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__be16 h_vlan_encapsulated_proto; }; /** * struct vlan_ethhdr - vlan ethernet header (ethhdr + vlan_hdr) * @h_dest: destination ethernet address * @h_source: source ethernet address * @h_vlan_proto: ethernet protocol * @h_vlan_TCI: priority and VLAN ID * @h_vlan_encapsulated_proto: packet type ID or len */ struct vlan_ethhdr { struct_group(addrs, unsigned char h_dest[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char h_source[ETH_ALEN]; ); __be16 h_vlan_proto; __be16 h_vlan_TCI; __be16 h_vlan_encapsulated_proto; }; #include <linux/skbuff.h> static inline struct vlan_ethhdr *vlan_eth_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct vlan_ethhdr *)skb_mac_header(skb); } #define VLAN_PRIO_MASK 0xe000 /* Priority Code Point */ #define VLAN_PRIO_SHIFT 13 #define VLAN_CFI_MASK 0x1000 /* Canonical Format Indicator / Drop Eligible Indicator */ #define VLAN_VID_MASK 0x0fff /* VLAN Identifier */ #define VLAN_N_VID 4096 /* found in socket.c */ extern void vlan_ioctl_set(int (*hook)(struct net *, void __user *)); static inline bool is_vlan_dev(const struct net_device *dev) { return dev->priv_flags & IFF_802_1Q_VLAN; } #define skb_vlan_tag_present(__skb) ((__skb)->vlan_present) #define skb_vlan_tag_get(__skb) ((__skb)->vlan_tci) #define skb_vlan_tag_get_id(__skb) ((__skb)->vlan_tci & VLAN_VID_MASK) #define skb_vlan_tag_get_cfi(__skb) (!!((__skb)->vlan_tci & VLAN_CFI_MASK)) #define skb_vlan_tag_get_prio(__skb) (((__skb)->vlan_tci & VLAN_PRIO_MASK) >> VLAN_PRIO_SHIFT) static inline int vlan_get_rx_ctag_filter_info(struct net_device *dev) { ASSERT_RTNL(); return notifier_to_errno(call_netdevice_notifiers(NETDEV_CVLAN_FILTER_PUSH_INFO, dev)); } static inline void vlan_drop_rx_ctag_filter_info(struct net_device *dev) { ASSERT_RTNL(); call_netdevice_notifiers(NETDEV_CVLAN_FILTER_DROP_INFO, dev); } static inline int vlan_get_rx_stag_filter_info(struct net_device *dev) { ASSERT_RTNL(); return notifier_to_errno(call_netdevice_notifiers(NETDEV_SVLAN_FILTER_PUSH_INFO, dev)); } static inline void vlan_drop_rx_stag_filter_info(struct net_device *dev) { ASSERT_RTNL(); call_netdevice_notifiers(NETDEV_SVLAN_FILTER_DROP_INFO, dev); } /** * struct vlan_pcpu_stats - VLAN percpu rx/tx stats * @rx_packets: number of received packets * @rx_bytes: number of received bytes * @rx_multicast: number of received multicast packets * @tx_packets: number of transmitted packets * @tx_bytes: number of transmitted bytes * @syncp: synchronization point for 64bit counters * @rx_errors: number of rx errors * @tx_dropped: number of tx drops */ struct vlan_pcpu_stats { u64 rx_packets; u64 rx_bytes; u64 rx_multicast; u64 tx_packets; u64 tx_bytes; struct u64_stats_sync syncp; u32 rx_errors; u32 tx_dropped; }; #if defined(CONFIG_VLAN_8021Q) || defined(CONFIG_VLAN_8021Q_MODULE) extern struct net_device *__vlan_find_dev_deep_rcu(struct net_device *real_dev, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_id); extern int vlan_for_each(struct net_device *dev, int (*action)(struct net_device *dev, int vid, void *arg), void *arg); extern struct net_device *vlan_dev_real_dev(const struct net_device *dev); extern u16 vlan_dev_vlan_id(const struct net_device *dev); extern __be16 vlan_dev_vlan_proto(const struct net_device *dev); /** * struct vlan_priority_tci_mapping - vlan egress priority mappings * @priority: skb priority * @vlan_qos: vlan priority: (skb->priority << 13) & 0xE000 * @next: pointer to next struct */ struct vlan_priority_tci_mapping { u32 priority; u16 vlan_qos; struct vlan_priority_tci_mapping *next; }; struct proc_dir_entry; struct netpoll; /** * struct vlan_dev_priv - VLAN private device data * @nr_ingress_mappings: number of ingress priority mappings * @ingress_priority_map: ingress priority mappings * @nr_egress_mappings: number of egress priority mappings * @egress_priority_map: hash of egress priority mappings * @vlan_proto: VLAN encapsulation protocol * @vlan_id: VLAN identifier * @flags: device flags * @real_dev: underlying netdevice * @dev_tracker: refcount tracker for @real_dev reference * @real_dev_addr: address of underlying netdevice * @dent: proc dir entry * @vlan_pcpu_stats: ptr to percpu rx stats */ struct vlan_dev_priv { unsigned int nr_ingress_mappings; u32 ingress_priority_map[8]; unsigned int nr_egress_mappings; struct vlan_priority_tci_mapping *egress_priority_map[16]; __be16 vlan_proto; u16 vlan_id; u16 flags; struct net_device *real_dev; netdevice_tracker dev_tracker; unsigned char real_dev_addr[ETH_ALEN]; struct proc_dir_entry *dent; struct vlan_pcpu_stats __percpu *vlan_pcpu_stats; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_POLL_CONTROLLER struct netpoll *netpoll; #endif }; static inline struct vlan_dev_priv *vlan_dev_priv(const struct net_device *dev) { return netdev_priv(dev); } static inline