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Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>. All Rights Reserved. */ #include "noise.h" #include "device.h" #include "peer.h" #include "messages.h" #include "queueing.h" #include "peerlookup.h" #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <crypto/algapi.h> /* This implements Noise_IKpsk2: * * <- s * ****** * -> e, es, s, ss, {t} * <- e, ee, se, psk, {} */ static const u8 handshake_name[37] = "Noise_IKpsk2_25519_ChaChaPoly_BLAKE2s"; static const u8 identifier_name[34] = "WireGuard v1 zx2c4 Jason@zx2c4.com"; static u8 handshake_init_hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN] __ro_after_init; static u8 handshake_init_chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN] __ro_after_init; static atomic64_t keypair_counter = ATOMIC64_INIT(0); void __init wg_noise_init(void) { struct blake2s_state blake; blake2s(handshake_init_chaining_key, handshake_name, NULL, NOISE_HASH_LEN, sizeof(handshake_name), 0); blake2s_init(&blake, NOISE_HASH_LEN); blake2s_update(&blake, handshake_init_chaining_key, NOISE_HASH_LEN); blake2s_update(&blake, identifier_name, sizeof(identifier_name)); blake2s_final(&blake, handshake_init_hash); } /* Must hold peer->handshake.static_identity->lock */ void wg_noise_precompute_static_static(struct wg_peer *peer) { down_write(&peer->handshake.lock); if (!peer->handshake.static_identity->has_identity || !curve25519(peer->handshake.precomputed_static_static, peer->handshake.static_identity->static_private, peer->handshake.remote_static)) memset(peer->handshake.precomputed_static_static, 0, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); up_write(&peer->handshake.lock); } void wg_noise_handshake_init(struct noise_handshake *handshake, struct noise_static_identity *static_identity, const u8 peer_public_key[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN], const u8 peer_preshared_key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN], struct wg_peer *peer) { memset(handshake, 0, sizeof(*handshake)); init_rwsem(&handshake->lock); handshake->entry.type = INDEX_HASHTABLE_HANDSHAKE; handshake->entry.peer = peer; memcpy(handshake->remote_static, peer_public_key, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); if (peer_preshared_key) memcpy(handshake->preshared_key, peer_preshared_key, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN); handshake->static_identity = static_identity; handshake->state = HANDSHAKE_ZEROED; wg_noise_precompute_static_static(peer); } static void handshake_zero(struct noise_handshake *handshake) { memset(&handshake->ephemeral_private, 0, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); memset(&handshake->remote_ephemeral, 0, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); memset(&handshake->hash, 0, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memset(&handshake->chaining_key, 0, NOISE_HASH_LEN); handshake->remote_index = 0; handshake->state = HANDSHAKE_ZEROED; } void wg_noise_handshake_clear(struct noise_handshake *handshake) { down_write(&handshake->lock); wg_index_hashtable_remove( handshake->entry.peer->device->index_hashtable, &handshake->entry); handshake_zero(handshake); up_write(&handshake->lock); } static struct noise_keypair *keypair_create(struct wg_peer *peer) { struct noise_keypair *keypair = kzalloc(sizeof(*keypair), GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!keypair)) return NULL; spin_lock_init(&keypair->receiving_counter.lock); keypair->internal_id = atomic64_inc_return(&keypair_counter); keypair->entry.type = INDEX_HASHTABLE_KEYPAIR; keypair->entry.peer = peer; kref_init(&keypair->refcount); return keypair; } static void keypair_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu) { kzfree(container_of(rcu, struct noise_keypair, rcu)); } static void keypair_free_kref(struct kref *kref) { struct noise_keypair *keypair = container_of(kref, struct noise_keypair, refcount); net_dbg_ratelimited("%s: Keypair %llu destroyed for peer %llu\n", keypair->entry.peer->device->dev->name, keypair->internal_id, keypair->entry.peer->internal_id); wg_index_hashtable_remove(keypair->entry.peer->device->index_hashtable, &keypair->entry); call_rcu(&keypair->rcu, keypair_free_rcu); } void wg_noise_keypair_put(struct noise_keypair *keypair, bool unreference_now) { if (unlikely(!keypair)) return; if (unlikely(unreference_now)) wg_index_hashtable_remove( keypair->entry.peer->device->index_hashtable, &keypair->entry); kref_put(&keypair->refcount, keypair_free_kref); } struct noise_keypair *wg_noise_keypair_get(struct noise_keypair *keypair) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_bh_held(), "Taking noise keypair reference without holding the RCU BH read lock"); if (unlikely(!keypair || !kref_get_unless_zero(&keypair->refcount))) return NULL; return keypair; } void wg_noise_keypairs_clear(struct noise_keypairs *keypairs) { struct noise_keypair *old; spin_lock_bh(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock); /* We zero the next_keypair before zeroing the others, so that * wg_noise_received_with_keypair returns early before subsequent ones * are zeroed. */ old = rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->next_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock)); RCU_INIT_POINTER(keypairs->next_keypair, NULL); wg_noise_keypair_put(old, true); old = rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->previous_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock)); RCU_INIT_POINTER(keypairs->previous_keypair, NULL); wg_noise_keypair_put(old, true); old = rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->current_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock)); RCU_INIT_POINTER(keypairs->current_keypair, NULL); wg_noise_keypair_put(old, true); spin_unlock_bh(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock); } void wg_noise_expire_current_peer_keypairs(struct wg_peer *peer) { struct noise_keypair *keypair; wg_noise_handshake_clear(&peer->handshake); wg_noise_reset_last_sent_handshake(&peer->last_sent_handshake); spin_lock_bh(&peer->keypairs.keypair_update_lock); keypair = rcu_dereference_protected(peer->keypairs.next_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&peer->keypairs.keypair_update_lock)); if (keypair) keypair->sending.is_valid = false; keypair = rcu_dereference_protected(peer->keypairs.current_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&peer->keypairs.keypair_update_lock)); if (keypair) keypair->sending.is_valid = false; spin_unlock_bh(&peer->keypairs.keypair_update_lock); } static void add_new_keypair(struct noise_keypairs *keypairs, struct noise_keypair *new_keypair) { struct noise_keypair *previous_keypair, *next_keypair, *current_keypair; spin_lock_bh(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock); previous_keypair = rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->previous_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock)); next_keypair = rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->next_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock)); current_keypair = rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->current_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock)); if (new_keypair->i_am_the_initiator) { /* If we're the initiator, it means we've sent a handshake, and * received a confirmation response, which means this new * keypair can now be used. */ if (next_keypair) { /* If there already was a next keypair pending, we * demote it to be the previous keypair, and free the * existing current. Note that this means KCI can result * in this transition. It would perhaps be more sound to * always just get rid of the unused next keypair * instead of putting it in the previous slot, but this * might be a bit less robust. Something to think about * for the future. */ RCU_INIT_POINTER(keypairs->next_keypair, NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(keypairs->previous_keypair, next_keypair); wg_noise_keypair_put(current_keypair, true); } else /* If there wasn't an existing next keypair, we replace * the previous with the current one. */ rcu_assign_pointer(keypairs->previous_keypair, current_keypair); /* At this point we can get rid of the old previous keypair, and * set up the new keypair. */ wg_noise_keypair_put(previous_keypair, true); rcu_assign_pointer(keypairs->current_keypair, new_keypair); } else { /* If we're the responder, it means we can't use the new keypair * until we receive confirmation via the first data packet, so * we get rid of the existing previous one, the possibly * existing next one, and slide in the new next one. */ rcu_assign_pointer(keypairs->next_keypair, new_keypair); wg_noise_keypair_put(next_keypair, true); RCU_INIT_POINTER(keypairs->previous_keypair, NULL); wg_noise_keypair_put(previous_keypair, true); } spin_unlock_bh(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock); } bool wg_noise_received_with_keypair(struct noise_keypairs *keypairs, struct noise_keypair *received_keypair) { struct noise_keypair *old_keypair; bool key_is_new; /* We first check without taking the spinlock. */ key_is_new = received_keypair == rcu_access_pointer(keypairs->next_keypair); if (likely(!key_is_new)) return false; spin_lock_bh(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock); /* After locking, we double check that things didn't change from * beneath us. */ if (unlikely(received_keypair != rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->next_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock)))) { spin_unlock_bh(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock); return false; } /* When we've finally received the confirmation, we slide the next * into the current, the current into the previous, and get rid of * the old previous. */ old_keypair = rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->previous_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock)); rcu_assign_pointer(keypairs->previous_keypair, rcu_dereference_protected(keypairs->current_keypair, lockdep_is_held(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock))); wg_noise_keypair_put(old_keypair, true); rcu_assign_pointer(keypairs->current_keypair, received_keypair); RCU_INIT_POINTER(keypairs->next_keypair, NULL); spin_unlock_bh(&keypairs->keypair_update_lock); return true; } /* Must hold static_identity->lock */ void wg_noise_set_static_identity_private_key( struct noise_static_identity *static_identity, const u8 private_key[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]) { memcpy(static_identity->static_private, private_key, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); curve25519_clamp_secret(static_identity->static_private); static_identity->has_identity = curve25519_generate_public( static_identity->static_public, private_key); } static void hmac(u8 *out, const u8 *in, const u8 *key, const size_t inlen, const size_t keylen) { struct blake2s_state state; u8 x_key[BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE] __aligned(__alignof__(u32)) = { 0 }; u8 i_hash[BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE] __aligned(__alignof__(u32)); int i; if (keylen > BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE) { blake2s_init(&state, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); blake2s_update(&state, key, keylen); blake2s_final(&state, x_key); } else memcpy(x_key, key, keylen); for (i = 0; i < BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE; ++i) x_key[i] ^= 0x36; blake2s_init(&state, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); blake2s_update(&state, x_key, BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE); blake2s_update(&state, in, inlen); blake2s_final(&state, i_hash); for (i = 0; i < BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE; ++i) x_key[i] ^= 0x5c ^ 0x36; blake2s_init(&state, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); blake2s_update(&state, x_key, BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE); blake2s_update(&state, i_hash, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); blake2s_final(&state, i_hash); memcpy(out, i_hash, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); memzero_explicit(x_key, BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE); memzero_explicit(i_hash, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); } /* This is Hugo Krawczyk's HKDF: * - https://eprint.iacr.org/2010/264.pdf * - https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5869 */ static void kdf(u8 *first_dst, u8 *second_dst, u8 *third_dst, const u8 *data, size_t first_len, size_t second_len, size_t third_len, size_t data_len, const u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN]) { u8 output[BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE + 1]; u8 secret[BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE]; WARN_ON(IS_ENABLED(DEBUG) && (first_len > BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE || second_len > BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE || third_len > BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE || ((second_len || second_dst || third_len || third_dst) && (!first_len || !first_dst)) || ((third_len || third_dst) && (!second_len || !second_dst)))); /* Extract entropy from data into secret */ hmac(secret, data, chaining_key, data_len, NOISE_HASH_LEN); if (!first_dst || !first_len) goto out; /* Expand first key: key = secret, data = 0x1 */ output[0] = 1; hmac(output, output, secret, 1, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); memcpy(first_dst, output, first_len); if (!second_dst || !second_len) goto out; /* Expand second key: key = secret, data = first-key || 0x2 */ output[BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE] = 2; hmac(output, output, secret, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE + 1, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); memcpy(second_dst, output, second_len); if (!third_dst || !third_len) goto out; /* Expand third key: key = secret, data = second-key || 0x3 */ output[BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE] = 3; hmac(output, output, secret, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE + 1, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); memcpy(third_dst, output, third_len); out: /* Clear sensitive data from stack */ memzero_explicit(secret, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE); memzero_explicit(output, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE + 1); } static void derive_keys(struct noise_symmetric_key *first_dst, struct noise_symmetric_key *second_dst, const u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN]) { u64 birthdate = ktime_get_coarse_boottime_ns(); kdf(first_dst->key, second_dst->key, NULL, NULL, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN, 0, 0, chaining_key); first_dst->birthdate = second_dst->birthdate = birthdate; first_dst->is_valid = second_dst->is_valid = true; } static bool __must_check mix_dh(u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN], u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN], const u8 private[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN], const u8 public[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]) { u8 dh_calculation[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]; if (unlikely(!curve25519(dh_calculation, private, public))) return false; kdf(chaining_key, key, NULL, dh_calculation, NOISE_HASH_LEN, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN, 0, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN, chaining_key); memzero_explicit(dh_calculation, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); return true; } static bool __must_check mix_precomputed_dh(u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN], u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN], const u8 precomputed[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]) { static u8 zero_point[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]; if (unlikely(!crypto_memneq(precomputed, zero_point, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN))) return false; kdf(chaining_key, key, NULL, precomputed, NOISE_HASH_LEN, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN, 0, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN, chaining_key); return true; } static void mix_hash(u8 hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN], const u8 *src, size_t src_len) { struct blake2s_state blake; blake2s_init(&blake, NOISE_HASH_LEN); blake2s_update(&blake, hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); blake2s_update(&blake, src, src_len); blake2s_final(&blake, hash); } static void mix_psk(u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN], u8 hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN], u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN], const u8 psk[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN]) { u8 temp_hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN]; kdf(chaining_key, temp_hash, key, psk, NOISE_HASH_LEN, NOISE_HASH_LEN, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN, chaining_key); mix_hash(hash, temp_hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memzero_explicit(temp_hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); } static void handshake_init(u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN], u8 hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN], const u8 remote_static[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]) { memcpy(hash, handshake_init_hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memcpy(chaining_key, handshake_init_chaining_key, NOISE_HASH_LEN); mix_hash(hash, remote_static, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); } static void message_encrypt(u8 *dst_ciphertext, const u8 *src_plaintext, size_t src_len, u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN], u8 hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN]) { chacha20poly1305_encrypt(dst_ciphertext, src_plaintext, src_len, hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN, 0 /* Always zero for Noise_IK */, key); mix_hash(hash, dst_ciphertext, noise_encrypted_len(src_len)); } static bool message_decrypt(u8 *dst_plaintext, const u8 *src_ciphertext, size_t src_len, u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN], u8 hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN]) { if (!chacha20poly1305_decrypt(dst_plaintext, src_ciphertext, src_len, hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN, 0 /* Always zero for Noise_IK */, key)) return false; mix_hash(hash, src_ciphertext, src_len); return true; } static void message_ephemeral(u8 ephemeral_dst[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN], const u8 ephemeral_src[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN], u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN], u8 hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN]) { if (ephemeral_dst != ephemeral_src) memcpy(ephemeral_dst, ephemeral_src, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); mix_hash(hash, ephemeral_src, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); kdf(chaining_key, NULL, NULL, ephemeral_src, NOISE_HASH_LEN, 0, 0, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN, chaining_key); } static void tai64n_now(u8 output[NOISE_TIMESTAMP_LEN]) { struct timespec64 now; ktime_get_real_ts64(&now); /* In order to prevent some sort of infoleak from precise timers, we * round down the nanoseconds part to the closest rounded-down power of * two to the maximum initiations per second allowed anyway by the * implementation. */ now.tv_nsec = ALIGN_DOWN(now.tv_nsec, rounddown_pow_of_two(NSEC_PER_SEC / INITIATIONS_PER_SECOND)); /* https://cr.yp.to/libtai/tai64.html */ *(__be64 *)output = cpu_to_be64(0x400000000000000aULL + now.tv_sec); *(__be32 *)(output + sizeof(__be64)) = cpu_to_be32(now.tv_nsec); } bool wg_noise_handshake_create_initiation(struct message_handshake_initiation *dst, struct noise_handshake *handshake) { u8 timestamp[NOISE_TIMESTAMP_LEN]; u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN]; bool ret = false; /* We need to wait for crng _before_ taking any locks, since * curve25519_generate_secret uses get_random_bytes_wait. */ wait_for_random_bytes(); down_read(&handshake->static_identity->lock); down_write(&handshake->lock); if (unlikely(!handshake->static_identity->has_identity)) goto out; dst->header.type = cpu_to_le32(MESSAGE_HANDSHAKE_INITIATION); handshake_init(handshake->chaining_key, handshake->hash, handshake->remote_static); /* e */ curve25519_generate_secret(handshake->ephemeral_private); if (!curve25519_generate_public(dst->unencrypted_ephemeral, handshake->ephemeral_private)) goto out; message_ephemeral(dst->unencrypted_ephemeral, dst->unencrypted_ephemeral, handshake->chaining_key, handshake->hash); /* es */ if (!mix_dh(handshake->chaining_key, key, handshake->ephemeral_private, handshake->remote_static)) goto out; /* s */ message_encrypt(dst->encrypted_static, handshake->static_identity->static_public, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN, key, handshake->hash); /* ss */ if (!mix_precomputed_dh(handshake->chaining_key, key, handshake->precomputed_static_static)) goto out; /* {t} */ tai64n_now(timestamp); message_encrypt(dst->encrypted_timestamp, timestamp, NOISE_TIMESTAMP_LEN, key, handshake->hash); dst->sender_index = wg_index_hashtable_insert( handshake->entry.peer->device->index_hashtable, &handshake->entry); handshake->state = HANDSHAKE_CREATED_INITIATION; ret = true; out: up_write(&handshake->lock); up_read(&handshake->static_identity->lock); memzero_explicit(key, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN); return ret; } struct wg_peer * wg_noise_handshake_consume_initiation(struct message_handshake_initiation *src, struct wg_device *wg) { struct wg_peer *peer = NULL, *ret_peer = NULL; struct noise_handshake *handshake; bool replay_attack, flood_attack; u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN]; u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN]; u8 hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN]; u8 s[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]; u8 e[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]; u8 t[NOISE_TIMESTAMP_LEN]; u64 initiation_consumption; down_read(&wg->static_identity.lock); if (unlikely(!wg->static_identity.has_identity)) goto out; handshake_init(chaining_key, hash, wg->static_identity.static_public); /* e */ message_ephemeral(e, src->unencrypted_ephemeral, chaining_key, hash); /* es */ if (!mix_dh(chaining_key, key, wg->static_identity.static_private, e)) goto out; /* s */ if (!message_decrypt(s, src->encrypted_static, sizeof(src->encrypted_static), key, hash)) goto out; /* Lookup which peer we're actually talking to */ peer = wg_pubkey_hashtable_lookup(wg->peer_hashtable, s); if (!peer) goto out; handshake = &peer->handshake; /* ss */ if (!mix_precomputed_dh(chaining_key, key, handshake->precomputed_static_static)) goto out; /* {t} */ if (!message_decrypt(t, src->encrypted_timestamp, sizeof(src->encrypted_timestamp), key, hash)) goto out; down_read(&handshake->lock); replay_attack = memcmp(t, handshake->latest_timestamp, NOISE_TIMESTAMP_LEN) <= 0; flood_attack = (s64)handshake->last_initiation_consumption + NSEC_PER_SEC / INITIATIONS_PER_SECOND > (s64)ktime_get_coarse_boottime_ns(); up_read(&handshake->lock); if (replay_attack || flood_attack) goto out; /* Success! Copy everything to peer */ down_write(&handshake->lock); memcpy(handshake->remote_ephemeral, e, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); if (memcmp(t, handshake->latest_timestamp, NOISE_TIMESTAMP_LEN) > 0) memcpy(handshake->latest_timestamp, t, NOISE_TIMESTAMP_LEN); memcpy(handshake->hash, hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memcpy(handshake->chaining_key, chaining_key, NOISE_HASH_LEN); handshake->remote_index = src->sender_index; initiation_consumption = ktime_get_coarse_boottime_ns(); if ((s64)(handshake->last_initiation_consumption - initiation_consumption) < 0) handshake->last_initiation_consumption = initiation_consumption; handshake->state = HANDSHAKE_CONSUMED_INITIATION; up_write(&handshake->lock); ret_peer = peer; out: memzero_explicit(key, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN); memzero_explicit(hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memzero_explicit(chaining_key, NOISE_HASH_LEN); up_read(&wg->static_identity.lock); if (!ret_peer) wg_peer_put(peer); return ret_peer; } bool wg_noise_handshake_create_response(struct message_handshake_response *dst, struct noise_handshake *handshake) { u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN]; bool ret = false; /* We need to wait for crng _before_ taking any locks, since * curve25519_generate_secret uses get_random_bytes_wait. */ wait_for_random_bytes(); down_read(&handshake->static_identity->lock); down_write(&handshake->lock); if (handshake->state != HANDSHAKE_CONSUMED_INITIATION) goto out; dst->header.type = cpu_to_le32(MESSAGE_HANDSHAKE_RESPONSE); dst->receiver_index = handshake->remote_index; /* e */ curve25519_generate_secret(handshake->ephemeral_private); if (!curve25519_generate_public(dst->unencrypted_ephemeral, handshake->ephemeral_private)) goto out; message_ephemeral(dst->unencrypted_ephemeral, dst->unencrypted_ephemeral, handshake->chaining_key, handshake->hash); /* ee */ if (!mix_dh(handshake->chaining_key, NULL, handshake->ephemeral_private, handshake->remote_ephemeral)) goto out; /* se */ if (!mix_dh(handshake->chaining_key, NULL, handshake->ephemeral_private, handshake->remote_static)) goto out; /* psk */ mix_psk(handshake->chaining_key, handshake->hash, key, handshake->preshared_key); /* {} */ message_encrypt(dst->encrypted_nothing, NULL, 0, key, handshake->hash); dst->sender_index = wg_index_hashtable_insert( handshake->entry.peer->device->index_hashtable, &handshake->entry); handshake->state = HANDSHAKE_CREATED_RESPONSE; ret = true; out: up_write(&handshake->lock); up_read(&handshake->static_identity->lock); memzero_explicit(key, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN); return ret; } struct wg_peer * wg_noise_handshake_consume_response(struct message_handshake_response *src, struct wg_device *wg) { enum noise_handshake_state state = HANDSHAKE_ZEROED; struct wg_peer *peer = NULL, *ret_peer = NULL; struct noise_handshake *handshake; u8 key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN]; u8 hash[NOISE_HASH_LEN]; u8 chaining_key[NOISE_HASH_LEN]; u8 e[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]; u8 ephemeral_private[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]; u8 static_private[NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN]; u8 preshared_key[NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN]; down_read(&wg->static_identity.lock); if (unlikely(!wg->static_identity.has_identity)) goto out; handshake = (struct noise_handshake *)wg_index_hashtable_lookup( wg->index_hashtable, INDEX_HASHTABLE_HANDSHAKE, src->receiver_index, &peer); if (unlikely(!handshake)) goto out; down_read(&handshake->lock); state = handshake->state; memcpy(hash, handshake->hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memcpy(chaining_key, handshake->chaining_key, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memcpy(ephemeral_private, handshake->ephemeral_private, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); memcpy(preshared_key, handshake->preshared_key, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN); up_read(&handshake->lock); if (state != HANDSHAKE_CREATED_INITIATION) goto fail; /* e */ message_ephemeral(e, src->unencrypted_ephemeral, chaining_key, hash); /* ee */ if (!mix_dh(chaining_key, NULL, ephemeral_private, e)) goto fail; /* se */ if (!mix_dh(chaining_key, NULL, wg->static_identity.static_private, e)) goto fail; /* psk */ mix_psk(chaining_key, hash, key, preshared_key); /* {} */ if (!message_decrypt(NULL, src->encrypted_nothing, sizeof(src->encrypted_nothing), key, hash)) goto fail; /* Success! Copy everything to peer */ down_write(&handshake->lock); /* It's important to check that the state is still the same, while we * have an exclusive lock. */ if (handshake->state != state) { up_write(&handshake->lock); goto fail; } memcpy(handshake->remote_ephemeral, e, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); memcpy(handshake->hash, hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memcpy(handshake->chaining_key, chaining_key, NOISE_HASH_LEN); handshake->remote_index = src->sender_index; handshake->state = HANDSHAKE_CONSUMED_RESPONSE; up_write(&handshake->lock); ret_peer = peer; goto out; fail: wg_peer_put(peer); out: memzero_explicit(key, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN); memzero_explicit(hash, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memzero_explicit(chaining_key, NOISE_HASH_LEN); memzero_explicit(ephemeral_private, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); memzero_explicit(static_private, NOISE_PUBLIC_KEY_LEN); memzero_explicit(preshared_key, NOISE_SYMMETRIC_KEY_LEN); up_read(&wg->static_identity.lock); return ret_peer; } bool wg_noise_handshake_begin_session(struct noise_handshake *handshake, struct noise_keypairs *keypairs) { struct noise_keypair *new_keypair; bool ret = false; down_write(&handshake->lock); if (handshake->state != HANDSHAKE_CREATED_RESPONSE && handshake->state != HANDSHAKE_CONSUMED_RESPONSE) goto out; new_keypair = keypair_create(handshake->entry.peer); if (!new_keypair) goto out; new_keypair->i_am_the_initiator = handshake->state == HANDSHAKE_CONSUMED_RESPONSE; new_keypair->remote_index = handshake->remote_index; if (new_keypair->i_am_the_initiator) derive_keys(&new_keypair->sending, &new_keypair->receiving, handshake->chaining_key); else derive_keys(&new_keypair->receiving, &new_keypair->sending, handshake->chaining_key); handshake_zero(handshake); rcu_read_lock_bh(); if (likely(!READ_ONCE(container_of(handshake, struct wg_peer, handshake)->is_dead))) { add_new_keypair(keypairs, new_keypair); net_dbg_ratelimited("%s: Keypair %llu created for peer %llu\n", handshake->entry.peer->device->dev->name, new_keypair->internal_id, handshake->entry.peer->internal_id); ret = wg_index_hashtable_replace( handshake->entry.peer->device->index_hashtable, &handshake->entry, &new_keypair->entry); } else { kzfree(new_keypair); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); out: up_write(&handshake->lock); return ret; }
