_in)) skb_in = cloned_skb = skb_clone(skb_in, GFP_ATOMIC); if (unlikely(!skb_in || skb_network_header(skb_in) < skb_in->head || (skb_network_header(skb_in) + sizeof(struct iphdr)) > skb_tail_pointer(skb_in) || skb_ensure_writable(skb_in, skb_network_offset(skb_in) + sizeof(struct iphdr)))) goto out; orig_ip = ip_hdr(skb_in)->saddr; ip_hdr(skb_in)->saddr = ct->tuplehash[0].tuple.src.u3.ip; __icmp_send(skb_in, type, code, info, &opts); ip_hdr(skb_in)->saddr = orig_ip; out: consume_skb(cloned_skb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(icmp_ndo_send); #endif static void icmp_socket_deliver(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info) { const struct iphdr *iph = (const struct iphdr *) skb->data; const struct net_protocol *ipprot; int protocol = iph->protocol; /* Checkin full IP header plus 8 bytes of protocol to * avoid additional coding at protocol handlers. */ if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, iph->ihl * 4 + 8)) { __ICMP_INC_STATS(dev_net(skb->dev), ICMP_MIB_INERRORS); return; } raw_icmp_error(skb, protocol, info); ipprot = rcu_dereference(inet_protos[protocol]); if (ipprot && ipprot->err_handler) ipprot->err_handler(skb, info); } static bool icmp_tag_validation(int proto) { bool ok; rcu_read_lock(); ok = rcu_dereference(inet_protos[proto])->icmp_strict_tag_validation; rcu_read_unlock(); return ok; } /* * Handle ICMP_DEST_UNREACH, ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED, ICMP_QUENCH, and * ICMP_PARAMETERPROB. */ static bool icmp_unreach(struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct iphdr *iph; struct icmphdr *icmph; struct net *net; u32 info = 0; net = dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev); /* * Incomplete header ? * Only checks for the IP header, there should be an * additional check for longer headers in upper levels. */ if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct iphdr))) goto out_err; icmph = icmp_hdr(skb); iph = (const struct iphdr *)skb->data; if (iph->ihl < 5) /* Mangled header, drop. */ goto out_err; switch (icmph->type) { case ICMP_DEST_UNREACH: switch (icmph->code & 15) { case ICMP_NET_UNREACH: case ICMP_HOST_UNREACH: case ICMP_PROT_UNREACH: case ICMP_PORT_UNREACH: break; case ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED: /* for documentation of the ip_no_pmtu_disc * values please see * Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt */ switch (READ_ONCE(net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_no_pmtu_disc)) { default: net_dbg_ratelimited("%pI4: fragmentation needed and DF set\n", &iph->daddr); break; case 2: goto out; case 3: if (!icmp_tag_validation(iph->protocol)) goto out; /* fall through */ case 0: info = ntohs(icmph->un.frag.mtu); } break; case ICMP_SR_FAILED: net_dbg_ratelimited("%pI4: Source Route Failed\n", &iph->daddr); break; default: break; } if (icmph->code > NR_ICMP_UNREACH) goto out; break; case ICMP_PARAMETERPROB: info = ntohl(icmph->un.gateway) >> 24; break; case ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED: __ICMP_INC_STATS(net, ICMP_MIB_INTIMEEXCDS); if (icmph->code == ICMP_EXC_FRAGTIME) goto out; break; } /* * Throw it at our lower layers * * RFC 1122: 3.2.2 MUST extract the protocol ID from the passed * header. * RFC 1122: 3.2.2.1 MUST pass ICMP unreach messages to the * transport layer. * RFC 1122: 3.2.2.2 MUST pass ICMP time expired messages to * transport layer. */ /* * Check the other end isn't violating RFC 1122. Some routers send * bogus responses to broadcast frames. If you see this message * first check your netmask matches at both ends, if it does then * get the other vendor to fix their kit. */ if (!net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses && inet_addr_type_dev_table(net, skb->dev, iph->daddr) == RTN_BROADCAST) { net_warn_ratelimited("%pI4 sent an invalid ICMP type %u, code %u error to a broadcast: %pI4 on %s\n", &ip_hdr(skb)->saddr, icmph->type, icmph->code, &iph->daddr, skb->dev->name); goto out; } icmp_socket_deliver(skb, info); out: return true; out_err: __ICMP_INC_STATS(net, ICMP_MIB_INERRORS); return false; } /* * Handle ICMP_REDIRECT. */ static bool icmp_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->len < sizeof(struct iphdr)) { __ICMP_INC_STATS(dev_net(skb->dev), ICMP_MIB_INERRORS); return false; } if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct iphdr))) { /* there aught to be a stat */ return