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struct proc_inode *ei = PROC_I(inode); truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data); clear_inode(inode); /* Stop tracking associated processes */ if (ei->pid) proc_pid_evict_inode(ei); head = ei->sysctl; if (head) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(ei->sysctl, NULL); proc_sys_evict_inode(inode, head); } } static struct kmem_cache *proc_inode_cachep __ro_after_init; static struct kmem_cache *pde_opener_cache __ro_after_init; static struct inode *proc_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb) { struct proc_inode *ei; ei = alloc_inode_sb(sb, proc_inode_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ei) return NULL; ei->pid = NULL; ei->fd = 0; ei->op.proc_get_link = NULL; ei->pde = NULL; ei->sysctl = NULL; ei->sysctl_entry = NULL; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ei->sibling_inodes); ei->ns_ops = NULL; return &ei->vfs_inode; } static void proc_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { struct proc_inode *ei = PROC_I(inode); if (ei->pid) put_pid(ei->pid); /* Let go of any associated proc directory entry */ if (ei->pde) pde_put(ei->pde); kmem_cache_free(proc_inode_cachep, PROC_I(inode)); } static void init_once(void *foo) { struct proc_inode *ei = (struct proc_inode *) foo; inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode); } void __init proc_init_kmemcache(void) { proc_inode_cachep = kmem_cache_create("proc_inode_cache", sizeof(struct proc_inode), 0, (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT| SLAB_ACCOUNT| SLAB_PANIC), init_once); pde_opener_cache = kmem_cache_create("pde_opener", sizeof(struct pde_opener), 0, SLAB_ACCOUNT|SLAB_PANIC, NULL); proc_dir_entry_cache = kmem_cache_create_usercopy( "proc_dir_entry", SIZEOF_PDE, 0, SLAB_PANIC, offsetof(struct proc_dir_entry, inline_name), SIZEOF_PDE_INLINE_NAME, NULL); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct proc_dir_entry) >= SIZEOF_PDE); } void proc_invalidate_siblings_dcache(struct hlist_head *inodes, spinlock_t *lock) { struct hlist_node *node; struct super_block *old_sb = NULL; rcu_read_lock(); while ((node = hlist_first_rcu(inodes))) { struct proc_inode *ei = hlist_entry(node, struct proc_inode, sibling_inodes); struct super_block *sb; struct inode *inode; spin_lock(lock); hlist_del_init_rcu(&ei->sibling_inodes); spin_unlock(lock); inode = &ei->vfs_inode; sb = inode->i_sb; if ((sb != old_sb) && !atomic_inc_not_zero(&sb->s_active)) continue; inode = igrab(inode); rcu_read_unlock(); if (sb != old_sb) { if (old_sb) deactivate_super(old_sb); old_sb = sb; } if (unlikely(!inode)) { rcu_read_lock(); continue; } if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { struct dentry *dir = d_find_any_alias(inode); if (dir) { d_invalidate(dir); dput(dir); } } else { struct dentry *dentry; while ((dentry = d_find_alias(inode))) { d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); } } iput(inode); rcu_read_lock(); } rcu_read_unlock(); if (old_sb) deactivate_super(old_sb); } static inline const char *hidepid2str(enum proc_hidepid v) { switch (v) { case HIDEPID_OFF: return "off"; case HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS: return "noaccess"; case HIDEPID_INVISIBLE: return "invisible"; case HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE: return "ptraceable"; } WARN_ONCE(1, "bad hide_pid value: %d\n", v); return "unknown"; } static int proc_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root) { struct proc_fs_info *fs_info = proc_sb_info(root->d_sb); if (!gid_eq(fs_info->pid_gid, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID)) seq_printf(seq, ",gid=%u", from_kgid_munged(&init_user_ns, fs_info->pid_gid)); if (fs_info->hide_pid != HIDEPID_OFF) seq_printf(seq, ",hidepid=%s", hidepid2str(fs_info->hide_pid)); if (fs_info->pidonly != PROC_PIDONLY_OFF) seq_printf(seq, ",subset=pid"); return 0; } const struct super_operations proc_sops = { .alloc_inode = proc_alloc_inode, .free_inode = proc_free_inode, .drop_inode = generic_delete_inode, .evict_inode = proc_evict_inode, .statfs = simple_statfs, .show_options = proc_show_options, }; enum {BIAS = -1U<<31}; static inline int use_pde(struct proc_dir_entry *pde) { return likely(atomic_inc_unless_negative(&pde->in_use)); } static void unuse_pde(struct proc_dir_entry *pde) { if (unlikely(atomic_dec_return(&pde->in_use) == BIAS)) complete(pde->pde_unload_completion); } /* * At most 2 contexts can enter this function: the one doing the last * close on the descriptor and whoever is deleting PDE itself. * * First to enter calls ->proc_release hook and signals its completion * to the second one which waits and then does nothing. * * PDE is locked on entry, unlocked on exit. */ static void close_pdeo(struct proc_dir_entry *pde, struct pde_opener *pdeo) __releases(&pde->pde_unload_lock) { /* * close() (proc_reg_release()) can't delete an entry and proceed: * ->release hook needs to be available at the right moment. * * rmmod (remove_proc_entry() et al) can't delete an entry and proceed: * "struct file" needs to be available at the right moment. */ if (pdeo->closing) { /* somebody else is doing that, just wait */ DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(c); pdeo->c = &c; spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock); wait_for_completion(&c); } else { struct file *file; struct completion *c; pdeo->closing = true; spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock); file = pdeo->file; pde->proc_ops->proc_release(file_inode(file), file); spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock); /* Strictly after ->proc_release, see above. */ list_del(&pdeo->lh); c = pdeo->c; spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock); if (unlikely(c)) complete(c); kmem_cache_free(pde_opener_cache, pdeo); } } void proc_entry_rundown(struct proc_dir_entry *de) { DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(c); /* Wait until all existing callers into module are done. */ de->pde_unload_completion = &c; if (atomic_add_return(BIAS, &de->in_use) != BIAS) wait_for_completion(&c); /* ->pde_openers list can't grow from now on. */ spin_lock(&de->pde_unload_lock); while (!list_empty(&de->pde_openers)) { struct pde_opener *pdeo; pdeo = list_first_entry(&de->pde_openers, struct pde_opener, lh); close_pdeo(de, pdeo); spin_lock(&de->pde_unload_lock); } spin_unlock(&de->pde_unload_lock); } static loff_t proc_reg_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file)); loff_t rv = -EINVAL; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { return pde->proc_ops->proc_lseek(file, offset, whence); } else if (use_pde(pde)) { rv = pde->proc_ops->proc_lseek(file, offset, whence); unuse_pde(pde); } return rv; } static ssize_t proc_reg_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(iocb->ki_filp)); ssize_t ret; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) return pde->proc_ops->proc_read_iter(iocb, iter); if (!use_pde(pde)) return -EIO; ret = pde->proc_ops->proc_read_iter(iocb, iter); unuse_pde(pde); return ret; } static ssize_t pde_read(struct proc_dir_entry *pde, struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_read) read; read = pde->proc_ops->proc_read; if (read) return read(file, buf, count, ppos); return -EIO; } static ssize_t proc_reg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file)); ssize_t rv = -EIO; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { return pde_read(pde, file, buf, count, ppos); } else if (use_pde(pde)) { rv = pde_read(pde, file, buf, count, ppos); unuse_pde(pde); } return rv; } static ssize_t pde_write(struct proc_dir_entry *pde, struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_write) write; write = pde->proc_ops->proc_write; if (write) return write(file, buf, count, ppos); return -EIO; } static ssize_t proc_reg_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file)); ssize_t rv = -EIO; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { return pde_write(pde, file, buf, count, ppos); } else if (use_pde(pde)) { rv = pde_write(pde, file, buf, count, ppos); unuse_pde(pde); } return rv; } static __poll_t pde_poll(struct proc_dir_entry *pde, struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pts) { typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_poll) poll; poll = pde->proc_ops->proc_poll; if (poll) return poll(file, pts); return DEFAULT_POLLMASK; } static __poll_t proc_reg_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pts) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file)); __poll_t rv = DEFAULT_POLLMASK; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { return pde_poll(pde, file, pts); } else if (use_pde(pde)) { rv = pde_poll(pde, file, pts); unuse_pde(pde); } return rv; } static long pde_ioctl(struct proc_dir_entry *pde, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_ioctl) ioctl; ioctl = pde->proc_ops->proc_ioctl; if (ioctl) return ioctl(file, cmd, arg); return -ENOTTY; } static long proc_reg_unlocked_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file)); long rv = -ENOTTY; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { return pde_ioctl(pde, file, cmd, arg); } else if (use_pde(pde)) { rv = pde_ioctl(pde, file, cmd, arg); unuse_pde(pde); } return rv; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static long pde_compat_ioctl(struct proc_dir_entry *pde, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_compat_ioctl) compat_ioctl; compat_ioctl = pde->proc_ops->proc_compat_ioctl; if (compat_ioctl) return compat_ioctl(file, cmd, arg); return -ENOTTY; } static long proc_reg_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file)); long rv = -ENOTTY; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { return pde_compat_ioctl(pde, file, cmd, arg); } else if (use_pde(pde)) { rv = pde_compat_ioctl(pde, file, cmd, arg); unuse_pde(pde); } return rv; } #endif static int pde_mmap(struct proc_dir_entry *pde, struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_mmap) mmap; mmap = pde->proc_ops->proc_mmap; if (mmap) return mmap(file, vma); return -EIO; } static int proc_reg_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file)); int rv = -EIO; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { return pde_mmap(pde, file, vma); } else if (use_pde(pde)) { rv = pde_mmap(pde, file, vma); unuse_pde(pde); } return rv; } static unsigned long pde_get_unmapped_area(struct proc_dir_entry *pde, struct file *file, unsigned long orig_addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags) { typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_get_unmapped_area) get_area; get_area = pde->proc_ops->proc_get_unmapped_area; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU if (!get_area) get_area = current->mm->get_unmapped_area; #endif if (get_area) return get_area(file, orig_addr, len, pgoff, flags); return orig_addr; } static unsigned long proc_reg_get_unmapped_area(struct file *file, unsigned long orig_addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file_inode(file)); unsigned long rv = -EIO; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { return pde_get_unmapped_area(pde, file, orig_addr, len, pgoff, flags); } else if (use_pde(pde)) { rv = pde_get_unmapped_area(pde, file, orig_addr, len, pgoff, flags); unuse_pde(pde); } return rv; } static int proc_reg_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(inode); int rv = 0; typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_open) open; typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_release) release; struct pde_opener *pdeo; if (!pde->proc_ops->proc_lseek) file->f_mode &= ~FMODE_LSEEK; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { open = pde->proc_ops->proc_open; if (open) rv = open(inode, file); return rv; } /* * Ensure that * 1) PDE's ->release hook will be called no matter what * either normally by close()/->release, or forcefully by * rmmod/remove_proc_entry. * * 2) rmmod isn't blocked by opening file in /proc and sitting on * the descriptor (including "rmmod foo </proc/foo" scenario). * * Save every "struct file" with custom ->release hook. */ if (!use_pde(pde)) return -ENOENT; release = pde->proc_ops->proc_release; if (release) { pdeo = kmem_cache_alloc(pde_opener_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!pdeo) { rv = -ENOMEM; goto out_unuse; } } open = pde->proc_ops->proc_open; if (open) rv = open(inode, file); if (release) { if (rv == 0) { /* To know what to release. */ pdeo->file = file; pdeo->closing = false; pdeo->c = NULL; spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock); list_add(&pdeo->lh, &pde->pde_openers); spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock); } else kmem_cache_free(pde_opener_cache, pdeo); } out_unuse: unuse_pde(pde); return rv; } static int proc_reg_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(inode); struct pde_opener *pdeo; if (pde_is_permanent(pde)) { typeof_member(struct proc_ops, proc_release) release; release = pde->proc_ops->proc_release; if (release) { return release(inode, file); } return 0; } spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock); list_for_each_entry(pdeo, &pde->pde_openers, lh) { if (pdeo->file == file) { close_pdeo(pde, pdeo); return 0; } } spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock); return 0; } static const struct file_operations proc_reg_file_ops = { .llseek = proc_reg_llseek, .read = proc_reg_read, .write = proc_reg_write, .poll = proc_reg_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = proc_reg_unlocked_ioctl, .mmap = proc_reg_mmap, .get_unmapped_area = proc_reg_get_unmapped_area, .open = proc_reg_open, .release = proc_reg_release, }; static const struct file_operations proc_iter_file_ops = { .llseek = proc_reg_llseek, .read_iter = proc_reg_read_iter, .write = proc_reg_write, .splice_read = copy_splice_read, .poll = proc_reg_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = proc_reg_unlocked_ioctl, .mmap = proc_reg_mmap, .get_unmapped_area = proc_reg_get_unmapped_area, .open = proc_reg_open, .release = proc_reg_release, }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static const struct file_operations proc_reg_file_ops_compat = { .llseek = proc_reg_llseek, .read = proc_reg_read, .write = proc_reg_write, .poll = proc_reg_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = proc_reg_unlocked_ioctl, .compat_ioctl = proc_reg_compat_ioctl, .mmap = proc_reg_mmap, .get_unmapped_area = proc_reg_get_unmapped_area, .open = proc_reg_open, .release = proc_reg_release, }; static const struct file_operations proc_iter_file_ops_compat = { .llseek = proc_reg_llseek, .read_iter = proc_reg_read_iter, .splice_read = copy_splice_read, .write = proc_reg_write, .poll = proc_reg_poll, .unlocked_ioctl = proc_reg_unlocked_ioctl, .compat_ioctl = proc_reg_compat_ioctl, .mmap = proc_reg_mmap, .get_unmapped_area = proc_reg_get_unmapped_area, .open = proc_reg_open, .release = proc_reg_release, }; #endif static void proc_put_link(void *p) { unuse_pde(p); } static const char *proc_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct delayed_call *done) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(inode); if (!use_pde(pde)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); set_delayed_call(done, proc_put_link, pde); return pde->data; } const struct inode_operations proc_link_inode_operations = { .get_link = proc_get_link, }; struct inode *proc_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct proc_dir_entry *de) { struct inode *inode = new_inode(sb); if (!inode) { pde_put(de); return NULL; } inode->i_private = de->data; inode->i_ino = de->low_ino; simple_inode_init_ts(inode); PROC_I(inode)->pde = de; if (is_empty_pde(de)) { make_empty_dir_inode(inode); return inode; } if (de->mode) { inode->i_mode = de->mode; inode->i_uid = de->uid; inode->i_gid = de->gid; } if (de->size) inode->i_size = de->size; if (de->nlink) set_nlink(inode, de->nlink); if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) { inode->i_op = de->proc_iops; if (de->proc_ops->proc_read_iter) inode->i_fop = &proc_iter_file_ops; else inode->i_fop = &proc_reg_file_ops; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT if (de->proc_ops->proc_compat_ioctl) { if (de->proc_ops->proc_read_iter) inode->i_fop = &proc_iter_file_ops_compat; else inode->i_fop = &proc_reg_file_ops_compat; } #endif } else if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { inode->i_op = de->proc_iops; inode->i_fop = de->proc_dir_ops; } else if (S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) { inode->i_op = de->proc_iops; inode->i_fop = NULL; } else { BUG(); } return inode; }