6259 4 6261 6229 114 2207 17 2206 628 16 619 616 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/nospec.h> /* out-of-line parts */ #ifndef INLINE_COPY_FROM_USER unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { unsigned long res = n; might_fault(); if (likely(access_ok(from, n))) { /* * Ensure that bad access_ok() speculation will not * lead to nasty side effects *after* the copy is * finished: */ barrier_nospec(); kasan_check_write(to, n); res = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } if (unlikely(res)) memset(to + (n - res), 0, res); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_user); #endif #ifndef INLINE_COPY_TO_USER unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (likely(access_ok(to, n))) { kasan_check_read(from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_to_user); #endif /** * check_zeroed_user: check if a userspace buffer only contains zero bytes * @from: Source address, in userspace. * @size: Size of buffer. * * This is effectively shorthand for "memchr_inv(from, 0, size) == NULL" for * userspace addresses (and is more efficient because we don't care where the * first non-zero byte is). * * Returns: * * 0: There were non-zero bytes present in the buffer. * * 1: The buffer was full of zero bytes. * * -EFAULT: access to userspace failed. */ int check_zeroed_user(const void __user *from, size_t size) { unsigned long val; uintptr_t align = (uintptr_t) from % sizeof(unsigned long); if (unlikely(size == 0)) return 1; from -= align; size += align; if (!user_access_begin(from, size)) return -EFAULT; unsafe_get_user(val, (unsigned long __user *) from, err_fault); if (align) val &= ~aligned_byte_mask(align); while (size > sizeof(unsigned long)) { if (unlikely(val)) goto done; from += sizeof(unsigned long); size -= sizeof(unsigned long); unsafe_get_user(val, (unsigned long __user *) from, err_fault); } if (size < sizeof(unsigned long)) val &= aligned_byte_mask(size); done: user_access_end(); return (val == 0); err_fault: user_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(check_zeroed_user);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kernfs.h - pseudo filesystem decoupled from vfs locking */ #ifndef __LINUX_KERNFS_H #define __LINUX_KERNFS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/android_kabi.h> struct file; struct dentry; struct iattr; struct seq_file; struct vm_area_struct; struct super_block; struct file_system_type; struct poll_table_struct; struct fs_context; struct kernfs_fs_context; struct kernfs_open_node; struct kernfs_iattrs; enum kernfs_node_type { KERNFS_DIR = 0x0001, KERNFS_FILE = 0x0002, KERNFS_LINK = 0x0004, }; #define KERNFS_TYPE_MASK 0x000f #define KERNFS_FLAG_MASK ~KERNFS_TYPE_MASK enum kernfs_node_flag { KERNFS_ACTIVATED = 0x0010, KERNFS_NS = 0x0020, KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW = 0x0040, KERNFS_HAS_MMAP = 0x0080, KERNFS_LOCKDEP = 0x0100, KERNFS_SUICIDAL = 0x0400, KERNFS_SUICIDED = 0x0800, KERNFS_EMPTY_DIR = 0x1000, KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE = 0x2000, }; /* @flags for kernfs_create_root() */ enum kernfs_root_flag { /* * kernfs_nodes are created in the deactivated state and invisible. * They require explicit kernfs_activate() to become visible. This * can be used to make related nodes become visible atomically * after all nodes are created successfully. */ KERNFS_ROOT_CREATE_DEACTIVATED = 0x0001, /* * For regular files, if the opener has CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE, open(2) * succeeds regardless of the RW permissions. sysfs had an extra * layer of enforcement where open(2) fails with -EACCES regardless * of CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE if the permission doesn't have the * respective read or write access at all (none of S_IRUGO or * S_IWUGO) or the respective operation isn't implemented. The * following flag enables that behavior. */ KERNFS_ROOT_EXTRA_OPEN_PERM_CHECK = 0x0002, /* * The filesystem supports exportfs operation, so userspace can use * fhandle to access nodes of the fs. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_EXPORTOP = 0x0004, }; /* type-specific structures for kernfs_node union members */ struct kernfs_elem_dir { unsigned long subdirs; /* children rbtree starts here and goes through kn->rb */ struct rb_root children; /* * The kernfs hierarchy this directory belongs to. This fits * better directly in kernfs_node but is here to save space. */ struct kernfs_root *root; }; struct kernfs_elem_symlink { struct kernfs_node *target_kn; }; struct kernfs_elem_attr { const struct kernfs_ops *ops; struct kernfs_open_node *open; loff_t size; struct kernfs_node *notify_next; /* for kernfs_notify() */ }; /* represent a kernfs node */ union kernfs_node_id { struct { /* * blktrace will export this struct as a simplified 'struct * fid' (which is a big data struction), so userspace can use * it to find kernfs node. The layout must match the first two * fields of 'struct fid' exactly. */ u32 ino; u32 generation; }; u64 id; }; /* * kernfs_node - the building block of kernfs hierarchy. Each and every * kernfs node is represented by single kernfs_node. Most fields are * private to kernfs and shouldn't be accessed directly by kernfs users. * * As long as s_count reference is held, the kernfs_node itself is * accessible. Dereferencing elem or any other outer entity requires * active reference. */ struct kernfs_node { atomic_t count; atomic_t active; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif /* * Use kernfs_get_parent() and kernfs_name/path() instead of * accessing the following two fields directly. If the node is * never moved to a different parent, it is safe to access the * parent directly. */ struct kernfs_node *parent; const char *name; struct rb_node rb; const void *ns; /* namespace tag */ unsigned int hash; /* ns + name hash */ union { struct kernfs_elem_dir dir; struct kernfs_elem_symlink symlink; struct kernfs_elem_attr attr; }; void *priv; union kernfs_node_id id; unsigned short flags; umode_t mode; struct kernfs_iattrs *iattr; ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(1); }; /* * kernfs_syscall_ops may be specified on kernfs_create_root() to support * syscalls. These optional callbacks are invoked on the matching syscalls * and can perform any kernfs operations which don't necessarily have to be * the exact operation requested. An active reference is held for each * kernfs_node parameter. */ struct kernfs_syscall_ops { int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_root *root); int (*mkdir)(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode); int (*rmdir)(struct kernfs_node *kn); int (*rename)(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_root *root); ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(1); ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(2); ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(3); ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(4); }; struct kernfs_root { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; unsigned int flags; /* KERNFS_ROOT_* flags */ /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct idr ino_idr; u32 last_ino; u32 next_generation; struct kernfs_syscall_ops *syscall_ops; /* list of kernfs_super_info of this root, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head supers; wait_queue_head_t deactivate_waitq; ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(1); }; struct kernfs_open_file { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; struct file *file; struct seq_file *seq_file; void *priv; /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct mutex mutex; struct mutex prealloc_mutex; int event; struct list_head list; char *prealloc_buf; size_t atomic_write_len; bool mmapped:1; bool released:1; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(1); }; struct kernfs_ops { /* * Optional open/release methods. Both are called with * @of->seq_file populated. */ int (*open)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); void (*release)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); /* * Read is handled by either seq_file or raw_read(). * * If seq_show() is present, seq_file path is active. Other seq * operations are optional and if not implemented, the behavior is * equivalent to single_open(). @sf->private points to the * associated kernfs_open_file. * * read() is bounced through kernel buffer and a read larger than * PAGE_SIZE results in partial operation of PAGE_SIZE. */ int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); void *(*seq_start)(struct seq_file *sf, loff_t *ppos); void *(*seq_next)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v, loff_t *ppos); void (*seq_stop)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); ssize_t (*read)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); /* * write() is bounced through kernel buffer. If atomic_write_len * is not set, a write larger than PAGE_SIZE results in partial * operations of PAGE_SIZE chunks. If atomic_write_len is set, * writes upto the specified size are executed atomically but * larger ones are rejected with -E2BIG. */ size_t atomic_write_len; /* * "prealloc" causes a buffer to be allocated at open for * all read/write requests. As ->seq_show uses seq_read() * which does its own allocation, it is incompatible with * ->prealloc. Provide ->read and ->write with ->prealloc. */ bool prealloc; ssize_t (*write)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); __poll_t (*poll)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); int (*mmap)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lock_class_key lockdep_key; #endif ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(1); ANDROID_KABI_RESERVE(2); }; /* * The kernfs superblock creation/mount parameter context. */ struct kernfs_fs_context { struct kernfs_root *root; /* Root of the hierarchy being mounted */ void *ns_tag; /* Namespace tag of the mount (or NULL) */ unsigned long magic; /* File system specific magic number */ /* The following are set/used by kernfs_mount() */ bool new_sb_created; /* Set to T if we allocated a new sb */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_KERNFS static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_TYPE_MASK; } /** * kernfs_enable_ns - enable namespace under a directory * @kn: directory of interest, should be empty * * This is to be called right after @kn is created to enable namespace * under it. All children of @kn must have non-NULL namespace tags and * only the ones which match the super_block's tag will be visible. */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_DIR); WARN_ON_ONCE(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kn->dir.children)); kn->flags |= KERNFS_NS; } /** * kernfs_ns_enabled - test whether namespace is enabled * @kn: the node to test * * Test whether namespace filtering is enabled for the children of @ns. */ static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_NS; } int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn); void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns); void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb); struct inode *kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn); struct dentry *kernfs_node_dentry(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct super_block *sb); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv); void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_empty_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name); struct kernfs_node *__kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target); void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_break_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); __poll_t kernfs_generic_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size); int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags); const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb); int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb); void kernfs_init(void); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_node_by_id(struct kernfs_root *root, const union kernfs_node_id *id); #else /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return 0; } /* whatever */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline struct inode * kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root * kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root) { } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * __kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { } static inline void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb) { } static inline void kernfs_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ /** * kernfs_path - build full path of a given node * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * @buf: buffer to copy @kn's name into * @buflen: size of @buf * * If @kn is NULL result will be "(null)". * * Returns the length of the full path. If the full length is equal to or * greater than @buflen, @buf contains the truncated path with the trailing * '\0'. On error, -errno is returned. */ static inline int kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return kernfs_path_from_node(kn, NULL, buf, buflen); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name) { return kernfs_find_and_get_ns(kn, name, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *path) { return kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(kn, path, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_dir_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, priv, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns) { struct lock_class_key *key = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC key = (struct lock_class_key *)&ops->lockdep_key; #endif return __kernfs_create_file(parent, name, mode, uid, gid, size, ops, priv, ns, key); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_file_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, size, ops, priv, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name) { return kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(parent, name, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_rename(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name) { return kernfs_rename_ns(kn, new_parent, new_name, NULL); } #endif /* __LINUX_KERNFS_H */
11 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Queued spinlock * * (C) Copyright 2013-2015 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. * (C) Copyright 2015 Hewlett-Packard Enterprise Development LP * * Authors: Waiman Long <waiman.long@hpe.com> */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_QSPINLOCK_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_QSPINLOCK_H #include <asm-generic/qspinlock_types.h> /** * queued_spin_is_locked - is the spinlock locked? * @lock: Pointer to queued spinlock structure * Return: 1 if it is locked, 0 otherwise */ static __always_inline int queued_spin_is_locked(struct qspinlock *lock) { /* * Any !0 state indicates it is locked, even if _Q_LOCKED_VAL * isn't immediately observable. */ return atomic_read(&lock->val); } /** * queued_spin_value_unlocked - is the spinlock structure unlocked? * @lock: queued spinlock structure * Return: 1 if it is unlocked, 0 otherwise * * N.B. Whenever there are tasks waiting for the lock, it is considered * locked wrt the lockref code to avoid lock stealing by the lockref * code and change things underneath the lock. This also allows some * optimizations to be applied without conflict with lockref. */ static __always_inline int queued_spin_value_unlocked(struct qspinlock lock) { return !atomic_read(&lock.val); } /** * queued_spin_is_contended - check if the lock is contended * @lock : Pointer to queued spinlock structure * Return: 1 if lock contended, 0 otherwise */ static __always_inline int queued_spin_is_contended(struct qspinlock *lock) { return atomic_read(&lock->val) & ~_Q_LOCKED_MASK; } /** * queued_spin_trylock - try to acquire the queued spinlock * @lock : Pointer to queued spinlock structure * Return: 1 if lock acquired, 0 if failed */ static __always_inline int queued_spin_trylock(struct qspinlock *lock) { u32 val = atomic_read(&lock->val); if (unlikely(val)) return 0; return likely(atomic_try_cmpxchg_acquire(&lock->val, &val, _Q_LOCKED_VAL)); } extern void queued_spin_lock_slowpath(struct qspinlock *lock, u32 val); /** * queued_spin_lock - acquire a queued spinlock * @lock: Pointer to queued spinlock structure */ static __always_inline void queued_spin_lock(struct qspinlock *lock) { u32 val = 0; if (likely(atomic_try_cmpxchg_acquire(&lock->val, &val, _Q_LOCKED_VAL))) return; queued_spin_lock_slowpath(lock, val); } #ifndef queued_spin_unlock /** * queued_spin_unlock - release a queued spinlock * @lock : Pointer to queued spinlock structure */ static __always_inline void queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock) { /* * unlock() needs release semantics: */ smp_store_release(&lock->locked, 0); } #endif #ifndef virt_spin_lock static __always_inline bool virt_spin_lock(struct qspinlock *lock) { return false; } #endif /* * Remapping spinlock architecture specific functions to the corresponding * queued spinlock functions. */ #define arch_spin_is_locked(l) queued_spin_is_locked(l) #define arch_spin_is_contended(l) queued_spin_is_contended(l) #define arch_spin_value_unlocked(l) queued_spin_value_unlocked(l) #define arch_spin_lock(l) queued_spin_lock(l) #define arch_spin_trylock(l) queued_spin_trylock(l) #define arch_spin_unlock(l) queued_spin_unlock(l) #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_QSPINLOCK_H */
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4813 4814 4815 4816 4817 4818 4819 4820 4821 4822 4823 4824 4825 4826 4827 4828 4829 4830 4831 4832 4833 4834 4835 4836 4837 4838 4839 4840 4841 4842 4843 4844 4845 4846 4847 4848 4849 4850 4851 4852 4853 4854 4855 4856 4857 4858 4859 4860 4861 4862 4863 4864 4865 4866 4867 4868 4869 4870 4871 4872 4873 4874 4875 4876 4877 4878 4879 4880 4881 4882 4883 4884 4885 4886 4887 4888 4889 4890 4891 4892 4893 4894 4895 4896 4897 4898 4899 4900 4901 4902 4903 4904 4905 4906 4907 4908 4909 4910 4911 4912 4913 4914 4915 4916 4917 4918 4919 4920 4921 4922 4923 4924 4925 4926 4927 4928 4929 4930 4931 4932 4933 4934 4935 4936 4937 4938 4939 4940 4941 4942 4943 4944 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* * Some corrections by tytso. */ /* [Feb 1997 T. Schoebel-Theuer] Complete rewrite of the pathname * lookup logic. */ /* [Feb-Apr 2000, AV] Rewrite to the new namespace architecture. */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/device_cgroup.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/posix_acl.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" #include "mount.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/namei.h> /* [Feb-1997 T. Schoebel-Theuer] * Fundamental changes in the pathname lookup mechanisms (namei) * were necessary because of omirr. The reason is that omirr needs * to know the _real_ pathname, not the user-supplied one, in case * of symlinks (and also when transname replacements occur). * * The new code replaces the old recursive symlink resolution with * an iterative one (in case of non-nested symlink chains). It does * this with calls to <fs>_follow_link(). * As a side effect, dir_namei(), _namei() and follow_link() are now * replaced with a single function lookup_dentry() that can handle all * the special cases of the former code. * * With the new dcache, the pathname is stored at each inode, at least as * long as the refcount of the inode is positive. As a side effect, the * size of the dcache depends on the inode cache and thus is dynamic. * * [29-Apr-1998 C. Scott Ananian] Updated above description of symlink * resolution to correspond with current state of the code. * * Note that the symlink resolution is not *completely* iterative. * There is still a significant amount of tail- and mid- recursion in * the algorithm. Also, note that <fs>_readlink() is not used in * lookup_dentry(): lookup_dentry() on the result of <fs>_readlink() * may return different results than <fs>_follow_link(). Many virtual * filesystems (including /proc) exhibit this behavior. */ /* [24-Feb-97 T. Schoebel-Theuer] Side effects caused by new implementation: * New symlink semantics: when open() is called with flags O_CREAT | O_EXCL * and the name already exists in form of a symlink, try to create the new * name indicated by the symlink. The old code always complained that the * name already exists, due to not following the symlink even if its target * is nonexistent. The new semantics affects also mknod() and link() when * the name is a symlink pointing to a non-existent name. * * I don't know which semantics is the right one, since I have no access * to standards. But I found by trial that HP-UX 9.0 has the full "new" * semantics implemented, while SunOS 4.1.1 and Solaris (SunOS 5.4) have the * "old" one. Personally, I think the new semantics is much more logical. * Note that "ln old new" where "new" is a symlink pointing to a non-existing * file does succeed in both HP-UX and SunOs, but not in Solaris * and in the old Linux semantics. */ /* [16-Dec-97 Kevin Buhr] For security reasons, we change some symlink * semantics. See the comments in "open_namei" and "do_link" below. * * [10-Sep-98 Alan Modra] Another symlink change. */ /* [Feb-Apr 2000 AV] Complete rewrite. Rules for symlinks: * inside the path - always follow. * in the last component in creation/removal/renaming - never follow. * if LOOKUP_FOLLOW passed - follow. * if the pathname has trailing slashes - follow. * otherwise - don't follow. * (applied in that order). * * [Jun 2000 AV] Inconsistent behaviour of open() in case if flags==O_CREAT * restored for 2.4. This is the last surviving part of old 4.2BSD bug. * During the 2.4 we need to fix the userland stuff depending on it - * hopefully we will be able to get rid of that wart in 2.5. So far only * XEmacs seems to be relying on it... */ /* * [Sep 2001 AV] Single-semaphore locking scheme (kudos to David Holland) * implemented. Let's see if raised priority of ->s_vfs_rename_mutex gives * any extra contention... */ /* In order to reduce some races, while at the same time doing additional * checking and hopefully speeding things up, we copy filenames to the * kernel data space before using them.. * * POSIX.1 2.4: an empty pathname is invalid (ENOENT). * PATH_MAX includes the nul terminator --RR. */ #define EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX (PATH_MAX - offsetof(struct filename, iname)) struct filename * getname_flags(const char __user *filename, int flags, int *empty) { struct filename *result; char *kname; int len; result = audit_reusename(filename); if (result) return result; result = __getname(); if (unlikely(!result)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* * First, try to embed the struct filename inside the names_cache * allocation */ kname = (char *)result->iname; result->name = kname; len = strncpy_from_user(kname, filename, EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX); if (unlikely(len < 0)) { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(len); } /* * Uh-oh. We have a name that's approaching PATH_MAX. Allocate a * separate struct filename so we can dedicate the entire * names_cache allocation for the pathname, and re-do the copy from * userland. */ if (unlikely(len == EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX)) { const size_t size = offsetof(struct filename, iname[1]); kname = (char *)result; /* * size is chosen that way we to guarantee that * result->iname[0] is within the same object and that * kname can't be equal to result->iname, no matter what. */ result = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!result)) { __putname(kname); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } result->name = kname; len = strncpy_from_user(kname, filename, PATH_MAX); if (unlikely(len < 0)) { __putname(kname); kfree(result); return ERR_PTR(len); } if (unlikely(len == PATH_MAX)) { __putname(kname); kfree(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); } } result->refcnt = 1; /* The empty path is special. */ if (unlikely(!len)) { if (empty) *empty = 1; if (!(flags & LOOKUP_EMPTY)) { putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } } result->uptr = filename; result->aname = NULL; audit_getname(result); return result; } struct filename * getname(const char __user * filename) { return getname_flags(filename, 0, NULL); } struct filename * getname_kernel(const char * filename) { struct filename *result; int len = strlen(filename) + 1; result = __getname(); if (unlikely(!result)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (len <= EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX) { result->name = (char *)result->iname; } else if (len <= PATH_MAX) { const size_t size = offsetof(struct filename, iname[1]); struct filename *tmp; tmp = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!tmp)) { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } tmp->name = (char *)result; result = tmp; } else { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); } memcpy((char *)result->name, filename, len); result->uptr = NULL; result->aname = NULL; result->refcnt = 1; audit_getname(result); return result; } void putname(struct filename *name) { BUG_ON(name->refcnt <= 0); if (--name->refcnt > 0) return; if (name->name != name->iname) { __putname(name->name); kfree(name); } else __putname(name); } static int check_acl(struct inode *inode, int mask) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *acl; if (mask & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) { acl = get_cached_acl_rcu(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS); if (!acl) return -EAGAIN; /* no ->get_acl() calls in RCU mode... */ if (is_uncached_acl(acl)) return -ECHILD; return posix_acl_permission(inode, acl, mask & ~MAY_NOT_BLOCK); } acl = get_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS); if (IS_ERR(acl)) return PTR_ERR(acl); if (acl) { int error = posix_acl_permission(inode, acl, mask); posix_acl_release(acl); return error; } #endif return -EAGAIN; } /* * This does the basic permission checking */ static int acl_permission_check(struct inode *inode, int mask) { unsigned int mode = inode->i_mode; if (likely(uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid))) mode >>= 6; else { if (IS_POSIXACL(inode) && (mode & S_IRWXG)) { int error = check_acl(inode, mask); if (error != -EAGAIN) return error; } if (in_group_p(inode->i_gid)) mode >>= 3; } /* * If the DACs are ok we don't need any capability check. */ if ((mask & ~mode & (MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC)) == 0) return 0; return -EACCES; } /** * generic_permission - check for access rights on a Posix-like filesystem * @inode: inode to check access rights for * @mask: right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC, ...) * * Used to check for read/write/execute permissions on a file. * We use "fsuid" for this, letting us set arbitrary permissions * for filesystem access without changing the "normal" uids which * are used for other things. * * generic_permission is rcu-walk aware. It returns -ECHILD in case an rcu-walk * request cannot be satisfied (eg. requires blocking or too much complexity). * It would then be called again in ref-walk mode. */ int generic_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { int ret; /* * Do the basic permission checks. */ ret = acl_permission_check(inode, mask); if (ret != -EACCES) return ret; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { /* DACs are overridable for directories */ if (!(mask & MAY_WRITE)) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return 0; if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)) return 0; return -EACCES; } /* * Searching includes executable on directories, else just read. */ mask &= MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC; if (mask == MAY_READ) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return 0; /* * Read/write DACs are always overridable. * Executable DACs are overridable when there is * at least one exec bit set. */ if (!(mask & MAY_EXEC) || (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO)) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)) return 0; return -EACCES; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_permission); /* * We _really_ want to just do "generic_permission()" without * even looking at the inode->i_op values. So we keep a cache * flag in inode->i_opflags, that says "this has not special * permission function, use the fast case". */ static inline int do_inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_FASTPERM))) { if (likely(inode->i_op->permission)) return inode->i_op->permission(inode, mask); /* This gets set once for the inode lifetime */ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_opflags |= IOP_FASTPERM; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } return generic_permission(inode, mask); } /** * sb_permission - Check superblock-level permissions * @sb: Superblock of inode to check permission on * @inode: Inode to check permission on * @mask: Right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC) * * Separate out file-system wide checks from inode-specific permission checks. */ static int sb_permission(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, int mask) { if (unlikely(mask & MAY_WRITE)) { umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; /* Nobody gets write access to a read-only fs. */ if (sb_rdonly(sb) && (S_ISREG(mode) || S_ISDIR(mode) || S_ISLNK(mode))) return -EROFS; } return 0; } /** * inode_permission - Check for access rights to a given inode * @inode: Inode to check permission on * @mask: Right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC) * * Check for read/write/execute permissions on an inode. We use fs[ug]id for * this, letting us set arbitrary permissions for filesystem access without * changing the "normal" UIDs which are used for other things. * * When checking for MAY_APPEND, MAY_WRITE must also be set in @mask. */ int inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { int retval; retval = sb_permission(inode->i_sb, inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; if (unlikely(mask & MAY_WRITE)) { /* * Nobody gets write access to an immutable file. */ if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating mtime will likely cause i_uid and i_gid to be * written back improperly if their true value is unknown * to the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EACCES; } retval = do_inode_permission(inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; retval = devcgroup_inode_permission(inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; return security_inode_permission(inode, mask); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(inode_permission); /** * path_get - get a reference to a path * @path: path to get the reference to * * Given a path increment the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount. */ void path_get(const struct path *path) { mntget(path->mnt); dget(path->dentry); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_get); /** * path_put - put a reference to a path * @path: path to put the reference to * * Given a path decrement the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount. */ void path_put(const struct path *path) { dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_put); #define EMBEDDED_LEVELS 2 struct nameidata { struct path path; struct qstr last; struct path root; struct inode *inode; /* path.dentry.d_inode */ unsigned int flags; unsigned seq, m_seq; int last_type; unsigned depth; int total_link_count; struct saved { struct path link; struct delayed_call done; const char *name; unsigned seq; } *stack, internal[EMBEDDED_LEVELS]; struct filename *name; struct nameidata *saved; struct inode *link_inode; unsigned root_seq; int dfd; } __randomize_layout; static void set_nameidata(struct nameidata *p, int dfd, struct filename *name) { struct nameidata *old = current->nameidata; p->stack = p->internal; p->dfd = dfd; p->name = name; p->total_link_count = old ? old->total_link_count : 0; p->saved = old; current->nameidata = p; } static void restore_nameidata(void) { struct nameidata *now = current->nameidata, *old = now->saved; current->nameidata = old; if (old) old->total_link_count = now->total_link_count; if (now->stack != now->internal) kfree(now->stack); } static int __nd_alloc_stack(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *p; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { p= kmalloc_array(MAXSYMLINKS, sizeof(struct saved), GFP_ATOMIC); if (unlikely(!p)) return -ECHILD; } else { p= kmalloc_array(MAXSYMLINKS, sizeof(struct saved), GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!p)) return -ENOMEM; } memcpy(p, nd->internal, sizeof(nd->internal)); nd->stack = p; return 0; } /** * path_connected - Verify that a path->dentry is below path->mnt.mnt_root * @path: nameidate to verify * * Rename can sometimes move a file or directory outside of a bind * mount, path_connected allows those cases to be detected. */ static bool path_connected(const struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt = path->mnt; struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; /* Bind mounts and multi-root filesystems can have disconnected paths */ if (!