u16 vlan_dev_get_egress_qos_mask(struct net_device *dev, u32 skprio) { struct vlan_priority_tci_mapping *mp; smp_rmb(); /* coupled with smp_wmb() in vlan_dev_set_egress_priority() */ mp = vlan_dev_priv(dev)->egress_priority_map[(skprio & 0xF)]; while (mp) { if (mp->priority == skprio) { return mp->vlan_qos; /* This should already be shifted * to mask correctly with the * VLAN's TCI */ } mp = mp->next; } return 0; } extern bool vlan_do_receive(struct sk_buff **skb); extern int vlan_vid_add(struct net_device *dev, __be16 proto, u16 vid); extern void vlan_vid_del(struct net_device *dev, __be16 proto, u16 vid); extern int vlan_vids_add_by_dev(struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *by_dev); extern void vlan_vids_del_by_dev(struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *by_dev); extern bool vlan_uses_dev(const struct net_device *dev); #else static inline struct net_device * __vlan_find_dev_deep_rcu(struct net_device *real_dev, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_id) { return NULL; } static inline int vlan_for_each(struct net_device *dev, int (*action)(struct net_device *dev, int vid, void *arg), void *arg) { return 0; } static inline struct net_device *vlan_dev_real_dev(const struct net_device *dev) { BUG(); return NULL; } static inline u16 vlan_dev_vlan_id(const struct net_device *dev) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline __be16 vlan_dev_vlan_proto(const struct net_device *dev) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline u16 vlan_dev_get_egress_qos_mask(struct net_device *dev, u32 skprio) { return 0; } static inline bool vlan_do_receive(struct sk_buff **skb) { return false; } static inline int vlan_vid_add(struct net_device *dev, __be16 proto, u16 vid) { return 0; } static inline void vlan_vid_del(struct net_device *dev, __be16 proto, u16 vid) { } static inline int vlan_vids_add_by_dev(struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *by_dev) { return 0; } static inline void vlan_vids_del_by_dev(struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *by_dev) { } static inline bool vlan_uses_dev(const struct net_device *dev) { return false; } #endif /** * eth_type_vlan - check for valid vlan ether type. * @ethertype: ether type to check * * Returns true if the ether type is a vlan ether type. */ static inline bool eth_type_vlan(__be16 ethertype) { switch (ethertype) { case htons(ETH_P_8021Q): case htons(ETH_P_8021AD): return true; default: return false; } } static inline bool vlan_hw_offload_capable(netdev_features_t features, __be16 proto) { if (proto == htons(ETH_P_8021Q) && features & NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_CTAG_TX) return true; if (proto == htons(ETH_P_8021AD) && features & NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_STAG_TX) return true; return false; } /** * __vlan_insert_inner_tag - inner VLAN tag inserting * @skb: skbuff to tag * @vlan_proto: VLAN encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: VLAN TCI to insert * @mac_len: MAC header length including outer vlan headers * * Inserts the VLAN tag into @skb as part of the payload at offset mac_len * Returns error if skb_cow_head fails. * * Does not change skb->protocol so this function can be used during receive. */ static inline int __vlan_insert_inner_tag(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci, unsigned int mac_len) { struct vlan_ethhdr *veth; if (skb_cow_head(skb, VLAN_HLEN) < 0) return -ENOMEM; skb_push(skb, VLAN_HLEN); /* Move the mac header sans proto to the beginning of the new header. */ if (likely(mac_len > ETH_TLEN)) memmove(skb->data, skb->data + VLAN_HLEN, mac_len - ETH_TLEN); skb->mac_header -= VLAN_HLEN; veth = (struct vlan_ethhdr *)(skb->data + mac_len - ETH_HLEN); /* first, the ethernet type */ if (likely(mac_len >= ETH_TLEN)) { /* h_vlan_encapsulated_proto should already be populated, and * skb->data has space for h_vlan_proto */ veth->h_vlan_proto = vlan_proto; } else { /* h_vlan_encapsulated_proto should not be populated, and * skb->data has no space for h_vlan_proto */ veth->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto = skb->protocol; } /* now, the TCI */ veth->h_vlan_TCI = htons(vlan_tci); return 0; } /** * __vlan_insert_tag - regular VLAN tag inserting * @skb: skbuff to tag * @vlan_proto: VLAN encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: VLAN TCI to insert * * Inserts the VLAN tag into @skb as part of the payload * Returns error if skb_cow_head fails. * * Does not change skb->protocol so this function can be used during receive. */ static inline int __vlan_insert_tag(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci) { return __vlan_insert_inner_tag(skb, vlan_proto, vlan_tci, ETH_HLEN); } /** * vlan_insert_inner_tag - inner VLAN tag inserting * @skb: skbuff to tag * @vlan_proto: VLAN encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: VLAN TCI to insert * @mac_len: MAC header length including outer vlan headers * * Inserts the VLAN tag into @skb as part of the payload at offset mac_len * Returns a VLAN tagged skb. If a new skb is created, @skb is freed. * * Following the skb_unshare() example, in case of error, the calling function * doesn't have to worry about freeing the original skb. * * Does not change skb->protocol so this function can be used during receive. */ static inline struct sk_buff *vlan_insert_inner_tag(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci, unsigned int mac_len) { int err; err = __vlan_insert_inner_tag(skb, vlan_proto, vlan_tci, mac_len); if (err) { dev_kfree_skb_any(skb); return NULL; } return skb; } /** * vlan_insert_tag - regular VLAN tag inserting * @skb: skbuff to tag * @vlan_proto: VLAN encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: VLAN TCI to insert * * Inserts the VLAN tag into @skb as part of the payload * Returns a VLAN tagged skb. If a new skb is created, @skb is freed. * * Following the skb_unshare() example, in case of error, the calling function * doesn't have to worry about freeing the original skb. * * Does not change skb->protocol so this function can be used during receive. */ static inline struct sk_buff *vlan_insert_tag(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci) { return vlan_insert_inner_tag(skb, vlan_proto, vlan_tci, ETH_HLEN); } /** * vlan_insert_tag_set_proto - regular VLAN tag inserting * @skb: skbuff to tag * @vlan_proto: VLAN encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: VLAN TCI to insert * * Inserts the VLAN tag into @skb as part of the payload * Returns a VLAN tagged skb. If a new skb is created, @skb is freed. * * Following the skb_unshare() example, in case of error, the calling function * doesn't have to worry about freeing the original skb. */ static inline struct sk_buff *vlan_insert_tag_set_proto(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci) { skb = vlan_insert_tag(skb, vlan_proto, vlan_tci); if (skb) skb->protocol = vlan_proto; return skb; } /** * __vlan_hwaccel_clear_tag - clear hardware accelerated VLAN info * @skb: skbuff to clear * * Clears the VLAN information from @skb */ static inline void __vlan_hwaccel_clear_tag(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->vlan_present = 0; } /** * __vlan_hwaccel_copy_tag - copy hardware accelerated VLAN info from another skb * @dst: skbuff to copy to * @src: skbuff to copy from * * Copies VLAN information from @src to @dst (for branchless code) */ static inline void __vlan_hwaccel_copy_tag(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { dst->vlan_present = src->vlan_present; dst->vlan_proto = src->vlan_proto; dst->vlan_tci = src->vlan_tci; } /* * __vlan_hwaccel_push_inside - pushes vlan tag to the payload * @skb: skbuff to tag * * Pushes the VLAN tag from @skb->vlan_tci inside to the payload. * * Following the skb_unshare() example, in case of error, the calling function * doesn't have to worry about freeing the original skb. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__vlan_hwaccel_push_inside(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb = vlan_insert_tag_set_proto(skb, skb->vlan_proto, skb_vlan_tag_get(skb)); if (likely(skb)) __vlan_hwaccel_clear_tag(skb); return skb; } /** * __vlan_hwaccel_put_tag - hardware accelerated VLAN inserting * @skb: skbuff to tag * @vlan_proto: VLAN encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: VLAN TCI to insert * * Puts the VLAN TCI in @skb->vlan_tci and lets the device do the rest */ static inline void __vlan_hwaccel_put_tag(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci) { skb->vlan_proto = vlan_proto; skb->vlan_tci = vlan_tci; skb->vlan_present = 1; } /** * __vlan_get_tag - get the VLAN ID that is part of the payload * @skb: skbuff to query * @vlan_tci: buffer to store value * * Returns error if the skb is not of VLAN type */ static inline int __vlan_get_tag(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 *vlan_tci) { struct vlan_ethhdr *veth = (struct vlan_ethhdr *)skb->data; if (!eth_type_vlan(veth->h_vlan_proto)) return -EINVAL; *vlan_tci = ntohs(veth->h_vlan_TCI); return 0; } /** * __vlan_hwaccel_get_tag - get the VLAN ID that is in @skb->cb[] * @skb: skbuff to query * @vlan_tci: buffer to store value * * Returns error if @skb->vlan_tci is not set correctly */ static inline int __vlan_hwaccel_get_tag(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 *vlan_tci) { if (skb_vlan_tag_present(skb)) { *vlan_tci = skb_vlan_tag_get(skb); return 0; } else { *vlan_tci = 0; return -EINVAL; } } /** * vlan_get_tag - get the VLAN ID from the skb * @skb: skbuff to query * @vlan_tci: buffer to store value * * Returns error if the skb is not VLAN tagged */ static inline int