// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
 * Using hardware provided CRC32 instruction to accelerate the CRC32 disposal.
 * CRC32C polynomial:0x1EDC6F41(BE)/0x82F63B78(LE)
 * CRC32 is a new instruction in Intel SSE4.2, the reference can be found at:
 * http://www.intel.com/products/processor/manuals/
 * Intel(R) 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual
 * Volume 2A: Instruction Set Reference, A-M
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2008 Intel Corporation
 * Authors: Austin Zhang <austin_zhang@linux.intel.com>
 *          Kent Liu <kent.liu@intel.com>
 */
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <crypto/internal/hash.h>
#include <crypto/internal/simd.h>

#include <asm/cpufeatures.h>
#include <asm/cpu_device_id.h>
#include <asm/simd.h>

#define CHKSUM_BLOCK_SIZE        1
#define CHKSUM_DIGEST_SIZE        4

#define SCALE_F        sizeof(unsigned long)

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
#define REX_PRE "0x48, "
#else
#define REX_PRE
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/*
 * use carryless multiply version of crc32c when buffer
 * size is >= 512 to account
 * for fpu state save/restore overhead.
 */
#define CRC32C_PCL_BREAKEVEN        512

asmlinkage unsigned int crc_pcl(const u8 *buffer, int len,
                                unsigned int crc_init);
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

static u32 crc32c_intel_le_hw_byte(u32 crc, unsigned char const *data, size_t length)
{
        while (length--) {
                __asm__ __volatile__(
                        ".byte 0xf2, 0xf, 0x38, 0xf0, 0xf1"
                        :"=S"(crc)
                        :"0"(crc), "c"(*data) /*covered*/
                );
                data++;
        }

        return crc;
}

static u32 __pure crc32c_intel_le_hw(u32 crc, unsigned char const *p, size_t len)
{
        unsigned int iquotient = len / SCALE_F;
        unsigned int iremainder = len % SCALE_F;
        unsigned long *ptmp = (unsigned long *)p;

        while (iquotient--) {
                __asm__ __volatile__(
                        ".byte 0xf2, " REX_PRE "0xf, 0x38, 0xf1, 0xf1;"
                        :"=S"(crc)
                        :"0"(crc), "c"(*ptmp) /*covered*/
                );
                ptmp++;
        }

        if (iremainder) /*covered*/
                crc = crc32c_intel_le_hw_byte(crc, (unsigned char *)ptmp, /*covered*/
                                 iremainder);

        return crc;
}

/*
 * Setting the seed allows arbitrary accumulators and flexible XOR policy
 * If your algorithm starts with ~0, then XOR with ~0 before you set
 * the seed.
 */
static int crc32c_intel_setkey(struct crypto_shash *hash, const u8 *key,
                        unsigned int keylen)
{
        u32 *mctx = crypto_shash_ctx(hash);

        if (keylen != sizeof(u32)) {
                crypto_shash_set_flags(hash, CRYPTO_TFM_RES_BAD_KEY_LEN);
                return -EINVAL;
        }
        *mctx = le32_to_cpup((__le32 *)key);
        return 0;
}

static int crc32c_intel_init(struct shash_desc *desc)
{
        u32 *mctx = crypto_shash_ctx(desc->tfm);
        u32 *crcp = shash_desc_ctx(desc);

        *crcp = *mctx;

        return 0;
}

static int crc32c_intel_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data,
                               unsigned int len)
{
        u32 *crcp = shash_desc_ctx(desc);

        *crcp = crc32c_intel_le_hw(*crcp, data, len);
        return 0;
}

static int __crc32c_intel_finup(u32 *crcp, const u8 *data, unsigned int len,
                                u8 *out)
{
        *(__le32 *)out = ~cpu_to_le32(crc32c_intel_le_hw(*crcp, data, len));
        return 0;
}

static int crc32c_intel_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data,
                              unsigned int len, u8 *out)
{
        return __crc32c_intel_finup(shash_desc_ctx(desc), data, len, out);
}

static int crc32c_intel_final(struct shash_desc *desc, u8 *out)
{
        u32 *crcp = shash_desc_ctx(desc);