(sb->s_iflags & SB_I_MULTIROOT) && (mnt->mnt_root == sb->s_root)) return true; return is_subdir(path->dentry, mnt->mnt_root); } static inline int nd_alloc_stack(struct nameidata *nd) { if (likely(nd->depth != EMBEDDED_LEVELS)) return 0; if (likely(nd->stack != nd->internal)) return 0; return __nd_alloc_stack(nd); } static void drop_links(struct nameidata *nd) { int i = nd->depth; while (i--) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + i; do_delayed_call(&last->done); clear_delayed_call(&last->done); } } static void terminate_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { drop_links(nd); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { int i; path_put(&nd->path); for (i = 0; i < nd->depth; i++) path_put(&nd->stack[i].link); if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED) { path_put(&nd->root); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } } else { nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; rcu_read_unlock(); } nd->depth = 0; } /* path_put is needed afterwards regardless of success or failure */ static bool legitimize_path(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, unsigned seq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(path->mnt, nd->m_seq); if (unlikely(res)) { if (res > 0) path->mnt = NULL; path->dentry = NULL; return false; } if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&path->dentry->d_lockref))) { path->dentry = NULL; return false; } return !read_seqcount_retry(&path->dentry->d_seq, seq); } static bool legitimize_links(struct nameidata *nd) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nd->depth; i++) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + i; if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, &last->link, last->seq))) { drop_links(nd); nd->depth = i + 1; return false; } } return true; } static bool legitimize_root(struct nameidata *nd) { if (!nd->root.mnt || (nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT)) return true; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; return legitimize_path(nd, &nd->root, nd->root_seq); } /* * Path walking has 2 modes, rcu-walk and ref-walk (see * Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt). In situations when we can't * continue in RCU mode, we attempt to drop out of rcu-walk mode and grab * normal reference counts on dentries and vfsmounts to transition to ref-walk * mode. Refcounts are grabbed at the last known good point before rcu-walk * got stuck, so ref-walk may continue from there. If this is not successful * (eg. a seqcount has changed), then failure is returned and it's up to caller * to restart the path walk from the beginning in ref-walk mode. */ /** * unlazy_walk - try to switch to ref-walk mode. * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * Returns: 0 on success, -ECHILD on failure * * unlazy_walk attempts to legitimize the current nd->path and nd->root * for ref-walk mode. * Must be called from rcu-walk context. * Nothing should touch nameidata between unlazy_walk() failure and * terminate_walk(). */ static int unlazy_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { struct dentry *parent = nd->path.dentry; BUG_ON(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (unlikely(!legitimize_links(nd))) goto out1; if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, &nd->path, nd->seq))) goto out; if (unlikely(!legitimize_root(nd))) goto out; rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(nd->inode != parent->d_inode); return 0; out1: nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return -ECHILD; } /** * unlazy_child - try to switch to ref-walk mode. * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * @dentry: child of nd->path.dentry * @seq: seq number to check dentry against * Returns: 0 on success, -ECHILD on failure * * unlazy_child attempts to legitimize the current nd->path, nd->root and dentry * for ref-walk mode. @dentry must be a path found by a do_lookup call on * @nd. Must be called from rcu-walk context. * Nothing should touch nameidata between unlazy_child() failure and * terminate_walk(). */ static int unlazy_child(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned seq) { BUG_ON(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (unlikely(!legitimize_links(nd))) goto out2; if (unlikely(!legitimize_mnt(nd->path.mnt, nd->m_seq))) goto out2; if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&nd->path.dentry->d_lockref))) goto out1; /* * We need to move both the parent and the dentry from the RCU domain * to be properly refcounted. And the sequence number in the dentry * validates *both* dentry counters, since we checked the sequence * number of the parent after we got the child sequence number. So we * know the parent must still be valid if the child sequence number is */ if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref))) goto out; if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq))) goto out_dput; /* * Sequence counts matched. Now make sure that the root is * still valid and get it if required. */ if (unlikely(!legitimize_root(nd))) goto out_dput; rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; out2: nd->path.mnt = NULL; out1: nd->path.dentry = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return -ECHILD; out_dput: rcu_read_unlock(); dput(dentry); return -ECHILD; } static inline int d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE)) return dentry->d_op->d_revalidate(dentry, flags); else return 1; } #define INIT_PATH_SIZE 64 static void success_walk_trace(struct nameidata *nd) { struct path *pt = &nd->path; struct inode *i = nd->inode; char buf[INIT_PATH_SIZE], *try_buf; int cur_path_size; char *p; /* When eBPF/ tracepoint is disabled, keep overhead low. */ if (!trace_inodepath_enabled()) return; /* First try stack allocated buffer. */ try_buf = buf; cur_path_size = INIT_PATH_SIZE; while (cur_path_size <= PATH_MAX) { /* Free previous heap allocation if we are now trying * a second or later heap allocation. */ if (try_buf != buf) kfree(try_buf); /* All but the first alloc are on the heap. */ if (cur_path_size != INIT_PATH_SIZE) { try_buf = kmalloc(cur_path_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!try_buf) { try_buf = buf; sprintf(try_buf, "error:buf_alloc_failed"); break; } } p = d_path(pt, try_buf, cur_path_size); if (!IS_ERR(p)) { char *end = mangle_path(try_buf, p, "\n"); if (end) { try_buf[end - try_buf] = 0; break; } else { /* On mangle errors, double path size * till PATH_MAX. */ cur_path_size = cur_path_size << 1; continue; } } if (PTR_ERR(p) == -ENAMETOOLONG) { /* If d_path complains that name is too long, * then double path size till PATH_MAX. */ cur_path_size = cur_path_size << 1; continue; } sprintf(try_buf, "error:d_path_failed_%lu", -1 * PTR_ERR(p)); break; } if (cur_path_size > PATH_MAX) sprintf(try_buf, "error:d_path_name_too_long"); trace_inodepath(i, try_buf); if (try_buf != buf) kfree(try_buf); return; } /** * complete_walk - successful completion of path walk * @nd: pointer nameidata * * If we had been in RCU mode, drop out of it and legitimize nd->path. * Revalidate the final result, unless we'd already done that during * the path walk or the filesystem doesn't ask for it. Return 0 on * success, -error on failure. In case of failure caller does not * need to drop nd->path. */ static int complete_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { struct dentry *dentry = nd->path.dentry; int status; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT)) nd->root.mnt = NULL; if (unlikely(unlazy_walk(nd))) return -ECHILD; } if (likely(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_JUMPED))) { success_walk_trace(nd); return 0; } if (likely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE))) { success_walk_trace(nd); return 0; } status = dentry->d_op->d_weak_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (status > 0) { success_walk_trace(nd); return 0; } if (!status) status = -ESTALE; return status; } static void set_root(struct nameidata *nd) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq); nd->root = fs->root; nd->root_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->root.dentry->d_seq); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&fs->seq, seq)); } else { get_fs_root(fs, &nd->root); nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } } static void path_put_conditional(struct path *path, struct nameidata *nd) { dput(path->dentry); if (path->mnt != nd->path.mnt) mntput(path->mnt); } static inline void path_to_nameidata(const struct path *path, struct nameidata *nd) { if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { dput(nd->path.dentry); if (nd->path.mnt != path->mnt) mntput(nd->path.mnt); } nd->path.mnt = path->mnt; nd->path.dentry = path->dentry; } static int nd_jump_root(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { struct dentry *d; nd->path = nd->root; d = nd->path.dentry; nd->inode = d->d_inode; nd->seq = nd->root_seq; if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&d->d_seq, nd->seq))) return -ECHILD; } else { path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = nd->root; path_get(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; return 0; } /* * Helper to directly jump to a known parsed path from ->get_link, * caller must have taken a reference to path beforehand. */ void nd_jump_link(struct path *path) { struct nameidata *nd = current->nameidata; path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = *path; nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; } static inline void put_link(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + --nd->depth; do_delayed_call(&last->done); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) path_put(&last->link); } int sysctl_protected_symlinks __read_mostly = 0; int sysctl_protected_hardlinks __read_mostly = 0; int sysctl_protected_fifos __read_mostly; int sysctl_protected_regular __read_mostly; /** * may_follow_link - Check symlink following for unsafe situations * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * * In the case of the sysctl_protected_symlinks sysctl being enabled, * CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE needs to be specifically ignored if the symlink is * in a sticky world-writable directory. This is to protect privileged * processes from failing races against path names that may change out * from under them by way of other users creating malicious symlinks. * It will permit symlinks to be followed only when outside a sticky * world-writable directory, or when the uid of the symlink and follower * match, or when the directory owner matches the symlink's owner. * * Returns 0 if following the symlink is allowed, -ve on error. */ static inline int may_follow_link(struct nameidata *nd) { const struct inode *inode; const struct inode *parent; kuid_t puid; if (!sysctl_protected_symlinks) return 0; /* Allowed if owner and follower match. */ inode = nd->link_inode; if (uid_eq(current_cred()->fsuid, inode->i_uid)) return 0; /* Allowed if parent directory not sticky and world-writable. */ parent = nd->inode; if ((parent->i_mode & (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) != (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) return 0; /* Allowed if parent directory and link owner match. */ puid = parent->i_uid; if (uid_valid(puid) && uid_eq(puid, inode->i_uid)) return 0; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) return -ECHILD; audit_inode(nd->name, nd->stack[0].link.dentry, 0); audit_log_link_denied("follow_link"); return -EACCES; } /** * safe_hardlink_source - Check for safe hardlink conditions * @inode: the source inode to hardlink from * * Return false if at least one of the following conditions: * - inode is not a regular file * - inode is setuid * - inode is setgid and group-exec * - access failure for read and write * * Otherwise returns true. */ static bool safe_hardlink_source(struct inode *inode) { umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; /* Special files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if (!S_ISREG(mode)) return false; /* Setuid files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if (mode & S_ISUID) return false; /* Executable setgid files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if ((mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) return false; /* Hardlinking to unreadable or unwritable sources is dangerous. */ if (inode_permission(inode, MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE)) return false; return true; } /** * may_linkat - Check permissions for creating a hardlink * @link: the source to hardlink from * * Block hardlink when all of: * - sysctl_protected_hardlinks enabled * - fsuid does not match inode * - hardlink source is unsafe (see safe_hardlink_source() above) * - not CAP_FOWNER in a namespace with the inode owner uid mapped * * Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ static int may_linkat(struct path *link) { struct inode *inode = link->dentry->d_inode; /* Inode writeback is not safe when the uid or gid are invalid. */ if (!uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; if (!sysctl_protected_hardlinks) return 0; /* Source inode owner (or CAP_FOWNER) can hardlink all they like, * otherwise, it must be a safe source. */ if (safe_hardlink_source(inode) || inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return 0; audit_log_link_denied("linkat"); return -EPERM; } /** * may_create_in_sticky - Check whether an O_CREAT open in a sticky directory * should be allowed, or not, on files that already * exist. * @dir_mode: mode bits of directory * @dir_uid: owner of directory * @inode: the inode of the file to open * * Block an O_CREAT open of a FIFO (or a regular file) when: * - sysctl_protected_fifos (or sysctl_protected_regular) is enabled * - the file already exists * - we are in a sticky directory * - we don't own the file * - the owner of the directory doesn't own the file * - the directory is world writable * If the sysctl_protected_fifos (or sysctl_protected_regular) is set to 2 * the directory doesn't have to be world writable: being group writable will * be enough. * * Returns 0 if the open is allowed, -ve on error. */ static int may_create_in_sticky(umode_t dir_mode, kuid_t dir_uid, struct inode * const inode) { if ((!sysctl_protected_fifos && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) || (!sysctl_protected_regular && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) || likely(!(dir_mode & S_ISVTX)) || uid_eq(inode->i_uid, dir_uid) || uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid)) return 0; if (likely(dir_mode & 0002) || (dir_mode & 0020 && ((sysctl_protected_fifos >= 2 && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) || (sysctl_protected_regular >= 2 && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))))) { return -EACCES; } return 0; } static __always_inline const char *get_link(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + nd->depth - 1; struct dentry *dentry = last->link.dentry; struct inode *inode = nd->link_inode; int error; const char *res; if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { touch_atime(&last->link); cond_resched(); } else if (atime_needs_update(&last->link, inode)) { if (unlikely(unlazy_walk(nd))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); touch_atime(&last->link); } error = security_inode_follow_link(dentry, inode, nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); nd->last_type = LAST_BIND; res = READ_ONCE(inode->i_link); if (!res) { const char * (*get)(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); get = inode->i_op->get_link; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { res = get(NULL, inode, &last->done); if (res == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD)) { if (unlikely(unlazy_walk(nd))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); res = get(dentry, inode, &last->done); } } else { res = get(dentry, inode, &last->done); } if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(res)) return res; } if (*res == '/') { if (!nd->root.mnt) set_root(nd); if (unlikely(nd_jump_root(nd))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); while (unlikely(*++res == '/')) ; } if (!*res) res = NULL; return res; } /* * follow_up - Find the mountpoint of path's vfsmount * * Given a path, find the mountpoint of its source file system. * Replace @path with the path of the mountpoint in the parent mount. * Up is towards /. * * Return 1 if we went up a level and 0 if we were already at the * root. */ int follow_up(struct path *path) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *parent; struct dentry *mountpoint; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); parent = mnt->mnt_parent; if (parent == mnt) { read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return 0; } mntget(&parent->mnt); mountpoint = dget(mnt->mnt_mountpoint); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); dput(path->dentry); path->dentry = mountpoint; mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &parent->mnt; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_up); /* * Perform an automount * - return -EISDIR to tell follow_managed() to stop and return the path we * were called with. */ static int follow_automount(struct path *path, struct nameidata *nd, bool *need_mntput) { struct vfsmount *mnt; int err; if (!path->dentry->d_op || !path->dentry->d_op->d_automount) return -EREMOTE; /* We don't want to mount if someone's just doing a stat - * unless they're stat'ing a directory and appended a '/' to * the name. * * We do, however, want to mount if someone wants to open or * create a file of any type under the mountpoint, wants to * traverse through the mountpoint or wants to open the * mounted directory. Also, autofs may mark negative dentries * as being automount points. These will need the attentions * of the daemon to instantiate them before they can be used. */ if (!(nd->flags & (LOOKUP_PARENT | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY | LOOKUP_OPEN | LOOKUP_CREATE | LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT)) && path->dentry->d_inode) return -EISDIR; nd->total_link_count++; if (nd->total_link_count >= 40) return -ELOOP; mnt = path->dentry->d_op->d_automount(path); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { /* * The filesystem is allowed to return -EISDIR here to indicate * it doesn't want to automount. For instance, autofs would do * this so that its userspace daemon can mount on this dentry. * * However, we can only permit this if it's a terminal point in * the path being looked up; if it wasn't then the remainder of * the path is inaccessible and we should say so. */ if (PTR_ERR(mnt) == -EISDIR && (nd->flags & LOOKUP_PARENT)) return -EREMOTE; return PTR_ERR(mnt); } if (!mnt) /* mount collision */ return 0; if (!*need_mntput) { /* lock_mount() may release path->mnt on error */ mntget(path->mnt); *need_mntput = true; } err = finish_automount(mnt, path); switch (err) { case -EBUSY: /* Someone else made a mount here whilst we were busy */ return 0; case 0: path_put(path); path->mnt = mnt; path->dentry = dget(mnt->mnt_root); return 0; default: return err; } } /* * Handle a dentry that is managed in some way. * - Flagged for transit management (autofs) * - Flagged as mountpoint * - Flagged as automount point * * This may only be called in refwalk mode. * * Serialization is taken care of in namespace.c */ static int follow_managed(struct path *path, struct nameidata *nd) { struct vfsmount *mnt = path->mnt; /* held by caller, must be left alone */ unsigned managed; bool need_mntput = false; int ret = 0; /* Given that we're not holding a lock here, we retain the value in a * local variable for each dentry as we look at it so that we don't see * the components of that value change under us */ while (managed = READ_ONCE(path->dentry->d_flags), managed &= DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY, unlikely(managed != 0)) { /* Allow the filesystem to manage the transit without i_mutex * being held. */ if (managed & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) { BUG_ON(!path->dentry->d_op); BUG_ON(!path->dentry->d_op->d_manage); ret = path->dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, false); if (ret < 0) break; } /* Transit to a mounted filesystem. */ if (managed & DCACHE_MOUNTED) { struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (mounted) { dput(path->dentry); if (need_mntput) mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); need_mntput = true; continue; } /* Something is mounted on this dentry in another * namespace and/or whatever was mounted there in this * namespace got unmounted before lookup_mnt() could * get it */ } /* Handle an automount point */ if (managed & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT) { ret = follow_automount(path, nd, &need_mntput); if (ret < 0) break; continue; } /* We didn't change the current path point */ break; } if (need_mntput && path->mnt == mnt) mntput(path->mnt); if (ret == -EISDIR || !ret) ret = 1; if (need_mntput) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; if (unlikely(ret < 0)) path_put_conditional(path, nd); return ret; } int follow_down_one(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mounted; mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (mounted) { dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); return 1; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down_one); static inline int managed_dentry_rcu(const struct path *path) { return (path->dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) ? path->dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, true) : 0; } /* * Try to skip to top of mountpoint pile in rcuwalk mode. Fail if * we meet a managed dentry that would need blocking. */ static bool __follow_mount_rcu(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, struct inode **inode, unsigned *seqp) { for (;;) { struct mount *mounted; /* * Don't forget we might have a non-mountpoint managed dentry * that wants to block transit. */ switch (managed_dentry_rcu(path)) { case -ECHILD: default: return false; case -EISDIR: return true; case 0: break; } if (!d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) return !(path->dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT); mounted = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); if (!mounted) break; path->mnt = &mounted->mnt; path->dentry = mounted->mnt.mnt_root; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&path->dentry->d_seq); /* * Update the inode too. We don't need to re-check the * dentry sequence number here after this d_inode read, * because a mount-point is always pinned. */ *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; } return !read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq) && !(path->dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT); } static int follow_dotdot_rcu(struct nameidata *nd) { struct inode *inode = nd->inode; while (1) { if (path_equal(&nd->path, &nd->root)) break; if (nd->path.dentry != nd->path.mnt->mnt_root) { struct dentry *old = nd->path.dentry; struct dentry *parent = old->d_parent; unsigned seq; inode = parent->d_inode; seq = read_seqcount_begin(&parent->d_seq); if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&old->d_seq, nd->seq))) return -ECHILD; nd->path.dentry = parent; nd->seq = seq; if (unlikely(!path_connected(&nd->path))) return -ECHILD; break; } else { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(nd->path.mnt); struct mount *mparent = mnt->mnt_parent; struct dentry *mountpoint = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; struct inode *inode2 = mountpoint->d_inode; unsigned seq = read_seqcount_begin(&mountpoint->d_seq); if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq))) return -ECHILD; if (&mparent->mnt == nd->path.mnt) break; /* we know that mountpoint was pinned */ nd->path.dentry = mountpoint; nd->path.mnt = &mparent->mnt; inode = inode2; nd->seq = seq; } } while (unlikely(d_mountpoint(nd->path.dentry))) { struct mount *mounted; mounted = __lookup_mnt(nd->path.mnt, nd->path.dentry); if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq))) return -ECHILD; if (!mounted) break; nd->path.mnt = &mounted->mnt; nd->path.dentry = mounted->mnt.mnt_root; inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } nd->inode = inode; return 0; } /* * Follow down to the covering mount currently visible to userspace. At each * point, the filesystem owning that dentry may be queried as to whether the * caller is permitted to proceed or not. */ int follow_down(struct path *path) { unsigned managed; int ret; while (managed = READ_ONCE(path->dentry->d_flags), unlikely(managed & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY)) { /* Allow the filesystem to manage the transit without i_mutex * being held. * * We indicate to the filesystem if someone is trying to mount * something here. This gives autofs the chance to deny anyone * other than its daemon the right to mount on its * superstructure. * * The filesystem may sleep at this point. */ if (managed & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) { BUG_ON(!path->dentry->d_op); BUG_ON(!path->dentry->d_op->d_manage); ret = path->dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, false); if (ret < 0) return ret == -EISDIR ? 0 : ret; } /* Transit to a mounted filesystem. */ if (managed & DCACHE_MOUNTED) { struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (!mounted) break; dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); continue; } /* Don't handle automount points here */ break; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down); /* * Skip to top of mountpoint pile in refwalk mode for follow_dotdot() */ static void follow_mount(struct path *path) { while (d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) { struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (!mounted) break; dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); } } static int path_parent_directory(struct path *path) { struct dentry *old = path->dentry; /* rare case of legitimate dget_parent()... */ path->dentry = dget_parent(path->dentry); dput(old); if (unlikely(!path_connected(path))) return -ENOENT; return 0; } static int follow_dotdot(struct nameidata *nd) { while(1) { if (path_equal(&nd->path, &nd->root)) break; if (nd->path.dentry != nd->path.mnt->mnt_root) { int ret = path_parent_directory(&nd->path); if (ret) return ret; break; } if (!follow_up(&nd->path)) break; } follow_mount(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; return 0; } /* * This looks up the name in dcache and possibly revalidates the found dentry. * NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist in the cache. */ static struct dentry *lookup_dcache(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry = d_lookup(dir, name); if (dentry) { int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags); if (unlikely(error <= 0)) { if (!error) d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(error); } } return dentry; } /* * Parent directory has inode locked exclusive. This is one * and only case when ->lookup() gets called on non in-lookup * dentries - as the matter of fact, this only gets called * when directory is guaranteed to have no in-lookup children * at all. */ static struct dentry *__lookup_hash(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *base, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry = lookup_dcache(name, base, flags); struct dentry *old; struct inode *dir = base->d_inode; if (dentry) return dentry; /* Don't create child dentry for a dead directory. */ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(dir))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); dentry = d_alloc(base, name); if (unlikely(!dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); old = dir->i_op->lookup(dir, dentry, flags); if (unlikely(old)) { dput(dentry); dentry = old; } return dentry; } static int lookup_fast(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, struct inode **inode, unsigned *seqp) { struct vfsmount *mnt = nd->path.mnt; struct dentry *dentry, *parent = nd->path.dentry; int status = 1; int err; /* * Rename seqlock is not required here because in the off chance * of a false negative due to a concurrent rename, the caller is * going to fall back to non-racy lookup. */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned seq; bool negative; dentry = __d_lookup_rcu(parent, &nd->last, &seq); if (unlikely(!dentry)) { if (unlazy_walk(nd)) return -ECHILD; return 0; } /* * This sequence count validates that the inode matches * the dentry name information from lookup. */ *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); negative = d_is_negative(dentry); if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq))) return -ECHILD; /* * This sequence count validates that the parent had no * changes while we did the lookup of the dentry above. * * The memory barrier in read_seqcount_begin of child is * enough, we can use __read_seqcount_retry here. */ if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&parent->d_seq, nd->seq))) return -ECHILD; *seqp = seq; status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (likely(status > 0)) { /* * Note: do negative dentry check after revalidation in * case that drops it. */ if (unlikely(negative)) return -ENOENT; path->mnt = mnt; path->dentry = dentry; if (likely(__follow_mount_rcu(nd, path, inode, seqp))) return 1; } if (unlazy_child(nd, dentry, seq)) return -ECHILD; if (unlikely(status == -ECHILD)) /* we'd been told to redo it in non-rcu mode */ status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); } else { dentry = __d_lookup(parent, &nd->last); if (unlikely(!dentry)) return 0; status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); } if (unlikely(status <= 0)) { if (!status) d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); return status; } if (unlikely(d_is_negative(dentry))) { dput(dentry); return -ENOENT; } path->mnt = mnt; path->dentry = dentry; err = follow_managed(path, nd); if (likely(err > 0)) *inode = d_backing_inode(path->dentry); return err; } /* Fast lookup failed, do it the slow way */ static struct dentry *__lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry, *old; struct inode *inode = dir->d_inode; DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); /* Don't go there if it's already dead */ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(inode))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); again: dentry = d_alloc_parallel(dir, name, &wq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return dentry; if (unlikely(!d_in_lookup(dentry))) { if (!