vlan_get_tag(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 *vlan_tci) { if (skb->dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_CTAG_TX) { return __vlan_hwaccel_get_tag(skb, vlan_tci); } else { return __vlan_get_tag(skb, vlan_tci); } } /** * vlan_get_protocol - get protocol EtherType. * @skb: skbuff to query * @type: first vlan protocol * @depth: buffer to store length of eth and vlan tags in bytes * * Returns the EtherType of the packet, regardless of whether it is * vlan encapsulated (normal or hardware accelerated) or not. */ static inline __be16 __vlan_get_protocol(const struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 type, int *depth) { unsigned int vlan_depth = skb->mac_len, parse_depth = VLAN_MAX_DEPTH; /* if type is 802.1Q/AD then the header should already be * present at mac_len - VLAN_HLEN (if mac_len > 0), or at * ETH_HLEN otherwise */ if (eth_type_vlan(type)) { if (vlan_depth) { if (WARN_ON(vlan_depth < VLAN_HLEN)) return 0; vlan_depth -= VLAN_HLEN; } else { vlan_depth = ETH_HLEN; } do { struct vlan_hdr vhdr, *vh; vh = skb_header_pointer(skb, vlan_depth, sizeof(vhdr), &vhdr); if (unlikely(!vh || !--parse_depth)) return 0; type = vh->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto; vlan_depth += VLAN_HLEN; } while (eth_type_vlan(type)); } if (depth) *depth = vlan_depth; return type; } /** * vlan_get_protocol - get protocol EtherType. * @skb: skbuff to query * * Returns the EtherType of the packet, regardless of whether it is * vlan encapsulated (normal or hardware accelerated) or not. */ static inline __be16 vlan_get_protocol(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return __vlan_get_protocol(skb, skb->protocol, NULL); } /* A getter for the SKB protocol field which will handle VLAN tags consistently * whether VLAN acceleration is enabled or not. */ static inline __be16 skb_protocol(const struct sk_buff *skb, bool skip_vlan) { if (!skip_vlan) /* VLAN acceleration strips the VLAN header from the skb and * moves it to skb->vlan_proto */ return skb_vlan_tag_present(skb) ? skb->vlan_proto : skb->protocol; return vlan_get_protocol(skb); } static inline void vlan_set_encap_proto(struct sk_buff *skb, struct vlan_hdr *vhdr) { __be16 proto; unsigned short *rawp; /* * Was a VLAN packet, grab the encapsulated protocol, which the layer * three protocols care about. */ proto = vhdr->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto; if (eth_proto_is_802_3(proto)) { skb->protocol = proto; return; } rawp = (unsigned short *)(vhdr + 1); if (*rawp == 0xFFFF) /* * This is a magic hack to spot IPX packets. Older Novell * breaks the protocol design and runs IPX over 802.3 without * an 802.2 LLC layer. We look for FFFF which isn't a used * 802.2 SSAP/DSAP. This won't work for fault tolerant netware * but does for the rest. */ skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_802_3); else /* * Real 802.2 LLC */ skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_802_2); } /** * skb_vlan_tagged - check if skb is vlan tagged. * @skb: skbuff to query * * Returns true if the skb is tagged, regardless of whether it is hardware * accelerated or not. */ static inline bool skb_vlan_tagged(const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb_vlan_tag_present(skb) && likely(!eth_type_vlan(skb->protocol))) return false; return true; } /** * skb_vlan_tagged_multi - check if skb is vlan tagged with multiple headers. * @skb: skbuff to query * * Returns true if the skb is tagged with multiple vlan headers, regardless * of whether it is hardware accelerated or not. */ static inline bool skb_vlan_tagged_multi(struct sk_buff *skb) { __be16 protocol = skb->protocol; if (!skb_vlan_tag_present(skb)) { struct vlan_ethhdr *veh; if (likely(!eth_type_vlan(protocol))) return false; if (unlikely(!pskb_may_pull(skb, VLAN_ETH_HLEN))) return false; veh = (struct vlan_ethhdr *)skb->data; protocol = veh->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto; } if (!eth_type_vlan(protocol)) return false; return true; } /** * vlan_features_check - drop unsafe features for skb with multiple tags. * @skb: skbuff to query * @features: features to be checked * * Returns features without unsafe ones if the skb has multiple tags. */ static inline netdev_features_t vlan_features_check(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features) { if (skb_vlan_tagged_multi(skb)) { /* In the case of multi-tagged packets, use a direct mask * instead of using netdev_interesect_features(), to make * sure that only devices supporting NETIF_F_HW_CSUM will * have checksum offloading support. */ features &= NETIF_F_SG | NETIF_F_HIGHDMA | NETIF_F_HW_CSUM | NETIF_F_FRAGLIST | NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_CTAG_TX | NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_STAG_TX; } return features; } /** * compare_vlan_header - Compare two vlan headers * @h1: Pointer to vlan header * @h2: Pointer to vlan header * * Compare two vlan headers, returns 0 if equal. * * Please note that alignment of h1 & h2 are only guaranteed to be 16 bits. */ static inline unsigned long compare_vlan_header(const struct vlan_hdr *h1, const struct vlan_hdr *h2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) return *(u32 *)h1 ^ *(u32 *)h2; #else return ((__force u32)h1->h_vlan_TCI ^ (__force u32)h2->h_vlan_TCI) | ((__force u32)h1->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto ^ (__force u32)h2->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto); #endif } #endif /* !(_LINUX_IF_VLAN_H_) */