15 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Sound core. This file is composed of two parts. sound_class * which is common to both OSS and ALSA and OSS sound core which * is used OSS or emulation of it. */ /* * First, the common part. */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/major.h> #include <sound/core.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE static int __init init_oss_soundcore(void); static void cleanup_oss_soundcore(void); #else static inline int init_oss_soundcore(void) { return 0; } static inline void cleanup_oss_soundcore(void) { } #endif MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Core sound module"); MODULE_AUTHOR("Alan Cox"); MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); static char *sound_devnode(const struct device *dev, umode_t *mode) { if (MAJOR(dev->devt) == SOUND_MAJOR) return NULL; return kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "snd/%s", dev_name(dev)); } const struct class sound_class = { .name = "sound", .devnode = sound_devnode, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(sound_class); static int __init init_soundcore(void) { int rc; rc = init_oss_soundcore(); if (rc) return rc; rc = class_register(&sound_class); if (rc) { cleanup_oss_soundcore(); return rc; } return 0; } static void __exit cleanup_soundcore(void) { cleanup_oss_soundcore(); class_unregister(&sound_class); } subsys_initcall(init_soundcore); module_exit(cleanup_soundcore); #ifdef CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE /* * OSS sound core handling. Breaks out sound functions to submodules * * Author: Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> * * Fixes: * * -------------------- * * Top level handler for the sound subsystem. Various devices can * plug into this. The fact they don't all go via OSS doesn't mean * they don't have to implement the OSS API. There is a lot of logic * to keeping much of the OSS weight out of the code in a compatibility * module, but it's up to the driver to rember to load it... * * The code provides a set of functions for registration of devices * by type. This is done rather than providing a single call so that * we can hide any future changes in the internals (eg when we go to * 32bit dev_t) from the modules and their interface. * * Secondly we need to allocate the dsp, dsp16 and audio devices as * one. Thus we misuse the chains a bit to simplify this. * * Thirdly to make it more fun and for 2.3.x and above we do all * of this using fine grained locking. * * FIXME: we have to resolve modules and fine grained load/unload * locking at some point in 2.3.x. */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sound.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #define SOUND_STEP 16 struct sound_unit { int unit_minor; const struct file_operations *unit_fops; struct sound_unit *next; char name[32]; }; /* * By default, OSS sound_core claims full legacy minor range (0-255) * of SOUND_MAJOR to trap open attempts to any sound minor and * requests modules using custom sound-slot/service-* module aliases. * The only benefit of doing this is allowing use of custom module * aliases instead of the standard char-major-* ones. This behavior * prevents alternative OSS implementation and is scheduled to be * removed. * * CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE_PRECLAIM and soundcore.preclaim_oss kernel * parameter are added to allow distros and developers to try and * switch to alternative implementations without needing to rebuild * the kernel in the meantime. If preclaim_oss is non-zero, the * kernel will behave the same as before. All SOUND_MAJOR minors are * preclaimed and the custom module aliases along with standard chrdev * ones are emitted if a missing device is opened. If preclaim_oss is * zero, sound_core only grabs what's actually in use and for missing * devices only the standard chrdev aliases are requested. * * All these clutters are scheduled to be removed along with * sound-slot/service-* module aliases. */ static int preclaim_oss = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE_PRECLAIM); module_param(preclaim_oss, int, 0444); static int soundcore_open(struct inode *, struct file *); static const struct file_operations soundcore_fops = { /* We must have an owner or the module locking fails */ .owner = THIS_MODULE, .open = soundcore_open, .llseek = noop_llseek, }; /* * Low level list operator. Scan the ordered list, find a hole and * join into it. Called with the lock asserted */ static int __sound_insert_unit(struct sound_unit * s, struct sound_unit **list, const struct file_operations *fops, int index, int low, int top) { int n=low; if (index < 0) { /* first free */ while (*list && (*list)->unit_minor<n) list=&((*list)->next); while(n<top) { /* Found a hole ? */ if(*list==NULL || (*list)->unit_minor>n) break; list=&((*list)->next); n+=SOUND_STEP; } if(n>=top) return -ENOENT; } else { n = low+(index*16); while (*list) { if ((*list)->unit_minor==n) return -EBUSY; if ((*list)->unit_minor>n) break; list=&((*list)->next); } } /* * Fill it in */ s->unit_minor=n; s->unit_fops=fops; /* * Link it */ s->next=*list; *list=s; return n; } /* * Remove a node from the chain. Called with the lock asserted */ static struct sound_unit *__sound_remove_unit(struct sound_unit **list, int unit) { while(*list) { struct sound_unit *p=*list; if(p->unit_minor==unit) { *list=p->next; return p; } list=&(p->next); } printk(KERN_ERR "Sound device %d went missing!\n", unit); return NULL; } /* * This lock guards the sound loader list. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sound_loader_lock); /* * Allocate the controlling structure and add it to the sound driver * list. Acquires locks as needed */ static int sound_insert_unit(struct sound_unit **list, const struct file_operations *fops, int index, int low, int top, const char *name, umode_t mode, struct device *dev) { struct sound_unit *s = kmalloc(sizeof(*s), GFP_KERNEL); int r; if (!s) return -ENOMEM; spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock); retry: r = __sound_insert_unit(s, list, fops, index, low, top); spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock); if (r < 0) goto fail; else if (r < SOUND_STEP) sprintf(s->name, "sound/%s", name); else sprintf(s->name, "sound/%s%d", name, r / SOUND_STEP); if (!preclaim_oss) { /* * Something else might have grabbed the minor. If * first free slot is requested, rescan with @low set * to the next unit; otherwise, -EBUSY. */ r = __register_chrdev(SOUND_MAJOR, s->unit_minor, 1, s->name, &soundcore_fops); if (r < 0) { spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock); __sound_remove_unit(list, s->unit_minor); if (index < 0) { low = s->unit_minor + SOUND_STEP; goto retry; } spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock); r = -EBUSY; goto fail; } } device_create(&sound_class, dev, MKDEV(SOUND_MAJOR, s->unit_minor), NULL, "%s", s->name+6); return s->unit_minor; fail: kfree(s); return r; } /* * Remove a unit. Acquires locks as needed. The drivers MUST have * completed the removal before their file operations become * invalid. */ static void sound_remove_unit(struct sound_unit **list, int unit) { struct sound_unit *p; spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock); p = __sound_remove_unit(list, unit); spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock); if (p) { if (!preclaim_oss) __unregister_chrdev(SOUND_MAJOR, p->unit_minor, 1, p->name); device_destroy(&sound_class, MKDEV(SOUND_MAJOR, p->unit_minor)); kfree(p); } } /* * Allocations * * 0 *16 Mixers * 1 *8 Sequencers * 2 *16 Midi * 3 *16 DSP * 4 *16 SunDSP * 5 *16 DSP16 * 6 -- sndstat (obsolete) * 7 *16 unused * 8 -- alternate sequencer (see above) * 9 *16 raw synthesizer access * 10 *16 unused * 11 *16 unused * 12 *16 unused * 13 *16 unused * 14 *16 unused * 15 *16 unused */ static struct sound_unit *chains[SOUND_STEP]; /** * register_sound_special_device - register a special sound node * @fops: File operations for the driver * @unit: Unit number to allocate * @dev: device pointer * * Allocate a special sound device by minor number from the sound * subsystem. * * Return: The allocated number is returned on success. On failure, * a negative error code is returned. */ int register_sound_special_device(const struct file_operations *fops, int unit, struct device *dev) { const int chain = unit % SOUND_STEP; int max_unit = 256; const char *name; char _name[16]; switch (chain) { case 0: name = "mixer"; break; case 1: name = "sequencer"; if (unit >= SOUND_STEP) goto __unknown; max_unit = unit + 1; break; case 2: name = "midi"; break; case 3: name = "dsp"; break; case 4: name = "audio"; break; case 5: name = "dspW"; break; case 8: name = "sequencer2"; if (unit >= SOUND_STEP) goto __unknown; max_unit = unit + 1; break; case 9: name = "dmmidi"; break; case 10: name = "dmfm"; break; case 12: name = "adsp"; break; case 13: name = "amidi"; break; case 14: name = "admmidi"; break; default: { __unknown: sprintf(_name, "unknown%d", chain); if (unit >= SOUND_STEP) strcat(_name, "-"); name = _name; } break; } return sound_insert_unit(&chains[chain], fops, -1, unit, max_unit, name, 0600, dev); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_special_device); int register_sound_special(const struct file_operations *fops, int unit) { return register_sound_special_device(fops, unit, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_special); /** * register_sound_mixer - register a mixer device * @fops: File operations for the driver * @dev: Unit number to allocate * * Allocate a mixer device. Unit is the number of the mixer requested. * Pass -1 to request the next free mixer unit. * * Return: On success, the allocated number is returned. On failure, * a negative error code is returned. */ int register_sound_mixer(const struct file_operations *fops, int dev) { return sound_insert_unit(&chains[0], fops, dev, 0, 128, "mixer", 0600, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_mixer); /* * DSP's are registered as a triple. Register only one and cheat * in open - see below. */ /** * register_sound_dsp - register a DSP device * @fops: File operations for the driver * @dev: Unit number to allocate * * Allocate a DSP device. Unit is the number of the DSP requested. * Pass -1 to request the next free DSP unit. * * This function allocates both the audio and dsp device entries together * and will always allocate them as a matching pair - eg dsp3/audio3 * * Return: On success, the allocated number is returned. On failure, * a negative error code is returned. */ int register_sound_dsp(const struct file_operations *fops, int dev) { return sound_insert_unit(&chains[3], fops, dev, 3, 131, "dsp", 0600, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_sound_dsp); /** * unregister_sound_special - unregister a special sound device * @unit: unit number to allocate * * Release a sound device that was allocated with * register_sound_special(). The unit passed is the return value from * the register function. */ void unregister_sound_special(int unit) { sound_remove_unit(&chains[unit % SOUND_STEP], unit); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_sound_special); /** * unregister_sound_mixer - unregister a mixer * @unit: unit number to allocate * * Release a sound device that was allocated with register_sound_mixer(). * The unit passed is the return value from the register function. */ void unregister_sound_mixer(int unit) { sound_remove_unit(&chains[0], unit); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_sound_mixer); /** * unregister_sound_dsp - unregister a DSP device * @unit: unit number to allocate * * Release a sound device that was allocated with register_sound_dsp(). * The unit passed is the return value from the register function. * * Both of the allocated units are released together automatically. */ void unregister_sound_dsp(int unit) { sound_remove_unit(&chains[3], unit); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_sound_dsp); static struct sound_unit *__look_for_unit(int chain, int unit) { struct sound_unit *s; s=chains[chain]; while(s && s->unit_minor <= unit) { if(s->unit_minor==unit) return s; s=s->next; } return NULL; } static int soundcore_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { int chain; int unit = iminor(inode); struct sound_unit *s; const struct file_operations *new_fops = NULL; chain=unit&0x0F; if(chain==4 || chain==5) /* dsp/audio/dsp16 */ { unit&=0xF0; unit|=3; chain=3; } spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock); s = __look_for_unit(chain, unit); if (s) new_fops = fops_get(s->unit_fops); if (preclaim_oss && !new_fops) { spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock); /* * Please, don't change this order or code. * For ALSA slot means soundcard and OSS emulation code * comes as add-on modules which aren't depend on * ALSA toplevel modules for soundcards, thus we need * load them at first. [Jaroslav Kysela <perex@jcu.cz>] */ request_module("sound-slot-%i", unit>>4); request_module("sound-service-%i-%i", unit>>4, chain); /* * sound-slot/service-* module aliases are scheduled * for removal in favor of the standard char-major-* * module aliases. For the time being, generate both * the legacy and standard module aliases to ease * transition. */ if (request_module("char-major-%d-%d", SOUND_MAJOR, unit) > 0) request_module("char-major-%d", SOUND_MAJOR); spin_lock(&sound_loader_lock); s = __look_for_unit(chain, unit); if (s) new_fops = fops_get(s->unit_fops); } spin_unlock(&sound_loader_lock); if (!new_fops) return -ENODEV; /* * We rely upon the fact that we can't be unloaded while the * subdriver is there. */ replace_fops(file, new_fops); if (!file->f_op->open) return -ENODEV; return file->f_op->open(inode, file); } MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV_MAJOR(SOUND_MAJOR); static void cleanup_oss_soundcore(void) { /* We have nothing to really do here - we know the lists must be empty */ unregister_chrdev(SOUND_MAJOR, "sound"); } static int __init init_oss_soundcore(void) { if (preclaim_oss && register_chrdev(SOUND_MAJOR, "sound", &soundcore_fops) < 0) { printk(KERN_ERR "soundcore: sound device already in use.\n"); return -EBUSY; } return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SOUND_OSS_CORE */
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2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MMZONE_H #define _LINUX_MMZONE_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/pageblock-flags.h> #include <linux/page-flags-layout.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/local_lock.h> #include <linux/zswap.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* Free memory management - zoned buddy allocator. */ #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_FORCE_MAX_ORDER #define MAX_PAGE_ORDER 10 #else #define MAX_PAGE_ORDER CONFIG_ARCH_FORCE_MAX_ORDER #endif #define MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES (1 << MAX_PAGE_ORDER) #define IS_MAX_ORDER_ALIGNED(pfn) IS_ALIGNED(pfn, MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES) #define NR_PAGE_ORDERS (MAX_PAGE_ORDER + 1) /* * PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER is the order at which allocations are deemed * costly to service. That is between allocation orders which should * coalesce naturally under reasonable reclaim pressure and those which * will not. */ #define PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER 3 enum migratetype { MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_MOVABLE, MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, /* the number of types on the pcp lists */ MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC = MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, #ifdef CONFIG_CMA /* * MIGRATE_CMA migration type is designed to mimic the way * ZONE_MOVABLE works. Only movable pages can be allocated * from MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks and page allocator never * implicitly change migration type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblock. * * The way to use it is to change migratetype of a range of * pageblocks to MIGRATE_CMA which can be done by * __free_pageblock_cma() function. */ MIGRATE_CMA, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION MIGRATE_ISOLATE, /* can't allocate from here */ #endif MIGRATE_TYPES }; /* In mm/page_alloc.c; keep in sync also with show_migration_types() there */ extern const char * const migratetype_names[MIGRATE_TYPES]; #ifdef CONFIG_CMA # define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) unlikely((migratetype) == MIGRATE_CMA) # define is_migrate_cma_page(_page) (get_pageblock_migratetype(_page) == MIGRATE_CMA) # define is_migrate_cma_folio(folio, pfn) (MIGRATE_CMA == \ get_pfnblock_flags_mask(&folio->page, pfn, MIGRATETYPE_MASK)) #else # define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) false # define is_migrate_cma_page(_page) false # define is_migrate_cma_folio(folio, pfn) false #endif static inline bool is_migrate_movable(int mt) { return is_migrate_cma(mt) || mt == MIGRATE_MOVABLE; } /* * Check whether a migratetype can be merged with another migratetype. * * It is only mergeable when it can fall back to other migratetypes for * allocation. See fallbacks[MIGRATE_TYPES][3] in page_alloc.c. */ static inline bool migratetype_is_mergeable(int mt) { return mt < MIGRATE_PCPTYPES; } #define for_each_migratetype_order(order, type) \ for (order = 0; order < NR_PAGE_ORDERS; order++) \ for (type = 0; type < MIGRATE_TYPES; type++) extern int page_group_by_mobility_disabled; #define MIGRATETYPE_MASK ((1UL << PB_migratetype_bits) - 1) #define get_pageblock_migratetype(page) \ get_pfnblock_flags_mask(page, page_to_pfn(page), MIGRATETYPE_MASK) #define folio_migratetype(folio) \ get_pfnblock_flags_mask(&folio->page, folio_pfn(folio), \ MIGRATETYPE_MASK) struct free_area { struct list_head free_list[MIGRATE_TYPES]; unsigned long nr_free; }; struct pglist_data; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA enum numa_stat_item { NUMA_HIT, /* allocated in intended node */ NUMA_MISS, /* allocated in non intended node */ NUMA_FOREIGN, /* was intended here, hit elsewhere */ NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT, /* interleaver preferred this zone */ NUMA_LOCAL, /* allocation from local node */ NUMA_OTHER, /* allocation from other node */ NR_VM_NUMA_EVENT_ITEMS }; #else #define NR_VM_NUMA_EVENT_ITEMS 0 #endif enum zone_stat_item { /* First 128 byte cacheline (assuming 64 bit words) */ NR_FREE_PAGES, NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, /* Used only for compaction and reclaim retry */ NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_ANON, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_FILE, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_FILE, NR_ZONE_UNEVICTABLE, NR_ZONE_WRITE_PENDING, /* Count of dirty, writeback and unstable pages */ NR_MLOCK, /* mlock()ed pages found and moved off LRU */ /* Second 128 byte cacheline */ NR_BOUNCE, #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZSMALLOC) NR_ZSPAGES, /* allocated in zsmalloc */ #endif NR_FREE_CMA_PAGES, #ifdef CONFIG_UNACCEPTED_MEMORY NR_UNACCEPTED, #endif NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS }; enum node_stat_item { NR_LRU_BASE, NR_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_LRU_BASE, /* must match order of LRU_[IN]ACTIVE */ NR_ACTIVE_ANON, /* " " " " " */ NR_INACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */ NR_ACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */ NR_UNEVICTABLE, /* " " " " " */ NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, /* Temporary isolated pages from anon lru */ NR_ISOLATED_FILE, /* Temporary isolated pages from file lru */ WORKINGSET_NODES, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_ANON = WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_FILE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_BASE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_ANON = WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_BASE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_FILE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_BASE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_ANON = WORKINGSET_RESTORE_BASE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_FILE, WORKINGSET_NODERECLAIM, NR_ANON_MAPPED, /* Mapped anonymous pages */ NR_FILE_MAPPED, /* pagecache pages mapped into pagetables. only modified from process context */ NR_FILE_PAGES, NR_FILE_DIRTY, NR_WRITEBACK, NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP, /* Writeback using temporary buffers */ NR_SHMEM, /* shmem pages (included tmpfs/GEM pages) */ NR_SHMEM_THPS, NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED, NR_FILE_THPS, NR_FILE_PMDMAPPED, NR_ANON_THPS, NR_VMSCAN_WRITE, NR_VMSCAN_IMMEDIATE, /* Prioritise for reclaim when writeback ends */ NR_DIRTIED, /* page dirtyings since bootup */ NR_WRITTEN, /* page writings since bootup */ NR_THROTTLED_WRITTEN, /* NR_WRITTEN while reclaim throttled */ NR_KERNEL_MISC_RECLAIMABLE, /* reclaimable non-slab kernel pages */ NR_FOLL_PIN_ACQUIRED, /* via: pin_user_page(), gup flag: FOLL_PIN */ NR_FOLL_PIN_RELEASED, /* pages returned via unpin_user_page() */ NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB, /* measured in KiB */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SHADOW_CALL_STACK) NR_KERNEL_SCS_KB, /* measured in KiB */ #endif NR_PAGETABLE, /* used for pagetables */ NR_SECONDARY_PAGETABLE, /* secondary pagetables, e.g. KVM pagetables */ #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP NR_SWAPCACHE, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING PGPROMOTE_SUCCESS, /* promote successfully */ PGPROMOTE_CANDIDATE, /* candidate pages to promote */ #endif /* PGDEMOTE_*: pages demoted */ PGDEMOTE_KSWAPD, PGDEMOTE_DIRECT, PGDEMOTE_KHUGEPAGED, NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS }; /* * Returns true if the item should be printed in THPs (/proc/vmstat * currently prints number of anon, file and shmem THPs. But the item * is charged in pages). */ static __always_inline bool vmstat_item_print_in_thp(enum node_stat_item item) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE)) return false; return item == NR_ANON_THPS || item == NR_FILE_THPS || item == NR_SHMEM_THPS || item == NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED || item == NR_FILE_PMDMAPPED; } /* * Returns true if the value is measured in bytes (most vmstat values are * measured in pages). This defines the API part, the internal representation * might be different. */ static __always_inline bool vmstat_item_in_bytes(int idx) { /* * Global and per-node slab counters track slab pages. * It's expected that changes are multiples of PAGE_SIZE. * Internally values are stored in pages. * * Per-memcg and per-lruvec counters track memory, consumed * by individual slab objects. These counters are actually * byte-precise. */ return (idx == NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B || idx == NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B); } /* * We do arithmetic on the LRU lists in various places in the code, * so it is important to keep the active lists LRU_ACTIVE higher in * the array than the corresponding inactive lists, and to keep * the *_FILE lists LRU_FILE higher than the corresponding _ANON lists. * * This has to be kept in sync with the statistics in zone_stat_item * above and the descriptions in vmstat_text in mm/vmstat.c */ #define LRU_BASE 0 #define LRU_ACTIVE 1 #define LRU_FILE 2 enum lru_list { LRU_INACTIVE_ANON = LRU_BASE, LRU_ACTIVE_ANON = LRU_BASE + LRU_ACTIVE, LRU_INACTIVE_FILE = LRU_BASE + LRU_FILE, LRU_ACTIVE_FILE = LRU_BASE + LRU_FILE + LRU_ACTIVE, LRU_UNEVICTABLE, NR_LRU_LISTS }; enum vmscan_throttle_state { VMSCAN_THROTTLE_WRITEBACK, VMSCAN_THROTTLE_ISOLATED, VMSCAN_THROTTLE_NOPROGRESS, VMSCAN_THROTTLE_CONGESTED, NR_VMSCAN_THROTTLE, }; #define for_each_lru(lru) for (lru = 0; lru < NR_LRU_LISTS; lru++) #define for_each_evictable_lru(lru) for (lru = 0; lru <= LRU_ACTIVE_FILE; lru++) static inline bool is_file_lru(enum lru_list lru) { return (lru == LRU_INACTIVE_FILE || lru == LRU_ACTIVE_FILE); } static inline bool is_active_lru(enum lru_list lru) { return (lru == LRU_ACTIVE_ANON || lru == LRU_ACTIVE_FILE); } #define WORKINGSET_ANON 0 #define WORKINGSET_FILE 1 #define ANON_AND_FILE 2 enum lruvec_flags { /* * An lruvec has many dirty pages backed by a congested BDI: * 1. LRUVEC_CGROUP_CONGESTED is set by cgroup-level reclaim. * It can be cleared by cgroup reclaim or kswapd. * 2. LRUVEC_NODE_CONGESTED is set by kswapd node-level reclaim. * It can only be cleared by kswapd. * * Essentially, kswapd can unthrottle an lruvec throttled by cgroup * reclaim, but not vice versa. This only applies to the root cgroup. * The goal is to prevent cgroup reclaim on the root cgroup (e.g. * memory.reclaim) to unthrottle an unbalanced node (that was throttled * by kswapd). */ LRUVEC_CGROUP_CONGESTED, LRUVEC_NODE_CONGESTED, }; #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */ /* * Evictable pages are divided into multiple generations. The youngest and the * oldest generation numbers, max_seq and min_seq, are monotonically increasing. * They form a sliding window of a variable size [MIN_NR_GENS, MAX_NR_GENS]. An * offset within MAX_NR_GENS, i.e., gen, indexes the LRU list of the * corresponding generation. The gen counter in folio->flags stores gen+1 while * a page is on one of lrugen->folios[]. Otherwise it stores 0. * * A page is added to the youngest generation on faulting. The aging needs to * check the accessed bit at least twice before handing this page over to the * eviction. The first check takes care of the accessed bit set on the initial * fault; the second check makes sure this page hasn't been used since then. * This process, AKA second chance, requires a minimum of two generations, * hence MIN_NR_GENS. And to maintain ABI compatibility with the active/inactive * LRU, e.g., /proc/vmstat, these two generations are considered active; the * rest of generations, if they exist, are considered inactive. See * lru_gen_is_active(). * * PG_active is always cleared while a page is on one of lrugen->folios[] so * that the aging needs not to worry about it. And it's set again when a page * considered active is isolated for non-reclaiming purposes, e.g., migration. * See lru_gen_add_folio() and lru_gen_del_folio(). * * MAX_NR_GENS is set to 4 so that the multi-gen LRU can support twice the * number of categories of the active/inactive LRU when keeping track of * accesses through page tables. This requires order_base_2(MAX_NR_GENS+1) bits * in folio->flags. */ #define MIN_NR_GENS 2U #define MAX_NR_GENS 4U /* * Each generation is divided into multiple tiers. A page accessed N times * through file descriptors is in tier order_base_2(N). A page in the first tier * (N=0,1) is marked by PG_referenced unless it was faulted in through page * tables or read ahead. A page in any other tier (N>1) is marked by * PG_referenced and PG_workingset. This implies a minimum of two tiers is * supported without using additional bits in folio->flags. * * In contrast to moving across generations which requires the LRU lock, moving * across tiers only involves atomic operations on folio->flags and therefore * has a negligible cost in the buffered access path. In the eviction path, * comparisons of refaulted/(evicted+protected) from the first tier and the * rest infer whether pages accessed multiple times through file descriptors * are statistically hot and thus worth protecting. * * MAX_NR_TIERS is set to 4 so that the multi-gen LRU can support twice the * number of categories of the active/inactive LRU when keeping track of * accesses through file descriptors. This uses MAX_NR_TIERS-2 spare bits in * folio->flags. */ #define MAX_NR_TIERS 4U #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H struct lruvec; struct page_vma_mapped_walk; #define LRU_GEN_MASK ((BIT(LRU_GEN_WIDTH) - 1) << LRU_GEN_PGOFF) #define LRU_REFS_MASK ((BIT(LRU_REFS_WIDTH) - 1) << LRU_REFS_PGOFF) #ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN enum { LRU_GEN_ANON, LRU_GEN_FILE, }; enum { LRU_GEN_CORE, LRU_GEN_MM_WALK, LRU_GEN_NONLEAF_YOUNG, NR_LRU_GEN_CAPS }; #define MIN_LRU_BATCH BITS_PER_LONG #define MAX_LRU_BATCH (MIN_LRU_BATCH * 64) /* whether to keep historical stats from evicted generations */ #ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN_STATS #define NR_HIST_GENS MAX_NR_GENS #else #define NR_HIST_GENS 1U #endif /* * The youngest generation number is stored in max_seq for both anon and file * types as they are aged on an equal footing. The oldest generation numbers are * stored in min_seq[] separately for anon and file types as clean file pages * can be evicted regardless of swap constraints. * * Normally anon and file min_seq are in sync. But if swapping is constrained, * e.g., out of swap space, file min_seq is allowed to advance and leave anon * min_seq behind. * * The number of pages in each generation is eventually consistent and therefore * can be transiently negative when reset_batch_size() is pending. */ struct lru_gen_folio { /* the aging increments the youngest generation number */ unsigned long max_seq; /* the eviction increments the oldest generation numbers */ unsigned long min_seq[ANON_AND_FILE]; /* the birth time of each generation in jiffies */ unsigned long timestamps[MAX_NR_GENS]; /* the multi-gen LRU lists, lazily sorted on eviction */ struct list_head folios[MAX_NR_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_ZONES]; /* the multi-gen LRU sizes, eventually consistent */ long nr_pages[MAX_NR_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_ZONES]; /* the exponential moving average of refaulted */ unsigned long avg_refaulted[ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS]; /* the exponential moving average of evicted+protected */ unsigned long avg_total[ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS]; /* the first tier doesn't need protection, hence the minus one */ unsigned long protected[NR_HIST_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS - 1]; /* can be modified without holding the LRU lock */ atomic_long_t evicted[NR_HIST_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS]; atomic_long_t refaulted[NR_HIST_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_TIERS]; /* whether the multi-gen LRU is enabled */ bool enabled; /* the memcg generation this lru_gen_folio belongs to */ u8 gen; /* the list segment this lru_gen_folio belongs to */ u8 seg; /* per-node lru_gen_folio list for global reclaim */ struct hlist_nulls_node list; }; enum { MM_LEAF_TOTAL, /* total leaf entries */ MM_LEAF_OLD, /* old leaf entries */ MM_LEAF_YOUNG, /* young leaf entries */ MM_NONLEAF_TOTAL, /* total non-leaf entries */ MM_NONLEAF_FOUND, /* non-leaf entries found in Bloom filters */ MM_NONLEAF_ADDED, /* non-leaf entries added to Bloom filters */ NR_MM_STATS }; /* double-buffering Bloom filters */ #define NR_BLOOM_FILTERS 2 struct lru_gen_mm_state { /* synced with max_seq after each iteration */ unsigned long seq; /* where the current iteration continues after */ struct list_head *head; /* where the last iteration ended before */ struct list_head *tail; /* Bloom filters flip after each iteration */ unsigned long *filters[NR_BLOOM_FILTERS]; /* the mm stats for debugging */ unsigned long stats[NR_HIST_GENS][NR_MM_STATS]; }; struct lru_gen_mm_walk { /* the lruvec under reclaim */ struct lruvec *lruvec; /* max_seq from lru_gen_folio: can be out of date */ unsigned long seq; /* the next address within an mm to scan */ unsigned long next_addr; /* to batch promoted pages */ int nr_pages[MAX_NR_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_ZONES]; /* to batch the mm stats */ int mm_stats[NR_MM_STATS]; /* total batched items */ int batched; bool can_swap; bool force_scan; }; /* * For each node, memcgs are divided into two generations: the old and the * young. For each generation, memcgs are randomly sharded into multiple bins * to improve scalability. For each bin, the hlist_nulls is virtually divided * into three segments: the head, the tail and the default. * * An onlining memcg is added to the tail of a random bin in the old generation. * The eviction starts at the head of a random bin in the old generation. The * per-node memcg generation counter, whose reminder (mod MEMCG_NR_GENS) indexes * the old generation, is incremented when all its bins become empty. * * There are four operations: * 1. MEMCG_LRU_HEAD, which moves a memcg to the head of a random bin in its * current generation (old or young) and updates its "seg" to "head"; * 2. MEMCG_LRU_TAIL, which moves a memcg to the tail of a random bin in its * current generation (old or young) and updates its "seg" to "tail"; * 3. MEMCG_LRU_OLD, which moves a memcg to the head of a random bin in the old * generation, updates its "gen" to "old" and resets its "seg" to "default"; * 4. MEMCG_LRU_YOUNG, which moves a memcg to the tail of a random bin in the * young generation, updates its "gen" to "young" and resets its "seg" to * "default". * * The events that trigger the above operations are: * 1. Exceeding the soft limit, which triggers MEMCG_LRU_HEAD; * 2. The first attempt to reclaim a memcg below low, which triggers * MEMCG_LRU_TAIL; * 3. The first attempt to reclaim a memcg offlined or below reclaimable size * threshold, which triggers MEMCG_LRU_TAIL; * 4. The second attempt to reclaim a memcg offlined or below reclaimable size * threshold, which triggers MEMCG_LRU_YOUNG; * 5. Attempting to reclaim a memcg below min, which triggers MEMCG_LRU_YOUNG; * 6. Finishing the aging on the eviction path, which triggers MEMCG_LRU_YOUNG; * 7. Offlining a memcg, which triggers MEMCG_LRU_OLD. * * Notes: * 1. Memcg LRU only applies to global reclaim, and the round-robin incrementing * of their max_seq counters ensures the eventual fairness to all eligible * memcgs. For memcg reclaim, it still relies on mem_cgroup_iter(). * 2. There are only two valid generations: old (seq) and young (seq+1). * MEMCG_NR_GENS is set to three so that when reading the generation counter * locklessly, a stale value (seq-1) does not wraparound to young. */ #define MEMCG_NR_GENS 3 #define MEMCG_NR_BINS 8 struct lru_gen_memcg { /* the per-node memcg generation counter */ unsigned long seq; /* each memcg has one lru_gen_folio per node */ unsigned long nr_memcgs[MEMCG_NR_GENS]; /* per-node lru_gen_folio list for global reclaim */ struct hlist_nulls_head fifo[MEMCG_NR_GENS][MEMCG_NR_BINS]; /* protects the above */ spinlock_t lock; }; void lru_gen_init_pgdat(struct pglist_data *pgdat); void lru_gen_init_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec); void lru_gen_look_around(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw); void lru_gen_init_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void lru_gen_exit_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void lru_gen_online_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void lru_gen_offline_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void lru_gen_release_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void lru_gen_soft_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid); #else /* !CONFIG_LRU_GEN */ static inline void lru_gen_init_pgdat(struct pglist_data *pgdat) { } static inline void lru_gen_init_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec) { } static inline void lru_gen_look_around(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw) { } static inline void lru_gen_init_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void lru_gen_exit_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void lru_gen_online_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void lru_gen_offline_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void lru_gen_release_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void lru_gen_soft_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid) { } #endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */ struct lruvec { struct list_head lists[NR_LRU_LISTS]; /* per lruvec lru_lock for memcg */ spinlock_t lru_lock; /* * These track the cost of reclaiming one LRU - file or anon - * over the other. As the observed cost of reclaiming one LRU * increases, the reclaim scan balance tips toward the other. */ unsigned long anon_cost; unsigned long file_cost; /* Non-resident age, driven by LRU movement */ atomic_long_t nonresident_age; /* Refaults at the time of last reclaim cycle */ unsigned long refaults[ANON_AND_FILE]; /* Various lruvec state flags (enum lruvec_flags) */ unsigned long flags; #ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN /* evictable pages divided into generations */ struct lru_gen_folio lrugen; #ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN_WALKS_MMU /* to concurrently iterate lru_gen_mm_list */ struct lru_gen_mm_state mm_state; #endif #endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG struct pglist_data *pgdat; #endif struct zswap_lruvec_state zswap_lruvec_state; }; /* Isolate for asynchronous migration */ #define ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x4) /* Isolate unevictable pages */ #define ISOLATE_UNEVICTABLE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x8) /* LRU Isolation modes. */ typedef unsigned __bitwise isolate_mode_t; enum zone_watermarks { WMARK_MIN, WMARK_LOW, WMARK_HIGH, WMARK_PROMO, NR_WMARK }; /* * One per migratetype for each PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER. One additional list * for THP which will usually be GFP_MOVABLE. Even if it is another type, * it should not contribute to serious fragmentation causing THP allocation * failures. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define NR_PCP_THP 1 #else #define NR_PCP_THP 0 #endif #define NR_LOWORDER_PCP_LISTS (MIGRATE_PCPTYPES * (PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER + 1)) #define NR_PCP_LISTS (NR_LOWORDER_PCP_LISTS + NR_PCP_THP) #define min_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_MIN] + z->watermark_boost) #define low_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_LOW] + z->watermark_boost) #define high_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH] + z->watermark_boost) #define wmark_pages(z, i) (z->_watermark[i] + z->watermark_boost) /* * Flags used in pcp->flags field. * * PCPF_PREV_FREE_HIGH_ORDER: a high-order page is freed in the * previous page freeing. To avoid to drain PCP for an accident * high-order page freeing. * * PCPF_FREE_HIGH_BATCH: preserve "pcp->batch" pages in PCP before * draining PCP for consecutive high-order pages freeing without * allocation if data cache slice of CPU is large enough. To reduce * zone lock contention and keep cache-hot pages reusing. */ #define PCPF_PREV_FREE_HIGH_ORDER BIT(0) #define PCPF_FREE_HIGH_BATCH BIT(1) struct per_cpu_pages { spinlock_t lock; /* Protects lists field */ int count; /* number of pages in the list */ int high; /* high watermark, emptying needed */ int high_min; /* min high watermark */ int high_max; /* max high watermark */ int batch; /* chunk size for buddy add/remove */ u8 flags; /* protected by pcp->lock */ u8 alloc_factor; /* batch scaling factor during allocate */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA u8 expire; /* When 0, remote pagesets are drained */ #endif short free_count; /* consecutive free count */ /* Lists of pages, one per migrate type stored on the pcp-lists */ struct list_head lists[NR_PCP_LISTS]; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct per_cpu_zonestat { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP s8 vm_stat_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS]; s8 stat_threshold; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * Low priority inaccurate counters that are only folded * on demand. Use a large type to avoid the overhead of * folding during refresh_cpu_vm_stats. */ unsigned long vm_numa_event[NR_VM_NUMA_EVENT_ITEMS]; #endif }; struct per_cpu_nodestat { s8 stat_threshold; s8 vm_node_stat_diff[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; }; #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS.H */ enum zone_type { /* * ZONE_DMA and ZONE_DMA32 are used when there are peripherals not able * to DMA to all of the addressable memory (ZONE_NORMAL). * On architectures where this area covers the whole 32 bit address * space ZONE_DMA32 is used. ZONE_DMA is left for the ones with smaller * DMA addressing constraints. This distinction is important as a 32bit * DMA mask is assumed when ZONE_DMA32 is defined. Some 64-bit * platforms may need both zones as they support peripherals with * different DMA addressing limitations. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA ZONE_DMA, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_DMA32, #endif /* * Normal addressable memory is in ZONE_NORMAL. DMA operations can be * performed on pages in ZONE_NORMAL if the DMA devices support * transfers to all addressable memory. */ ZONE_NORMAL, #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * A memory area that is only addressable by the kernel through * mapping portions into its own address space. This is for example * used by i386 to allow the kernel to address the memory beyond * 900MB. The kernel will set up special mappings (page * table entries on i386) for each page that the kernel needs to * access. */ ZONE_HIGHMEM, #endif /* * ZONE_MOVABLE is similar to ZONE_NORMAL, except that it contains * movable pages with few exceptional cases described below. Main use * cases for ZONE_MOVABLE are to make memory offlining/unplug more * likely to succeed, and to locally limit unmovable allocations - e.g., * to increase the number of THP/huge pages. Notable special cases are: * * 1. Pinned pages: (long-term) pinning of movable pages might * essentially turn such pages unmovable. Therefore, we do not allow * pinning long-term pages in ZONE_MOVABLE. When pages are pinned and * faulted, they come from the right zone right away. However, it is * still possible that address space already has pages in * ZONE_MOVABLE at the time when pages are pinned (i.e. user has * touches that memory before pinning). In such case we migrate them * to a different zone. When migration fails - pinning fails. * 2. memblock allocations: kernelcore/movablecore setups might create * situations where ZONE_MOVABLE contains unmovable allocations * after boot. Memory offlining and allocations fail early. * 3. Memory holes: kernelcore/movablecore setups might create very rare * situations where ZONE_MOVABLE contains memory holes after boot, * for example, if we have sections that are only partially * populated. Memory offlining and allocations fail early. * 4. PG_hwpoison pages: while poisoned pages can be skipped during * memory offlining, such pages cannot be allocated. * 5. Unmovable PG_offline pages: in paravirtualized environments, * hotplugged memory blocks might only partially be managed by the * buddy (e.g., via XEN-balloon, Hyper-V balloon, virtio-mem). The * parts not manged by the buddy are unmovable PG_offline pages. In * some cases (virtio-mem), such pages can be skipped during * memory offlining, however, cannot be moved/allocated. These * techniques might use alloc_contig_range() to hide previously * exposed pages from the buddy again (e.g., to implement some sort * of memory unplug in virtio-mem). * 6. ZERO_PAGE(0), kernelcore/movablecore setups might create * situations where ZERO_PAGE(0) which is allocated differently * on different platforms may end up in a movable zone. ZERO_PAGE(0) * cannot be migrated. * 7. Memory-hotplug: when using memmap_on_memory and onlining the * memory to the MOVABLE zone, the vmemmap pages are also placed in * such zone. Such pages cannot be really moved around as they are * self-stored in the range, but they are treated as movable when * the range they describe is about to be offlined. * * In general, no unmovable allocations that degrade memory offlining * should end up in ZONE_MOVABLE. Allocators (like alloc_contig_range()) * have to expect that migrating pages in ZONE_MOVABLE can fail (even * if has_unmovable_pages() states that there are no unmovable pages, * there can be false negatives). */ ZONE_MOVABLE, #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE ZONE_DEVICE, #endif __MAX_NR_ZONES }; #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H #define ASYNC_AND_SYNC 2 struct zone { /* Read-mostly fields */ /* zone watermarks, access with *_wmark_pages(zone) macros */ unsigned long _watermark[NR_WMARK]; unsigned long watermark_boost; unsigned long nr_reserved_highatomic; /* * We don't know if the memory that we're going to allocate will be * freeable or/and it will be released eventually, so to avoid totally * wasting several GB of ram we must reserve some of the lower zone * memory (otherwise we risk to run OOM on the lower zones despite * there being tons of freeable ram on the higher zones). This array is * recalculated at runtime if the sysctl_lowmem_reserve_ratio sysctl * changes. */ long lowmem_reserve[MAX_NR_ZONES]; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA int node; #endif struct pglist_data *zone_pgdat; struct per_cpu_pages __percpu *per_cpu_pageset; struct per_cpu_zonestat __percpu *per_cpu_zonestats; /* * the high and batch values are copied to individual pagesets for * faster access */ int pageset_high_min; int pageset_high_max; int pageset_batch; #ifndef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM /* * Flags for a pageblock_nr_pages block. See pageblock-flags.h. * In SPARSEMEM, this map is stored in struct mem_section */ unsigned long *pageblock_flags; #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ /* zone_start_pfn == zone_start_paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT */ unsigned long zone_start_pfn; /* * spanned_pages is the total pages spanned by the zone, including * holes, which is calculated as: * spanned_pages = zone_end_pfn - zone_start_pfn; * * present_pages is physical pages existing within the zone, which * is calculated as: * present_pages = spanned_pages - absent_pages(pages in holes); * * present_early_pages is present pages existing within the zone * located on memory available since early boot, excluding hotplugged * memory. * * managed_pages is present pages managed by the buddy system, which * is calculated as (reserved_pages includes pages allocated by the * bootmem allocator): * managed_pages = present_pages - reserved_pages; * * cma pages is present pages that are assigned for CMA use * (MIGRATE_CMA). * * So present_pages may be used by memory hotplug or memory power * management logic to figure out unmanaged pages by checking * (present_pages - managed_pages). And managed_pages should be used * by page allocator and vm scanner to calculate all kinds of watermarks * and thresholds. * * Locking rules: * * zone_start_pfn and spanned_pages are protected by span_seqlock. * It is a seqlock because it has to be read outside of zone->lock, * and it is done in the main allocator path. But, it is written * quite infrequently. * * The span_seq lock is declared along with zone->lock because it is * frequently read in proximity to zone->lock. It's good to * give them a chance of being in the same cacheline. * * Write access to present_pages at runtime should be protected by * mem_hotplug_begin/done(). Any reader who can't tolerant drift of * present_pages should use get_online_mems() to get a stable value. */ atomic_long_t managed_pages; unsigned long spanned_pages; unsigned long present_pages; #if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG) unsigned long present_early_pages; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CMA unsigned long cma_pages; #endif const char *name; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION /* * Number of isolated pageblock. It is used to solve incorrect * freepage counting problem due to racy retrieving migratetype * of pageblock. Protected by zone->lock. */ unsigned long nr_isolate_pageblock; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG /* see spanned/present_pages for more description */ seqlock_t span_seqlock; #endif int initialized; /* Write-intensive fields used from the page allocator */ CACHELINE_PADDING(_pad1_); /* free areas of different sizes */ struct free_area free_area[NR_PAGE_ORDERS]; #ifdef CONFIG_UNACCEPTED_MEMORY /* Pages to be accepted. All pages on the list are MAX_PAGE_ORDER */ struct list_head unaccepted_pages; #endif /* zone flags, see below */ unsigned long flags; /* Primarily protects free_area */ spinlock_t lock; /* Write-intensive fields used by compaction and vmstats. */ CACHELINE_PADDING(_pad2_); /* * When free pages are below this point, additional steps are taken * when reading the number of free pages to avoid per-cpu counter * drift allowing watermarks to be breached */ unsigned long percpu_drift_mark; #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* pfn where compaction free scanner should start */ unsigned long compact_cached_free_pfn; /* pfn where compaction migration scanner should start */ unsigned long compact_cached_migrate_pfn[ASYNC_AND_SYNC]; unsigned long compact_init_migrate_pfn; unsigned long compact_init_free_pfn; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION /* * On compaction failure, 1<<compact_defer_shift compactions * are skipped before trying again. The number attempted since * last failure is tracked with compact_considered. * compact_order_failed is the minimum compaction failed order. */ unsigned int compact_considered; unsigned int compact_defer_shift; int compact_order_failed; #endif #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* Set to true when the PG_migrate_skip bits should be cleared */ bool compact_blockskip_flush; #endif bool contiguous; CACHELINE_PADDING(_pad3_); /* Zone statistics */ atomic_long_t vm_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS]; atomic_long_t vm_numa_event[NR_VM_NUMA_EVENT_ITEMS]; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; enum pgdat_flags { PGDAT_DIRTY, /* reclaim scanning has recently found * many dirty file pages at the tail * of the LRU. */ PGDAT_WRITEBACK, /* reclaim scanning has recently found * many pages under writeback */ PGDAT_RECLAIM_LOCKED, /* prevents concurrent reclaim */ }; enum zone_flags { ZONE_BOOSTED_WATERMARK, /* zone recently boosted watermarks. * Cleared when kswapd is woken. */ ZONE_RECLAIM_ACTIVE, /* kswapd may be scanning the zone. */ ZONE_BELOW_HIGH, /* zone is below high watermark. */ }; static inline unsigned long zone_managed_pages(struct zone *zone) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&zone->managed_pages); } static inline unsigned long zone_cma_pages(struct zone *zone) { #ifdef CONFIG_CMA return zone->cma_pages; #else return 0; #endif } static inline unsigned long zone_end_pfn(const struct zone *zone) { return zone->zone_start_pfn + zone->spanned_pages; } static inline bool zone_spans_pfn(const struct zone *zone, unsigned long pfn) { return zone->zone_start_pfn <= pfn && pfn < zone_end_pfn(zone); } static inline bool zone_is_initialized(struct zone *zone) { return zone->initialized; } static inline bool zone_is_empty(struct zone *zone) { return zone->spanned_pages == 0; } #ifndef BUILD_VDSO32_64 /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) #define LRU_GEN_PGOFF (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF - LRU_GEN_WIDTH) #define LRU_REFS_PGOFF (LRU_GEN_PGOFF - LRU_REFS_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF) ? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF) ? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } static inline enum zone_type folio_zonenum(const struct folio *folio) { return page_zonenum(&folio->page); } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } /* * Consecutive zone device pages should not be merged into the same sgl * or bvec segment with other types of pages or if they belong to different * pgmaps. Otherwise getting the pgmap of a given segment is not possible * without scanning the entire segment. This helper returns true either if * both pages are not zone device pages or both pages are zone device pages * with the same pgmap. */ static inline bool zone_device_pages_have_same_pgmap(const struct page *a, const struct page *b) { if (is_zone_device_page(a) != is_zone_device_page(b)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(a)) return true; return a->pgmap == b->pgmap; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } static inline bool zone_device_pages_have_same_pgmap(const struct page *a, const struct page *b) { return true; } #endif static inline bool folio_is_zone_device(const struct folio *folio) { return is_zone_device_page(&folio->page); } static inline bool is_zone_movable_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_MOVABLE; } static inline bool folio_is_zone_movable(const struct folio *folio) { return folio_zonenum(folio) == ZONE_MOVABLE; } #endif /* * Return true if [start_pfn, start_pfn + nr_pages) range has a non-empty * intersection with the given zone */ static inline bool zone_intersects(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages) { if (zone_is_empty(zone)) return false; if (start_pfn >= zone_end_pfn(zone) || start_pfn + nr_pages <= zone->zone_start_pfn) return false; return true; } /* * The "priority" of VM scanning is how much of the queues we will scan in one * go. A value of 12 for DEF_PRIORITY implies that we will scan 1/4096th of the * queues ("queue_length >> 12") during an aging round. */ #define DEF_PRIORITY 12 /* Maximum number of zones on a zonelist */ #define MAX_ZONES_PER_ZONELIST (MAX_NUMNODES * MAX_NR_ZONES) enum { ZONELIST_FALLBACK, /* zonelist with fallback */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * The NUMA zonelists are doubled because we need zonelists that * restrict the allocations to a single node for __GFP_THISNODE. */ ZONELIST_NOFALLBACK, /* zonelist without fallback (__GFP_THISNODE) */ #endif MAX_ZONELISTS }; /* * This struct contains information about a zone in a zonelist. It is stored * here to avoid dereferences into large structures and lookups of tables */ struct zoneref { struct zone *zone; /* Pointer to actual zone */ int zone_idx; /* zone_idx(zoneref->zone) */ }; /* * One allocation request operates on a zonelist. A zonelist * is a list of zones, the first one is the 'goal' of the * allocation, the other zones are fallback zones, in decreasing * priority. * * To speed the reading of the zonelist, the zonerefs contain the zone index * of the entry being read. Helper functions to access information given * a struct zoneref are * * zonelist_zone() - Return the struct zone * for an entry in _zonerefs * zonelist_zone_idx() - Return the index of the zone for an entry * zonelist_node_idx() - Return the index of the node for an entry */ struct zonelist { struct zoneref _zonerefs[MAX_ZONES_PER_ZONELIST + 1]; }; /* * The array of struct pages for flatmem. * It must be declared for SPARSEMEM as well because there are configurations * that rely on that. */ extern struct page *mem_map; #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct deferred_split { spinlock_t split_queue_lock; struct list_head split_queue; unsigned long split_queue_len; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE /* * Per NUMA node memory failure handling statistics. */ struct memory_failure_stats { /* * Number of raw pages poisoned. * Cases not accounted: memory outside kernel control, offline page, * arch-specific memory_failure (SGX), hwpoison_filter() filtered * error events, and unpoison actions from hwpoison_unpoison. */ unsigned long total; /* * Recovery results of poisoned raw pages handled by memory_failure, * in sync with mf_result. * total = ignored + failed + delayed + recovered. * total * PAGE_SIZE * #nodes = /proc/meminfo/HardwareCorrupted. */ unsigned long ignored; unsigned long failed; unsigned long delayed; unsigned long recovered; }; #endif /* * On NUMA machines, each NUMA node would have a pg_data_t to describe * it's memory layout. On UMA machines there is a single pglist_data which * describes the whole memory. * * Memory statistics and page replacement data structures are maintained on a * per-zone basis. */ typedef struct pglist_data { /* * node_zones contains just the zones for THIS node. Not all of the * zones may be populated, but it is the full list. It is referenced by * this node's node_zonelists as well as other node's node_zonelists. */ struct zone node_zones[MAX_NR_ZONES]; /* * node_zonelists contains references to all zones in all nodes. * Generally the first zones will be references to this node's * node_zones. */ struct zonelist node_zonelists[MAX_ZONELISTS]; int nr_zones; /* number of populated zones in this node */ #ifdef CONFIG_FLATMEM /* means !SPARSEMEM */ struct page *node_mem_map; #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION struct page_ext *node_page_ext; #endif #endif #if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG) || defined(CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT) /* * Must be held any time you expect node_start_pfn, * node_present_pages, node_spanned_pages or nr_zones to stay constant. * Also synchronizes pgdat->first_deferred_pfn during deferred page * init. * * pgdat_resize_lock() and pgdat_resize_unlock() are provided to * manipulate node_size_lock without checking for CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG * or CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT. * * Nests above zone->lock and zone->span_seqlock */ spinlock_t node_size_lock; #endif unsigned long node_start_pfn; unsigned long node_present_pages; /* total number of physical pages */ unsigned long node_spanned_pages; /* total size of physical page range, including holes */ int node_id; wait_queue_head_t kswapd_wait; wait_queue_head_t pfmemalloc_wait; /* workqueues for throttling reclaim for different reasons. */ wait_queue_head_t reclaim_wait[NR_VMSCAN_THROTTLE]; atomic_t nr_writeback_throttled;/* nr of writeback-throttled tasks */ unsigned long nr_reclaim_start; /* nr pages written while throttled * when throttling started. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG struct mutex kswapd_lock; #endif struct task_struct *kswapd; /* Protected by kswapd_lock */ int kswapd_order; enum zone_type kswapd_highest_zoneidx; int kswapd_failures; /* Number of 'reclaimed == 0' runs */ #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION int kcompactd_max_order; enum zone_type kcompactd_highest_zoneidx; wait_queue_head_t kcompactd_wait; struct task_struct *kcompactd; bool proactive_compact_trigger; #endif /* * This is a per-node reserve of pages that are not available * to userspace allocations. */ unsigned long totalreserve_pages; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * node reclaim becomes active if more unmapped pages exist. */ unsigned long min_unmapped_pages; unsigned long min_slab_pages; #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ /* Write-intensive fields used by page reclaim */ CACHELINE_PADDING(_pad1_); #ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT /* * If memory initialisation on large machines is deferred then this * is the first PFN that needs to be initialised. */ unsigned long first_deferred_pfn; #endif /* CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct deferred_split deferred_split_queue; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* start time in ms of current promote rate limit period */ unsigned int nbp_rl_start; /* number of promote candidate pages at start time of current rate limit period */ unsigned long nbp_rl_nr_cand; /* promote threshold in ms */ unsigned int nbp_threshold; /* start time in ms of current promote threshold adjustment period */ unsigned int nbp_th_start; /* * number of promote candidate pages at start time of current promote * threshold adjustment period */ unsigned long nbp_th_nr_cand; #endif /* Fields commonly accessed by the page reclaim scanner */ /* * NOTE: THIS IS UNUSED IF MEMCG IS ENABLED. * * Use mem_cgroup_lruvec() to look up lruvecs. */ struct lruvec __lruvec; unsigned long flags; #ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN /* kswap mm walk data */ struct lru_gen_mm_walk mm_walk; /* lru_gen_folio list */ struct lru_gen_memcg memcg_lru; #endif CACHELINE_PADDING(_pad2_); /* Per-node vmstats */ struct per_cpu_nodestat __percpu *per_cpu_nodestats; atomic_long_t vm_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct memory_tier __rcu *memtier; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE struct memory_failure_stats mf_stats; #endif } pg_data_t; #define node_present_pages(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_present_pages) #define node_spanned_pages(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_spanned_pages) #define node_start_pfn(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_start_pfn) #define node_end_pfn(nid) pgdat_end_pfn(NODE_DATA(nid)) static inline unsigned long pgdat_end_pfn(pg_data_t *pgdat) { return pgdat->node_start_pfn + pgdat->node_spanned_pages; } #include <linux/memory_hotplug.h> void build_all_zonelists(pg_data_t *pgdat); void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx); bool __zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx, unsigned int alloc_flags, long free_pages); bool zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx, unsigned int alloc_flags); bool zone_watermark_ok_safe(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx); /* * Memory initialization context, use to differentiate memory added by * the platform statically or via memory hotplug interface. */ enum meminit_context { MEMINIT_EARLY, MEMINIT_HOTPLUG, }; extern void init_currently_empty_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long size); extern void lruvec_init(struct lruvec *lruvec); static inline struct pglist_data *lruvec_pgdat(struct lruvec *lruvec) { #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG return lruvec->pgdat; #else return container_of(lruvec, struct pglist_data, __lruvec); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES int local_memory_node(int node_id); #else static inline int local_memory_node(int node_id) { return node_id; }; #endif /* * zone_idx() returns 0 for the ZONE_DMA zone, 1 for the ZONE_NORMAL zone, etc. */ #define zone_idx(zone) ((zone) - (zone)->zone_pgdat->node_zones) #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool zone_is_zone_device(struct zone *zone) { return zone_idx(zone) == ZONE_DEVICE; } #else static inline bool zone_is_zone_device(struct zone *zone) { return false; } #endif /* * Returns true if a zone has pages managed by the buddy allocator. * All the reclaim decisions have to use this function rather than * populated_zone(). If the whole zone is reserved then we can easily * end up with populated_zone() && !managed_zone(). */ static inline bool managed_zone(struct zone *zone) { return zone_managed_pages(zone); } /* Returns true if a zone has memory */ static inline bool populated_zone(struct zone *zone) { return zone->present_pages; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline int zone_to_nid(struct zone *zone) { return zone->node; } static inline void zone_set_nid(struct zone *zone, int nid) { zone->node = nid; } #else static inline int zone_to_nid(struct zone *zone) { return 0; } static inline void zone_set_nid(struct zone *zone, int nid) {} #endif extern int movable_zone; static inline int is_highmem_idx(enum zone_type idx) { #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM return (idx == ZONE_HIGHMEM || (idx == ZONE_MOVABLE && movable_zone == ZONE_HIGHMEM)); #else return 0; #endif } /** * is_highmem - helper function to quickly check if a struct zone is a * highmem zone or not. This is an attempt to keep references * to ZONE_{DMA/NORMAL/HIGHMEM/etc} in general code to a minimum. * @zone: pointer to struct zone variable * Return: 1 for a highmem zone, 0 otherwise */ static inline int is_highmem(struct zone *zone) { return is_highmem_idx(zone_idx(zone)); } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA bool has_managed_dma(void); #else static inline bool has_managed_dma(void) { return false; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NUMA extern struct pglist_data contig_page_data; static inline struct pglist_data *NODE_DATA(int nid) { return &contig_page_data; } #else /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #include <asm/mmzone.h> #endif /* !CONFIG_NUMA */ extern struct pglist_data *first_online_pgdat(void); extern struct pglist_data *next_online_pgdat(struct pglist_data *pgdat); extern struct zone *next_zone(struct zone *zone); /** * for_each_online_pgdat - helper macro to iterate over all online nodes * @pgdat: pointer to a pg_data_t variable */ #define for_each_online_pgdat(pgdat) \ for (pgdat = first_online_pgdat(); \ pgdat; \ pgdat = next_online_pgdat(pgdat)) /** * for_each_zone - helper macro to iterate over all memory zones * @zone: pointer to struct zone variable * * The user only needs to declare the zone variable, for_each_zone * fills it in. */ #define for_each_zone(zone) \ for (zone = (first_online_pgdat())->node_zones; \ zone; \ zone = next_zone(zone)) #define for_each_populated_zone(zone) \ for (zone = (first_online_pgdat())->node_zones; \ zone; \ zone = next_zone(zone)) \ if (!populated_zone(zone)) \ ; /* do nothing */ \ else static inline struct zone *zonelist_zone(struct zoneref *zoneref) { return zoneref->zone; } static inline int zonelist_zone_idx(struct zoneref *zoneref) { return zoneref->zone_idx; } static inline int zonelist_node_idx(struct zoneref *zoneref) { return zone_to_nid(zoneref->zone); } struct zoneref *__next_zones_zonelist(struct zoneref *z, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx, nodemask_t *nodes); /** * next_zones_zonelist - Returns the next zone at or below highest_zoneidx within the allowed nodemask using a cursor within a zonelist as a starting point * @z: The cursor used as a starting point for the search * @highest_zoneidx: The zone index of the highest zone to return * @nodes: An optional nodemask to filter the zonelist with * * This function returns the next zone at or below a given zone index that is * within the allowed nodemask using a cursor as the starting point for the * search. The zoneref returned is a cursor that represents the current zone * being examined. It should be advanced by one before calling * next_zones_zonelist again. * * Return: the next zone at or below highest_zoneidx within the allowed * nodemask using a cursor within a zonelist as a starting point */ static __always_inline struct zoneref *next_zones_zonelist(struct zoneref *z, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx, nodemask_t *nodes) { if (likely(!nodes && zonelist_zone_idx(z) <= highest_zoneidx)) return z; return __next_zones_zonelist(z, highest_zoneidx, nodes); } /** * first_zones_zonelist - Returns the first zone at or below highest_zoneidx within the allowed nodemask in a zonelist * @zonelist: The zonelist to search for a suitable zone * @highest_zoneidx: The zone index of the highest zone to return * @nodes: An optional nodemask to filter the zonelist with * * This function returns the first zone at or below a given zone index that is * within the allowed nodemask. The zoneref returned is a cursor that can be * used to iterate the zonelist with next_zones_zonelist by advancing it by * one before calling. * * When no eligible zone is found, zoneref->zone is NULL (zoneref itself is * never NULL). This may happen either genuinely, or due to concurrent nodemask * update due to cpuset modification. * * Return: Zoneref pointer for the first suitable zone found */ static inline struct zoneref *first_zones_zonelist(struct zonelist *zonelist, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx, nodemask_t *nodes) { return next_zones_zonelist(zonelist->_zonerefs, highest_zoneidx, nodes); } /** * for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask - helper macro to iterate over valid zones in a zonelist at or below a given zone index and within a nodemask * @zone: The current zone in the iterator * @z: The current pointer within zonelist->_zonerefs being iterated * @zlist: The zonelist being iterated * @highidx: The zone index of the highest zone to return * @nodemask: Nodemask allowed by the allocator * * This iterator iterates though all zones at or below a given zone index and * within a given nodemask */ #define for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zlist, highidx, nodemask) \ for (z = first_zones_zonelist(zlist, highidx, nodemask), zone = zonelist_zone(z); \ zone; \ z = next_zones_zonelist(++z, highidx, nodemask), \ zone = zonelist_zone(z)) #define for_next_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, highidx, nodemask) \ for (zone = z->zone; \ zone; \ z = next_zones_zonelist(++z, highidx, nodemask), \ zone = zonelist_zone(z)) /** * for_each_zone_zonelist - helper macro to iterate over valid zones in a zonelist at or below a given zone index * @zone: The current zone in the iterator * @z: The current pointer within zonelist->zones being iterated * @zlist: The zonelist being iterated * @highidx: The zone index of the highest zone to return * * This iterator iterates though all zones at or below a given zone index. */ #define for_each_zone_zonelist(zone, z, zlist, highidx) \ for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zlist, highidx, NULL) /* Whether the 'nodes' are all movable nodes */ static inline bool movable_only_nodes(nodemask_t *nodes) { struct zonelist *zonelist; struct zoneref *z; int nid; if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return false; /* * We can chose arbitrary node from the nodemask to get a * zonelist as they are interlinked. We just need to find * at least one zone that can satisfy kernel allocations. */ nid = first_node(*nodes); zonelist = &NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zonelists[ZONELIST_FALLBACK]; z = first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, ZONE_NORMAL, nodes); return (!z->zone) ? true : false; } #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM #include <asm/sparsemem.h> #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FLATMEM #define pfn_to_nid(pfn) (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM /* * PA_SECTION_SHIFT physical address to/from section number * PFN_SECTION_SHIFT pfn to/from section number */ #define PA_SECTION_SHIFT (SECTION_SIZE_BITS) #define PFN_SECTION_SHIFT (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT) #define NR_MEM_SECTIONS (1UL << SECTIONS_SHIFT) #define PAGES_PER_SECTION (1UL << PFN_SECTION_SHIFT) #define PAGE_SECTION_MASK (~(PAGES_PER_SECTION-1)) #define SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS \ ((1UL << (PFN_SECTION_SHIFT - pageblock_order)) * NR_PAGEBLOCK_BITS) #if (MAX_PAGE_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT) > SECTION_SIZE_BITS #error Allocator MAX_PAGE_ORDER exceeds SECTION_SIZE #endif static inline unsigned long pfn_to_section_nr(unsigned long pfn) { return pfn >> PFN_SECTION_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec) { return sec << PFN_SECTION_SHIFT; } #define SECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn) (((pfn) + PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK) #define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK) #define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21 #define SUBSECTION_SIZE (1UL << SUBSECTION_SHIFT) #define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) #define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT) #define PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK (~(PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION-1)) #if SUBSECTION_SHIFT > SECTION_SIZE_BITS #error Subsection size exceeds section size #else #define SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION (1UL << (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - SUBSECTION_SHIFT)) #endif #define SUBSECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn) ALIGN((pfn), PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION) #define SUBSECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK) struct mem_section_usage { struct rcu_head rcu; #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION); #endif /* See declaration of similar field in struct zone */ unsigned long pageblock_flags[0]; }; void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages); struct page; struct page_ext; struct mem_section { /* * This is, logically, a pointer to an array of struct * pages. However, it is stored with some other magic. * (see sparse.c::sparse_init_one_section()) * * Additionally during early boot we encode node id of * the location of the section here to guide allocation. * (see sparse.c::memory_present()) * * Making it a UL at least makes someone do a cast * before using it wrong. */ unsigned long section_mem_map; struct mem_section_usage *usage; #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION /* * If SPARSEMEM, pgdat doesn't have page_ext pointer. We use * section. (see page_ext.h about this.) */ struct page_ext *page_ext; unsigned long pad; #endif /* * WARNING: mem_section must be a power-of-2 in size for the * calculation and use of SECTION_ROOT_MASK to make sense. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME #define SECTIONS_PER_ROOT (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof (struct mem_section)) #else #define SECTIONS_PER_ROOT 1 #endif #define SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(sec) ((sec) / SECTIONS_PER_ROOT) #define NR_SECTION_ROOTS DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_MEM_SECTIONS, SECTIONS_PER_ROOT) #define SECTION_ROOT_MASK (SECTIONS_PER_ROOT - 1) #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME extern struct mem_section **mem_section; #else extern struct mem_section mem_section[NR_SECTION_ROOTS][SECTIONS_PER_ROOT]; #endif static inline unsigned long *section_to_usemap(struct mem_section *ms) { return ms->usage->pageblock_flags; } static inline struct mem_section *__nr_to_section(unsigned long nr) { unsigned long root = SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(nr); if (unlikely(root >= NR_SECTION_ROOTS)) return NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME if (!mem_section || !mem_section[root]) return NULL; #endif return &mem_section[root][nr & SECTION_ROOT_MASK]; } extern size_t mem_section_usage_size(void); /* * We use the lower bits of the mem_map pointer to store * a little bit of information. The pointer is calculated * as mem_map - section_nr_to_pfn(pnum). The result is * aligned to the minimum alignment of the two values: * 1. All mem_map arrays are page-aligned. * 2. section_nr_to_pfn() always clears PFN_SECTION_SHIFT * lowest bits. PFN_SECTION_SHIFT is arch-specific * (equal SECTION_SIZE_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT), and the * worst combination is powerpc with 256k pages, * which results in PFN_SECTION_SHIFT equal 6. * To sum it up, at least 6 bits are available on all architectures. * However, we can exceed 6 bits on some other architectures except * powerpc (e.g. 15 bits are available on x86_64, 13 bits are available * with the worst case of 64K pages on arm64) if we make sure the * exceeded bit is not applicable to powerpc. */ enum { SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT_BIT, SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP_BIT, SECTION_IS_ONLINE_BIT, SECTION_IS_EARLY_BIT, #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE_BIT, #endif SECTION_MAP_LAST_BIT, }; #define SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT BIT(SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT_BIT) #define SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP BIT(SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP_BIT) #define SECTION_IS_ONLINE BIT(SECTION_IS_ONLINE_BIT) #define SECTION_IS_EARLY BIT(SECTION_IS_EARLY_BIT) #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE #define SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE BIT(SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE_BIT) #endif #define SECTION_MAP_MASK (~(BIT(SECTION_MAP_LAST_BIT) - 1)) #define SECTION_NID_SHIFT SECTION_MAP_LAST_BIT static inline struct page *__section_mem_map_addr(struct mem_section *section) { unsigned long map = section->section_mem_map; map &= SECTION_MAP_MASK; return (struct page *)map; } static inline int present_section(struct mem_section *section) { return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT)); } static inline int present_section_nr(unsigned long nr) { return present_section(__nr_to_section(nr)); } static inline int valid_section(struct mem_section *section) { return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP)); } static inline int early_section(struct mem_section *section) { return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_IS_EARLY)); } static inline int valid_section_nr(unsigned long nr) { return valid_section(__nr_to_section(nr)); } static inline int online_section(struct mem_section *section) { return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_IS_ONLINE)); } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline int online_device_section(struct mem_section *section) { unsigned long flags = SECTION_IS_ONLINE | SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE; return section && ((section->section_mem_map & flags) == flags); } #else static inline int online_device_section(struct mem_section *section) { return 0; } #endif static inline int online_section_nr(unsigned long nr) { return online_section(__nr_to_section(nr)); } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void online_mem_sections(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); void offline_mem_sections(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); #endif static inline struct mem_section *__pfn_to_section(unsigned long pfn) { return __nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); } extern unsigned long __highest_present_section_nr; static inline int subsection_map_index(unsigned long pfn) { return (pfn & ~(PAGE_SECTION_MASK)) / PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION; } #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn) { int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn); return test_bit(idx, READ_ONCE(ms->usage)->subsection_map); } #else static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn) { return 1; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID /** * pfn_valid - check if there is a valid memory map entry for a PFN * @pfn: the page frame number to check * * Check if there is a valid memory map entry aka struct page for the @pfn. * Note, that availability of the memory map entry does not imply that * there is actual usable memory at that @pfn. The struct page may * represent a hole or an unusable page frame. * * Return: 1 for PFNs that have memory map entries and 0 otherwise */ static inline int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn) { struct mem_section *ms; int ret; /* * Ensure the upper PAGE_SHIFT bits are clear in the * pfn. Else it might lead to false positives when * some of the upper bits are set, but the lower bits * match a valid pfn. */ if (PHYS_PFN(PFN_PHYS(pfn)) != pfn) return 0; if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS) return 0; ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn); rcu_read_lock_sched(); if (!valid_section(ms)) { rcu_read_unlock_sched(); return 0; } /* * Traditionally early sections always returned pfn_valid() for * the entire section-sized span. */ ret = early_section(ms) || pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn); rcu_read_unlock_sched(); return ret; } #endif static inline int pfn_in_present_section(unsigned long pfn) { if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS) return 0; return present_section(__pfn_to_section(pfn)); } static inline unsigned long next_present_section_nr(unsigned long section_nr) { while (++section_nr <= __highest_present_section_nr) { if (present_section_nr(section_nr)) return section_nr; } return -1; } /* * These are _only_ used during initialisation, therefore they * can use __initdata ... They could have names to indicate * this restriction. */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA #define pfn_to_nid(pfn) \ ({ \ unsigned long __pfn_to_nid_pfn = (pfn); \ page_to_nid(pfn_to_page(__pfn_to_nid_pfn)); \ }) #else #define pfn_to_nid(pfn) (0) #endif void sparse_init(void); #else #define sparse_init() do {} while (0) #define sparse_index_init(_sec, _nid) do {} while (0) #define pfn_in_present_section pfn_valid #define subsection_map_init(_pfn, _nr_pages) do {} while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS.H */ #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MMZONE_H */