(flags & LOOKUP_NO_REVAL)) { int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags); if (unlikely(error <= 0)) { if (!error) { d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); goto again; } dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); } } } else { old = inode->i_op->lookup(inode, dentry, flags); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (unlikely(old)) { dput(dentry); dentry = old; } } return dentry; } static struct dentry *lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode = dir->d_inode; struct dentry *res; inode_lock_shared(inode); res = __lookup_slow(name, dir, flags); inode_unlock_shared(inode); return res; } static inline int may_lookup(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { int err = inode_permission(nd->inode, MAY_EXEC|MAY_NOT_BLOCK); if (err != -ECHILD) return err; if (unlazy_walk(nd)) return -ECHILD; } return inode_permission(nd->inode, MAY_EXEC); } static inline int handle_dots(struct nameidata *nd, int type) { if (type == LAST_DOTDOT) { if (!nd->root.mnt) set_root(nd); if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { return follow_dotdot_rcu(nd); } else return follow_dotdot(nd); } return 0; } static int pick_link(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *link, struct inode *inode, unsigned seq) { int error; struct saved *last; if (unlikely(nd->total_link_count++ >= MAXSYMLINKS)) { path_to_nameidata(link, nd); return -ELOOP; } if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { if (link->mnt == nd->path.mnt) mntget(link->mnt); } error = nd_alloc_stack(nd); if (unlikely(error)) { if (error == -ECHILD) { if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, link, seq))) { drop_links(nd); nd->depth = 0; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); } else if (likely(unlazy_walk(nd)) == 0) error = nd_alloc_stack(nd); } if (error) { path_put(link); return error; } } last = nd->stack + nd->depth++; last->link = *link; clear_delayed_call(&last->done); nd->link_inode = inode; last->seq = seq; return 1; } enum {WALK_FOLLOW = 1, WALK_MORE = 2}; /* * Do we need to follow links? We _really_ want to be able * to do this check without having to look at inode->i_op, * so we keep a cache of "no, this doesn't need follow_link" * for the common case. */ static inline int step_into(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, int flags, struct inode *inode, unsigned seq) { if (!(flags & WALK_MORE) && nd->depth) put_link(nd); if (likely(!d_is_symlink(path->dentry)) || !(flags & WALK_FOLLOW || nd->flags & LOOKUP_FOLLOW)) { /* not a symlink or should not follow */ path_to_nameidata(path, nd); nd->inode = inode; nd->seq = seq; return 0; } /* make sure that d_is_symlink above matches inode */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (read_seqcount_retry(&path->dentry->d_seq, seq)) return -ECHILD; } return pick_link(nd, path, inode, seq); } static int walk_component(struct nameidata *nd, int flags) { struct path path; struct inode *inode; unsigned seq; int err; /* * "." and ".." are special - ".." especially so because it has * to be able to know about the current root directory and * parent relationships. */ if (unlikely(nd->last_type != LAST_NORM)) { err = handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); if (!(flags & WALK_MORE) && nd->depth) put_link(nd); return err; } err = lookup_fast(nd, &path, &inode, &seq); if (unlikely(err <= 0)) { if (err < 0) return err; path.dentry = lookup_slow(&nd->last, nd->path.dentry, nd->flags); if (IS_ERR(path.dentry)) return PTR_ERR(path.dentry); path.mnt = nd->path.mnt; err = follow_managed(&path, nd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) return err; if (unlikely(d_is_negative(path.dentry))) { path_to_nameidata(&path, nd); return -ENOENT; } seq = 0; /* we are already out of RCU mode */ inode = d_backing_inode(path.dentry); } return step_into(nd, &path, flags, inode, seq); } /* * We can do the critical dentry name comparison and hashing * operations one word at a time, but we are limited to: * * - Architectures with fast unaligned word accesses. We could * do a "get_unaligned()" if this helps and is sufficiently * fast. * * - non-CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC configurations (so that we * do not trap on the (extremely unlikely) case of a page * crossing operation. * * - Furthermore, we need an efficient 64-bit compile for the * 64-bit case in order to generate the "number of bytes in * the final mask". Again, that could be replaced with a * efficient population count instruction or similar. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS #include <asm/word-at-a-time.h> #ifdef HASH_MIX /* Architecture provides HASH_MIX and fold_hash() in <asm/hash.h> */ #elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) /* * Register pressure in the mixing function is an issue, particularly * on 32-bit x86, but almost any function requires one state value and * one temporary. Instead, use a function designed for two state values * and no temporaries. * * This function cannot create a collision in only two iterations, so * we have two iterations to achieve avalanche. In those two iterations, * we have six layers of mixing, which is enough to spread one bit's * influence out to 2^6 = 64 state bits. * * Rotate constants are scored by considering either 64 one-bit input * deltas or 64*63/2 = 2016 two-bit input deltas, and finding the * probability of that delta causing a change to each of the 128 output * bits, using a sample of random initial states. * * The Shannon entropy of the computed probabilities is then summed * to produce a score. Ideally, any input change has a 50% chance of * toggling any given output bit. * * Mixing scores (in bits) for (12,45): * Input delta: 1-bit 2-bit * 1 round: 713.3 42542.6 * 2 rounds: 2753.7 140389.8 * 3 rounds: 5954.1 233458.2 * 4 rounds: 7862.6 256672.2 * Perfect: 8192 258048 * (64*128) (64*63/2 * 128) */ #define HASH_MIX(x, y, a) \ ( x ^= (a), \ y ^= x, x = rol64(x,12),\ x += y, y = rol64(y,45),\ y *= 9 ) /* * Fold two longs into one 32-bit hash value. This must be fast, but * latency isn't quite as critical, as there is a fair bit of additional * work done before the hash value is used. */ static inline unsigned int fold_hash(unsigned long x, unsigned long y) { y ^= x * GOLDEN_RATIO_64; y *= GOLDEN_RATIO_64; return y >> 32; } #else /* 32-bit case */ /* * Mixing scores (in bits) for (7,20): * Input delta: 1-bit 2-bit * 1 round: 330.3 9201.6 * 2 rounds: 1246.4 25475.4 * 3 rounds: 1907.1 31295.1 * 4 rounds: 2042.3 31718.6 * Perfect: 2048 31744 * (32*64) (32*31/2 * 64) */ #define HASH_MIX(x, y, a) \ ( x ^= (a), \ y ^= x, x = rol32(x, 7),\ x += y, y = rol32(y,20),\ y *= 9 ) static inline unsigned int fold_hash(unsigned long x, unsigned long y) { /* Use arch-optimized multiply if one exists */ return __hash_32(y ^ __hash_32(x)); } #endif /* * Return the hash of a string of known length. This is carfully * designed to match hash_name(), which is the more critical function. * In particular, we must end by hashing a final word containing 0..7 * payload bytes, to match the way that hash_name() iterates until it * finds the delimiter after the name. */ unsigned int full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *name, unsigned int len) { unsigned long a, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; for (;;) { if (!len) goto done; a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name); if (len < sizeof(unsigned long)) break; HASH_MIX(x, y, a); name += sizeof(unsigned long); len -= sizeof(unsigned long); } x ^= a & bytemask_from_count(len); done: return fold_hash(x, y); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash); /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ u64 hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long a = 0, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; unsigned long adata, mask, len; const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS; len = 0; goto inside; do { HASH_MIX(x, y, a); len += sizeof(unsigned long); inside: a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name+len); } while (!has_zero(a, &adata, &constants)); adata = prep_zero_mask(a, adata, &constants); mask = create_zero_mask(adata); x ^= a & zero_bytemask(mask); return hashlen_create(fold_hash(x, y), len + find_zero(mask)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hashlen_string); /* * Calculate the length and hash of the path component, and * return the "hash_len" as the result. */ static inline u64 hash_name(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long a = 0, b, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; unsigned long adata, bdata, mask, len; const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS; len = 0; goto inside; do { HASH_MIX(x, y, a); len += sizeof(unsigned long); inside: a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name+len); b = a ^ REPEAT_BYTE('/'); } while (!(has_zero(a, &adata, &constants) | has_zero(b, &bdata, &constants))); adata = prep_zero_mask(a, adata, &constants); bdata = prep_zero_mask(b, bdata, &constants); mask = create_zero_mask(adata | bdata); x ^= a & zero_bytemask(mask); return hashlen_create(fold_hash(x, y), len + find_zero(mask)); } #else /* !CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS: Slow, byte-at-a-time version */ /* Return the hash of a string of known length */ unsigned int full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *name, unsigned int len) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); while (len--) hash = partial_name_hash((unsigned char)*name++, hash); return end_name_hash(hash); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash); /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ u64 hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); unsigned long len = 0, c; c = (unsigned char)*name; while (c) { len++; hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash); c = (unsigned char)name[len]; } return hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hashlen_string); /* * We know there's a real path component here of at least * one character. */ static inline u64 hash_name(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); unsigned long len = 0, c; c = (unsigned char)*name; do { len++; hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash); c = (unsigned char)name[len]; } while (c && c != '/'); return hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len); } #endif /* * Name resolution. * This is the basic name resolution function, turning a pathname into * the final dentry. We expect 'base' to be positive and a directory. * * Returns 0 and nd will have valid dentry and mnt on success. * Returns error and drops reference to input namei data on failure. */ static int link_path_walk(const char *name, struct nameidata *nd) { int err; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); while (*name=='/') name++; if (!*name) return 0; /* At this point we know we have a real path component. */ for(;;) { u64 hash_len; int type; err = may_lookup(nd); if (err) return err; hash_len = hash_name(nd->path.dentry, name); type = LAST_NORM; if (name[0] == '.') switch (hashlen_len(hash_len)) { case 2: if (name[1] == '.') { type = LAST_DOTDOT; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; } break; case 1: type = LAST_DOT; } if (likely(type == LAST_NORM)) { struct dentry *parent = nd->path.dentry; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_JUMPED; if (unlikely(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH)) { struct qstr this = { { .hash_len = hash_len }, .name = name }; err = parent->d_op->d_hash(parent, &this); if (err < 0) return err; hash_len = this.hash_len; name = this.name; } } nd->last.hash_len = hash_len; nd->last.name = name; nd->last_type = type; name += hashlen_len(hash_len); if (!*name) goto OK; /* * If it wasn't NUL, we know it was '/'. Skip that * slash, and continue until no more slashes. */ do { name++; } while (unlikely(*name == '/')); if (unlikely(!*name)) { OK: /* pathname body, done */ if (!nd->depth) return 0; name = nd->stack[nd->depth - 1].name; /* trailing symlink, done */ if (!name) return 0; /* last component of nested symlink */ err = walk_component(nd, WALK_FOLLOW); } else { /* not the last component */ err = walk_component(nd, WALK_FOLLOW | WALK_MORE); } if (err < 0) return err; if (err) { const char *s = get_link(nd); if (IS_ERR(s)) return PTR_ERR(s); err = 0; if (unlikely(!s)) { /* jumped */ put_link(nd); } else { nd->stack[nd->depth - 1].name = name; name = s; continue; } } if (unlikely(!d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry))) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (unlazy_walk(nd)) return -ECHILD; } return -ENOTDIR; } } } /* must be paired with terminate_walk() */ static const char *path_init(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags) { const char *s = nd->name->name; if (!*s) flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) rcu_read_lock(); nd->last_type = LAST_ROOT; /* if there are only slashes... */ nd->flags = flags | LOOKUP_JUMPED | LOOKUP_PARENT; nd->depth = 0; if (flags & LOOKUP_ROOT) { struct dentry *root = nd->root.dentry; struct inode *inode = root->d_inode; if (*s && unlikely(!d_can_lookup(root))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); nd->path = nd->root; nd->inode = inode; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); nd->root_seq = nd->seq; nd->m_seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); } else { path_get(&nd->path); } return s; } nd->root.mnt = NULL; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; nd->m_seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); if (*s == '/') { set_root(nd); if (likely(!nd_jump_root(nd))) return s; return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } else if (nd->dfd == AT_FDCWD) { if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq); nd->path = fs->pwd; nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&fs->seq, seq)); } else { get_fs_pwd(current->fs, &nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } return s; } else { /* Caller must check execute permissions on the starting path component */ struct fd f = fdget_raw(nd->dfd); struct dentry *dentry; if (!f.file) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); dentry = f.file->f_path.dentry; if (*s && unlikely(!d_can_lookup(dentry))) { fdput(f); return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); } nd->path = f.file->f_path; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } else { path_get(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } fdput(f); return s; } } static const char *trailing_symlink(struct nameidata *nd) { const char *s; int error = may_follow_link(nd); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); nd->flags |= LOOKUP_PARENT; nd->stack[0].name = NULL; s = get_link(nd); return s ? s : ""; } static inline int lookup_last(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->last_type == LAST_NORM && nd->last.name[nd->last.len]) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT; return walk_component(nd, 0); } static int handle_lookup_down(struct nameidata *nd) { struct path path = nd->path; struct inode *inode = nd->inode; unsigned seq = nd->seq; int err; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { /* * don't bother with unlazy_walk on failure - we are * at the very beginning of walk, so we lose nothing * if we simply redo everything in non-RCU mode */ if (unlikely(!__follow_mount_rcu(nd, &path, &inode, &seq))) return -ECHILD; } else { dget(path.dentry); err = follow_managed(&path, nd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) return err; inode = d_backing_inode(path.dentry); seq = 0; } path_to_nameidata(&path, nd); nd->inode = inode; nd->seq = seq; return 0; } /* Returns 0 and nd will be valid on success; Retuns error, otherwise. */ static int path_lookupat(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err; if (unlikely(flags & LOOKUP_DOWN) && !IS_ERR(s)) { err = handle_lookup_down(nd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) s = ERR_PTR(err); } while (!(err = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && ((err = lookup_last(nd)) > 0)) { s = trailing_symlink(nd); } if (!err) err = complete_walk(nd); if (!err && nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) if (!d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry)) err = -ENOTDIR; if (!err) { *path = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } int filename_lookup(int dfd, struct filename *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path, struct path *root) { int retval; struct nameidata nd; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); if (unlikely(root)) { nd.root = *root; flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT; } set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, path); if (unlikely(retval == -ECHILD)) retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags, path); if (unlikely(retval == -ESTALE)) retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, path); if (likely(!retval)) audit_inode(name, path->dentry, 0); restore_nameidata(); putname(name); return retval; } /* Returns 0 and nd will be valid on success; Retuns error, otherwise. */ static int path_parentat(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *parent) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err = link_path_walk(s, nd); if (!err) err = complete_walk(nd); if (!err) { *parent = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } static struct filename *filename_parentat(int dfd, struct filename *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *parent, struct qstr *last, int *type) { int retval; struct nameidata nd; if (IS_ERR(name)) return name; set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, parent); if (unlikely(retval == -ECHILD)) retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags, parent); if (unlikely(retval == -ESTALE)) retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, parent); if (likely(!retval)) { *last = nd.last; *type = nd.last_type; audit_inode(name, parent->dentry, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT); } else { putname(name); name = ERR_PTR(retval); } restore_nameidata(); return name; } /* does lookup, returns the object with parent locked */ struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *name, struct path *path) { struct filename *filename; struct dentry *d; struct qstr last; int type; filename = filename_parentat(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), 0, path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return ERR_CAST(filename); if (unlikely(type != LAST_NORM)) { path_put(path); putname(filename); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } inode_lock_nested(path->dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); d = __lookup_hash(&last, path->dentry, 0); if (IS_ERR(d)) { inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); } putname(filename); return d; } int kern_path(const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { return filename_lookup(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), flags, path, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path); /** * vfs_path_lookup - lookup a file path relative to a dentry-vfsmount pair * @dentry: pointer to dentry of the base directory * @mnt: pointer to vfs mount of the base directory * @name: pointer to file name * @flags: lookup flags * @path: pointer to struct path to fill */ int vfs_path_lookup(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { struct path root = {.mnt = mnt, .dentry = dentry}; /* the first argument of filename_lookup() is ignored with root */ return filename_lookup(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), flags , path, &root); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_path_lookup); static int lookup_one_len_common(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len, struct qstr *this) { this->name = name; this->len = len; this->hash = full_name_hash(base, name, len); if (!len) return -EACCES; if (unlikely(name[0] == '.')) { if (len < 2 || (len == 2 && name[1] == '.')) return -EACCES; } while (len--) { unsigned int c = *(const unsigned char *)name++; if (c == '/' || c == '\0') return -EACCES; } /* * See if the low-level filesystem might want * to use its own hash.. */ if (base->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH) { int err = base->d_op->d_hash(base, this); if (err < 0) return err; } return inode_permission(base->d_inode, MAY_EXEC); } /** * try_lookup_one_len - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Look up a dentry by name in the dcache, returning NULL if it does not * currently exist. The function does not try to create a dentry. * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * The caller must hold base->i_mutex. */ struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct qstr this; int err; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(base->d_inode)); err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); return lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_lookup_one_len); /** * lookup_one_len - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * The caller must hold base->i_mutex. */ struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct dentry *dentry; struct qstr this; int err; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(base->d_inode)); err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); dentry = lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); return dentry ? dentry : __lookup_slow(&this, base, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len); /** * lookup_one_len_unlocked - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * Unlike lookup_one_len, it should be called without the parent * i_mutex held, and will take the i_mutex itself if necessary. */ struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct qstr this; int err; struct dentry *ret; err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); ret = lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); if (!ret) ret = lookup_slow(&this, base, 0); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len_unlocked); #ifdef CONFIG_UNIX98_PTYS int path_pts(struct path *path) { /* Find something mounted on "pts" in the same directory as * the input path. */ struct dentry *child, *parent; struct qstr this; int ret; ret = path_parent_directory(path); if (ret) return ret; parent = path->dentry; this.name = "pts"; this.len = 3; child = d_hash_and_lookup(parent, &this); if (!child) return -ENOENT; path->dentry = child; dput(parent); follow_mount(path); return 0; } #endif int user_path_at_empty(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path, int *empty) { return filename_lookup(dfd, getname_flags(name, flags, empty), flags, path, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_at_empty); /** * mountpoint_last - look up last component for umount * @nd: pathwalk nameidata - currently pointing at parent directory of "last" * * This is a special lookup_last function just for umount. In this case, we * need to resolve the path without doing any revalidation. * * The nameidata should be the result of doing a LOOKUP_PARENT pathwalk. Since * mountpoints are always pinned in the dcache, their ancestors are too. Thus, * in almost all cases, this lookup will be served out of the dcache. The only * cases where it won't are if nd->last refers to a symlink or the path is * bogus and it doesn't exist. * * Returns: * -error: if there was an error during lookup. This includes -ENOENT if the * lookup found a negative dentry. * * 0: if we successfully resolved nd->last and found it to not to be a * symlink that needs to be followed. * * 1: if we successfully resolved nd->last and found it to be a symlink * that needs to be followed. */ static int mountpoint_last(struct nameidata *nd) { int error = 0; struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; struct path path; /* If we're in rcuwalk, drop out of it to handle last component */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (unlazy_walk(nd)) return -ECHILD; } nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT; if (unlikely(nd->last_type != LAST_NORM)) { error = handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); if (error) return error; path.dentry = dget(nd->path.dentry); } else { path.dentry = d_lookup(dir, &nd->last); if (!path.dentry) { /* * No cached dentry. Mounted dentries are pinned in the * cache, so that means that this dentry is probably * a symlink or the path doesn't actually point * to a mounted dentry. */ path.dentry = lookup_slow(&nd->last, dir, nd->flags | LOOKUP_NO_REVAL); if (IS_ERR(path.dentry)) return PTR_ERR(path.dentry); } } if (d_is_negative(path.dentry)) { dput(path.dentry); return -ENOENT; } path.mnt = nd->path.mnt; return step_into(nd, &path, 0, d_backing_inode(path.dentry), 0); } /** * path_mountpoint - look up a path to be umounted * @nd: lookup context * @flags: lookup flags * @path: pointer to container for result * * Look up the given name, but don't attempt to revalidate the last component. * Returns 0 and "path" will be valid on success; Returns error otherwise. */ static int path_mountpoint(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err; while (!(err = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && (err = mountpoint_last(nd)) > 0) { s = trailing_symlink(nd); } if (!err) { *path = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; follow_mount(path); } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } static int filename_mountpoint(int dfd, struct filename *name, struct path *path, unsigned int flags) { struct nameidata nd; int error; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); error = path_mountpoint(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, path); if (unlikely(error == -ECHILD)) error = path_mountpoint(&nd, flags, path); if (unlikely(error == -ESTALE)) error = path_mountpoint(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, path); if (likely(!error)) audit_inode(name, path->dentry, AUDIT_INODE_NOEVAL); restore_nameidata(); putname(name); return error; } /** * user_path_mountpoint_at - lookup a path from userland in order to umount it * @dfd: directory file descriptor * @name: pathname from userland * @flags: lookup flags * @path: pointer to container to hold result * * A umount is a special case for path walking. We're not actually interested * in the inode in this situation, and ESTALE errors can be a problem. We * simply want track down the dentry and vfsmount attached at the mountpoint * and avoid revalidating the last component. * * Returns 0 and populates "path" on success. */ int user_path_mountpoint_at(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { return filename_mountpoint(dfd, getname(name), path, flags); } int kern_path_mountpoint(int dfd, const char *name, struct path *path, unsigned int flags) { return filename_mountpoint(dfd, getname_kernel(name), path, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path_mountpoint); int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { kuid_t fsuid = current_fsuid(); if (uid_eq(inode->i_uid, fsuid)) return 0; if (uid_eq(dir->i_uid, fsuid)) return 0; return !capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_FOWNER); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__check_sticky); /* * Check whether we can remove a link victim from directory dir, check * whether the type of victim is right. * 1. We can't do it if dir is read-only (done in permission()) * 2. We should have write and exec permissions on dir * 3. We can't remove anything from append-only dir * 4. We can't do anything with immutable dir (done in permission()) * 5. If the sticky bit on dir is set we should either * a. be owner of dir, or * b. be owner of victim, or * c. have CAP_FOWNER capability * 6. If the victim is append-only or immutable we can't do antyhing with * links pointing to it. * 7. If the victim has an unknown uid or gid we can't change the inode. * 8. If we were asked to remove a directory and victim isn't one - ENOTDIR. * 9. If we were asked to remove a non-directory and victim isn't one - EISDIR. * 10. We can't remove a root or mountpoint. * 11. We don't allow removal of NFS sillyrenamed files; it's handled by * nfs_async_unlink(). */ static int may_delete(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *victim, bool isdir) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(victim); int error; if (d_is_negative(victim)) return -ENOENT; BUG_ON(!inode); BUG_ON(victim->d_parent->d_inode != dir); /* Inode writeback is not safe when the uid or gid are invalid. */ if (!uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; audit_inode_child(dir, victim, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_DELETE); error = inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) return error; if (IS_APPEND(dir)) return -EPERM; if (check_sticky(dir, inode) || IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_SWAPFILE(inode) || HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; if (isdir) { if (!d_is_dir(victim)) return -ENOTDIR; if (IS_ROOT(victim)) return -EBUSY; } else if (d_is_dir(victim)) return -EISDIR; if (IS_DEADDIR(dir)) return -ENOENT; if (victim->d_flags & DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED) return -EBUSY; return 0; } /* Check whether we can create an object with dentry child in directory * dir. * 1. We can't do it if child already exists (open has special treatment for * this case, but since we are inlined it's OK) * 2. We can't do it if dir is read-only (done in permission()) * 3. We can't do it if the fs can't represent the fsuid or fsgid. * 4. We should have write and exec permissions on dir * 5. We can't do it if dir is immutable (done in permission()) */ static inline int may_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *child) { struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; audit_inode_child(dir, child, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); if (child->d_inode) return -EEXIST; if (IS_DEADDIR(dir)) return -ENOENT; s_user_ns = dir->i_sb->s_user_ns; if (!kuid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsuid()) || !kgid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsgid())) return -EOVERFLOW; return inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); } /* * p1 and p2 should be directories on the same fs. */ struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { struct dentry *p; if (p1 == p2) { inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); return NULL; } mutex_lock(&p1->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex); p = d_ancestor(p2, p1); if (p) { inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_CHILD); return p; } p = d_ancestor(p1, p2); if (p) { inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_CHILD); return p; } inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT2); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lock_rename); void unlock_rename(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { inode_unlock(p1->d_inode); if (p1 != p2) { inode_unlock(p2->d_inode); mutex_unlock(&p1->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_rename); int vfs_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, bool want_excl) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->create) return -EACCES; /* shouldn't it be ENOSYS? */ mode &= S_IALLUGO; mode |= S_IFREG; error = security_inode_create(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->create(dir, dentry, mode, want_excl); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *arg) { struct inode *dir = dentry->d_parent->d_inode; int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; mode &= S_IALLUGO; mode |= S_IFREG; error = security_inode_create(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; error = f(dentry, mode, arg); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mkobj); bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path) { return !