4 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 28 28 28 28 28 4 24 24 4 24 4 28 28 28 28 28 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * hosts.c Copyright (C) 1992 Drew Eckhardt * Copyright (C) 1993, 1994, 1995 Eric Youngdale * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Christoph Hellwig * * mid to lowlevel SCSI driver interface * Initial versions: Drew Eckhardt * Subsequent revisions: Eric Youngdale * * <drew@colorado.edu> * * Jiffies wrap fixes (host->resetting), 3 Dec 1998 Andrea Arcangeli * Added QLOGIC QLA1280 SCSI controller kernel host support. * August 4, 1999 Fred Lewis, Intel DuPont * * Updated to reflect the new initialization scheme for the higher * level of scsi drivers (sd/sr/st) * September 17, 2000 Torben Mathiasen <tmm@image.dk> * * Restructured scsi_host lists and associated functions. * September 04, 2002 Mike Anderson (andmike@us.ibm.com) */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/transport_class.h> #include <linux/platform_device.h> #include <linux/pm_runtime.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <scsi/scsi_device.h> #include <scsi/scsi_host.h> #include <scsi/scsi_transport.h> #include "scsi_priv.h" #include "scsi_logging.h" static int shost_eh_deadline = -1; module_param_named(eh_deadline, shost_eh_deadline, int, S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR); MODULE_PARM_DESC(eh_deadline, "SCSI EH timeout in seconds (should be between 0 and 2^31-1)"); static DEFINE_IDA(host_index_ida); static void scsi_host_cls_release(struct device *dev) { put_device(&class_to_shost(dev)->shost_gendev); } static struct class shost_class = { .name = "scsi_host", .dev_release = scsi_host_cls_release, }; /** * scsi_host_set_state - Take the given host through the host state model. * @shost: scsi host to change the state of. * @state: state to change to. * * Returns zero if unsuccessful or an error if the requested * transition is illegal. **/ int scsi_host_set_state(struct Scsi_Host *shost, enum scsi_host_state state) { enum scsi_host_state oldstate = shost->shost_state; if (state == oldstate) return 0; switch (state) { case SHOST_CREATED: /* There are no legal states that come back to * created. This is the manually initialised start * state */ goto illegal; case SHOST_RUNNING: switch (oldstate) { case SHOST_CREATED: case SHOST_RECOVERY: break; default: goto illegal; } break; case SHOST_RECOVERY: switch (oldstate) { case SHOST_RUNNING: break; default: goto illegal; } break; case SHOST_CANCEL: switch (oldstate) { case SHOST_CREATED: case SHOST_RUNNING: case SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY: break; default: goto illegal; } break; case SHOST_DEL: switch (oldstate) { case SHOST_CANCEL: case SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY: break; default: goto illegal; } break; case SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY: switch (oldstate) { case SHOST_CANCEL: case SHOST_RECOVERY: break; default: goto illegal; } break; case SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY: switch (oldstate) { case SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY: break; default: goto illegal; } break; } shost->shost_state = state; return 0; illegal: SCSI_LOG_ERROR_RECOVERY(1, shost_printk(KERN_ERR, shost, "Illegal host state transition" "%s->%s\n", scsi_host_state_name(oldstate), scsi_host_state_name(state))); return -EINVAL; } /** * scsi_remove_host - remove a scsi host * @shost: a pointer to a scsi host to remove **/ void scsi_remove_host(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { unsigned long flags; mutex_lock(&shost->scan_mutex); spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags); if (scsi_host_set_state(shost, SHOST_CANCEL)) if (scsi_host_set_state(shost, SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY)) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, flags); mutex_unlock(&shost->scan_mutex); return; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, flags); scsi_autopm_get_host(shost); flush_workqueue(shost->tmf_work_q); scsi_forget_host(shost); mutex_unlock(&shost->scan_mutex); scsi_proc_host_rm(shost); scsi_proc_hostdir_rm(shost->hostt); spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, flags); if (scsi_host_set_state(shost, SHOST_DEL)) BUG_ON(scsi_host_set_state(shost, SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY)); spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, flags); transport_unregister_device(&shost->shost_gendev); device_unregister(&shost->shost_dev); device_del(&shost->shost_gendev); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_remove_host); /** * scsi_add_host_with_dma - add a scsi host with dma device * @shost: scsi host pointer to add * @dev: a struct device of type scsi class * @dma_dev: dma device for the host * * Note: You rarely need to worry about this unless you're in a * virtualised host environments, so use the simpler scsi_add_host() * function instead. * * Return value: * 0 on success / != 0 for error **/ int scsi_add_host_with_dma(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct device *dev, struct device *dma_dev) { struct scsi_host_template *sht = shost->hostt; int error = -EINVAL; shost_printk(KERN_INFO, shost, "%s\n", sht->info ? sht->info(shost) : sht->name); if (!shost->can_queue) { shost_printk(KERN_ERR, shost, "can_queue = 0 no longer supported\n"); goto fail; } /* Use min_t(int, ...) in case shost->can_queue exceeds SHRT_MAX */ shost->cmd_per_lun = min_t(int, shost->cmd_per_lun, shost->can_queue); error = scsi_init_sense_cache(shost); if (error) goto fail; error = scsi_mq_setup_tags(shost); if (error) goto fail; if (!shost->shost_gendev.parent) shost->shost_gendev.parent = dev ? dev : &platform_bus; if (!dma_dev) dma_dev = shost->shost_gendev.parent; shost->dma_dev = dma_dev; /* * Increase usage count temporarily here so that calling * scsi_autopm_put_host() will trigger runtime idle if there is * nothing else preventing suspending the device. */ pm_runtime_get_noresume(&shost->shost_gendev); pm_runtime_set_active(&shost->shost_gendev); pm_runtime_enable(&shost->shost_gendev); device_enable_async_suspend(&shost->shost_gendev); error = device_add(&shost->shost_gendev); if (error) goto out_disable_runtime_pm; scsi_host_set_state(shost, SHOST_RUNNING); get_device(shost->shost_gendev.parent); device_enable_async_suspend(&shost->shost_dev); get_device(&shost->shost_gendev); error = device_add(&shost->shost_dev); if (error) goto out_del_gendev; if (shost->transportt->host_size) { shost->shost_data = kzalloc(shost->transportt->host_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (shost->shost_data == NULL) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out_del_dev; } } if (shost->transportt->create_work_queue) { snprintf(shost->work_q_name, sizeof(shost->work_q_name), "scsi_wq_%d", shost->host_no); shost->work_q = create_singlethread_workqueue( shost->work_q_name); if (!shost->work_q) { error = -EINVAL; goto out_del_dev; } } error = scsi_sysfs_add_host(shost); if (error) goto out_del_dev; scsi_proc_host_add(shost); scsi_autopm_put_host(shost); return error; /* * Any host allocation in this function will be freed in * scsi_host_dev_release(). */ out_del_dev: device_del(&shost->shost_dev); out_del_gendev: /* * Host state is SHOST_RUNNING so we have to explicitly release * ->shost_dev. */ put_device(&shost->shost_dev); device_del(&shost->shost_gendev); out_disable_runtime_pm: device_disable_async_suspend(&shost->shost_gendev); pm_runtime_disable(&shost->shost_gendev); pm_runtime_set_suspended(&shost->shost_gendev); pm_runtime_put_noidle(&shost->shost_gendev); fail: return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_add_host_with_dma); static void scsi_host_dev_release(struct device *dev) { struct Scsi_Host *shost = dev_to_shost(dev); struct device *parent = dev->parent; /* Wait for functions invoked through call_rcu(&scmd->rcu, ...) */ rcu_barrier(); if (shost->tmf_work_q) destroy_workqueue(shost->tmf_work_q); if (shost->ehandler) kthread_stop(shost->ehandler); if (shost->work_q) destroy_workqueue(shost->work_q); if (shost->shost_state == SHOST_CREATED) { /* * Free the shost_dev device name here if scsi_host_alloc() * and scsi_host_put() have been called but neither * scsi_host_add() nor scsi_host_remove() has been called. * This avoids