false; } icmp_socket_deliver(skb, ntohl(icmp_hdr(skb)->un.gateway)); return true; } /* * Handle ICMP_ECHO ("ping") requests. * * RFC 1122: 3.2.2.6 MUST have an echo server that answers ICMP echo * requests. * RFC 1122: 3.2.2.6 Data received in the ICMP_ECHO request MUST be * included in the reply. * RFC 1812: 4.3.3.6 SHOULD have a config option for silently ignoring * echo requests, MUST have default=NOT. * See also WRT handling of options once they are done and working. */ static bool icmp_echo(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct net *net; net = dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev); if (!net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_echo_ignore_all) { struct icmp_bxm icmp_param; icmp_param.data.icmph = *icmp_hdr(skb); icmp_param.data.icmph.type = ICMP_ECHOREPLY; icmp_param.skb = skb; icmp_param.offset = 0; icmp_param.data_len = skb->len; icmp_param.head_len = sizeof(struct icmphdr); icmp_reply(&icmp_param, skb); } /* should there be an ICMP stat for ignored echos? */ return true; } /* * Handle ICMP Timestamp requests. * RFC 1122: 3.2.2.8 MAY implement ICMP timestamp requests. * SHOULD be in the kernel for minimum random latency. * MUST be accurate to a few minutes. * MUST be updated at least at 15Hz. */ static bool icmp_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct icmp_bxm icmp_param; /* * Too short. */ if (skb->len < 4) goto out_err; /* * Fill in the current time as ms since midnight UT: */ icmp_param.data.times[1] = inet_current_timestamp(); icmp_param.data.times[2] = icmp_param.data.times[1]; BUG_ON(skb_copy_bits(skb, 0, &icmp_param.data.times[0], 4)); icmp_param.data.icmph = *icmp_hdr(skb); icmp_param.data.icmph.type = ICMP_TIMESTAMPREPLY; icmp_param.data.icmph.code = 0; icmp_param.skb = skb; icmp_param.offset = 0; icmp_param.data_len = 0; icmp_param.head_len = sizeof(struct icmphdr) + 12; icmp_reply(&icmp_param, skb); return true; out_err: __ICMP_INC_STATS(dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev), ICMP_MIB_INERRORS); return false; } static bool icmp_discard(struct sk_buff *skb) { /* pretend it was a success */ return true; } /* * Deal with incoming ICMP packets. */ int icmp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct icmphdr *icmph; struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb); struct net *net = dev_net(rt->dst.dev); bool success; if (!xfrm4_policy_check(NULL, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb)) { struct sec_path *sp = skb_sec_path(skb); int nh; if (!(sp && sp->xvec[sp->len - 1]->props.flags & XFRM_STATE_ICMP)) goto drop; if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(*icmph) + sizeof(struct iphdr))) goto drop; nh = skb_network_offset(skb); skb_set_network_header(skb, sizeof(*icmph)); if (!xfrm4_policy_check_reverse(NULL, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb)) goto drop; skb_set_network_header(skb, nh); } __ICMP_INC_STATS(net, ICMP_MIB_INMSGS); if (skb_checksum_simple_validate(skb)) goto csum_error; if (!pskb_pull(skb, sizeof(*icmph))) goto error; icmph = icmp_hdr(skb); ICMPMSGIN_INC_STATS(net, icmph->type); /* * 18 is the highest 'known' ICMP type. Anything else is a mystery * * RFC 1122: 3.2.2 Unknown ICMP messages types MUST be silently * discarded. */ if (icmph->type > NR_ICMP_TYPES) goto error; /* * Parse the ICMP message */ if (rt->rt_flags & (RTCF_BROADCAST | RTCF_MULTICAST)) { /* * RFC 1122: 3.2.2.6 An ICMP_ECHO to broadcast MAY be * silently ignored (we let user decide with a sysctl). * RFC 1122: 3.2.2.8 An ICMP_TIMESTAMP MAY be silently * discarded if to broadcast/multicast. */ if ((icmph->type == ICMP_ECHO || icmph->type == ICMP_TIMESTAMP) && net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts) { goto error; } if (icmph->type != ICMP_ECHO && icmph->type != ICMP_TIMESTAMP && icmph->type != ICMP_ADDRESS && icmph->type != ICMP_ADDRESSREPLY) { goto error; } } success = icmp_pointers[icmph->type].handler(skb); if (success) { consume_skb(skb); return NET_RX_SUCCESS; } drop: kfree_skb(skb); return NET_RX_DROP; csum_error: __ICMP_INC_STATS(net, ICMP_MIB_CSUMERRORS); error: __ICMP_INC_STATS(net, ICMP_MIB_INERRORS); goto drop; } int icmp_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info) { struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr *)skb->data; int offset = iph->ihl<<2; struct icmphdr *icmph = (struct icmphdr *)(skb->data + offset); int type = icmp_hdr(skb)->type; int