(path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV) && !(path->mnt->mnt_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_NODEV); } static int may_open(const struct path *path, int acc_mode, int flag) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; int error; if (!inode) return -ENOENT; switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) { case S_IFLNK: return -ELOOP; case S_IFDIR: if (acc_mode & MAY_WRITE) return -EISDIR; break; case S_IFBLK: case S_IFCHR: if (!may_open_dev(path)) return -EACCES; /*FALLTHRU*/ case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: flag &= ~O_TRUNC; break; } error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_OPEN | acc_mode); if (error) return error; /* * An append-only file must be opened in append mode for writing. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode)) { if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY && !(flag & O_APPEND)) return -EPERM; if (flag & O_TRUNC) return -EPERM; } /* O_NOATIME can only be set by the owner or superuser */ if (flag & O_NOATIME && !inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return -EPERM; return 0; } static int handle_truncate(struct file *filp) { const struct path *path = &filp->f_path; struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; int error = get_write_access(inode); if (error) return error; /* * Refuse to truncate files with mandatory locks held on them. */ error = locks_verify_locked(filp); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(path); if (!error) { error = do_truncate(path->dentry, 0, ATTR_MTIME|ATTR_CTIME|ATTR_OPEN, filp); } put_write_access(inode); return error; } static inline int open_to_namei_flags(int flag) { if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) == 3) flag--; return flag; } static int may_o_create(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; int error = security_path_mknod(dir, dentry, mode, 0); if (error) return error; s_user_ns = dir->dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; if (!kuid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsuid()) || !kgid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsgid())) return -EOVERFLOW; error = inode_permission(dir->dentry->d_inode, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) return error; return security_inode_create(dir->dentry->d_inode, dentry, mode); } /* * Attempt to atomically look up, create and open a file from a negative * dentry. * * Returns 0 if successful. The file will have been created and attached to * @file by the filesystem calling finish_open(). * * If the file was looked up only or didn't need creating, FMODE_OPENED won't * be set. The caller will need to perform the open themselves. @path will * have been updated to point to the new dentry. This may be negative. * * Returns an error code otherwise. */ static int atomic_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op, int open_flag, umode_t mode) { struct dentry *const DENTRY_NOT_SET = (void *) -1UL; struct inode *dir = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; int error; if (!(~open_flag & (O_EXCL | O_CREAT))) /* both O_EXCL and O_CREAT */ open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) open_flag |= O_DIRECTORY; file->f_path.dentry = DENTRY_NOT_SET; file->f_path.mnt = nd->path.mnt; error = dir->i_op->atomic_open(dir, dentry, file, open_to_namei_flags(open_flag), mode); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (!error) { if (file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED) { /* * We didn't have the inode before the open, so check open * permission here. */ int acc_mode = op->acc_mode; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED) { WARN_ON(!(open_flag & O_CREAT)); fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); acc_mode = 0; } error = may_open(&file->f_path, acc_mode, open_flag); if (WARN_ON(error > 0)) error = -EINVAL; } else if (WARN_ON(file->f_path.dentry == DENTRY_NOT_SET)) { error = -EIO; } else { if (file->f_path.dentry) { dput(dentry); dentry = file->f_path.dentry; } if (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); if (unlikely(d_is_negative(dentry))) { error = -ENOENT; } else { path->dentry = dentry; path->mnt = nd->path.mnt; return 0; } } } dput(dentry); return error; } /* * Look up and maybe create and open the last component. * * Must be called with parent locked (exclusive in O_CREAT case). * * Returns 0 on success, that is, if * the file was successfully atomically created (if necessary) and opened, or * the file was not completely opened at this time, though lookups and * creations were performed. * These case are distinguished by presence of FMODE_OPENED on file->f_mode. * In the latter case dentry returned in @path might be negative if O_CREAT * hadn't been specified. * * An error code is returned on failure. */ static int lookup_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op, bool got_write) { struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; struct inode *dir_inode = dir->d_inode; int open_flag = op->open_flag; struct dentry *dentry; int error, create_error = 0; umode_t mode = op->mode; DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(dir_inode))) return -ENOENT; file->f_mode &= ~FMODE_CREATED; dentry = d_lookup(dir, &nd->last); for (;;) { if (!dentry) { dentry = d_alloc_parallel(dir, &nd->last, &wq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) break; error = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (likely(error > 0)) break; if (error) goto out_dput; d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); dentry = NULL; } if (dentry->d_inode) { /* Cached positive dentry: will open in f_op->open */ goto out_no_open; } /* * Checking write permission is tricky, bacuse we don't know if we are * going to actually need it: O_CREAT opens should work as long as the * file exists. But checking existence breaks atomicity. The trick is * to check access and if not granted clear O_CREAT from the flags. * * Another problem is returing the "right" error value (e.g. for an * O_EXCL open we want to return EEXIST not EROFS). */ if (open_flag & O_CREAT) { if (!IS_POSIXACL(dir->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); if (unlikely(!got_write)) { create_error = -EROFS; open_flag &= ~O_CREAT; if (open_flag & (O_EXCL | O_TRUNC)) goto no_open; /* No side effects, safe to clear O_CREAT */ } else { create_error = may_o_create(&nd->path, dentry, mode); if (create_error) { open_flag &= ~O_CREAT; if (open_flag & O_EXCL) goto no_open; } } } else if ((open_flag & (O_TRUNC|O_WRONLY|O_RDWR)) && unlikely(!got_write)) { /* * No O_CREATE -> atomicity not a requirement -> fall * back to lookup + open */ goto no_open; } if (dir_inode->i_op->atomic_open) { error = atomic_open(nd, dentry, path, file, op, open_flag, mode); if (unlikely(error == -ENOENT) && create_error) error = create_error; return error; } no_open: if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { struct dentry *res = dir_inode->i_op->lookup(dir_inode, dentry, nd->flags); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (unlikely(res)) { if (IS_ERR(res)) { error = PTR_ERR(res); goto out_dput; } dput(dentry); dentry = res; } } /* Negative dentry, just create the file */ if (!dentry->d_inode && (open_flag & O_CREAT)) { file->f_mode |= FMODE_CREATED; audit_inode_child(dir_inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); if (!dir_inode->i_op->create) { error = -EACCES; goto out_dput; } error = dir_inode->i_op->create(dir_inode, dentry, mode, open_flag & O_EXCL); if (error) goto out_dput; fsnotify_create(dir_inode, dentry); } if (unlikely(create_error) && !dentry->d_inode) { error = create_error; goto out_dput; } out_no_open: path->dentry = dentry; path->mnt = nd->path.mnt; return 0; out_dput: dput(dentry); return error; } /* * Handle the last step of open() */ static int do_last(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op) { struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; kuid_t dir_uid = nd->inode->i_uid; umode_t dir_mode = nd->inode->i_mode; int open_flag = op->open_flag; bool will_truncate = (open_flag & O_TRUNC) != 0; bool got_write = false; int acc_mode = op->acc_mode; unsigned seq; struct inode *inode; struct path path; int error; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT; nd->flags |= op->intent; if (nd->last_type != LAST_NORM) { error = handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); if (unlikely(error)) return error; goto finish_open; } if (!(open_flag & O_CREAT)) { if (nd->last.name[nd->last.len]) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; /* we _can_ be in RCU mode here */ error = lookup_fast(nd, &path, &inode, &seq); if (likely(error > 0)) goto finish_lookup; if (error < 0) return error; BUG_ON(nd->inode != dir->d_inode); BUG_ON(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU); } else { /* create side of things */ /* * This will *only* deal with leaving RCU mode - LOOKUP_JUMPED * has been cleared when we got to the last component we are * about to look up */ error = complete_walk(nd); if (error) return error; audit_inode(nd->name, dir, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT); /* trailing slashes? */ if (unlikely(nd->last.name[nd->last.len])) return -EISDIR; } if (open_flag & (O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_WRONLY | O_RDWR)) { error = mnt_want_write(nd->path.mnt); if (!error) got_write = true; /* * do _not_ fail yet - we might not need that or fail with * a different error; let lookup_open() decide; we'll be * dropping this one anyway. */ } if (open_flag & O_CREAT) inode_lock(dir->d_inode); else inode_lock_shared(dir->d_inode); error = lookup_open(nd, &path, file, op, got_write); if (open_flag & O_CREAT) inode_unlock(dir->d_inode); else inode_unlock_shared(dir->d_inode); if (error) goto out; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED) { if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED) || !S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) will_truncate = false; audit_inode(nd->name, file->f_path.dentry, 0); goto opened; } if (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED) { /* Don't check for write permission, don't truncate */ open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; will_truncate = false; acc_mode = 0; path_to_nameidata(&path, nd); goto finish_open_created; } /* * If atomic_open() acquired write access it is dropped now due to * possible mount and symlink following (this might be optimized away if * necessary...) */ if (got_write) { mnt_drop_write(nd->path.mnt); got_write = false; } error = follow_managed(&path, nd); if (unlikely(error < 0)) return error; if (unlikely(d_is_negative(path.dentry))) { path_to_nameidata(&path, nd); return -ENOENT; } /* * create/update audit record if it already exists. */ audit_inode(nd->name, path.dentry, 0); if (unlikely((open_flag & (O_EXCL | O_CREAT)) == (O_EXCL | O_CREAT))) { path_to_nameidata(&path, nd); return -EEXIST; } seq = 0; /* out of RCU mode, so the value doesn't matter */ inode = d_backing_inode(path.dentry); finish_lookup: error = step_into(nd, &path, 0, inode, seq); if (unlikely(error)) return error; finish_open: /* Why this, you ask? _Now_ we might have grown LOOKUP_JUMPED... */ error = complete_walk(nd); if (error) return error; audit_inode(nd->name, nd->path.dentry, 0); if (open_flag & O_CREAT) { error = -EISDIR; if (d_is_dir(nd->path.dentry)) goto out; error = may_create_in_sticky(dir_mode, dir_uid, d_backing_inode(nd->path.dentry)); if (unlikely(error)) goto out; } error = -ENOTDIR; if ((nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) && !d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry)) goto out; if (!d_is_reg(nd->path.dentry)) will_truncate = false; if (will_truncate) { error = mnt_want_write(nd->path.mnt); if (error) goto out; got_write = true; } finish_open_created: error = may_open(&nd->path, acc_mode, open_flag); if (error) goto out; BUG_ON(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED); /* once it's opened, it's opened */ error = vfs_open(&nd->path, file); if (error) goto out; opened: error = ima_file_check(file, op->acc_mode); if (!error && will_truncate) error = handle_truncate(file); out: if (unlikely(error > 0)) { WARN_ON(1); error = -EINVAL; } if (got_write) mnt_drop_write(nd->path.mnt); return error; } struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag) { struct dentry *child = NULL; struct inode *dir = dentry->d_inode; struct inode *inode; int error; /* we want directory to be writable */ error = inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) goto out_err; error = -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!dir->i_op->tmpfile) goto out_err; error = -ENOMEM; child = d_alloc(dentry, &slash_name); if (unlikely(!child)) goto out_err; if (!IS_POSIXACL(dir)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = dir->i_op->tmpfile(dir, child, mode); if (error) goto out_err; error = -ENOENT; inode = child->d_inode; if (unlikely(!inode)) goto out_err; if (!(open_flag & O_EXCL)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state |= I_LINKABLE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } ima_post_create_tmpfile(inode); return child; out_err: dput(child); return ERR_PTR(error); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_tmpfile); static int do_tmpfile(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, const struct open_flags *op, struct file *file) { struct dentry *child; struct path path; int error = path_lookupat(nd, flags | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &path); if (unlikely(error)) return error; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (unlikely(error)) goto out; child = vfs_tmpfile(path.dentry, op->mode, op->open_flag); error = PTR_ERR(child); if (IS_ERR(child)) goto out2; dput(path.dentry); path.dentry = child; audit_inode(nd->name, child, 0); /* Don't check for other permissions, the inode was just created */ error = may_open(&path, 0, op->open_flag); if (error) goto out2; file->f_path.mnt = path.mnt; error = finish_open(file, child, NULL); out2: mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); out: path_put(&path); return error; } static int do_o_path(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct file *file) { struct path path; int error = path_lookupat(nd, flags, &path); if (!error) { audit_inode(nd->name, path.dentry, 0); error = vfs_open(&path, file); path_put(&path); } return error; } static struct file *path_openat(struct nameidata *nd, const struct open_flags *op, unsigned flags) { struct file *file; int error; file = alloc_empty_file(op->open_flag, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; if (unlikely(file->f_flags & __O_TMPFILE)) { error = do_tmpfile(nd, flags, op, file); } else if (unlikely(file->f_flags & O_PATH)) { error = do_o_path(nd, flags, file); } else { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); while (!(error = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && (error = do_last(nd, file, op)) > 0) { nd->flags &= ~(LOOKUP_OPEN|LOOKUP_CREATE|LOOKUP_EXCL); s = trailing_symlink(nd); } terminate_walk(nd); } if (likely(!error)) { if (likely(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED)) return file; WARN_ON(1); error = -EINVAL; } fput(file); if (error == -EOPENSTALE) { if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) error = -ECHILD; else error = -ESTALE; } return ERR_PTR(error); } struct file *do_filp_open(int dfd, struct filename *pathname, const struct open_flags *op) { struct nameidata nd; int flags = op->lookup_flags; struct file *filp; set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, pathname); filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(filp == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD))) filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags); if (unlikely(filp == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE))) filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL); restore_nameidata(); return filp; } struct file *do_file_open_root(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, const struct open_flags *op) { struct nameidata nd; struct file *file; struct filename *filename; int flags = op->lookup_flags | LOOKUP_ROOT; nd.root.mnt = mnt; nd.root.dentry = dentry; if (d_is_symlink(dentry) && op->intent & LOOKUP_OPEN) return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); filename = getname_kernel(name); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return ERR_CAST(filename); set_nameidata(&nd, -1, filename); file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(file == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD))) file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags); if (unlikely(file == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE))) file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL); restore_nameidata(); putname(filename); return file; } static struct dentry *filename_create(int dfd, struct filename *name, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { struct dentry *dentry = ERR_PTR(-EEXIST); struct qstr last; int type; int err2; int error; bool is_dir = (lookup_flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY); /* * Note that only LOOKUP_REVAL and LOOKUP_DIRECTORY matter here. Any * other flags passed in are ignored! */ lookup_flags &= LOOKUP_REVAL; name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return ERR_CAST(name); /* * Yucky last component or no last component at all? * (foo/., foo/.., /////) */ if (unlikely(type != LAST_NORM)) goto out; /* don't fail immediately if it's r/o, at least try to report other errors */ err2 = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); /* * Do the final lookup. */ lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_CREATE | LOOKUP_EXCL; inode_lock_nested(path->dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path->dentry, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto unlock; error = -EEXIST; if (d_is_positive(dentry)) goto fail; /* * Special case - lookup gave negative, but... we had foo/bar/ * From the vfs_mknod() POV we just have a negative dentry - * all is fine. Let's be bastards - you had / on the end, you've * been asking for (non-existent) directory. -ENOENT for you. */ if (unlikely(!is_dir && last.name[last.len])) { error = -ENOENT; goto fail; } if (unlikely(err2)) { error = err2; goto fail; } putname(name); return dentry; fail: dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); unlock: inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); if (!err2) mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); out: path_put(path); putname(name); return dentry; } struct dentry *kern_path_create(int dfd, const char *pathname, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { return filename_create(dfd, getname_kernel(pathname), path, lookup_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path_create); void done_path_create(struct path *path, struct dentry *dentry) { dput(dentry); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); path_put(path); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(done_path_create); inline struct dentry *user_path_create(int dfd, const char __user *pathname, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { return filename_create(dfd, getname(pathname), path, lookup_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_create); int vfs_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, dev_t dev) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if ((S_ISCHR(mode) || S_ISBLK(mode)) && !capable(CAP_MKNOD)) return -EPERM; if (!dir->i_op->mknod) return -EPERM; error = devcgroup_inode_mknod(mode, dev); if (error) return error; error = security_inode_mknod(dir, dentry, mode, dev); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->mknod(dir, dentry, mode, dev); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mknod); static int may_mknod(umode_t mode) { switch (mode & S_IFMT) { case S_IFREG: case S_IFCHR: case S_IFBLK: case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: case 0: /* zero mode translates to S_IFREG */ return 0; case S_IFDIR: return -EPERM; default: return -EINVAL; } } long do_mknodat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, umode_t mode, unsigned int dev) { struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; error = may_mknod(mode); if (error) return error; retry: dentry = user_path_create(dfd, filename, &path, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_POSIXACL(path.dentry->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = security_path_mknod(&path, dentry, mode, dev); if (error) goto out; switch (mode & S_IFMT) { case 0: case S_IFREG: error = vfs_create(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode,true); if (!error) ima_post_path_mknod(dentry); break; case S_IFCHR: case S_IFBLK: error = vfs_mknod(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode, new_decode_dev(dev)); break; case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: error = vfs_mknod(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode,0); break; } out: done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(mknodat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode, unsigned int, dev) { return do_mknodat(dfd, filename, mode, dev); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mknod, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode, unsigned, dev) { return do_mknodat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode, dev); } int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); unsigned max_links = dir->i_sb->s_max_links; if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->mkdir) return -EPERM; mode &= (S_IRWXUGO|S_ISVTX); error = security_inode_mkdir(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; if (max_links && dir->i_nlink >= max_links) return -EMLINK; error = dir->i_op->mkdir(dir, dentry, mode); if (!error) fsnotify_mkdir(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mkdir); long do_mkdirat(int dfd, const char __user *pathname, umode_t mode) { struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: dentry = user_path_create(dfd, pathname, &path, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_POSIXACL(path.dentry->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = security_path_mkdir(&path, dentry, mode); if (!error) error = vfs_mkdir(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, mode); done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mkdirat, int, dfd, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { return do_mkdirat(dfd, pathname, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(mkdir, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { return do_mkdirat(AT_FDCWD, pathname, mode); } int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { int error = may_delete(dir, dentry, 1); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->rmdir) return -EPERM; dget(dentry); inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); error = -EBUSY; if (is_local_mountpoint(dentry)) goto out; error = security_inode_rmdir(dir, dentry); if (error) goto out; error = dir->i_op->rmdir(dir, dentry); if (error) goto out; shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); dentry->d_inode->i_flags |= S_DEAD; dont_mount(dentry); detach_mounts(dentry); out: inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); dput(dentry); if (!error) d_delete_notify(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_rmdir); long do_rmdir(int dfd, const char __user *pathname) { int error = 0; struct filename *name; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; struct qstr last; int type; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; retry: name = filename_parentat(dfd, getname(pathname), lookup_flags, &path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); switch (type) { case LAST_DOTDOT: error = -ENOTEMPTY; goto exit1; case LAST_DOT: error = -EINVAL; goto exit1; case LAST_ROOT: error = -EBUSY; goto exit1; } error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto exit1; inode_lock_nested(path.dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto exit2; if (!dentry->d_inode) { error = -ENOENT; goto exit3; } error = security_path_rmdir(&path, dentry); if (error) goto exit3; error = vfs_rmdir(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry); exit3: dput(dentry); exit2: inode_unlock(path.dentry->d_inode); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); exit1: path_put(&path); putname(name); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(rmdir, const char __user *, pathname) { return do_rmdir(AT_FDCWD, pathname); } /** * vfs_unlink - unlink a filesystem object * @dir: parent directory * @dentry: victim * @delegated_inode: returns victim inode, if the inode is delegated. * * The caller must hold dir->i_mutex. * * If vfs_unlink discovers a delegation, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and * return a reference to the inode in delegated_inode. The caller * should then break the delegation on that inode and retry. Because * breaking a delegation may take a long time, the caller should drop * dir->i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. */ int vfs_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *target = dentry->d_inode; int error = may_delete(dir, dentry, 0); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->unlink) return -EPERM; inode_lock(target); if (is_local_mountpoint(dentry)) error = -EBUSY; else { error = security_inode_unlink(dir, dentry); if (!error) { error = try_break_deleg(target, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; error = dir->i_op->unlink(dir, dentry); if (!error) { dont_mount(dentry); detach_mounts(dentry); } } } out: inode_unlock(target); /* We don't d_delete() NFS sillyrenamed files--they still exist. */ if (!error && dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED) { fsnotify_unlink(dir, dentry); } else if (!error) { fsnotify_link_count(target); d_delete_notify(dir, dentry); } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_unlink); /* * Make sure that the actual truncation of the file will occur outside its * directory's i_mutex. Truncate can take a long time if there is a lot of * writeout happening, and we don't want to prevent access to the directory * while waiting on the I/O. */ long do_unlinkat(int dfd, struct filename *name) { int error; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; struct qstr last; int type; struct inode *inode = NULL; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; retry: name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, &path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); error = -EISDIR; if (type != LAST_NORM) goto exit1; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto exit1; retry_deleg: inode_lock_nested(path.dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_ERR(dentry)) { /* Why not before? Because we want correct error value */ if (last.name[last.len]) goto slashes; inode = dentry->d_inode; if (d_is_negative(dentry)) goto slashes; ihold(inode); error = security_path_unlink(&path, dentry); if (error) goto exit2; error = vfs_unlink(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, &delegated_inode); exit2: dput(dentry); } inode_unlock(path.dentry->d_inode); if (inode) iput(inode); /* truncate the inode here */ inode = NULL; if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); exit1: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; inode = NULL; goto retry; } putname(name); return error; slashes: if (d_is_negative(dentry)) error = -ENOENT; else if (d_is_dir(dentry)) error = -EISDIR; else error = -ENOTDIR; goto exit2; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(unlinkat, int, dfd, const char __user *, pathname, int, flag) { if ((flag & ~AT_REMOVEDIR) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (flag & AT_REMOVEDIR) return do_rmdir(dfd, pathname); return do_unlinkat(dfd, getname(pathname)); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unlink, const char __user *, pathname) { return do_unlinkat(AT_FDCWD, getname(pathname)); } int vfs_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *oldname) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->symlink) return -EPERM; error = security_inode_symlink(dir, dentry, oldname); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->symlink(dir, dentry, oldname); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_symlink); long do_symlinkat(const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname) { int error; struct filename *from; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; from = getname(oldname); if (IS_ERR(from)) return PTR_ERR(from); retry: dentry = user_path_create(newdfd, newname, &path, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto out_putname; error = security_path_symlink(&path, dentry, from->name); if (!error) error = vfs_symlink(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, from->name); done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out_putname: putname(from); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(symlinkat, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname) { return do_symlinkat(oldname, newdfd, newname); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(symlink, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_symlinkat(oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname); } /** * vfs_link - create a new link * @old_dentry: object to be linked * @dir: new parent * @new_dentry: where to create the new link * @delegated_inode: returns inode needing a delegation break * * The caller must hold dir->i_mutex * * If vfs_link discovers a delegation on the to-be-linked file in need * of breaking, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a reference to the * inode in delegated_inode. The caller should then break the delegation * and retry. Because breaking a delegation may take a long time, the * caller should drop the i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. */ int vfs_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *inode = old_dentry->d_inode; unsigned max_links = dir->i_sb->s_max_links; int error; if (!inode) return -ENOENT; error = may_create(dir, new_dentry); if (error) return error; if (dir->i_sb != inode->i_sb) return -EXDEV; /* * A link to an append-only or immutable file cannot be created. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating the link count will likely cause i_uid and i_gid to * be writen back improperly if their true value is unknown to * the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; if (!dir->i_op->link) return -EPERM; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EPERM; error = security_inode_link(old_dentry, dir, new_dentry); if (error) return error; inode_lock(inode); /* Make sure we don't allow creating hardlink to an unlinked file */ if (inode->i_nlink == 0 && !