that the memory allocated for the shost_dev * name is leaked. */ kfree(dev_name(&shost->shost_dev)); } if (shost->tag_set.tags) scsi_mq_destroy_tags(shost); kfree(shost->shost_data); ida_simple_remove(&host_index_ida, shost->host_no); if (shost->shost_state != SHOST_CREATED) put_device(parent); kfree(shost); } static struct device_type scsi_host_type = { .name = "scsi_host", .release = scsi_host_dev_release, }; /** * scsi_host_alloc - register a scsi host adapter instance. * @sht: pointer to scsi host template * @privsize: extra bytes to allocate for driver * * Note: * Allocate a new Scsi_Host and perform basic initialization. * The host is not published to the scsi midlayer until scsi_add_host * is called. * * Return value: * Pointer to a new Scsi_Host **/ struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_alloc(struct scsi_host_template *sht, int privsize) { struct Scsi_Host *shost; gfp_t gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL; int index; if (sht->unchecked_isa_dma && privsize) gfp_mask |= __GFP_DMA; shost = kzalloc(sizeof(struct Scsi_Host) + privsize, gfp_mask); if (!shost) return NULL; shost->host_lock = &shost->default_lock; spin_lock_init(shost->host_lock); shost->shost_state = SHOST_CREATED; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&shost->__devices); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&shost->__targets); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&shost->eh_cmd_q); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&shost->starved_list); init_waitqueue_head(&shost->host_wait); mutex_init(&shost->scan_mutex); index = ida_simple_get(&host_index_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (index < 0) { kfree(shost); return NULL; } shost->host_no = index; shost->dma_channel = 0xff; /* These three are default values which can be overridden */ shost->max_channel = 0; shost->max_id = 8; shost->max_lun = 8; /* Give each shost a default transportt */ shost->transportt = &blank_transport_template; /* * All drivers right now should be able to handle 12 byte * commands. Every so often there are requests for 16 byte * commands, but individual low-level drivers need to certify that * they actually do something sensible with such commands. */ shost->max_cmd_len = 12; shost->hostt = sht; shost->this_id = sht->this_id; shost->can_queue = sht->can_queue; shost->sg_tablesize = sht->sg_tablesize; shost->sg_prot_tablesize = sht->sg_prot_tablesize; shost->cmd_per_lun = sht->cmd_per_lun; shost->unchecked_isa_dma = sht->unchecked_isa_dma; shost->no_write_same = sht->no_write_same; if (shost_eh_deadline == -1 || !sht->eh_host_reset_handler) shost->eh_deadline = -1; else if ((ulong) shost_eh_deadline * HZ > INT_MAX) { shost_printk(KERN_WARNING, shost, "eh_deadline %u too large, setting to %u\n", shost_eh_deadline, INT_MAX / HZ); shost->eh_deadline = INT_MAX; } else shost->eh_deadline = shost_eh_deadline * HZ; if (sht->supported_mode == MODE_UNKNOWN) /* means we didn't set it ... default to INITIATOR */ shost->active_mode = MODE_INITIATOR; else shost->active_mode = sht->supported_mode; if (sht->max_host_blocked) shost->max_host_blocked = sht->max_host_blocked; else shost->max_host_blocked = SCSI_DEFAULT_HOST_BLOCKED; /* * If the driver imposes no hard sector transfer limit, start at * machine infinity initially. */ if (sht->max_sectors) shost->max_sectors = sht->max_sectors; else shost->max_sectors = SCSI_DEFAULT_MAX_SECTORS; if (sht->max_segment_size) shost->max_segment_size = sht->max_segment_size; else shost->max_segment_size = BLK_MAX_SEGMENT_SIZE; /* * assume a 4GB boundary, if not set */ if (sht->dma_boundary) shost->dma_boundary = sht->dma_boundary; else shost->dma_boundary = 0xffffffff; if (sht->virt_boundary_mask) shost->virt_boundary_mask = sht->virt_boundary_mask; device_initialize(&shost->shost_gendev); dev_set_name(&shost->shost_gendev, "host%d", shost->host_no); shost->shost_gendev.bus = &scsi_bus_type; shost->shost_gendev.type = &scsi_host_type; device_initialize(&shost->shost_dev); shost->shost_dev.parent = &shost->shost_gendev; shost->shost_dev.class = &shost_class; dev_set_name(&shost->shost_dev, "host%d", shost->host_no); shost->shost_dev.groups = scsi_sysfs_shost_attr_groups; shost->ehandler = kthread_run(scsi_error_handler, shost, "scsi_eh_%d", shost->host_no); if (IS_ERR(shost->ehandler)) { shost_printk(KERN_WARNING, shost, "error handler thread failed to spawn, error = %ld\n", PTR_ERR(shost->ehandler)); shost->ehandler = NULL; goto fail; } shost->tmf_work_q = alloc_workqueue("scsi_tmf_%d", WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, 1, shost->host_no); if (!shost->tmf_work_q) { shost_printk(KERN_WARNING, shost, "failed to create tmf workq\n"); goto fail; } scsi_proc_hostdir_add(shost->hostt); return shost; fail: /* * Host state is still SHOST_CREATED and that is enough to release * ->shost_gendev. scsi_host_dev_release() will free * dev_name(&shost->shost_dev). */ put_device(&shost->shost_gendev); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_host_alloc); static int __scsi_host_match(struct device *dev, const void *data) { struct Scsi_Host *p; const unsigned int *hostnum = data; p = class_to_shost(dev); return p->host_no == *hostnum; } /** * scsi_host_lookup - get a reference to a Scsi_Host by host no * @hostnum: host number to locate * * Return value: * A pointer to located Scsi_Host or NULL. * * The caller must do a scsi_host_put() to drop the reference * that scsi_host_get() took. The put_device() below dropped * the reference from class_find_device(). **/ struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_lookup(unsigned int hostnum) { struct device *cdev; struct Scsi_Host *shost = NULL; cdev = class_find_device(&shost_class, NULL, &hostnum, __scsi_host_match); if (cdev) { shost = scsi_host_get(class_to_shost(cdev)); put_device(cdev); } return shost; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_host_lookup); /** * scsi_host_get - inc a Scsi_Host ref count * @shost: Pointer to Scsi_Host to inc. **/ struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_get(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { if ((shost->shost_state == SHOST_DEL) || !get_device(&shost->shost_gendev)) return NULL; return shost; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_host_get); /** * scsi_host_busy - Return the host busy counter * @shost: Pointer to Scsi_Host to inc. **/ int scsi_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return atomic_read(&shost->host_busy); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_host_busy); /** * scsi_host_put - dec a Scsi_Host ref count * @shost: Pointer to Scsi_Host to dec. **/ void scsi_host_put(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { put_device(&shost->shost_gendev); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_host_put); int scsi_init_hosts(void) { return class_register(&shost_class); } void scsi_exit_hosts(void) { class_unregister(&shost_class); ida_destroy(&host_index_ida); } int scsi_is_host_device(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &scsi_host_type; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scsi_is_host_device); /** * scsi_queue_work - Queue work to the Scsi_Host workqueue. * @shost: Pointer to Scsi_Host. * @work: Work to queue for execution. * * Return value: * 1 - work queued for execution * 0 - work is already queued * -EINVAL - work queue doesn't exist **/ int scsi_queue_work(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct work_struct *work) { if (unlikely(!shost->work_q)) { shost_printk(KERN_ERR, shost, "ERROR: Scsi host '%s' attempted to queue scsi-work, " "when no workqueue created.\n", shost->hostt->name); dump_stack(); return -EINVAL; } return queue_work(shost->work_q, work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(scsi_queue_work); /** * scsi_flush_work - Flush a Scsi_Host's workqueue. * @shost: Pointer to Scsi_Host. **/ void scsi_flush_work(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { if (!shost->work_q) { shost_printk(KERN_ERR, shost, "ERROR: Scsi host '%s' attempted to flush scsi-work, " "when no workqueue created.\n", shost->hostt->name); dump_stack(); return; } flush_workqueue(shost->work_q); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(scsi_flush_work);
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