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1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #define _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <asm/pgtable.h> #define PMD_ORDER (PMD_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) #define PUD_ORDER (PUD_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> #include <linux/page_table_check.h> #if 5 - defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) - defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) - \ defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) != CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS #error CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS is not consistent with __PAGETABLE_{P4D,PUD,PMD}_FOLDED #endif /* * On almost all architectures and configurations, 0 can be used as the * upper ceiling to free_pgtables(): on many architectures it has the same * effect as using TASK_SIZE. However, there is one configuration which * must impose a more careful limit, to avoid freeing kernel pgtables. */ #ifndef USER_PGTABLES_CEILING #define USER_PGTABLES_CEILING 0UL #endif /* * This defines the first usable user address. Platforms * can override its value with custom FIRST_USER_ADDRESS * defined in their respective <asm/pgtable.h>. */ #ifndef FIRST_USER_ADDRESS #define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS 0UL #endif /* * This defines the generic helper for accessing PMD page * table page. Although platforms can still override this * via their respective <asm/pgtable.h>. */ #ifndef pmd_pgtable #define pmd_pgtable(pmd) pmd_page(pmd) #endif /* * A page table page can be thought of an array like this: pXd_t[PTRS_PER_PxD] * * The pXx_index() functions return the index of the entry in the page * table page which would control the given virtual address * * As these functions may be used by the same code for different levels of * the page table folding, they are always available, regardless of * CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS value. For the folded levels they simply return 0 * because in such cases PTRS_PER_PxD equals 1. */ static inline unsigned long pte_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); } #ifndef pmd_index static inline unsigned long pmd_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1); } #define pmd_index pmd_index #endif #ifndef pud_index static inline unsigned long pud_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PUD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PUD - 1); } #define pud_index pud_index #endif #ifndef pgd_index /* Must be a compile-time constant, so implement it as a macro */ #define pgd_index(a) (((a) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD - 1)) #endif #ifndef pte_offset_kernel static inline pte_t *pte_offset_kernel(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { return (pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd) + pte_index(address); } #define pte_offset_kernel pte_offset_kernel #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHPTE #define __pte_map(pmd, address) \ ((pte_t *)kmap_local_page(pmd_page(*(pmd))) + pte_index((address))) #define pte_unmap(pte) do { \ kunmap_local((pte)); \ rcu_read_unlock(); \ } while (0) #else static inline pte_t *__pte_map(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { return pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); } static inline void pte_unmap(pte_t *pte) { rcu_read_unlock(); } #endif void pte_free_defer(struct mm_struct *mm, pgtable_t pgtable); /* Find an entry in the second-level page table.. */ #ifndef pmd_offset static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return pud_pgtable(*pud) + pmd_index(address); } #define pmd_offset pmd_offset #endif #ifndef pud_offset static inline pud_t *pud_offset(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return p4d_pgtable(*p4d) + pud_index(address); } #define pud_offset pud_offset #endif static inline pgd_t *pgd_offset_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (pgd + pgd_index(address)); }; /* * a shortcut to get a pgd_t in a given mm */ #ifndef pgd_offset #define pgd_offset(mm, address) pgd_offset_pgd((mm)->pgd, (address)) #endif /* * a shortcut which implies the use of the kernel's pgd, instead * of a process's */ #ifndef pgd_offset_k #define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, (address)) #endif /* * In many cases it is known that a virtual address is mapped at PMD or PTE * level, so instead of traversing all the page table levels, we can get a * pointer to the PMD entry in user or kernel page table or translate a virtual * address to the pointer in the PTE in the kernel page tables with simple * helpers. */ static inline pmd_t *pmd_off(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset(mm, va), va), va), va); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_off_k(unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset_k(va), va), va), va); } static inline pte_t *virt_to_kpte(unsigned long vaddr) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_off_k(vaddr); return pmd_none(*pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr); } #ifndef pmd_young static inline int pmd_young(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef pmd_dirty static inline int pmd_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif /* * A facility to provide lazy MMU batching. This allows PTE updates and * page invalidations to be delayed until a call to leave lazy MMU mode * is issued. Some architectures may benefit from doing this, and it is * beneficial for both shadow and direct mode hypervisors, which may batch * the PTE updates which happen during this window. Note that using this * interface requires that read hazards be removed from the code. A read * hazard could result in the direct mode hypervisor case, since the actual * write to the page tables may not yet have taken place, so reads though * a raw PTE pointer after it has been modified are not guaranteed to be * up to date. This mode can only be entered and left under the protection of * the page table locks for all page tables which may be modified. In the UP * case, this is required so that preemption is disabled, and in the SMP case, * it must synchronize the delayed page table writes properly on other CPUs. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE #define arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #endif #ifndef pte_batch_hint /** * pte_batch_hint - Number of pages that can be added to batch without scanning. * @ptep: Page table pointer for the entry. * @pte: Page table entry. * * Some architectures know that a set of contiguous ptes all map the same * contiguous memory with the same permissions. In this case, it can provide a * hint to aid pte batching without the core code needing to scan every pte. * * An architecture implementation may ignore the PTE accessed state. Further, * the dirty state must apply atomically to all the PTEs described by the hint. * * May be overridden by the architecture, else pte_batch_hint is always 1. */ static inline unsigned int pte_batch_hint(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { return 1; } #endif #ifndef pte_advance_pfn static inline pte_t pte_advance_pfn(pte_t pte, unsigned long nr) { return __pte(pte_val(pte) + (nr << PFN_PTE_SHIFT)); } #endif #define pte_next_pfn(pte) pte_advance_pfn(pte, 1) #ifndef set_ptes /** * set_ptes - Map consecutive pages to a contiguous range of addresses. * @mm: Address space to map the pages into. * @addr: Address to map the first page at. * @ptep: Page table pointer for the first entry. * @pte: Page table entry for the first page. * @nr: Number of pages to map. * * When nr==1, initial state of pte may be present or not present, and new state * may be present or not present. When nr>1, initial state of all ptes must be * not present, and new state must be present. * * May be overridden by the architecture, or the architecture can define * set_pte() and PFN_PTE_SHIFT. * * Context: The caller holds the page table lock. The pages all belong * to the same folio. The PTEs are all in the same PMD. */ static inline void set_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte, unsigned int nr) { page_table_check_ptes_set(mm, ptep, pte, nr); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); for (;;) { set_pte(ptep, pte); if (--nr == 0) break; ptep++; pte = pte_next_pfn(pte); } arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); } #endif #define set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, pte) set_ptes(mm, addr, ptep, pte, 1) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #else static inline int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } static inline int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef ptep_get static inline pte_t ptep_get(pte_t *ptep) { return READ_ONCE(*ptep); } #endif #ifndef pmdp_get static inline pmd_t pmdp_get(pmd_t *pmdp) { return READ_ONCE(*pmdp); } #endif #ifndef pudp_get static inline pud_t pudp_get(pud_t *pudp) { return READ_ONCE(*pudp); } #endif #ifndef p4dp_get static inline p4d_t p4dp_get(p4d_t *p4dp) { return READ_ONCE(*p4dp); } #endif #ifndef pgdp_get static inline pgd_t pgdp_get(pgd_t *pgdp) { return READ_ONCE(*pgdp); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG static inline int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = ptep_get(ptep); int r = 1; if (!pte_young(pte)) r = 0; else set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, address, ptep, pte_mkold(pte)); return r; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG) static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; int r = 1; if (!pmd_young(pmd)) r = 0; else set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd_mkold(pmd)); return r; } #else static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else /* * Despite relevant to THP only, this API is called from generic rmap code * under PageTransHuge(), hence needs a dummy implementation for !THP */ static inline int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef arch_has_hw_nonleaf_pmd_young /* * Return whether the accessed bit in non-leaf PMD entries is supported on the * local CPU. */ static inline bool arch_has_hw_nonleaf_pmd_young(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG); } #endif #ifndef arch_has_hw_pte_young /* * Return whether the accessed bit is supported on the local CPU. * * This stub assumes accessing through an old PTE triggers a page fault. * Architectures that automatically set the access bit should overwrite it. */ static inline bool arch_has_hw_pte_young(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_HW_PTE_YOUNG); } #endif #ifndef arch_check_zapped_pte static inline void arch_check_zapped_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pte_t pte) { } #endif #ifndef arch_check_zapped_pmd static inline void arch_check_zapped_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t pmd) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = ptep_get(ptep); pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); page_table_check_pte_clear(mm, pte); return pte; } #endif static inline void ptep_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep); } #ifdef CONFIG_GUP_GET_PXX_LOW_HIGH /* * For walking the pagetables without holding any locks. Some architectures * (eg x86-32 PAE) cannot load the entries atomically without using expensive * instructions. We are guaranteed that a PTE will only either go from not * present to present, or present to not present -- it will not switch to a * completely different present page without a TLB flush inbetween; which we * are blocking by holding interrupts off. * * Setting ptes from not present to present goes: * * ptep->pte_high = h; * smp_wmb(); * ptep->pte_low = l; * * And present to not present goes: * * ptep->pte_low = 0; * smp_wmb(); * ptep->pte_high = 0; * * We must ensure here that the load of pte_low sees 'l' IFF pte_high sees 'h'. * We load pte_high *after* loading pte_low, which ensures we don't see an older * value of pte_high. *Then* we recheck pte_low, which ensures that we haven't * picked up a changed pte high. We might have gotten rubbish values from * pte_low and pte_high, but we are guaranteed that pte_low will not have the * present bit set *unless* it is 'l'. Because get_user_pages_fast() only * operates on present ptes we're safe. */ static inline pte_t ptep_get_lockless(pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte; do { pte.pte_low = ptep->pte_low; smp_rmb(); pte.pte_high = ptep->pte_high; smp_rmb(); } while (unlikely(pte.pte_low != ptep->pte_low)); return pte; } #define ptep_get_lockless ptep_get_lockless #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 static inline pmd_t pmdp_get_lockless(pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd; do { pmd.pmd_low = pmdp->pmd_low; smp_rmb(); pmd.pmd_high = pmdp->pmd_high; smp_rmb(); } while (unlikely(pmd.pmd_low != pmdp->pmd_low)); return pmd; } #define pmdp_get_lockless pmdp_get_lockless #define pmdp_get_lockless_sync() tlb_remove_table_sync_one() #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #endif /* CONFIG_GUP_GET_PXX_LOW_HIGH */ /* * We require that the PTE can be read atomically. */ #ifndef ptep_get_lockless static inline pte_t ptep_get_lockless(pte_t *ptep) { return ptep_get(ptep); } #endif #ifndef pmdp_get_lockless static inline pmd_t pmdp_get_lockless(pmd_t *pmdp) { return pmdp_get(pmdp); } static inline void pmdp_get_lockless_sync(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; pmd_clear(pmdp); page_table_check_pmd_clear(mm, pmd); return pmd; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t pud = *pudp; pud_clear(pudp); page_table_check_pud_clear(mm, pud); return pud; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, int full) { return pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, int full) { return pudp_huge_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, pudp); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { return ptep_get_and_clear(mm, address, ptep); } #endif #ifndef get_and_clear_full_ptes /** * get_and_clear_full_ptes - Clear present PTEs that map consecutive pages of * the same folio, collecting dirty/accessed bits. * @mm: Address space the pages are mapped into. * @addr: Address the first page is mapped at. * @ptep: Page table pointer for the first entry. * @nr: Number of entries to clear. * @full: Whether we are clearing a full mm. * * May be overridden by the architecture; otherwise, implemented as a simple * loop over ptep_get_and_clear_full(), merging dirty/accessed bits into the * returned PTE. * * Note that PTE bits in the PTE range besides the PFN can differ. For example, * some PTEs might be write-protected. * * Context: The caller holds the page table lock. The PTEs map consecutive * pages that belong to the same folio. The PTEs are all in the same PMD. */ static inline pte_t get_and_clear_full_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, unsigned int nr, int full) { pte_t pte, tmp_pte; pte = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, ptep, full); while (--nr) { ptep++; addr += PAGE_SIZE; tmp_pte = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, ptep, full); if (pte_dirty(tmp_pte)) pte = pte_mkdirty(pte); if (pte_young(tmp_pte)) pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); } return pte; } #endif #ifndef clear_full_ptes /** * clear_full_ptes - Clear present PTEs that map consecutive pages of the same * folio. * @mm: Address space the pages are mapped into. * @addr: Address the first page is mapped at. * @ptep: Page table pointer for the first entry. * @nr: Number of entries to clear. * @full: Whether we are clearing a full mm. * * May be overridden by the architecture; otherwise, implemented as a simple * loop over ptep_get_and_clear_full(). * * Note that PTE bits in the PTE range besides the PFN can differ. For example, * some PTEs might be write-protected. * * Context: The caller holds the page table lock. The PTEs map consecutive * pages that belong to the same folio. The PTEs are all in the same PMD. */ static inline void clear_full_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, unsigned int nr, int full) { for (;;) { ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, ptep, full); if (--nr == 0) break; ptep++; addr += PAGE_SIZE; } } #endif /* * If two threads concurrently fault at the same page, the thread that * won the race updates the PTE and its local TLB/Cache. The other thread * gives up, simply does nothing, and continues; on architectures where * software can update TLB, local TLB can be updated here to avoid next page * fault. This function updates TLB only, do nothing with cache or others. * It is the difference with function update_mmu_cache. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB static inline void update_mmu_tlb(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { } #define __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB #endif /* * Some architectures may be able to avoid expensive synchronization * primitives when modifications are made to PTE's which are already * not present, or in the process of an address space destruction. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_CLEAR_NOT_PRESENT_FULL static inline void pte_clear_not_present_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pte_t ptep_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pmd_t pmdp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); extern pud_t pudp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp); #endif #ifndef pte_mkwrite static inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return pte_mkwrite_novma(pte); } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_PMD_MKWRITE) && !defined(pmd_mkwrite) static inline pmd_t pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return pmd_mkwrite_novma(pmd); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT struct mm_struct; static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t old_pte = ptep_get(ptep); set_pte_at(mm, address, ptep, pte_wrprotect(old_pte)); } #endif #ifndef wrprotect_ptes /** * wrprotect_ptes - Write-protect PTEs that map consecutive pages of the same * folio. * @mm: Address space the pages are mapped into. * @addr: Address the first page is mapped at. * @ptep: Page table pointer for the first entry. * @nr: Number of entries to write-protect. * * May be overridden by the architecture; otherwise, implemented as a simple * loop over ptep_set_wrprotect(). * * Note that PTE bits in the PTE range besides the PFN can differ. For example, * some PTEs might be write-protected. * * Context: The caller holds the page table lock. The PTEs map consecutive * pages that belong to the same folio. The PTEs are all in the same PMD. */ static inline void wrprotect_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, unsigned int nr) { for (;;) { ptep_set_wrprotect(mm, addr, ptep); if (--nr == 0) break; ptep++; addr += PAGE_SIZE; } } #endif /* * On some architectures hardware does not set page access bit when accessing * memory page, it is responsibility of software setting this bit. It brings * out extra page fault penalty to track page access bit. For optimization page * access bit can be set during all page fault flow on these arches. * To be differentiate with macro pte_mkyoung, this macro is used on platforms * where software maintains page access bit. */ #ifndef pte_sw_mkyoung static inline pte_t pte_sw_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #define pte_sw_mkyoung pte_sw_mkyoung #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(mm, address, pmdp, pmd_wrprotect(old_pmd)); } #else static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t old_pud = *pudp; set_pud_at(mm, address, pudp, pud_wrprotect(old_pud)); } #else static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD */ #endif #ifndef pmdp_collapse_flush #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else static inline pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return *pmdp; } #define pmdp_collapse_flush pmdp_collapse_flush #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_DEPOSIT extern void pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp, pgtable_t pgtable); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_WITHDRAW extern pgtable_t pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifndef arch_needs_pgtable_deposit #define arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() (false) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * This is an implementation of pmdp_establish() that is only suitable for an * architecture that doesn't have hardware dirty/accessed bits. In this case we * can't race with CPU which sets these bits and non-atomic approach is fine. */ static inline pmd_t generic_pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd); return old_pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_INVALIDATE extern pmd_t pmdp_invalidate(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_INVALIDATE_AD /* * pmdp_invalidate_ad() invalidates the PMD while changing a transparent * hugepage mapping in the page tables. This function is similar to * pmdp_invalidate(), but should only be used if the access and dirty bits would * not be cleared by the software in the new PMD value. The function ensures * that hardware changes of the access and dirty bits updates would not be lost. * * Doing so can allow in certain architectures to avoid a TLB flush in most * cases. Yet, another TLB flush might be necessary later if the PMD update * itself requires such flush (e.g., if protection was set to be stricter). Yet, * even when a TLB flush is needed because of the update, the caller may be able * to batch these TLB flushing operations, so fewer TLB flush operations are * needed. */ extern pmd_t pmdp_invalidate_ad(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t pte_a, pte_t pte_b) { return pte_val(pte_a) == pte_val(pte_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_UNUSED /* * Some architectures provide facilities to virtualization guests * so that they can flag allocated pages as unused. This allows the * host to transparently reclaim unused pages. This function returns * whether the pte's page is unused. */ static inline int pte_unused(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef pte_access_permitted #define pte_access_permitted(pte, write) \ (pte_present(pte) && (!(write) || pte_write(pte))) #endif #ifndef pmd_access_permitted #define pmd_access_permitted(pmd, write) \ (pmd_present(pmd) && (!(write) || pmd_write(pmd))) #endif #ifndef pud_access_permitted #define pud_access_permitted(pud, write) \ (pud_present(pud) && (!(write) || pud_write(pud))) #endif #ifndef p4d_access_permitted #define p4d_access_permitted(p4d, write) \ (p4d_present(p4d) && (!(write) || p4d_write(p4d))) #endif #ifndef pgd_access_permitted #define pgd_access_permitted(pgd, write) \ (pgd_present(pgd) && (!(write) || pgd_write(pgd))) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_SAME static inline int pmd_same(pmd_t pmd_a, pmd_t pmd_b) { return pmd_val(pmd_a) == pmd_val(pmd_b); } #endif #ifndef pud_same static inline int pud_same(pud_t pud_a, pud_t pud_b) { return pud_val(pud_a) == pud_val(pud_b); } #define pud_same pud_same #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_P4D_SAME static inline int p4d_same(p4d_t p4d_a, p4d_t p4d_b) { return p4d_val(p4d_a) == p4d_val(p4d_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_SAME static inline int pgd_same(pgd_t pgd_a, pgd_t pgd_b) { return pgd_val(pgd_a) == pgd_val(pgd_b); } #endif /* * Use set_p*_safe(), and elide TLB flushing, when confident that *no* * TLB flush will be required as a result of the "set". For example, use * in scenarios where it is known ahead of time that the routine is * setting non-present entries, or re-setting an existing entry to the * same value. Otherwise, use the typical "set" helpers and flush the * TLB. */ #define set_pte_safe(ptep, pte) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pte_present(*ptep) && !pte_same(*ptep, pte)); \ set_pte(ptep, pte); \ }) #define set_pmd_safe(pmdp, pmd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_present(*pmdp) && !pmd_same(*pmdp, pmd)); \ set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); \ }) #define set_pud_safe(pudp, pud) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_present(*pudp) && !pud_same(*pudp, pud)); \ set_pud(pudp, pud); \ }) #define set_p4d_safe(p4dp, p4d) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(p4d_present(*p4dp) && !p4d_same(*p4dp, p4d)); \ set_p4d(p4dp, p4d); \ }) #define set_pgd_safe(pgdp, pgd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pgd_present(*pgdp) && !pgd_same(*pgdp, pgd)); \ set_pgd(pgdp, pgd); \ }) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_DO_SWAP_PAGE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_do_swap_page() can restore this * metadata when a page is swapped back in. */ static inline void arch_do_swap_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, pte_t oldpte) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UNMAP_ONE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_unmap_one() can save this * metadata on a swap-out of a page. */ static inline int arch_unmap_one(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t orig_pte) { return 0; } #endif /* * Allow architectures to preserve additional metadata associated with * swapped-out pages. The corresponding __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_* macros and function * prototypes must be defined in the arch-specific asm/pgtable.h file. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PREPARE_TO_SWAP static inline int arch_prepare_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_INVALIDATE static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_page(int type, pgoff_t offset) { } static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_area(int type) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_RESTORE static inline void arch_swap_restore(swp_entry_t entry, struct folio *folio) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_OFFSET_GATE #define pgd_offset_gate(mm, addr) pgd_offset(mm, addr) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MOVE_PTE #define move_pte(pte, prot, old_addr, new_addr) (pte) #endif #ifndef pte_accessible # define pte_accessible(mm, pte) ((void)(pte), 1) #endif #ifndef flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address, ptep) flush_tlb_page(vma, address) #endif /* * When walking page tables, get the address of the next boundary, * or the end address of the range if that comes earlier. Although no * vma end wraps to 0, rounded up __boundary may wrap to 0 throughout. */ #define pgd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PGDIR_SIZE) & PGDIR_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #ifndef p4d_addr_end #define p4d_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + P4D_SIZE) & P4D_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pud_addr_end #define pud_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pmd_addr_end #define pmd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif /* * When walking page tables, we usually want to skip any p?d_none entries; * and any p?d_bad entries - reporting the error before resetting to none. * Do the tests inline, but report and clear the bad entry in mm/memory.c. */ void pgd_clear_bad(pgd_t *); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED void p4d_clear_bad(p4d_t *); #else #define p4d_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED void pud_clear_bad(pud_t *); #else #define pud_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif void pmd_clear_bad(pmd_t *); static inline int pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd_t *pgd) { if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) { pgd_clear_bad(pgd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d_t *p4d) { if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return 1; if (unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) { p4d_clear_bad(p4d); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { if (pud_none(*pud)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { if (pmd_none(*pmd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline pte_t __ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { /* * Get the current pte state, but zero it out to make it * non-present, preventing the hardware from asynchronously * updating it. */ return ptep_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep); } static inline void __ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { /* * The pte is non-present, so there's no hardware state to * preserve. */ set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep, pte); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION /* * Start a pte protection read-modify-write transaction, which * protects against asynchronous hardware modifications to the pte. * The intention is not to prevent the hardware from making pte * updates, but to prevent any updates it may make from being lost. * * This does not protect against other software modifications of the * pte; the appropriate pte lock must be held over the transaction. * * Note that this interface is intended to be batchable, meaning that * ptep_modify_prot_commit may not actually update the pte, but merely * queue the update to be done at some later time. The update must be * actually committed before the pte lock is released, however. */ static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { return __ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, addr, ptep); } /* * Commit an update to a pte, leaving any hardware-controlled bits in * the PTE unmodified. */ static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { __ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, addr, ptep, pte); } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ /* * No-op macros that just return the current protection value. Defined here * because these macros can be used even if CONFIG_MMU is not defined. */ #ifndef pgprot_nx #define pgprot_nx(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_noncached #define pgprot_noncached(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_writecombine #define pgprot_writecombine pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_writethrough #define pgprot_writethrough pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_device #define pgprot_device pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_mhp #define pgprot_mhp(prot) (prot) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef pgprot_modify #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_noncached(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_noncached(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_writecombine(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_writecombine(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_device(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_device(newprot); return newprot; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifndef pgprot_encrypted #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_decrypted #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) (prot) #endif /* * A facility to provide batching of the reload of page tables and * other process state with the actual context switch code for * paravirtualized guests. By convention, only one of the batched * update (lazy) modes (CPU, MMU) should be active at any given time, * entry should never be nested, and entry and exits should always be * paired. This is for sanity of maintaining and reasoning about the * kernel code. In this case, the exit (end of the context switch) is * in architecture-specific code, and so doesn't need a generic * definition. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH #define arch_start_context_switch(prev) do {} while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_PFNMAP_TRACKING /* * Interfaces that can be used by architecture code to keep track of * memory type of pfn mappings specified by the remap_pfn_range, * vmf_insert_pfn. */ /* * track_pfn_remap is called when a _new_ pfn mapping is being established * by remap_pfn_range() for physical range indicated by pfn and size. */ static inline int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { return 0; } /* * track_pfn_insert is called when a _new_ single pfn is established * by vmf_insert_pfn(). */ static inline void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn) { } /* * track_pfn_copy is called when vma that is covering the pfnmap gets * copied through copy_page_range(). */ static inline int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return 0; } /* * untrack_pfn is called while unmapping a pfnmap for a region. * untrack can be called for a specific region indicated by pfn and size or * can be for the entire vma (in which case pfn, size are zero). */ static inline void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, bool mm_wr_locked) { } /* * untrack_pfn_clear is called while mremapping a pfnmap for a new region * or fails to copy pgtable during duplicate vm area. */ static inline void untrack_pfn_clear(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #else extern int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn); extern int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, bool mm_wr_locked); extern void untrack_pfn_clear(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifdef __HAVE_COLOR_ZERO_PAGE static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; unsigned long offset_from_zero_pfn = pfn - zero_pfn; return offset_from_zero_pfn <= (zero_page_mask >> PAGE_SHIFT); } #define my_zero_pfn(addr) page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(addr)) #else static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return pfn == zero_pfn; } static inline unsigned long my_zero_pfn(unsigned long addr) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return zero_pfn; } #endif #else static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long my_zero_pfn(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #ifndef pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pmd_write */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pud_write */ #if !defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP) || !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #if !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || \ !defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif static inline int pud_trans_unstable(pud_t *pud) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) pud_t pudval = READ_ONCE(*pud); if (pud_none(pudval) || pud_trans_huge(pudval) || pud_devmap(pudval)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(pudval))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } #endif return 0; } #ifndef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * In an inaccessible (PROT_NONE) VMA, pte_protnone() may indicate "yes". It is * perfectly valid to indicate "no" in that case, which is why our default * implementation defaults to "always no". * * In an accessible VMA, however, pte_protnone() reliably indicates PROT_NONE * page protection due to NUMA hinting. NUMA hinting faults only apply in * accessible VMAs. * * So, to reliably identify PROT_NONE PTEs that require a NUMA hinting fault, * looking at the VMA accessibility is sufficient. */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); void p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d); #else static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline void p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { } #endif /* !