(inode->i_state & I_LINKABLE)) error = -ENOENT; else if (max_links && inode->i_nlink >= max_links) error = -EMLINK; else { error = try_break_deleg(inode, delegated_inode); if (!error) error = dir->i_op->link(old_dentry, dir, new_dentry); } if (!error && (inode->i_state & I_LINKABLE)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state &= ~I_LINKABLE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } inode_unlock(inode); if (!error) fsnotify_link(dir, inode, new_dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_link); /* * Hardlinks are often used in delicate situations. We avoid * security-related surprises by not following symlinks on the * newname. --KAB * * We don't follow them on the oldname either to be compatible * with linux 2.0, and to avoid hard-linking to directories * and other special files. --ADM */ int do_linkat(int olddfd, const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname, int flags) { struct dentry *new_dentry; struct path old_path, new_path; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int how = 0; int error; if ((flags & ~(AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) return -EINVAL; /* * To use null names we require CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH * This ensures that not everyone will be able to create * handlink using the passed filedescriptor. */ if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) { if (!capable(CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return -ENOENT; how = LOOKUP_EMPTY; } if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW) how |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; retry: error = user_path_at(olddfd, oldname, how, &old_path); if (error) return error; new_dentry = user_path_create(newdfd, newname, &new_path, (how & LOOKUP_REVAL)); error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry); if (IS_ERR(new_dentry)) goto out; error = -EXDEV; if (old_path.mnt != new_path.mnt) goto out_dput; error = may_linkat(&old_path); if (unlikely(error)) goto out_dput; error = security_path_link(old_path.dentry, &new_path, new_dentry); if (error) goto out_dput; error = vfs_link(old_path.dentry, new_path.dentry->d_inode, new_dentry, &delegated_inode); out_dput: done_path_create(&new_path, new_dentry); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) { path_put(&old_path); goto retry; } } if (retry_estale(error, how)) { path_put(&old_path); how |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: path_put(&old_path); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(linkat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, int, flags) { return do_linkat(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(link, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_linkat(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname, 0); } /** * vfs_rename - rename a filesystem object * @old_dir: parent of source * @old_dentry: source * @new_dir: parent of destination * @new_dentry: destination * @delegated_inode: returns an inode needing a delegation break * @flags: rename flags * * The caller must hold multiple mutexes--see lock_rename()). * * If vfs_rename discovers a delegation in need of breaking at either * the source or destination, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a * reference to the inode in delegated_inode. The caller should then * break the delegation and retry. Because breaking a delegation may * take a long time, the caller should drop all locks before doing * so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. * * The worst of all namespace operations - renaming directory. "Perverted" * doesn't even start to describe it. Somebody in UCB had a heck of a trip... * Problems: * * a) we can get into loop creation. * b) race potential - two innocent renames can create a loop together. * That's where 4.4 screws up. Current fix: serialization on * sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex. We might be more accurate, but that's another * story. * c) we have to lock _four_ objects - parents and victim (if it exists), * and source (if it is not a directory). * And that - after we got ->i_mutex on parents (until then we don't know * whether the target exists). Solution: try to be smart with locking * order for inodes. We rely on the fact that tree topology may change * only under ->s_vfs_rename_mutex _and_ that parent of the object we * move will be locked. Thus we can rank directories by the tree * (ancestors first) and rank all non-directories after them. * That works since everybody except rename does "lock parent, lookup, * lock child" and rename is under ->s_vfs_rename_mutex. * HOWEVER, it relies on the assumption that any object with ->lookup() * has no more than 1 dentry. If "hybrid" objects will ever appear, * we'd better make sure that there's no link(2) for them. * d) conversion from fhandle to dentry may come in the wrong moment - when * we are removing the target. Solution: we will have to grab ->i_mutex * in the fhandle_to_dentry code. [FIXME - current nfsfh.c relies on * ->i_mutex on parents, which works but leads to some truly excessive * locking]. */ int vfs_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode, unsigned int flags) { int error; bool is_dir = d_is_dir(old_dentry); struct inode *source = old_dentry->d_inode; struct inode *target = new_dentry->d_inode; bool new_is_dir = false; unsigned max_links = new_dir->i_sb->s_max_links; struct name_snapshot old_name; if (source == target) return 0; error = may_delete(old_dir, old_dentry, is_dir); if (error) return error; if (!target) { error = may_create(new_dir, new_dentry); } else { new_is_dir = d_is_dir(new_dentry); if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, is_dir); else error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, new_is_dir); } if (error) return error; if (!old_dir->i_op->rename) return -EPERM; /* * If we are going to change the parent - check write permissions, * we'll need to flip '..'. */ if (new_dir != old_dir) { if (is_dir) { error = inode_permission(source, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } if ((flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && new_is_dir) { error = inode_permission(target, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } } error = security_inode_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (error) return error; take_dentry_name_snapshot(&old_name, old_dentry); dget(new_dentry); if (!is_dir || (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) lock_two_nondirectories(source, target); else if (target) inode_lock(target); error = -EBUSY; if (is_local_mountpoint(old_dentry) || is_local_mountpoint(new_dentry)) goto out; if (max_links && new_dir != old_dir) { error = -EMLINK; if (is_dir && !new_is_dir && new_dir->i_nlink >= max_links) goto out; if ((flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && !is_dir && new_is_dir && old_dir->i_nlink >= max_links) goto out; } if (!is_dir) { error = try_break_deleg(source, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; } if (target && !new_is_dir) { error = try_break_deleg(target, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; } error = old_dir->i_op->rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (error) goto out; if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && target) { if (is_dir) { shrink_dcache_parent(new_dentry); target->i_flags |= S_DEAD; } dont_mount(new_dentry); detach_mounts(new_dentry); } if (!(old_dir->i_sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE)) { if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) d_move(old_dentry, new_dentry); else d_exchange(old_dentry, new_dentry); } out: if (!is_dir || (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) unlock_two_nondirectories(source, target); else if (target) inode_unlock(target); dput(new_dentry); if (!error) { fsnotify_move(old_dir, new_dir, &old_name.name, is_dir, !(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) ? target : NULL, old_dentry); if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { fsnotify_move(new_dir, old_dir, &old_dentry->d_name, new_is_dir, NULL, new_dentry); } } release_dentry_name_snapshot(&old_name); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_rename); static int do_renameat2(int olddfd, const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *old_dentry, *new_dentry; struct dentry *trap; struct path old_path, new_path; struct qstr old_last, new_last; int old_type, new_type; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; struct filename *from; struct filename *to; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0, target_flags = LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET; bool should_retry = false; int error; if (flags & ~(RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_EXCHANGE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) && (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & RENAME_WHITEOUT) && !capable(CAP_MKNOD)) return -EPERM; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) target_flags = 0; retry: from = filename_parentat(olddfd, getname(oldname), lookup_flags, &old_path, &old_last, &old_type); if (IS_ERR(from)) { error = PTR_ERR(from); goto exit; } to = filename_parentat(newdfd, getname(newname), lookup_flags, &new_path, &new_last, &new_type); if (IS_ERR(to)) { error = PTR_ERR(to); goto exit1; } error = -EXDEV; if (old_path.mnt != new_path.mnt) goto exit2; error = -EBUSY; if (old_type != LAST_NORM) goto exit2; if (flags & RENAME_NOREPLACE) error = -EEXIST; if (new_type != LAST_NORM) goto exit2; error = mnt_want_write(old_path.mnt); if (error) goto exit2; retry_deleg: trap = lock_rename(new_path.dentry, old_path.dentry); old_dentry = __lookup_hash(&old_last, old_path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(old_dentry); if (IS_ERR(old_dentry)) goto exit3; /* source must exist */ error = -ENOENT; if (d_is_negative(old_dentry)) goto exit4; new_dentry = __lookup_hash(&new_last, new_path.dentry, lookup_flags | target_flags); error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry); if (IS_ERR(new_dentry)) goto exit4; error = -EEXIST; if ((flags & RENAME_NOREPLACE) && d_is_positive(new_dentry)) goto exit5; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { error = -ENOENT; if (d_is_negative(new_dentry)) goto exit5; if (!d_is_dir(new_dentry)) { error = -ENOTDIR; if (new_last.name[new_last.len]) goto exit5; } } /* unless the source is a directory trailing slashes give -ENOTDIR */ if (!d_is_dir(old_dentry)) { error = -ENOTDIR; if (old_last.name[old_last.len]) goto exit5; if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && new_last.name[new_last.len]) goto exit5; } /* source should not be ancestor of target */ error = -EINVAL; if (old_dentry == trap) goto exit5; /* target should not be an ancestor of source */ if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) error = -ENOTEMPTY; if (new_dentry == trap) goto exit5; error = security_path_rename(&old_path, old_dentry, &new_path, new_dentry, flags); if (error) goto exit5; error = vfs_rename(old_path.dentry->d_inode, old_dentry, new_path.dentry->d_inode, new_dentry, &delegated_inode, flags); exit5: dput(new_dentry); exit4: dput(old_dentry); exit3: unlock_rename(new_path.dentry, old_path.dentry); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(old_path.mnt); exit2: if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) should_retry = true; path_put(&new_path); putname(to); exit1: path_put(&old_path); putname(from); if (should_retry) { should_retry = false; lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } exit: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(renameat2, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, unsigned int, flags) { return do_renameat2(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(renameat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname) { return do_renameat2(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(rename, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_renameat2(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname, 0); } int vfs_whiteout(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->mknod) return -EPERM; return dir->i_op->mknod(dir, dentry, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, WHITEOUT_DEV); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_whiteout); int readlink_copy(char __user *buffer, int buflen, const char *link) { int len = PTR_ERR(link); if (IS_ERR(link)) goto out; len = strlen(link); if (len > (unsigned) buflen) len = buflen; if (copy_to_user(buffer, link, len)) len = -EFAULT; out: return len; } /** * vfs_readlink - copy symlink body into userspace buffer * @dentry: dentry on which to get symbolic link * @buffer: user memory pointer * @buflen: size of buffer * * Does not touch atime. That's up to the caller if necessary * * Does not call security hook. */ int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *dentry, char __user *buffer, int buflen) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(done); const char *link; int res; if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK))) { if (unlikely(inode->i_op->readlink)) return inode->i_op->readlink(dentry, buffer, buflen); if (!d_is_symlink(dentry)) return -EINVAL; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_opflags |= IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } link = READ_ONCE(inode->i_link); if (!link) { link = inode->i_op->get_link(dentry, inode, &done); if (IS_ERR(link)) return PTR_ERR(link); } res = readlink_copy(buffer, buflen, link); do_delayed_call(&done); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_readlink); /** * vfs_get_link - get symlink body * @dentry: dentry on which to get symbolic link * @done: caller needs to free returned data with this * * Calls security hook and i_op->get_link() on the supplied inode. * * It does not touch atime. That's up to the caller if necessary. * * Does not work on "special" symlinks like /proc/$$/fd/N */ const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct delayed_call *done) { const char *res = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); if (d_is_symlink(dentry)) { res = ERR_PTR(security_inode_readlink(dentry)); if (!res) res = inode->i_op->get_link(dentry, inode, done); } return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_get_link); /* get the link contents into pagecache */ const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct delayed_call *callback) { char *kaddr; struct page *page; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; if (!dentry) { page = find_get_page(mapping, 0); if (!page) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (!PageUptodate(page)) { put_page(page); return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } } else { page = read_mapping_page(mapping, 0, NULL); if (IS_ERR(page)) return (char*)page; } set_delayed_call(callback, page_put_link, page); BUG_ON(mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & __GFP_HIGHMEM); kaddr = page_address(page); nd_terminate_link(kaddr, inode->i_size, PAGE_SIZE - 1); return kaddr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_get_link); void page_put_link(void *arg) { put_page(arg); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_put_link); int page_readlink(struct dentry *dentry, char __user *buffer, int buflen) { DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(done); int res = readlink_copy(buffer, buflen, page_get_link(dentry, d_inode(dentry), &done)); do_delayed_call(&done); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_readlink); /* * The nofs argument instructs pagecache_write_begin to pass AOP_FLAG_NOFS */ int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs) { struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; struct page *page; void *fsdata = NULL; int err; unsigned int flags = 0; if (nofs) flags |= AOP_FLAG_NOFS; retry: err = pagecache_write_begin(NULL, mapping, 0, len-1, flags, &page, &fsdata); if (err) goto fail; memcpy(page_address(page), symname, len-1); err = pagecache_write_end(NULL, mapping, 0, len-1, len-1, page, fsdata); if (err < 0) goto fail; if (err < len-1) goto retry; mark_inode_dirty(inode); return 0; fail: return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__page_symlink); int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len) { return __page_symlink(inode, symname, len, !mapping_gfp_constraint(inode->i_mapping, __GFP_FS)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_symlink); const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations = { .get_link = page_get_link, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_symlink_inode_operations);
9 77 76 2 75 7 17 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * IPv6 library code, needed by static components when full IPv6 support is * not configured or static. */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> /* * find out if nexthdr is a well-known extension header or a protocol */ bool ipv6_ext_hdr(u8 nexthdr) { /* * find out if nexthdr is an extension header or a protocol */ return (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_HOP) || (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_ROUTING) || (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT) || (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_AUTH) || (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_NONE) || (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_DEST); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipv6_ext_hdr); /* * Skip any extension headers. This is used by the ICMP module. * * Note that strictly speaking this conflicts with RFC 2460 4.0: * ...The contents and semantics of each extension header determine whether * or not to proceed to the next header. Therefore, extension headers must * be processed strictly in the order they appear in the packet; a * receiver must not, for example, scan through a packet looking for a * particular kind of extension header and process that header prior to * processing all preceding ones. * * We do exactly this. This is a protocol bug. We can't decide after a * seeing an unknown discard-with-error flavour TLV option if it's a * ICMP error message or not (errors should never be send in reply to * ICMP error messages). * * But I see no other way to do this. This might need to be reexamined * when Linux implements ESP (and maybe AUTH) headers. * --AK * * This function parses (probably truncated) exthdr set "hdr". * "nexthdrp" initially points to some place, * where type of the first header can be found. * * It skips all well-known exthdrs, and returns pointer to the start * of unparsable area i.e. the first header with unknown type. * If it is not NULL *nexthdr is updated by type/protocol of this header. * * NOTES: - if packet terminated with NEXTHDR_NONE it returns NULL. * - it may return pointer pointing beyond end of packet, * if the last recognized header is truncated in the middle. * - if packet is truncated, so that all parsed headers are skipped, * it returns NULL. * - First fragment header is skipped, not-first ones * are considered as unparsable. * - Reports the offset field of the final fragment header so it is * possible to tell whether this is a first fragment, later fragment, * or not fragmented. * - ESP is unparsable for now and considered like * normal payload protocol. * - Note also special handling of AUTH header. Thanks to IPsec wizards. * * --ANK (980726) */ int ipv6_skip_exthdr(const struct sk_buff *skb, int start, u8 *nexthdrp, __be16 *frag_offp) { u8 nexthdr = *nexthdrp; *frag_offp = 0; while (ipv6_ext_hdr(nexthdr)) { struct ipv6_opt_hdr _hdr, *hp; int hdrlen; if (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_NONE) return -1; hp = skb_header_pointer(skb, start, sizeof(_hdr), &_hdr); if (!hp) return -1; if (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT) { __be16 _frag_off, *fp; fp = skb_header_pointer(skb, start+offsetof(struct frag_hdr, frag_off), sizeof(_frag_off), &_frag_off); if (!fp) return -1; *frag_offp = *fp; if (ntohs(*frag_offp) & ~0x7) break; hdrlen = 8; } else if (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_AUTH) hdrlen = ipv6_authlen(hp); else hdrlen = ipv6_optlen(hp); nexthdr = hp->nexthdr; start += hdrlen; } *nexthdrp = nexthdr; return start; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipv6_skip_exthdr); int ipv6_find_tlv(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int type) { const unsigned char *nh = skb_network_header(skb); int packet_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - skb_network_header(skb); struct ipv6_opt_hdr *hdr; int len; if (offset + 2 > packet_len) goto bad; hdr = (struct ipv6_opt_hdr *)(nh + offset); len = ((hdr->hdrlen + 1) << 3); if (offset + len > packet_len) goto bad; offset += 2; len -= 2; while (len > 0) { int opttype = nh[offset]; int optlen; if (opttype == type) return offset; switch (opttype) { case IPV6_TLV_PAD1: optlen = 1; break; default: optlen = nh[offset + 1] + 2; if (optlen > len) goto bad; break; } offset += optlen; len -= optlen; } /* not_found */ bad: return -1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ipv6_find_tlv); /* * find the offset to specified header or the protocol number of last header * if target < 0. "last header" is transport protocol header, ESP, or * "No next header". * * Note that *offset is used as input/output parameter, and if it is not zero, * then it must be a valid offset to an inner IPv6 header. This can be used * to explore inner IPv6 header, eg. ICMPv6 error messages. * * If target header is found, its offset is set in *offset and return protocol * number. Otherwise, return -1. * * If the first fragment doesn't contain the final protocol header or * NEXTHDR_NONE it is considered invalid. * * Note that non-1st fragment is special case that "the protocol number * of last header" is "next header" field in Fragment header. In this case, * *offset is meaningless and fragment offset is stored in *fragoff if fragoff * isn't NULL. * * if flags is not NULL and it's a fragment, then the frag flag * IP6_FH_F_FRAG will be set. If it's an AH header, the * IP6_FH_F_AUTH flag is set and target < 0, then this function will * stop at the AH header. If IP6_FH_F_SKIP_RH flag was passed, then this * function will skip all those routing headers, where segements_left was 0. */ int ipv6_find_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int *offset, int target, unsigned short *fragoff, int *flags) { unsigned int start = skb_network_offset(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); u8 nexthdr = ipv6_hdr(skb)->nexthdr; bool found; if (fragoff) *fragoff = 0; if (*offset) { struct ipv6hdr _ip6, *ip6; ip6 = skb_header_pointer(skb, *offset, sizeof(_ip6), &_ip6); if (!ip6 || (ip6->version != 6)) return -EBADMSG; start = *offset + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); nexthdr = ip6->nexthdr; } do { struct ipv6_opt_hdr _hdr, *hp; unsigned int hdrlen; found = (nexthdr == target); if ((!ipv6_ext_hdr(nexthdr)) || nexthdr == NEXTHDR_NONE) { if (target < 0 || found) break; return -ENOENT; } hp = skb_header_pointer(skb, start, sizeof(_hdr), &_hdr); if (!hp) return -EBADMSG; if (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_ROUTING) { struct ipv6_rt_hdr _rh, *rh; rh = skb_header_pointer(skb, start, sizeof(_rh), &_rh); if (!rh) return -EBADMSG; if (flags && (*flags & IP6_FH_F_SKIP_RH) && rh->segments_left == 0) found = false; } if (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT) { unsigned short _frag_off; __be16 *fp; if (flags) /* Indicate that this is a fragment */ *flags |= IP6_FH_F_FRAG; fp = skb_header_pointer(skb, start+offsetof(struct frag_hdr, frag_off), sizeof(_frag_off), &_frag_off); if (!fp) return -EBADMSG; _frag_off = ntohs(*fp) & ~0x7; if (_frag_off) { if (target < 0 && ((!ipv6_ext_hdr(hp->nexthdr)) || hp->nexthdr == NEXTHDR_NONE)) { if (fragoff) *fragoff = _frag_off; return hp->nexthdr; } if (!found) return -ENOENT; if (fragoff) *fragoff = _frag_off; break; } hdrlen = 8; } else if (nexthdr == NEXTHDR_AUTH) { if (flags && (*flags & IP6_FH_F_AUTH) && (target < 0)) break; hdrlen = ipv6_authlen(hp); } else hdrlen = ipv6_optlen(hp); if (!found) { nexthdr = hp->nexthdr; start += hdrlen; } } while (!found); *offset = start; return nexthdr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipv6_find_hdr);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H #define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H /* * User space memory access functions */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #include <asm/extable.h> /* * The fs value determines whether argument validity checking should be * performed or not. If get_fs() == USER_DS, checking is performed, with * get_fs() == KERNEL_DS, checking is bypassed. * * For historical reasons, these macros are grossly misnamed. */ #define MAKE_MM_SEG(s) ((mm_segment_t) { (s) }) #define KERNEL_DS MAKE_MM_SEG(-1UL) #define USER_DS MAKE_MM_SEG(TASK_SIZE_MAX) #define get_fs() (current->thread.addr_limit) static inline void set_fs(mm_segment_t fs) { current->thread.addr_limit = fs; /* On user-mode return, check fs is correct */ set_thread_flag(TIF_FSCHECK); } #define segment_eq(a, b) ((a).seg == (b).seg) #define user_addr_max() (current->thread.addr_limit.seg) /* * Test whether a block of memory is a valid user space address. * Returns 0 if the range is valid, nonzero otherwise. */ static inline bool __chk_range_not_ok(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long limit) { /* * If we have used "sizeof()" for the size, * we know it won't overflow the limit (but * it might overflow the 'addr', so it's * important to subtract the size from the * limit, not add it to the address). */ if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) return unlikely(addr > limit - size); /* Arbitrary sizes? Be careful about overflow */ addr += size; if (unlikely(addr < size)) return true; return unlikely(addr > limit); } #define __range_not_ok(addr, size, limit) \ ({ \ __chk_user_ptr(addr); \ __chk_range_not_ok((unsigned long __force)(addr), size, limit); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void); # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!in_task() && !pagefault_disabled()) #else # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() #endif /** * access_ok - Checks if a user space pointer is valid * @addr: User space pointer to start of block to check * @size: Size of block to check * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * Checks if a pointer to a block of memory in user space is valid. * * Note that, depending on architecture, this function probably just * checks that the pointer is in the user space range - after calling * this function, memory access functions may still return -EFAULT. * * Return: true (nonzero) if the memory block may be valid, false (zero) * if it is definitely invalid. */ #define access_ok(addr, size) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_IN_IRQ(); \ likely(!__range_not_ok(addr, size, user_addr_max())); \ }) /* * These are the main single-value transfer routines. They automatically * use the right size if we just have the right pointer type. * * This gets kind of ugly. We want to return _two_ values in "get_user()" * and yet we don't want to do any pointers, because that is too much * of a performance impact. Thus we have a few rather ugly macros here, * and hide all the ugliness from the user. * * The "__xxx" versions of the user access functions are versions that * do not verify the address space, that must have been done previously * with a separate "access_ok()" call (this is used when we do multiple * accesses to the same area of user memory). */ extern int __get_user_1(void); extern int __get_user_2(void); extern int __get_user_4(void); extern int __get_user_8(void); extern int __get_user_bad(void); #define __uaccess_begin() stac() #define __uaccess_end() clac() #define __uaccess_begin_nospec() \ ({ \ stac(); \ barrier_nospec(); \ }) /* * This is a type: either unsigned long, if the argument fits into * that type, or otherwise unsigned long long. */ #define __inttype(x) \ __typeof__(__builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(x) > sizeof(0UL), 0ULL, 0UL)) /** * get_user - Get a simple variable from user space. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ /* * Careful: we have to cast the result to the type of the pointer * for sign reasons. * * The use of _ASM_DX as the register specifier is a bit of a * simplification, as gcc only cares about it as the starting point * and not size: for a 64-bit value it will use %ecx:%edx on 32 bits * (%ecx being the next register in gcc's x86 register sequence), and * %rdx on 64 bits. * * Clang/LLVM cares about the size of the register, but still wants * the base register for something that ends up being a pair. */ #define get_user(x, ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_gu; \ register __inttype(*(ptr)) __val_gu asm("%"_ASM_DX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ might_fault(); \ asm volatile("call __get_user_%P4" \ : "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (ptr), "i" (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr))) __val_gu; \ __builtin_expect(__ret_gu, 0); \ }) #define __put_user_x(size, x, ptr, __ret_pu) \ asm volatile("call __put_user_" #size : "=a" (__ret_pu) \ : "0" ((typeof(*(ptr)))(x)), "c" (ptr) : "ebx") #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, addr, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \ "2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, %l2) \ : : "A" (x), "r" (addr) \ : : label) #define __put_user_asm_ex_u64(x, addr) \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \ "2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \ "3:" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_EX(1b, 2b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_EX(2b, 3b) \ : : "A" (x), "r" (addr)) #define __put_user_x8(x, ptr, __ret_pu) \ asm volatile("call __put_user_8" : "=a" (__ret_pu) \ : "A" ((typeof(*(ptr)))(x)), "c" (ptr) : "ebx") #else #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "q", "", "er", label) #define __put_user_asm_ex_u64(x, addr) \ __put_user_asm_ex(x, addr, "q", "", "er") #define __put_user_x8(x, ptr, __ret_pu) __put_user_x(8, x, ptr, __ret_pu) #endif extern void __put_user_bad(void); /* * Strange magic calling convention: pointer in %ecx, * value in %eax(:%edx), return value in %eax. clobbers %rbx */ extern void __put_user_1(void); extern void __put_user_2(void); extern void __put_user_4(void); extern void __put_user_8(void); /** * put_user - Write a simple value into user space. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define put_user(x, ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_pu; \ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __pu_val; \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ might_fault(); \ __pu_val = x; \ switch (sizeof(*(ptr))) { \ case 1: \ __put_user_x(1, __pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \ break; \ case 2: \ __put_user_x(2, __pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \ break; \ case 4: \ __put_user_x(4, __pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \ break; \ case 8: \ __put_user_x8(__pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \ break; \ default: \ __put_user_x(X, __pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \ break; \ } \ __builtin_expect(__ret_pu, 0); \ }) #define __put_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "b", "b", "iq", label); \ break; \ case 2: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "w", "w", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "l", "k", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ __put_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) /* * This doesn't do __uaccess_begin/end - the exception handling * around it must do that. */ #define __put_user_size_ex(x, ptr, size) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __put_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "b", "b", "iq"); \ break; \ case 2: \ __put_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "w", "w", "ir"); \ break; \ case 4: \ __put_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "l", "k", "ir"); \ break; \ case 8: \ __put_user_asm_ex_u64((__typeof__(*ptr))(x), ptr); \ break; \ default: \ __put_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval, errret) \ ({ \ __typeof__(ptr) __ptr = (ptr); \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: movl %2,%%eax\n" \ "2: movl %3,%%edx\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: mov %4,%0\n" \ " xorl %%eax,%%eax\n" \ " xorl %%edx,%%edx\n" \ " jmp 3b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 4b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, 4b) \ : "=r" (retval), "=&A"(x) \ : "m" (__m(__ptr)), "m" __m(((u32 __user *)(__ptr)) + 1), \ "i" (errret), "0" (retval)); \ }) #define __get_user_asm_ex_u64(x, ptr) (x) = __get_user_bad() #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval, errret) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "q", "", "=r", errret) #define __get_user_asm_ex_u64(x, ptr) \ __get_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "q", "", "=r") #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, retval, errret) \ do { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ \ retval = 0; \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, retval, "b", "b", "=q", errret); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "w", "w", "=r", errret); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "l", "k", "=r", errret); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval, errret); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, err, itype, rtype, ltype, errret) \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %2,%"rtype"1\n" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: mov %3,%0\n" \ " xor"itype" %"rtype"1,%"rtype"1\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "=r" (err), ltype(x) \ : "m" (__m(addr)), "i" (errret), "0" (err)) /* * This doesn't do __uaccess_begin/end - the exception handling * around it must do that. */ #define __get_user_size_ex(x, ptr, size) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "b", "b", "=q"); \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "w", "w", "=r"); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "l", "k", "=r"); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_ex_u64(x, ptr); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm_ex(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype) \ asm volatile("1: mov"itype" %1,%"rtype"0\n" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3:xor"itype" %"rtype"0,%"rtype"0\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_EX(1b, 3b) \ : ltype(x) : "m" (__m(addr))) #define __put_user_nocheck(x, ptr, size) \ ({ \ __label__ __pu_label; \ int __pu_err = -EFAULT; \ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __pu_val = (x); \ __typeof__(ptr) __pu_ptr = (ptr); \ __typeof__(size) __pu_size = (size); \ __uaccess_begin(); \ __put_user_size(__pu_val, __pu_ptr, __pu_size, __pu_label); \ __pu_err = 0; \ __pu_label: \ __uaccess_end(); \ __builtin_expect(__pu_err, 0); \ }) #define __get_user_nocheck(x, ptr, size) \ ({ \ int __gu_err; \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __typeof__(ptr) __gu_ptr = (ptr); \ __typeof__(size) __gu_size = (size); \ __uaccess_begin_nospec(); \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, __gu_ptr, __gu_size, __gu_err, -EFAULT); \ __uaccess_end(); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ __builtin_expect(__gu_err, 0); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_TIED_OUTPUT #define __try_cmpxchg_user_asm(itype, ltype, _ptr, _pold, _new, label) ({ \ bool success; \ __typeof__(_ptr) _old = (__typeof__(_ptr))(_pold); \ __typeof__(*(_ptr)) __old = *_old; \ __typeof__(*(_ptr)) __new = (_new); \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: " LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchg"itype" %[new], %[ptr]\n"\ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l[label]) \ : CC_OUT(z) (success), \ [ptr] "+m" (*_ptr), \ [old] "+a" (__old) \ : [new] ltype (__new) \ : "memory" \ : label); \ if (unlikely(!success)) \ *_old = __old; \ likely(success); }) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __try_cmpxchg64_user_asm(_ptr, _pold, _new, label) ({ \ bool success; \ __typeof__(_ptr) _old = (__typeof__(_ptr))(_pold); \ __typeof__(*(_ptr)) __old = *_old; \ __typeof__(*(_ptr)) __new = (_new); \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: " LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchg8b %[ptr]\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l[label]) \ : CC_OUT(z) (success), \ "+A" (__old), \ [ptr] "+m" (*_ptr) \ : "b" ((u32)__new), \ "c" ((u32)((u64)__new >> 32)) \ : "memory" \ : label); \ if (unlikely(!success)) \ *_old = __old; \ likely(success); }) #endif // CONFIG_X86_32 #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_TIED_OUTPUT #define __try_cmpxchg_user_asm(itype, ltype, _ptr, _pold, _new, label) ({ \ int __err = 0; \ bool success; \ __typeof__(_ptr) _old = (__typeof__(_ptr))(_pold); \ __typeof__(*(_ptr)) __old = *_old; \ __typeof__(*(_ptr)) __new = (_new); \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: " LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchg"itype" %[new], %[ptr]\n"\ CC_SET(z) \ "2:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_TYPE_REG(1b, 2b, EX_TYPE_EFAULT_REG, \ %[errout]) \ : CC_OUT(z) (success), \ [errout] "+r" (__err), \ [ptr] "+m" (*_ptr), \ [old] "+a" (__old) \ : [new] ltype (__new) \ : "memory"); \ if (unlikely(__err)) \ goto label; \ if (unlikely(!success)) \ *_old = __old; \ likely(success); }) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * Unlike the normal CMPXCHG, hardcode ECX for both success/fail and error. * There are only six GPRs available and four (EAX, EBX, ECX, and EDX) are * hardcoded by CMPXCHG8B, leaving only ESI and EDI. If the compiler uses * both ESI and EDI for the memory operand, compilation will fail if the error * is an input+output as there will be no register available for input. */ #define __try_cmpxchg64_user_asm(_ptr, _pold, _new, label) ({ \ int __result; \ __typeof__(_ptr) _old = (__typeof__(_ptr))(_pold); \ __typeof__(*(_ptr)) __old = *_old; \ __typeof__(*(_ptr)) __new = (_new); \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: " LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchg8b %[ptr]\n" \ "mov $0, %%ecx\n\t" \ "setz %%cl\n" \ "2:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_TYPE_REG(1b, 2b, EX_TYPE_EFAULT_REG, %%ecx) \ : [result]"=c" (__result), \ "+A" (__old), \ [ptr] "+m" (*_ptr) \ : "b" ((u32)__new), \ "c" ((u32)((u64)__new >> 32)) \ : "memory", "cc"); \ if (unlikely(__result < 0)) \ goto label; \ if (unlikely(!__result)) \ *_old = __old; \ likely(__result); }) #endif // CONFIG_X86_32 #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_TIED_OUTPUT /* FIXME: this hack is definitely wrong -AK */ struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; }; #define __m(x) (*(struct __large_struct __user *)(x)) /* * Tell gcc we read from memory instead of writing: this is because * we do not write to any memory gcc knows about, so there are no * aliasing issues. */ #define __put_user_goto(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %"rtype"0,%1\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) #define __put_user_failed(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype, errret) \ ({ __label__ __puflab; \ int __pufret = errret; \ __put_user_goto(x,addr,itype,rtype,ltype,__puflab); \ __pufret = 0; \ __puflab: __pufret; }) #define __put_user_asm(x, addr, retval, itype, rtype, ltype, errret) do { \ retval = __put_user_failed(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype, errret); \ } while (0) #define __put_user_asm_ex(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype) \ asm volatile("1: mov"itype" %"rtype"0,%1\n" \ "2:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_EX(1b, 2b) \ : : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr))) /* * uaccess_try and catch */ #define uaccess_try do { \ current->thread.uaccess_err = 0; \ __uaccess_begin(); \ barrier(); #define uaccess_try_nospec do { \ current->thread.uaccess_err = 0; \ __uaccess_begin_nospec(); \ #define uaccess_catch(err) \ __uaccess_end(); \ (err) |= (current->thread.uaccess_err ? -EFAULT : 0); \ } while (0) /** * __get_user - Get a simple variable from user space, with less checking. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define __get_user(x, ptr) \ __get_user_nocheck((x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr))) /** * __put_user - Write a simple value into user space, with less checking. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define __put_user(x, ptr) \ __put_user_nocheck((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr))) /* * {get|put}_user_try and catch * * get_user_try { * get_user_ex(...); * } get_user_catch(err) */ #define get_user_try uaccess_try_nospec #define get_user_catch(err) uaccess_catch(err) #define get_user_ex(x, ptr) do { \ unsigned long __gue_val; \ __get_user_size_ex((__gue_val), (ptr), (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gue_val; \ } while (0) #define put_user_try uaccess_try #define put_user_catch(err) uaccess_catch(err) #define put_user_ex(x, ptr) \ __put_user_size_ex((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr))) extern unsigned long copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n); extern __must_check long strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src, long count); extern __must_check long strnlen_user(const char __user *str, long n); unsigned long __must_check clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); unsigned long __must_check __clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); extern void __cmpxchg_wrong_size(void) __compiletime_error("Bad argument size for cmpxchg"); #define __user_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(uval, ptr, old, new, size) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __old = (old); \ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __new = (new); \ __uaccess_begin_nospec(); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ { \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgb %4, %2\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" \ "\tjmp 2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "+r" (__ret), "=a" (__old), "+m" (*(ptr)) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "q" (__new), "1" (__old) \ : "memory" \ ); \ break; \ } \ case 2: \ { \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgw %4, %2\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" \ "\tjmp 2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "+r" (__ret), "=a" (__old), "+m" (*(ptr)) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (__new), "1" (__old) \ : "memory" \ ); \ break; \ } \ case 4: \ { \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" \ "\tjmp 2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "+r" (__ret), "=a" (__old), "+m" (*(ptr)) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (__new), "1" (__old) \ : "memory" \ ); \ break; \ } \ case 8: \ { \ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64)) \ __cmpxchg_wrong_size(); \ \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgq %4, %2\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" \ "\tjmp 2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "+r" (__ret), "=a" (__old), "+m" (*(ptr)) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (__new), "1" (__old) \ : "memory" \ ); \ break; \ } \ default: \ __cmpxchg_wrong_size(); \ } \ __uaccess_end(); \ *(uval) = __old; \ __ret; \ }) #define user_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(uval, ptr, old, new) \ ({ \ access_ok((ptr), sizeof(*(ptr))) ? \ __user_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic((uval), (ptr), \ (old), (new), sizeof(*(ptr))) : \ -EFAULT; \ }) /* * movsl can be slow when source and dest are not both 8-byte aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY extern struct movsl_mask { int mask; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp movsl_mask; #endif #define ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/uaccess_32.h> #else # include <asm/uaccess_64.h> #endif /* * We rely on the nested NMI work to allow atomic faults from the NMI path; the * nested NMI paths are careful to preserve CR2. * * Caller must use pagefault_enable/disable, or run in interrupt context, * and also do a uaccess_ok() check */ #define __copy_from_user_nmi __copy_from_user_inatomic /* * The "unsafe" user accesses aren't really "unsafe", but the naming * is a big fat warning: you have to not only do the access_ok() * checking before using them, but you have to surround them with the * user_access_begin/end() pair. */ static __must_check __always_inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *ptr, size_t len) { if (unlikely(!access_ok(ptr,len))) return 0; __uaccess_begin_nospec(); return 1; } #define user_access_begin(a,b) user_access_begin(a,b) #define user_access_end() __uaccess_end() #define user_access_save() smap_save() #define user_access_restore(x) smap_restore(x) #define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), label) #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ int __gu_err; \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), __gu_err, -EFAULT); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ if (unlikely(__gu_err)) goto err_label; \ } while (0) extern void __try_cmpxchg_user_wrong_size(void); #ifndef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __try_cmpxchg64_user_asm(_ptr, _oldp, _nval, _label) \ __try_cmpxchg_user_asm("q", "r", (_ptr), (_oldp), (_nval), _label) #endif /* * Force the pointer to u<size> to match the size expected by the asm helper. * clang/LLVM compiles all cases and only discards the unused paths after * processing errors, which breaks i386 if the pointer is an 8-byte value. */ #define unsafe_try_cmpxchg_user(_ptr, _oldp, _nval, _label) ({ \ bool __ret; \ __chk_user_ptr(_ptr); \ switch (sizeof(*(_ptr))) { \ case 1: __ret = __try_cmpxchg_user_asm("b", "q", \ (__force u8 *)(_ptr), (_oldp), \ (_nval), _label); \ break; \ case 2: __ret = __try_cmpxchg_user_asm("w", "r", \ (__force u16 *)(_ptr), (_oldp), \ (_nval), _label); \ break; \ case 4: __ret = __try_cmpxchg_user_asm("l", "r", \ (__force u32 *)(_ptr), (_oldp), \ (_nval), _label); \ break; \ case 8: __ret = __try_cmpxchg64_user_asm((__force u64 *)(_ptr), (_oldp),\ (_nval), _label); \ break; \ default: __try_cmpxchg_user_wrong_size(); \ } \ __ret; }) /* "Returns" 0 on success, 1 on failure, -EFAULT if the access faults. */ #define __try_cmpxchg_user(_ptr, _oldp, _nval, _label) ({ \ int __ret = -EFAULT; \ __uaccess_begin_nospec(); \ __ret = !unsafe_try_cmpxchg_user(_ptr, _oldp, _nval, _label); \ _label: \ __uaccess_end(); \ __ret; \ }) /* * We want the unsafe accessors to always be inlined and use * the error labels - thus the macro games. */ #define unsafe_copy_loop(dst, src, len, type, label) \ while (len >= sizeof(type)) { \ unsafe_put_user(*(type *)src,(type __user *)dst,label); \ dst += sizeof(type); \ src += sizeof(type); \ len -= sizeof(type); \ } #define unsafe_copy_to_user(_dst,_src,_len,label) \ do { \ char __user *__ucu_dst = (_dst); \ const char *__ucu_src = (_src); \ size_t __ucu_len = (_len); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u64, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u32, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u16, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u8, label); \ } while (0) #endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H */
943 79 89 79 1077 148 5 79 89 34 34 34 4 34 39 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright (C) 2006 IBM Corporation * * Author: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> * * Jun 2006 - namespaces support * OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> */ #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/mnt_namespace.h> #include <linux/utsname.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <linux/ipc_namespace.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> static struct kmem_cache *nsproxy_cachep; struct nsproxy init_nsproxy = { .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .uts_ns = &init_uts_ns, #if defined(CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE) || defined(CONFIG_SYSVIPC) .ipc_ns = &init_ipc_ns, #endif .mnt_ns = NULL, .pid_ns_for_children = &init_pid_ns, #ifdef CONFIG_NET .net_ns = &init_net, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS .cgroup_ns = &init_cgroup_ns, #endif }; static inline struct nsproxy *create_nsproxy(void) { struct nsproxy *nsproxy; nsproxy = kmem_cache_alloc(nsproxy_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (nsproxy) atomic_set(&nsproxy->count, 1); return nsproxy; } /* * Create new nsproxy and all of its the associated namespaces. * Return the newly created nsproxy. Do not attach this to the task, * leave it to the caller to do proper locking and attach it to task. */ static struct nsproxy *create_new_namespaces(unsigned long flags, struct task_struct *tsk, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct fs_struct *new_fs) { struct nsproxy *new_nsp; int err; new_nsp = create_nsproxy(); if (!new_nsp) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); new_nsp->mnt_ns = copy_mnt_ns(flags, tsk->nsproxy->mnt_ns, user_ns, new_fs); if (IS_ERR(new_nsp->mnt_ns)) { err = PTR_ERR(new_nsp->mnt_ns); goto out_ns; } new_nsp->uts_ns = copy_utsname(flags, user_ns, tsk->nsproxy->uts_ns); if (IS_ERR(new_nsp->uts_ns)) { err = PTR_ERR(new_nsp->uts_ns); goto out_uts; } new_nsp->ipc_ns = copy_ipcs(flags, user_ns, tsk->nsproxy->ipc_ns); if (IS_ERR(new_nsp->ipc_ns)) { err = PTR_ERR(new_nsp->ipc_ns); goto out_ipc; } new_nsp->pid_ns_for_children = copy_pid_ns(flags, user_ns, tsk->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children); if (IS_ERR(new_nsp->pid_ns_for_children)) { err = PTR_ERR(new_nsp->pid_ns_for_children); goto out_pid; } new_nsp->cgroup_ns = copy_cgroup_ns(flags, user_ns, tsk->nsproxy->cgroup_ns); if (IS_ERR(new_nsp->cgroup_ns)) { err = PTR_ERR(new_nsp->cgroup_ns); goto out_cgroup; } new_nsp->net_ns = copy_net_ns(flags, user_ns, tsk->nsproxy->net_ns); if (IS_ERR(new_nsp->net_ns)) { err = PTR_ERR(new_nsp->net_ns); goto out_net; } return new_nsp; out_net: put_cgroup_ns(new_nsp->cgroup_ns); out_cgroup: if (new_nsp->pid_ns_for_children) put_pid_ns(new_nsp->pid_ns_for_children); out_pid: if (new_nsp->ipc_ns) put_ipc_ns(new_nsp->ipc_ns); out_ipc: if (new_nsp->uts_ns) put_uts_ns(new_nsp->uts_ns); out_uts: if (new_nsp->mnt_ns) put_mnt_ns(new_nsp->mnt_ns); out_ns: kmem_cache_free(nsproxy_cachep, new_nsp); return ERR_PTR(err); } /* * called from clone. This now handles copy for nsproxy and all * namespaces therein. */ int copy_namespaces(unsigned long flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct nsproxy *old_ns = tsk->nsproxy; struct user_namespace *user_ns = task_cred_xxx(tsk, user_ns); struct nsproxy *new_ns; if (likely(!(flags & (CLONE_NEWNS | CLONE_NEWUTS | CLONE_NEWIPC | CLONE_NEWPID | CLONE_NEWNET | CLONE_NEWCGROUP)))) { get_nsproxy(old_ns); return 0; } if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; /* * CLONE_NEWIPC must detach from the undolist: after switching * to a new ipc namespace, the semaphore arrays from the old * namespace are unreachable. In clone parlance, CLONE_SYSVSEM * means share undolist with parent, so we must forbid using * it along with CLONE_NEWIPC. */ if ((flags & (CLONE_NEWIPC | CLONE_SYSVSEM)) == (CLONE_NEWIPC | CLONE_SYSVSEM)) return -EINVAL; new_ns = create_new_namespaces(flags, tsk, user_ns, tsk->fs); if (IS_ERR(new_ns)) return PTR_ERR(new_ns); tsk->nsproxy = new_ns; return 0; } void free_nsproxy(struct nsproxy *ns) { if (ns->mnt_ns) put_mnt_ns(ns->mnt_ns); if (ns->uts_ns) put_uts_ns(ns->uts_ns); if (ns->ipc_ns) put_ipc_ns(ns->ipc_ns); if (ns->pid_ns_for_children) put_pid_ns(ns->pid_ns_for_children); put_cgroup_ns(ns->cgroup_ns); put_net(ns->net_ns); kmem_cache_free(nsproxy_cachep, ns); } /* * Called from unshare. Unshare all the namespaces part of nsproxy. * On success, returns the new nsproxy. */ int unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct nsproxy **new_nsp, struct cred *new_cred, struct fs_struct *new_fs) { struct user_namespace *user_ns; int err = 0; if (!(unshare_flags & (CLONE_NEWNS | CLONE_NEWUTS | CLONE_NEWIPC | CLONE_NEWNET | CLONE_NEWPID | CLONE_NEWCGROUP))) return 0; user_ns = new_cred ? new_cred->user_ns : current_user_ns(); if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; *new_nsp = create_new_namespaces(unshare_flags, current, user_ns, new_fs ? new_fs : current->fs); if (IS_ERR(*new_nsp)) { err = PTR_ERR(*new_nsp); goto out; } out: return err; } void switch_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *p, struct nsproxy *new) { struct nsproxy *ns; might_sleep(); task_lock(p); ns = p->nsproxy; p->nsproxy = new; task_unlock(p); if (ns && atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) free_nsproxy(ns); } void exit_task_namespaces(struct task_struct *p) { switch_task_namespaces(p, NULL); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(setns, int, fd, int, nstype) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; struct nsproxy *new_nsproxy; struct file *file; struct ns_common *ns; int err; file = proc_ns_fget(fd); if (IS_ERR(file)) return PTR_ERR(file); err = -EINVAL; ns = get_proc_ns(file_inode(file)); if (nstype && (ns->ops->type != nstype)) goto out; new_nsproxy = create_new_namespaces(0, tsk, current_user_ns(), tsk->fs); if (IS_ERR(new_nsproxy)) { err = PTR_ERR(new_nsproxy); goto out; } err = ns->ops->install(new_nsproxy, ns); if (err) { free_nsproxy(new_nsproxy); goto out; } switch_task_namespaces(tsk, new_nsproxy); perf_event_namespaces(tsk); out: fput(file); return err; } int __init nsproxy_cache_init(void) { nsproxy_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(nsproxy, SLAB_PANIC); return 0; }
5837 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_CPUFEATURE_H #define _ASM_X86_CPUFEATURE_H #include <asm/processor.h> #if defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) #include <asm/asm.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> enum cpuid_leafs { CPUID_1_EDX = 0, CPUID_8000_0001_EDX, CPUID_8086_0001_EDX, CPUID_LNX_1, CPUID_1_ECX, CPUID_C000_0001_EDX, CPUID_8000_0001_ECX, CPUID_LNX_2, CPUID_LNX_3, CPUID_7_0_EBX, CPUID_D_1_EAX, CPUID_LNX_4, CPUID_7_1_EAX, CPUID_8000_0008_EBX, CPUID_6_EAX, CPUID_8000_000A_EDX, CPUID_7_ECX, CPUID_8000_0007_EBX, CPUID_7_EDX, }; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_FEATURE_NAMES extern const char * const x86_cap_flags[NCAPINTS*32]; extern const char * const x86_power_flags[32]; #define X86_CAP_FMT "%s" #define x86_cap_flag(flag) x86_cap_flags[flag] #else #define X86_CAP_FMT "%d:%d" #define x86_cap_flag(flag) ((flag) >> 5), ((flag) & 31) #endif /* * In order to save room, we index into this array by doing * X86_BUG_<name> - NCAPINTS*32. */ extern const char * const x86_bug_flags[NBUGINTS*32]; #define test_cpu_cap(c, bit) \ arch_test_bit(bit, (unsigned long *)((c)->x86_capability)) /* * There are 32 bits/features in each mask word. The high bits * (selected with (bit>>5) give us the word number and the low 5 * bits give us the bit/feature number inside the word. * (1UL<<((bit)&31) gives us a mask for the feature_bit so we can * see if it is set in the mask word. */ #define CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(maskname, word, bit) \ (((bit)>>5)==(word) && (1UL<<((bit)&31) & maskname##word )) /* * {REQUIRED,DISABLED}_MASK_CHECK below may seem duplicated with the * following BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO() check but when NCAPINTS gets changed, all * header macros which use NCAPINTS need to be changed. The duplicated macro * use causes the compiler to issue errors for all headers so that all usage * sites can be corrected. */ #define REQUIRED_MASK_BIT_SET(feature_bit) \ ( CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 0, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 1, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 2, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 3, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 4, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 5, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 6, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 7, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 8, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 9, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 10, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 11, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 12, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 13, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 14, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 15, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 16, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 17, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 18, feature_bit) || \ REQUIRED_MASK_CHECK || \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19)) #define DISABLED_MASK_BIT_SET(feature_bit) \ ( CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 0, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 1, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 2, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 3, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 4, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 5, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 6, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 7, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 8, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 9, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 10, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 11, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 12, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 13, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 14, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 15, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 16, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 17, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 18, feature_bit) || \ DISABLED_MASK_CHECK || \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19)) #define cpu_has(c, bit) \ (__builtin_constant_p(bit) && REQUIRED_MASK_BIT_SET(bit) ? 1 : \ test_cpu_cap(c, bit)) #define this_cpu_has(bit) \ (__builtin_constant_p(bit) && REQUIRED_MASK_BIT_SET(bit) ? 1 : \ x86_this_cpu_test_bit(bit, \ (unsigned long __percpu *)&cpu_info.x86_capability)) /* * This macro is for detection of features which need kernel * infrastructure to be used. It may *not* directly test the CPU * itself. Use the cpu_has() family if you want true runtime * testing of CPU features, like in hypervisor code where you are * supporting a possible guest feature where host support for it * is not relevant. */ #define cpu_feature_enabled(bit) \ (__builtin_constant_p(bit) && DISABLED_MASK_BIT_SET(bit) ? 0 : static_cpu_has(bit)) #define boot_cpu_has(bit) cpu_has(&boot_cpu_data, bit) #define set_cpu_cap(c, bit) set_bit(bit, (unsigned long *)((c)->x86_capability)) extern void setup_clear_cpu_cap(unsigned int bit); extern void clear_cpu_cap(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c, unsigned int bit); #define setup_force_cpu_cap(bit) do { \ set_cpu_cap(&boot_cpu_data, bit); \ set_bit(bit, (unsigned long *)cpu_caps_set); \ } while (0) #define setup_force_cpu_bug(bit) setup_force_cpu_cap(bit) #if defined(__clang__) && !defined(CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO) /* * Workaround for the sake of BPF compilation which utilizes kernel * headers, but clang does not support ASM GOTO and fails the build. */ #ifndef __BPF_TRACING__ #warning "Compiler lacks ASM_GOTO support. Add -D __BPF_TRACING__ to your compiler arguments" #endif #define static_cpu_has(bit) boot_cpu_has(bit) #else /* * Static testing of CPU features. Used the same as boot_cpu_has(). It * statically patches the target code for additional performance. Use * static_cpu_has() only in fast paths, where every cycle counts. Which * means that the boot_cpu_has() variant is already fast enough for the * majority of cases and you should stick to using it as it is generally * only two instructions: a RIP-relative MOV and a TEST. */ static __always_inline bool _static_cpu_has(u16 bit) { asm_volatile_goto("1: jmp 6f\n" "2:\n" ".skip -(((5f-4f) - (2b-1b)) > 0) * " "((5f-4f) - (2b-1b)),0x90\n" "3:\n" ".section .altinstructions,\"a\"\n" " .long 1b - .\n" /* src offset */ " .long 4f - .\n" /* repl offset */ " .word %P[always]\n" /* always replace */ " .byte 3b - 1b\n" /* src len */ " .byte 5f - 4f\n" /* repl len */ " .byte 3b - 2b\n" /* pad len */ ".previous\n" ".section .altinstr_replacement,\"ax\"\n" "4: jmp %l[t_no]\n" "5:\n" ".previous\n" ".section .altinstructions,\"a\"\n" " .long 1b - .\n" /* src offset */ " .long 0\n" /* no replacement */ " .word %P[feature]\n" /* feature bit */ " .byte 3b - 1b\n" /* src len */ " .byte 0\n" /* repl len */ " .byte 0\n" /* pad len */ ".previous\n" ".section .altinstr_aux,\"ax\"\n" "6:\n" " testb %[bitnum],%[cap_byte]\n" " jnz %l[t_yes]\n" " jmp %l[t_no]\n" ".previous\n" : : [feature] "i" (bit), [always] "i" (X86_FEATURE_ALWAYS), [bitnum] "i" (1 << (bit & 7)), [cap_byte] "m" (((const char *)boot_cpu_data.x86_capability)[bit >> 3]) : : t_yes, t_no); t_yes: return true; t_no: return false; } #define static_cpu_has(bit) \ ( \ __builtin_constant_p(boot_cpu_has(bit)) ? \ boot_cpu_has(bit) : \ _static_cpu_has(bit) \ ) #endif #define cpu_has_bug(c, bit) cpu_has(c, (bit)) #define set_cpu_bug(c, bit) set_cpu_cap(c, (bit)) #define clear_cpu_bug(c, bit) clear_cpu_cap(c, (bit)) #define static_cpu_has_bug(bit) static_cpu_has((bit)) #define boot_cpu_has_bug(bit) cpu_has_bug(&boot_cpu_data, (bit)) #define boot_cpu_set_bug(bit) set_cpu_cap(&boot_cpu_data, (bit)) #define MAX_CPU_FEATURES (NCAPINTS * 32) #define cpu_have_feature boot_cpu_has #define CPU_FEATURE_TYPEFMT "x86,ven%04Xfam%04Xmod%04X" #define CPU_FEATURE_TYPEVAL boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor, boot_cpu_data.x86, \ boot_cpu_data.x86_model #endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_CPUFEATURE_H */