code = icmp_hdr(skb)->code; struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev); /* * Use ping_err to handle all icmp errors except those * triggered by ICMP_ECHOREPLY which sent from kernel. */ if (icmph->type != ICMP_ECHOREPLY) { ping_err(skb, offset, info); return 0; } if (type == ICMP_DEST_UNREACH && code == ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED) ipv4_update_pmtu(skb, net, info, 0, IPPROTO_ICMP); else if (type == ICMP_REDIRECT) ipv4_redirect(skb, net, 0, IPPROTO_ICMP); return 0; } /* * This table is the definition of how we handle ICMP. */ static const struct icmp_control icmp_pointers[NR_ICMP_TYPES + 1] = { [ICMP_ECHOREPLY] = { .handler = ping_rcv, }, [1] = { .handler = icmp_discard, .error = 1, }, [2] = { .handler = icmp_discard, .error = 1, }, [ICMP_DEST_UNREACH] = { .handler = icmp_unreach, .error = 1, }, [ICMP_SOURCE_QUENCH] = { .handler = icmp_unreach, .error = 1, }, [ICMP_REDIRECT] = { .handler = icmp_redirect, .error = 1, }, [6] = { .handler = icmp_discard, .error = 1, }, [7] = { .handler = icmp_discard, .error = 1, }, [ICMP_ECHO] = { .handler = icmp_echo, }, [9] = { .handler = icmp_discard, .error = 1, }, [10] = { .handler = icmp_discard, .error = 1, }, [ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED] = { .handler = icmp_unreach, .error = 1, }, [ICMP_PARAMETERPROB] = { .handler = icmp_unreach, .error = 1, }, [ICMP_TIMESTAMP] = { .handler = icmp_timestamp, }, [ICMP_TIMESTAMPREPLY] = { .handler = icmp_discard, }, [ICMP_INFO_REQUEST] = { .handler = icmp_discard, }, [ICMP_INFO_REPLY] = { .handler = icmp_discard, }, [ICMP_ADDRESS] = { .handler = icmp_discard, }, [ICMP_ADDRESSREPLY] = { .handler = icmp_discard, }, }; static void __net_exit icmp_sk_exit(struct net *net) { int i; for_each_possible_cpu(i) inet_ctl_sock_destroy(*per_cpu_ptr(net->ipv4.icmp_sk, i)); free_percpu(net->ipv4.icmp_sk); net->ipv4.icmp_sk = NULL; } static int __net_init icmp_sk_init(struct net *net) { int i, err; net->ipv4.icmp_sk = alloc_percpu(struct sock *); if (!net->ipv4.icmp_sk) return -ENOMEM; for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct sock *sk; err = inet_ctl_sock_create(&sk, PF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_ICMP, net); if (err < 0) goto fail; *per_cpu_ptr(net->ipv4.icmp_sk, i) = sk; /* Enough space for 2 64K ICMP packets, including * sk_buff/skb_shared_info struct overhead. */ sk->sk_sndbuf = 2 * SKB_TRUESIZE(64 * 1024); /* * Speedup sock_wfree() */ sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_USE_WRITE_QUEUE); inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc = IP_PMTUDISC_DONT; } /* Control parameters for ECHO replies. */ net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_echo_ignore_all = 0; net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1; /* Control parameter - ignore bogus broadcast responses? */ net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1; /* * Configurable global rate limit. * * ratelimit defines tokens/packet consumed for dst->rate_token * bucket ratemask defines which icmp types are ratelimited by * setting it's bit position. * * default: * dest unreachable (3), source quench (4), * time exceeded (11), parameter problem (12) */ net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_ratelimit = 1 * HZ; net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_ratemask = 0x1818; net->ipv4.sysctl_icmp_errors_use_inbound_ifaddr = 0; return 0; fail: icmp_sk_exit(net); return err; } static struct pernet_operations __net_initdata icmp_sk_ops = { .init = icmp_sk_init, .exit = icmp_sk_exit, }; int __init icmp_init(void) { return register_pernet_subsys(&icmp_sk_ops); }
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process-grouping system. * * Based originally on the cpuset system, extracted by Paul Menage * Copyright (C) 2006 Google, Inc * * Notifications support * Copyright (C) 2009 Nokia Corporation * Author: Kirill A. Shutemov * * Copyright notices from the original cpuset code: * -------------------------------------------------- * Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA. * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * * Portions derived from Patrick Mochel's sysfs code. * sysfs is Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * * 2003-10-10 Written by Simon Derr. * 2003-10-22 Updates by Stephen Hemminger. * 2004 May-July Rework by Paul Jackson. * --------------------------------------------------- * * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux * distribution for more details. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include "cgroup-internal.h" #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs_parser.h> #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> #include <linux/psi.h> #include <net/sock.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/cgroup.h> #define CGROUP_FILE_NAME_MAX (MAX_CGROUP_TYPE_NAMELEN + \ MAX_CFTYPE_NAME + 2) /* let's not notify more than 100 times per second */ #define CGROUP_FILE_NOTIFY_MIN_INTV DIV_ROUND_UP(HZ, 100) /* * cgroup_mutex is the master lock. Any modification to cgroup or its * hierarchy must be performed while holding it. * * css_set_lock protects task->cgroups pointer, the list of css_set * objects, and the chain of tasks off each css_set. * * These locks are exported if CONFIG_PROVE_RCU so that accessors in * cgroup.h can use them for lockdep annotations. */ DEFINE_MUTEX(cgroup_mutex); DEFINE_SPINLOCK(css_set_lock); #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cgroup_mutex); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(css_set_lock); #endif DEFINE_SPINLOCK(trace_cgroup_path_lock); char trace_cgroup_path[TRACE_CGROUP_PATH_LEN]; bool cgroup_debug __read_mostly; /* * Protects cgroup_idr and css_idr so that IDs can be released without * grabbing cgroup_mutex. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgroup_idr_lock); /* * Protects cgroup_file->kn for !self csses. It synchronizes notifications * against file removal/re-creation across css hiding. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgroup_file_kn_lock); DEFINE_PERCPU_RWSEM(cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); #define cgroup_assert_mutex_or_rcu_locked() \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \ !lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex), \ "cgroup_mutex or RCU read lock required"); /* * cgroup destruction makes heavy use of work items and there can be a lot * of concurrent destructions. Use a separate workqueue so that cgroup * destruction work items don't end up filling up max_active of system_wq * which may lead to deadlock. */ static struct workqueue_struct *cgroup_destroy_wq; /* generate an array of cgroup subsystem pointers */ #define SUBSYS(_x) [_x ## _cgrp_id] = &_x ## _cgrp_subsys, struct cgroup_subsys *cgroup_subsys[] = { #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> }; #undef SUBSYS /* array of cgroup subsystem names */ #define SUBSYS(_x) [_x ## _cgrp_id] = #_x, static const char *cgroup_subsys_name[] = { #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> }; #undef SUBSYS /* array of static_keys for cgroup_subsys_enabled() and cgroup_subsys_on_dfl() */ #define SUBSYS(_x) \ DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(_x ## _cgrp_subsys_enabled_key); \ DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(_x ## _cgrp_subsys_on_dfl_key); \ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_x ## _cgrp_subsys_enabled_key); \ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_x ## _cgrp_subsys_on_dfl_key); #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> #undef SUBSYS #define SUBSYS(_x) [_x ## _cgrp_id] = &_x ## _cgrp_subsys_enabled_key, static struct static_key_true *cgroup_subsys_enabled_key[] = { #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> }; #undef SUBSYS #define SUBSYS(_x) [_x ## _cgrp_id] = &_x ## _cgrp_subsys_on_dfl_key, static struct static_key_true *cgroup_subsys_on_dfl_key[] = { #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> }; #undef SUBSYS static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cgroup_rstat_cpu, cgrp_dfl_root_rstat_cpu); /* * The default hierarchy, reserved for the subsystems that are otherwise * unattached - it never has more than a single cgroup, and all tasks are * part of that cgroup. */ struct cgroup_root cgrp_dfl_root = { .cgrp.rstat_cpu = &cgrp_dfl_root_rstat_cpu }; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cgrp_dfl_root); /* * The default hierarchy always exists but is hidden until mounted for the * first time. This is for backward compatibility. */ static bool cgrp_dfl_visible; /* some controllers are not supported in the default hierarchy */ static u16 cgrp_dfl_inhibit_ss_mask; /* some controllers are implicitly enabled on the default hierarchy */ static u16 cgrp_dfl_implicit_ss_mask; /* some c