__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud); int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd); int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr); int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline void p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { } static inline int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_FLUSH_PMD_TLB_RANGE #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * ARCHes with special requirements for evicting THP backing TLB entries can * implement this. Otherwise also, it can help optimize normal TLB flush in * THP regime. Stock flush_tlb_range() typically has optimization to nuke the * entire TLB if flush span is greater than a threshold, which will * likely be true for a single huge page. Thus a single THP flush will * invalidate the entire TLB which is not desirable. * e.g. see arch/arc: flush_pmd_tlb_range */ #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #else #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #endif #endif struct file; int phys_mem_access_prot_allowed(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t *vma_prot); #ifndef CONFIG_X86_ESPFIX64 static inline void init_espfix_bsp(void) { } #endif extern void __init pgtable_cache_init(void); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED static inline bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { return true; } static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return false; } #endif /* !_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED */ /* * Architecture PAGE_KERNEL_* fallbacks * * Some architectures don't define certain PAGE_KERNEL_* flags. This is either * because they really don't support them, or the port needs to be updated to * reflect the required functionality. Below are a set of relatively safe * fallbacks, as best effort, which we can count on in lieu of the architectures * not defining them on their own yet. */ #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_RO # define PAGE_KERNEL_RO PAGE_KERNEL #endif #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC # define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC PAGE_KERNEL #endif /* * Page Table Modification bits for pgtbl_mod_mask. * * These are used by the p?d_alloc_track*() set of functions an in the generic * vmalloc/ioremap code to track at which page-table levels entries have been * modified. Based on that the code can better decide when vmalloc and ioremap * mapping changes need to be synchronized to other page-tables in the system. */ #define __PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED 0 #define __PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED 1 #define __PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED 2 #define __PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED 3 #define __PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED 4 #define PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED) /* Page-Table Modification Mask */ typedef unsigned int pgtbl_mod_mask; #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #if !defined(MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS) && !defined(CONFIG_64BIT) #ifdef CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT /* * ZSMALLOC needs to know the highest PFN on 32-bit architectures * with physical address space extension, but falls back to * BITS_PER_LONG otherwise. */ #error Missing MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS definition #else #define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32 #endif #endif #ifndef has_transparent_hugepage #define has_transparent_hugepage() IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) #endif #ifndef has_transparent_pud_hugepage #define has_transparent_pud_hugepage() IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) #endif /* * On some architectures it depends on the mm if the p4d/pud or pmd * layer of the page table hierarchy is folded or not. */ #ifndef mm_p4d_folded #define mm_p4d_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pud_folded #define mm_pud_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pmd_folded #define mm_pmd_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef p4d_offset_lockless #define p4d_offset_lockless(pgdp, pgd, address) p4d_offset(&(pgd), address) #endif #ifndef pud_offset_lockless #define pud_offset_lockless(p4dp, p4d, address) pud_offset(&(p4d), address) #endif #ifndef pmd_offset_lockless #define pmd_offset_lockless(pudp, pud, address) pmd_offset(&(pud), address) #endif /* * p?d_leaf() - true if this entry is a final mapping to a physical address. * This differs from p?d_huge() by the fact that they are always available (if * the architecture supports large pages at the appropriate level) even * if CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE is not defined. * Only meaningful when called on a valid entry. */ #ifndef pgd_leaf #define pgd_leaf(x) false #endif #ifndef p4d_leaf #define p4d_leaf(x) false #endif #ifndef pud_leaf #define pud_leaf(x) false #endif #ifndef pmd_leaf #define pmd_leaf(x) false #endif #ifndef pgd_leaf_size #define pgd_leaf_size(x) (1ULL << PGDIR_SHIFT) #endif #ifndef p4d_leaf_size #define p4d_leaf_size(x) P4D_SIZE #endif #ifndef pud_leaf_size #define pud_leaf_size(x) PUD_SIZE #endif #ifndef pmd_leaf_size #define pmd_leaf_size(x) PMD_SIZE #endif #ifndef pte_leaf_size #define pte_leaf_size(x) PAGE_SIZE #endif /* * Some architectures have MMUs that are configurable or selectable at boot * time. These lead to variable PTRS_PER_x. For statically allocated arrays it * helps to have a static maximum value. */ #ifndef MAX_PTRS_PER_PTE #define MAX_PTRS_PER_PTE PTRS_PER_PTE #endif #ifndef MAX_PTRS_PER_PMD #define MAX_PTRS_PER_PMD PTRS_PER_PMD #endif #ifndef MAX_PTRS_PER_PUD #define MAX_PTRS_PER_PUD PTRS_PER_PUD #endif #ifndef MAX_PTRS_PER_P4D #define MAX_PTRS_PER_P4D PTRS_PER_P4D #endif /* description of effects of mapping type and prot in current implementation. * this is due to the limited x86 page protection hardware. The expected * behavior is in parens: * * map_type prot * PROT_NONE PROT_READ PROT_WRITE PROT_EXEC * MAP_SHARED r: (no) no r: (yes) yes r: (no) yes r: (no) yes * w: (no) no w: (no) no w: (yes) yes w: (no) no * x: (no) no x: (no) yes x: (no) yes x: (yes) yes * * MAP_PRIVATE r: (no) no r: (yes) yes r: (no) yes r: (no) yes * w: (no) no w: (no) no w: (copy) copy w: (no) no * x: (no) no x: (no) yes x: (no) yes x: (yes) yes * * On arm64, PROT_EXEC has the following behaviour for both MAP_SHARED and * MAP_PRIVATE (with Enhanced PAN supported): * r: (no) no * w: (no) no * x: (yes) yes */ #define DECLARE_VM_GET_PAGE_PROT \ pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) \ { \ return protection_map[vm_flags & \ (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | VM_SHARED)]; \ } \ EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_get_page_prot); #endif /* _LINUX_PGTABLE_H */
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4608 4609 4610 4611 4612 4613 4614 4615 4616 4617 4618 4619 4620 4621 4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 4643 4644 4645 4646 4647 4648 4649 4650 4651 4652 4653 4654 4655 4656 4657 4658 4659 4660 4661 4662 4663 4664 4665 4666 4667 4668 4669 4670 4671 4672 4673 4674 4675 4676 4677 4678 4679 4680 4681 4682 4683 4684 4685 4686 4687 4688 4689 4690 4691 4692 4693 4694 4695 4696 4697 4698 4699 4700 4701 4702 4703 4704 4705 4706 4707 4708 4709 4710 4711 4712 4713 4714 4715 4716 4717 4718 4719 4720 4721 4722 4723 4724 4725 4726 4727 4728 4729 4730 4731 4732 4733 4734 4735 4736 4737 4738 4739 4740 4741 4742 4743 4744 4745 4746 4747 4748 4749 4750 4751 4752 4753 4754 4755 4756 4757 4758 4759 4760 4761 4762 4763 4764 4765 4766 4767 4768 4769 4770 4771 4772 4773 4774 4775 4776 4777 4778 4779 4780 4781 4782 4783 4784 4785 4786 4787 4788 4789 4790 4791 4792 4793 4794 4795 4796 4797 4798 4799 4800 4801 4802 4803 4804 4805 4806 4807 4808 4809 4810 4811 4812 4813 4814 4815 4816 4817 4818 4819 4820 4821 4822 4823 4824 4825 4826 4827 4828 4829 4830 4831 4832 4833 4834 4835 4836 4837 4838 4839 4840 4841 4842 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * * Generic Bluetooth USB driver * * Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Marcel Holtmann <marcel@holtmann.org> */ #include <linux/dmi.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/usb.h> #include <linux/usb/quirks.h> #include <linux/firmware.h> #include <linux/iopoll.h> #include <linux/of_device.h> #include <linux/of_irq.h> #include <linux/suspend.h> #include <linux/gpio/consumer.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> #include <net/bluetooth/bluetooth.h> #include <net/bluetooth/hci_core.h> #include "btintel.h" #include "btbcm.h" #include "btrtl.h" #include "btmtk.h" #define VERSION "0.8" static bool disable_scofix; static bool force_scofix; static bool enable_autosuspend = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_HCIBTUSB_AUTOSUSPEND); static bool enable_poll_sync = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_HCIBTUSB_POLL_SYNC); static bool reset = true; static struct usb_driver btusb_driver; #define BTUSB_IGNORE BIT(0) #define BTUSB_DIGIANSWER BIT(1) #define BTUSB_CSR BIT(2) #define BTUSB_SNIFFER BIT(3) #define BTUSB_BCM92035 BIT(4) #define BTUSB_BROKEN_ISOC BIT(5) #define BTUSB_WRONG_SCO_MTU BIT(6) #define BTUSB_ATH3012 BIT(7) #define BTUSB_INTEL_COMBINED BIT(8) #define BTUSB_INTEL_BOOT BIT(9) #define BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM BIT(10) #define BTUSB_MARVELL BIT(11) #define BTUSB_SWAVE BIT(12) #define BTUSB_AMP BIT(13) #define BTUSB_QCA_ROME BIT(14) #define BTUSB_BCM_APPLE BIT(15) #define BTUSB_REALTEK BIT(16) #define BTUSB_BCM2045 BIT(17) #define BTUSB_IFNUM_2 BIT(18) #define BTUSB_CW6622 BIT(19) #define BTUSB_MEDIATEK BIT(20) #define BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH BIT(21) #define BTUSB_VALID_LE_STATES BIT(22) #define BTUSB_QCA_WCN6855 BIT(23) #define BTUSB_INTEL_BROKEN_SHUTDOWN_LED BIT(24) #define BTUSB_INTEL_BROKEN_INITIAL_NCMD BIT(25) #define BTUSB_INTEL_NO_WBS_SUPPORT BIT(26) #define BTUSB_ACTIONS_SEMI BIT(27) static const struct usb_device_id btusb_table[] = { /* Generic Bluetooth USB device */ { USB_DEVICE_INFO(0xe0, 0x01, 0x01) }, /* Generic Bluetooth AMP device */ { USB_DEVICE_INFO(0xe0, 0x01, 0x04), .driver_info = BTUSB_AMP }, /* Generic Bluetooth USB interface */ { USB_INTERFACE_INFO(0xe0, 0x01, 0x01) }, /* Apple-specific (Broadcom) devices */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x05ac, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_APPLE | BTUSB_IFNUM_2 }, /* MediaTek MT76x0E */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0e8d, 0x763f) }, /* Broadcom SoftSailing reporting vendor specific */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0a5c, 0x21e1) }, /* Apple MacBookPro 7,1 */ { USB_DEVICE(0x05ac, 0x8213) }, /* Apple iMac11,1 */ { USB_DEVICE(0x05ac, 0x8215) }, /* Apple MacBookPro6,2 */ { USB_DEVICE(0x05ac, 0x8218) }, /* Apple MacBookAir3,1, MacBookAir3,2 */ { USB_DEVICE(0x05ac, 0x821b) }, /* Apple MacBookAir4,1 */ { USB_DEVICE(0x05ac, 0x821f) }, /* Apple MacBookPro8,2 */ { USB_DEVICE(0x05ac, 0x821a) }, /* Apple MacMini5,1 */ { USB_DEVICE(0x05ac, 0x8281) }, /* AVM BlueFRITZ! USB v2.0 */ { USB_DEVICE(0x057c, 0x3800), .driver_info = BTUSB_SWAVE }, /* Bluetooth Ultraport Module from IBM */ { USB_DEVICE(0x04bf, 0x030a) }, /* ALPS Modules with non-standard id */ { USB_DEVICE(0x044e, 0x3001) }, { USB_DEVICE(0x044e, 0x3002) }, /* Ericsson with non-standard id */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0bdb, 0x1002) }, /* Canyon CN-BTU1 with HID interfaces */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0c10, 0x0000) }, /* Broadcom BCM20702B0 (Dynex/Insignia) */ { USB_DEVICE(0x19ff, 0x0239), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Broadcom BCM43142A0 (Foxconn/Lenovo) */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x105b, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Broadcom BCM920703 (HTC Vive) */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x0bb4, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Foxconn - Hon Hai */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x0489, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Lite-On Technology - Broadcom based */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x04ca, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Broadcom devices with vendor specific id */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x0a5c, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* ASUSTek Computer - Broadcom based */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x0b05, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Belkin F8065bf - Broadcom based */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x050d, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* IMC Networks - Broadcom based */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x13d3, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Dell Computer - Broadcom based */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x413c, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Toshiba Corp - Broadcom based */ { USB_VENDOR_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x0930, 0xff, 0x01, 0x01), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM_PATCHRAM }, /* Intel Bluetooth USB Bootloader (RAM module) */ { USB_DEVICE(0x8087, 0x0a5a), .driver_info = BTUSB_INTEL_BOOT | BTUSB_BROKEN_ISOC }, { } /* Terminating entry */ }; MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, btusb_table); static const struct usb_device_id quirks_table[] = { /* CSR BlueCore devices */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0a12, 0x0001), .driver_info = BTUSB_CSR }, /* Broadcom BCM2033 without firmware */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0a5c, 0x2033), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, /* Broadcom BCM2045 devices */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0a5c, 0x2045), .driver_info = BTUSB_BCM2045 }, /* Atheros 3011 with sflash firmware */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe027), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe03d), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04f2, 0xaff1), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0930, 0x0215), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x3002), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe019), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3304), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, /* Atheros AR9285 Malbec with sflash firmware */ { USB_DEVICE(0x03f0, 0x311d), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, /* Atheros 3012 with sflash firmware */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe04d), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe04e), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe056), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe057), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe05f), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe076), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe078), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe095), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04c5, 0x1330), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3004), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3005), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3006), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3007), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3008), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x300b), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x300d), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x300f), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3010), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3014), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3018), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0930, 0x0219), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0930, 0x021c), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0930, 0x0220), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0930, 0x0227), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0b05, 0x17d0), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x0036), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x3004), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x3008), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x311d), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x311e), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x311f), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x3121), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x817a), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x817b), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe003), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe004), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe005), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe006), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3362), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3375), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3393), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3395), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3402), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3408), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3423), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3432), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3472), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3474), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3487), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x13d3, 0x3490), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, /* Atheros AR5BBU12 with sflash firmware */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe02c), .driver_info = BTUSB_IGNORE }, /* Atheros AR5BBU12 with sflash firmware */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe036), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe03c), .driver_info = BTUSB_ATH3012 }, /* QCA ROME chipset */ { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0x535b), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe007), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe009), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe010), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe300), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe301), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe360), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0cf3, 0xe500), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe092), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe09f), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x0489, 0xe0a2), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3011), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME | BTUSB_WIDEBAND_SPEECH }, { USB_DEVICE(0x04ca, 0x3015), .driver_info = BTUSB_QCA_ROME |