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4014 4015 4016 4017 4018 4019 4020 4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 4132 4133 4134 4135 4136 4137 4138 4139 4140 4141 4142 4143 4144 4145 4146 4147 4148 4149 4150 4151 4152 4153 4154 4155 4156 4157 4158 4159 4160 4161 4162 4163 4164 4165 4166 4167 4168 4169 4170 4171 4172 4173 4174 4175 4176 4177 4178 4179 4180 4181 4182 4183 4184 4185 4186 4187 4188 4189 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Fast Userspace Mutexes (which I call "Futexes!"). * (C) Rusty Russell, IBM 2002 * * Generalized futexes, futex requeueing, misc fixes by Ingo Molnar * (C) Copyright 2003 Red Hat Inc, All Rights Reserved * * Removed page pinning, fix privately mapped COW pages and other cleanups * (C) Copyright 2003, 2004 Jamie Lokier * * Robust futex support started by Ingo Molnar * (C) Copyright 2006 Red Hat Inc, All Rights Reserved * Thanks to Thomas Gleixner for suggestions, analysis and fixes. * * PI-futex support started by Ingo Molnar and Thomas Gleixner * Copyright (C) 2006 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> * Copyright (C) 2006 Timesys Corp., Thomas Gleixner <tglx@timesys.com> * * PRIVATE futexes by Eric Dumazet * Copyright (C) 2007 Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com> * * Requeue-PI support by Darren Hart <dvhltc@us.ibm.com> * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009 * Thanks to Thomas Gleixner for conceptual design and careful reviews. * * Thanks to Ben LaHaise for yelling "hashed waitqueues" loudly * enough at me, Linus for the original (flawed) idea, Matthew * Kirkwood for proof-of-concept implementation. * * "The futexes are also cursed." * "But they come in a choice of three flavours!" */ #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/sched/rt.h> #include <linux/sched/wake_q.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/fault-inject.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <asm/futex.h> #include "locking/rtmutex_common.h" #include <trace/hooks/futex.h> /* * READ this before attempting to hack on futexes! * * Basic futex operation and ordering guarantees * ============================================= * * The waiter reads the futex value in user space and calls * futex_wait(). This function computes the hash bucket and acquires * the hash bucket lock. After that it reads the futex user space value * again and verifies that the data has not changed. If it has not changed * it enqueues itself into the hash bucket, releases the hash bucket lock * and schedules. * * The waker side modifies the user space value of the futex and calls * futex_wake(). This function computes the hash bucket and acquires the * hash bucket lock. Then it looks for waiters on that futex in the hash * bucket and wakes them. * * In futex wake up scenarios where no tasks are blocked on a futex, taking * the hb spinlock can be avoided and simply return. In order for this * optimization to work, ordering guarantees must exist so that the waiter * being added to the list is acknowledged when the list is concurrently being * checked by the waker, avoiding scenarios like the following: * * CPU 0 CPU 1 * val = *futex; * sys_futex(WAIT, futex, val); * futex_wait(futex, val); * uval = *futex; * *futex = newval; * sys_futex(WAKE, futex); * futex_wake(futex); * if (queue_empty()) * return; * if (uval == val) * lock(hash_bucket(futex)); * queue(); * unlock(hash_bucket(futex)); * schedule(); * * This would cause the waiter on CPU 0 to wait forever because it * missed the transition of the user space value from val to newval * and the waker did not find the waiter in the hash bucket queue. * * The correct serialization ensures that a waiter either observes * the changed user space value before blocking or is woken by a * concurrent waker: * * CPU 0 CPU 1 * val = *futex; * sys_futex(WAIT, futex, val); * futex_wait(futex, val); * * waiters++; (a) * smp_mb(); (A) <-- paired with -. * | * lock(hash_bucket(futex)); | * | * uval = *futex; | * | *futex = newval; * | sys_futex(WAKE, futex); * | futex_wake(futex); * | * `--------> smp_mb(); (B) * if (uval == val) * queue(); * unlock(hash_bucket(futex)); * schedule(); if (waiters) * lock(hash_bucket(futex)); * else wake_waiters(futex); * waiters--; (b) unlock(hash_bucket(futex)); * * Where (A) orders the waiters increment and the futex value read through * atomic operations (see hb_waiters_inc) and where (B) orders the write * to futex and the waiters read -- this is done by the barriers for both * shared and private futexes in get_futex_key_refs(). * * This yields the following case (where X:=waiters, Y:=futex): * * X = Y = 0 * * w[X]=1 w[Y]=1 * MB MB * r[Y]=y r[X]=x * * Which guarantees that x==0 && y==0 is impossible; which translates back into * the guarantee that we cannot both miss the futex variable change and the * enqueue. * * Note that a new waiter is accounted for in (a) even when it is possible that * the wait call can return error, in which case we backtrack from it in (b). * Refer to the comment in queue_lock(). * * Similarly, in order to account for waiters being requeued on another * address we always increment the waiters for the destination bucket before * acquiring the lock. It then decrements them again after releasing it - * the code that actually moves the futex(es) between hash buckets (requeue_futex) * will do the additional required waiter count housekeeping. This is done for * double_lock_hb() and double_unlock_hb(), respectively. */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG #define futex_cmpxchg_enabled 1 #else static int __read_mostly futex_cmpxchg_enabled; #endif /* * Futex flags used to encode options to functions and preserve them across * restarts. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU # define FLAGS_SHARED 0x01 #else /* * NOMMU does not have per process address space. Let the compiler optimize * code away. */ # define FLAGS_SHARED 0x00 #endif #define FLAGS_CLOCKRT 0x02 #define FLAGS_HAS_TIMEOUT 0x04 /* * Priority Inheritance state: */ struct futex_pi_state { /* * list of 'owned' pi_state instances - these have to be * cleaned up in do_exit() if the task exits prematurely: */ struct list_head list; /* * The PI object: */ struct rt_mutex pi_mutex; struct task_struct *owner; refcount_t refcount; union futex_key key; } __randomize_layout; /** * struct futex_q - The hashed futex queue entry, one per waiting task * @list: priority-sorted list of tasks waiting on this futex * @task: the task waiting on the futex * @lock_ptr: the hash bucket lock * @key: the key the futex is hashed on * @pi_state: optional priority inheritance state * @rt_waiter: rt_waiter storage for use with requeue_pi * @requeue_pi_key: the requeue_pi target futex key * @bitset: bitset for the optional bitmasked wakeup * * We use this hashed waitqueue, instead of a normal wait_queue_entry_t, so * we can wake only the relevant ones (hashed queues may be shared). * * A futex_q has a woken state, just like tasks have TASK_RUNNING. * It is considered woken when plist_node_empty(&q->list) || q->lock_ptr == 0. * The order of wakeup is always to make the first condition true, then * the second. * * PI futexes are typically woken before they are removed from the hash list via * the rt_mutex code. See unqueue_me_pi(). */ struct futex_q { struct plist_node list; struct task_struct *task; spinlock_t *lock_ptr; union futex_key key; struct futex_pi_state *pi_state; struct rt_mutex_waiter *rt_waiter; union futex_key *requeue_pi_key; u32 bitset; } __randomize_layout; static const struct futex_q futex_q_init = { /* list gets initialized in queue_me()*/ .key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT, .bitset = FUTEX_BITSET_MATCH_ANY }; /* * Hash buckets are shared by all the futex_keys that hash to the same * location. Each key may have multiple futex_q structures, one for each task * waiting on a futex. */ struct futex_hash_bucket { atomic_t waiters; spinlock_t lock; struct plist_head chain; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* * The base of the bucket array and its size are always used together * (after initialization only in hash_futex()), so ensure that they * reside in the same cacheline. */ static struct { struct futex_hash_bucket *queues; unsigned long hashsize; } __futex_data __read_mostly __aligned(2*sizeof(long)); #define futex_queues (__futex_data.queues) #define futex_hashsize (__futex_data.hashsize) /* * Fault injections for futexes. */ #ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_FUTEX static struct { struct fault_attr attr; bool ignore_private; } fail_futex = { .attr = FAULT_ATTR_INITIALIZER, .ignore_private = false, }; static int __init setup_fail_futex(char *str) { return setup_fault_attr(&fail_futex.attr, str); } __setup("fail_futex=", setup_fail_futex); static bool should_fail_futex(bool fshared) { if (fail_futex.ignore_private && !fshared) return false; return should_fail(&fail_futex.attr, 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS static int __init fail_futex_debugfs(void) { umode_t mode = S_IFREG | S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR; struct dentry *dir; dir = fault_create_debugfs_attr("fail_futex", NULL, &fail_futex.attr); if (IS_ERR(dir)) return PTR_ERR(dir); debugfs_create_bool("ignore-private", mode, dir, &fail_futex.ignore_private); return 0; } late_initcall(fail_futex_debugfs); #endif /* CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS */ #else static inline bool should_fail_futex(bool fshared) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_FAIL_FUTEX */ #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static void compat_exit_robust_list(struct task_struct *curr); #else static inline void compat_exit_robust_list(struct task_struct *curr) { } #endif static inline void futex_get_mm(union futex_key *key) { mmgrab(key->private.mm); /* * Ensure futex_get_mm() implies a full barrier such that * get_futex_key() implies a full barrier. This is relied upon * as smp_mb(); (B), see the ordering comment above. */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); } /* * Reflects a new waiter being added to the waitqueue. */ static inline void hb_waiters_inc(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP atomic_inc(&hb->waiters); /* * Full barrier (A), see the ordering comment above. */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); #endif } /* * Reflects a waiter being removed from the waitqueue by wakeup * paths. */ static inline void hb_waiters_dec(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP atomic_dec(&hb->waiters); #endif } static inline int hb_waiters_pending(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return atomic_read(&hb->waiters); #else return 1; #endif } /** * hash_futex - Return the hash bucket in the global hash * @key: Pointer to the futex key for which the hash is calculated * * We hash on the keys returned from get_futex_key (see below) and return the * corresponding hash bucket in the global hash. */ static struct futex_hash_bucket *hash_futex(union futex_key *key) { u32 hash = jhash2((u32 *)key, offsetof(typeof(*key), both.offset) / 4, key->both.offset); return &futex_queues[hash & (futex_hashsize - 1)]; } /** * match_futex - Check whether two futex keys are equal * @key1: Pointer to key1 * @key2: Pointer to key2 * * Return 1 if two futex_keys are equal, 0 otherwise. */ static inline int match_futex(union futex_key *key1, union futex_key *key2) { return (key1 && key2 && key1->both.word == key2->both.word && key1->both.ptr == key2->both.ptr && key1->both.offset == key2->both.offset); } /* * Take a reference to the resource addressed by a key. * Can be called while holding spinlocks. * */ static void get_futex_key_refs(union futex_key *key) { if (!key->both.ptr) return; /* * On MMU less systems futexes are always "private" as there is no per * process address space. We need the smp wmb nevertheless - yes, * arch/blackfin has MMU less SMP ... */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU)) { smp_mb(); /* explicit smp_mb(); (B) */ return; } switch (key->both.offset & (FUT_OFF_INODE|FUT_OFF_MMSHARED)) { case FUT_OFF_INODE: smp_mb(); /* explicit smp_mb(); (B) */ break; case FUT_OFF_MMSHARED: futex_get_mm(key); /* implies smp_mb(); (B) */ break; default: /* * Private futexes do not hold reference on an inode or * mm, therefore the only purpose of calling get_futex_key_refs * is because we need the barrier for the lockless waiter check. */ smp_mb(); /* explicit smp_mb(); (B) */ } } /* * Drop a reference to the resource addressed by a key. * The hash bucket spinlock must not be held. This is * a no-op for private futexes, see comment in the get * counterpart. */ static void drop_futex_key_refs(union futex_key *key) { if (!key->both.ptr) { /* If we're here then we tried to put a key we failed to get */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return; } if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU)) return; switch (key->both.offset & (FUT_OFF_INODE|FUT_OFF_MMSHARED)) { case FUT_OFF_INODE: break; case FUT_OFF_MMSHARED: mmdrop(key->private.mm); break; } } enum futex_access { FUTEX_READ, FUTEX_WRITE }; /** * futex_setup_timer - set up the sleeping hrtimer. * @time: ptr to the given timeout value * @timeout: the hrtimer_sleeper structure to be set up * @flags: futex flags * @range_ns: optional range in ns * * Return: Initialized hrtimer_sleeper structure or NULL if no timeout * value given */ static inline struct hrtimer_sleeper * futex_setup_timer(ktime_t *time, struct hrtimer_sleeper *timeout, int flags, u64 range_ns) { if (!time) return NULL; hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(timeout, (flags & FLAGS_CLOCKRT) ? CLOCK_REALTIME : CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); /* * If range_ns is 0, calling hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns() is * effectively the same as calling hrtimer_set_expires(). */ hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(&timeout->timer, *time, range_ns); return timeout; } /* * Generate a machine wide unique identifier for this inode. * * This relies on u64 not wrapping in the life-time of the machine; which with * 1ns resolution means almost 585 years. * * This further relies on the fact that a well formed program will not unmap * the file while it has a (shared) futex waiting on it. This mapping will have * a file reference which pins the mount and inode. * * If for some reason an inode gets evicted and read back in again, it will get * a new sequence number and will _NOT_ match, even though it is the exact same * file. * * It is important that match_futex() will never have a false-positive, esp. * for PI futexes that can mess up the state. The above argues that false-negatives * are only possible for malformed programs. */ static u64 get_inode_sequence_number(struct inode *inode) { static atomic64_t i_seq; u64 old; /* Does the inode already have a sequence number? */ old = atomic64_read(&inode->i_sequence); if (likely(old)) return old; for (;;) { u64 new = atomic64_add_return(1, &i_seq); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!new)) continue; old = atomic64_cmpxchg_relaxed(&inode->i_sequence, 0, new); if (old) return old; return new; } } /** * get_futex_key() - Get parameters which are the keys for a futex * @uaddr: virtual address of the futex * @fshared: 0 for a PROCESS_PRIVATE futex, 1 for PROCESS_SHARED * @key: address where result is stored. * @rw: mapping needs to be read/write (values: FUTEX_READ, * FUTEX_WRITE) * * Return: a negative error code or 0 * * The key words are stored in @key on success. * * For shared mappings (when @fshared), the key is: * ( inode->i_sequence, page->index, offset_within_page ) * [ also see get_inode_sequence_number() ] * * For private mappings (or when !@fshared), the key is: * ( current->mm, address, 0 ) * * This allows (cross process, where applicable) identification of the futex * without keeping the page pinned for the duration of the FUTEX_WAIT. * * lock_page() might sleep, the caller should not hold a spinlock. */ static int get_futex_key(u32 __user *uaddr, int fshared, union futex_key *key, enum futex_access rw) { unsigned long address = (unsigned long)uaddr; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct page *page, *tail; struct address_space *mapping; int err, ro = 0; /* * The futex address must be "naturally" aligned. */ key->both.offset = address % PAGE_SIZE; if (unlikely((address % sizeof(u32)) != 0)) return -EINVAL; address -= key->both.offset; if (unlikely(!access_ok(uaddr, sizeof(u32)))) return -EFAULT; if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(fshared))) return -EFAULT; /* * PROCESS_PRIVATE futexes are fast. * As the mm cannot disappear under us and the 'key' only needs * virtual address, we dont even have to find the underlying vma. * Note : We do have to check 'uaddr' is a valid user address, * but access_ok() should be faster than find_vma() */ if (!fshared) { key->private.mm = mm; key->private.address = address; get_futex_key_refs(key); /* implies smp_mb(); (B) */ return 0; } again: /* Ignore any VERIFY_READ mapping (futex common case) */ if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(fshared))) return -EFAULT; err = get_user_pages_fast(address, 1, FOLL_WRITE, &page); /* * If write access is not required (eg. FUTEX_WAIT), try * and get read-only access. */ if (err == -EFAULT && rw == FUTEX_READ) { err = get_user_pages_fast(address, 1, 0, &page); ro = 1; } if (err < 0) return err; else err = 0; /* * The treatment of mapping from this point on is critical. The page * lock protects many things but in this context the page lock * stabilizes mapping, prevents inode freeing in the shared * file-backed region case and guards against movement to swap cache. * * Strictly speaking the page lock is not needed in all cases being * considered here and page lock forces unnecessarily serialization * From this point on, mapping will be re-verified if necessary and * page lock will be acquired only if it is unavoidable * * Mapping checks require the head page for any compound page so the * head page and mapping is looked up now. For anonymous pages, it * does not matter if the page splits in the future as the key is * based on the address. For filesystem-backed pages, the tail is * required as the index of the page determines the key. For * base pages, there is no tail page and tail == page. */ tail = page; page = compound_head(page); mapping = READ_ONCE(page->mapping); /* * If page->mapping is NULL, then it cannot be a PageAnon * page; but it might be the ZERO_PAGE or in the gate area or * in a special mapping (all cases which we are happy to fail); * or it may have been a good file page when get_user_pages_fast * found it, but truncated or holepunched or subjected to * invalidate_complete_page2 before we got the page lock (also * cases which we are happy to fail). And we hold a reference, * so refcount care in invalidate_complete_page's remove_mapping * prevents drop_caches from setting mapping to NULL beneath us. * * The case we do have to guard against is when memory pressure made * shmem_writepage move it from filecache to swapcache beneath us: * an unlikely race, but we do need to retry for page->mapping. */ if (unlikely(!mapping)) { int shmem_swizzled; /* * Page lock is required to identify which special case above * applies. If this is really a shmem page then the page lock * will prevent unexpected transitions. */ lock_page(page); shmem_swizzled = PageSwapCache(page) || page->mapping; unlock_page(page); put_page(page); if (shmem_swizzled) goto again; return -EFAULT; } /* * Private mappings are handled in a simple way. * * If the futex key is stored on an anonymous page, then the associated * object is the mm which is implicitly pinned by the calling process. * * NOTE: When userspace waits on a MAP_SHARED mapping, even if * it's a read-only handle, it's expected that futexes attach to * the object not the particular process. */ if (PageAnon(page)) { /* * A RO anonymous page will never change and thus doesn't make * sense for futex operations. */ if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(fshared)) || ro) { err = -EFAULT; goto out; } key->both.offset |= FUT_OFF_MMSHARED; /* ref taken on mm */ key->private.mm = mm; key->private.address = address; } else { struct inode *inode; /* * The associated futex object in this case is the inode and * the page->mapping must be traversed. Ordinarily this should * be stabilised under page lock but it's not strictly * necessary in this case as we just want to pin the inode, not * update the radix tree or anything like that. * * The RCU read lock is taken as the inode is finally freed * under RCU. If the mapping still matches expectations then the * mapping->host can be safely accessed as being a valid inode. */ rcu_read_lock(); if (READ_ONCE(page->mapping) != mapping) { rcu_read_unlock(); put_page(page); goto again; } inode = READ_ONCE(mapping->host); if (!inode) { rcu_read_unlock(); put_page(page); goto again; } key->both.offset |= FUT_OFF_INODE; /* inode-based key */ key->shared.i_seq = get_inode_sequence_number(inode); key->shared.pgoff = page_to_pgoff(tail); rcu_read_unlock(); } get_futex_key_refs(key); /* implies smp_mb(); (B) */ out: put_page(page); return err; } static inline void put_futex_key(union futex_key *key) { drop_futex_key_refs(key); } /** * fault_in_user_writeable() - Fault in user address and verify RW access * @uaddr: pointer to faulting user space address * * Slow path to fixup the fault we just took in the atomic write * access to @uaddr. * * We have no generic implementation of a non-destructive write to the * user address. We know that we faulted in the atomic pagefault * disabled section so we can as well avoid the #PF overhead by * calling get_user_pages() right away. */ static int fault_in_user_writeable(u32 __user *uaddr) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; int ret; down_read(&mm->mmap_sem); ret = fixup_user_fault(current, mm, (unsigned long)uaddr, FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, NULL); up_read(&mm->mmap_sem); return ret < 0 ? ret : 0; } /** * futex_top_waiter() - Return the highest priority waiter on a futex * @hb: the hash bucket the futex_q's reside in * @key: the futex key (to distinguish it from other futex futex_q's) * * Must be called with the hb lock held. */ static struct futex_q *futex_top_waiter(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb, union futex_key *key) { struct futex_q *this; plist_for_each_entry(this, &hb->chain, list) { if (match_futex(&this->key, key)) return this; } return NULL; } static int cmpxchg_futex_value_locked(u32 *curval, u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval, u32 newval) { int ret; pagefault_disable(); ret = futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(curval, uaddr, uval, newval); pagefault_enable(); return ret; } static int get_futex_value_locked(u32 *dest, u32 __user *from) { int ret; pagefault_disable(); ret = __get_user(*dest, from); pagefault_enable(); return ret ? -EFAULT : 0; } /* * PI code: */ static int refill_pi_state_cache(void) { struct futex_pi_state *pi_state; if (likely(current->pi_state_cache)) return 0; pi_state = kzalloc(sizeof(*pi_state), GFP_KERNEL); if (!pi_state) return -ENOMEM; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pi_state->list); /* pi_mutex gets initialized later */ pi_state->owner = NULL; refcount_set(&pi_state->refcount, 1); pi_state->key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT; current->pi_state_cache = pi_state; return 0; } static struct futex_pi_state *alloc_pi_state(void) { struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = current->pi_state_cache; WARN_ON(!pi_state); current->pi_state_cache = NULL; return pi_state; } static void pi_state_update_owner(struct futex_pi_state *pi_state, struct task_struct *new_owner) { struct task_struct *old_owner = pi_state->owner; lockdep_assert_held(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock); if (old_owner) { raw_spin_lock(&old_owner->pi_lock); WARN_ON(list_empty(&pi_state->list)); list_del_init(&pi_state->list); raw_spin_unlock(&old_owner->pi_lock); } if (new_owner) { raw_spin_lock(&new_owner->pi_lock); WARN_ON(!list_empty(&pi_state->list)); list_add(&pi_state->list, &new_owner->pi_state_list); pi_state->owner = new_owner; raw_spin_unlock(&new_owner->pi_lock); } } static void get_pi_state(struct futex_pi_state *pi_state) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!refcount_inc_not_zero(&pi_state->refcount)); } /* * Drops a reference to the pi_state object and frees or caches it * when the last reference is gone. */ static void put_pi_state(struct futex_pi_state *pi_state) { if (!pi_state) return; if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&pi_state->refcount)) return; /* * If pi_state->owner is NULL, the owner is most probably dying * and has cleaned up the pi_state already */ if (pi_state->owner) { unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock, flags); pi_state_update_owner(pi_state, NULL); rt_mutex_proxy_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock, flags); } if (current->pi_state_cache) { kfree(pi_state); } else { /* * pi_state->list is already empty. * clear pi_state->owner. * refcount is at 0 - put it back to 1. */ pi_state->owner = NULL; refcount_set(&pi_state->refcount, 1); current->pi_state_cache = pi_state; } } #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX_PI /* * This task is holding PI mutexes at exit time => bad. * Kernel cleans up PI-state, but userspace is likely hosed. * (Robust-futex cleanup is separate and might save the day for userspace.) */ static void exit_pi_state_list(struct task_struct *curr) { struct list_head *next, *head = &curr->pi_state_list; struct futex_pi_state *pi_state; struct futex_hash_bucket *hb; union futex_key key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT; if (!futex_cmpxchg_enabled) return; /* * We are a ZOMBIE and nobody can enqueue itself on * pi_state_list anymore, but we have to be careful * versus waiters unqueueing themselves: */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock); while (!list_empty(head)) { next = head->next; pi_state = list_entry(next, struct futex_pi_state, list); key = pi_state->key; hb = hash_futex(&key); /* * We can race against put_pi_state() removing itself from the * list (a waiter going away). put_pi_state() will first * decrement the reference count and then modify the list, so * its possible to see the list entry but fail this reference * acquire. * * In that case; drop the locks to let put_pi_state() make * progress and retry the loop. */ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&pi_state->refcount)) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock); cpu_relax(); raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock); continue; } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock); spin_lock(&hb->lock); raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock); raw_spin_lock(&curr->pi_lock); /* * We dropped the pi-lock, so re-check whether this * task still owns the PI-state: */ if (head->next != next) { /* retain curr->pi_lock for the loop invariant */ raw_spin_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock); spin_unlock(&hb->lock); put_pi_state(pi_state); continue; } WARN_ON(pi_state->owner != curr); WARN_ON(list_empty(&pi_state->list)); list_del_init(&pi_state->list); pi_state->owner = NULL; raw_spin_unlock(&curr->pi_lock); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock); spin_unlock(&hb->lock); rt_mutex_futex_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex); put_pi_state(pi_state); raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock); } #else static inline void exit_pi_state_list(struct task_struct *curr) { } #endif /* * We need to check the following states: * * Waiter | pi_state | pi->owner | uTID | uODIED | ? * * [1] NULL | --- | --- | 0 | 0/1 | Valid * [2] NULL | --- | --- | >0 | 0/1 | Valid * * [3] Found | NULL | -- | Any | 0/1 | Invalid * * [4] Found | Found | NULL | 0 | 1 | Valid * [5] Found | Found | NULL | >0 | 1 | Invalid * * [6] Found | Found | task | 0 | 1 | Valid * * [7] Found | Found | NULL | Any | 0 | Invalid * * [8] Found | Found | task | ==taskTID | 0/1 | Valid * [9] Found | Found | task | 0 | 0 | Invalid * [10] Found | Found | task | !=taskTID | 0/1 | Invalid * * [1] Indicates that the kernel can acquire the futex atomically. We * came came here due to a stale FUTEX_WAITERS/FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit. * * [2] Valid, if TID does not belong to a kernel thread. If no matching * thread is found then it indicates that the owner TID has died. * * [3] Invalid. The waiter is queued on a non PI futex * * [4] Valid state after exit_robust_list(), which sets the user space * value to FUTEX_WAITERS | FUTEX_OWNER_DIED. * * [5] The user space value got manipulated between exit_robust_list() * and exit_pi_state_list() * * [6] Valid state after exit_pi_state_list() which sets the new owner in * the pi_state but cannot access the user space value. * * [7] pi_state->owner can only be NULL when the OWNER_DIED bit is set. * * [8] Owner and user space value match * * [9] There is no transient state which sets the user space TID to 0 * except exit_robust_list(), but this is indicated by the * FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit. See [4] * * [10] There is no transient state which leaves owner and user space * TID out of sync. Except one error case where the kernel is denied * write access to the user address, see fixup_pi_state_owner(). * * * Serialization and lifetime rules: * * hb->lock: * * hb -> futex_q, relation * futex_q -> pi_state, relation * * (cannot be raw because hb can contain arbitrary amount * of futex_q's) * * pi_mutex->wait_lock: * * {uval, pi_state} * * (and pi_mutex 'obviously') * * p->pi_lock: * * p->pi_state_list -> pi_state->list, relation * * pi_state->refcount: * * pi_state lifetime * * * Lock order: * * hb->lock * pi_mutex->wait_lock * p->pi_lock * */ /* * Validate that the existing waiter has a pi_state and sanity check * the pi_state against the user space value. If correct, attach to * it. */ static int attach_to_pi_state(u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval, struct futex_pi_state *pi_state, struct futex_pi_state **ps) { pid_t pid = uval & FUTEX_TID_MASK; u32 uval2; int ret; /* * Userspace might have messed up non-PI and PI futexes [3] */ if (unlikely(!pi_state)) return -EINVAL; /* * We get here with hb->lock held, and having found a * futex_top_waiter(). This means that futex_lock_pi() of said futex_q * has dropped the hb->lock in between queue_me() and unqueue_me_pi(), * which in turn means that futex_lock_pi() still has a reference on * our pi_state. * * The waiter holding a reference on @pi_state also protects against * the unlocked put_pi_state() in futex_unlock_pi(), futex_lock_pi() * and futex_wait_requeue_pi() as it cannot go to 0 and consequently * free pi_state before we can take a reference ourselves. */ WARN_ON(!refcount_read(&pi_state->refcount)); /* * Now that we have a pi_state, we can acquire wait_lock * and do the state validation. */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock); /* * Since {uval, pi_state} is serialized by wait_lock, and our current * uval was read without holding it, it can have changed. Verify it * still is what we expect it to be, otherwise retry the entire * operation. */ if (get_futex_value_locked(&uval2, uaddr)) goto out_efault; if (uval != uval2) goto out_eagain; /* * Handle the owner died case: */ if (uval & FUTEX_OWNER_DIED) { /* * exit_pi_state_list sets owner to NULL and wakes the * topmost waiter. The task which acquires the * pi_state->rt_mutex will fixup owner. */ if (!pi_state->owner) { /* * No pi state owner, but the user space TID * is not 0. Inconsistent state. [5] */ if (pid) goto out_einval; /* * Take a ref on the state and return success. [4] */ goto out_attach; } /* * If TID is 0, then either the dying owner has not * yet executed exit_pi_state_list() or some waiter * acquired the rtmutex in the pi state, but did not * yet fixup the TID in user space. * * Take a ref on the state and return success. [6] */ if (!pid) goto out_attach; } else { /* * If the owner died bit is not set, then the pi_state * must have an owner. [7] */ if (!pi_state->owner) goto out_einval; }