        *(__le32 *)out = ~cpu_to_le32p(crcp);
        return 0;
}

static int crc32c_intel_digest(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data,
                               unsigned int len, u8 *out)
{
        return __crc32c_intel_finup(crypto_shash_ctx(desc->tfm), data, len,
                                    out);
}

static int crc32c_intel_cra_init(struct crypto_tfm *tfm)
{
        u32 *key = crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm);

        *key = ~0;

        return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static int crc32c_pcl_intel_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, /*covered*/
                               unsigned int len)
{
        u32 *crcp = shash_desc_ctx(desc);

        /*
         * use faster PCL version if datasize is large enough to
         * overcome kernel fpu state save/restore overhead
         */
        if (len >= CRC32C_PCL_BREAKEVEN && crypto_simd_usable()) { /*covered*/
                kernel_fpu_begin(); /*covered*/
                *crcp = crc_pcl(data, len, *crcp);
                kernel_fpu_end();
        } else
                *crcp = crc32c_intel_le_hw(*crcp, data, len); /*covered*/
        return 0; /*covered*/
}

static int __crc32c_pcl_intel_finup(u32 *crcp, const u8 *data, unsigned int len,
                                u8 *out)
{
        if (len >= CRC32C_PCL_BREAKEVEN && crypto_simd_usable()) {
                kernel_fpu_begin();
                *(__le32 *)out = ~cpu_to_le32(crc_pcl(data, len, *crcp));
                kernel_fpu_end();
        } else
                *(__le32 *)out =
                        ~cpu_to_le32(crc32c_intel_le_hw(*crcp, data, len));
        return 0;
}

static int crc32c_pcl_intel_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data,
                              unsigned int len, u8 *out)
{
        return __crc32c_pcl_intel_finup(shash_desc_ctx(desc), data, len, out);
}

static int crc32c_pcl_intel_digest(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data,
                               unsigned int len, u8 *out)
{
        return __crc32c_pcl_intel_finup(crypto_shash_ctx(desc->tfm), data, len,
                                    out);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

static struct shash_alg alg = {
        .setkey                        =        crc32c_intel_setkey,
        .init                        =        crc32c_intel_init,
        .update                        =        crc32c_intel_update,
        .final                        =        crc32c_intel_final,
        .finup                        =        crc32c_intel_finup,
        .digest                        =        crc32c_intel_digest,
        .descsize                =        sizeof(u32),
        .digestsize                =        CHKSUM_DIGEST_SIZE,
        .base                        =        {
                .cra_name                =        "crc32c",
                .cra_driver_name        =        "crc32c-intel",
                .cra_priority                =        200,
                .cra_flags                =        CRYPTO_ALG_OPTIONAL_KEY,
                .cra_blocksize                =        CHKSUM_BLOCK_SIZE,
                .cra_ctxsize                =        sizeof(u32),
                .cra_module                =        THIS_MODULE,
                .cra_init                =        crc32c_intel_cra_init,
        }
};

static const struct x86_cpu_id crc32c_cpu_id[] = {
        X86_FEATURE_MATCH(X86_FEATURE_XMM4_2),
        {}
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(x86cpu, crc32c_cpu_id);

static int __init crc32c_intel_mod_init(void)
{
        if (!x86_match_cpu(crc32c_cpu_id))
                return -ENODEV;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
        if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCLMULQDQ)) {
                alg.update = crc32c_pcl_intel_update;
                alg.finup = crc32c_pcl_intel_finup;
                alg.digest = crc32c_pcl_intel_digest;
        }
#endif
        return crypto_register_shash(&alg);
}

static void __exit crc32c_intel_mod_fini(void)
{
        crypto_unregister_shash(&alg);
}

module_init(crc32c_intel_mod_init);
module_exit(crc32c_intel_mod_fini);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Austin Zhang <austin.zhang@intel.com>, Kent Liu <kent.liu@intel.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("CRC32c (Castagnoli) optimization using Intel Hardware.");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

MODULE_ALIAS_CRYPTO("crc32c");
MODULE_ALIAS_CRYPTO("crc32c-intel");