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3380 3381 3382 3383 3384 3385 3386 3387 3388 3389 3390 3391 3392 3393 3394 3395 3396 3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405 3406 3407 3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/mnt_idmapping.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct io_comp_batch; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; struct fileattr; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/mem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) /* can use bio alloc cache */ #define IOCB_ALLOC_CACHE (1 << 21) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Mark a folio dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ bool (*dirty_folio)(struct address_space *, struct folio *); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidate_folio) (struct folio *, size_t offset, size_t len); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_folio)(struct folio *); bool (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct folio *, size_t from, size_t count); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @invalidate_lock: Guards coherency between page cache contents and * file offset->disk block mappings in the filesystem during invalidates. * It is also used to block modification of page cache contents through * memory mappings. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; struct rw_semaphore invalidate_lock; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_rwsem; unsigned long nrpages; pgoff_t writeback_index; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops; unsigned long flags; errseq_t wb_err; spinlock_t private_lock; struct list_head private_list; void *private_data; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout; /* * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON. */ /* XArray tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages in the pagecache. */ #define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY XA_MARK_0 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK XA_MARK_1 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE XA_MARK_2 /* * Returns true if any of the pages in the mapping are marked with the tag. */ static inline bool mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, xa_mark_t tag) { return xa_marked(&mapping->i_pages, tag); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline int i_mmap_trylock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { return down_write_trylock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } /* * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace? */ static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return !RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root); } /* * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace? * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly. * * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now. */ static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0; } static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EPERM; } static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EBUSY; } static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } /* * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) #include <linux/seqlock.h> #define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount) #else #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0) #endif struct posix_acl; #define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1)) /* * ACL_DONT_CACHE is for stacked filesystems, that rely on underlying fs to * cache the ACL. This also means that ->get_acl() can be called in RCU mode * with the LOOKUP_RCU flag. */ #define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3)) static inline struct posix_acl * uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task) { return (void *)task + 1; } static inline bool is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl) { return (long)acl & 1; } #define IOP_FASTPERM 0x0001 #define IOP_LOOKUP 0x0002 #define IOP_NOFOLLOW 0x0004 #define IOP_XATTR 0x0008 #define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK 0x0010 struct fsnotify_mark_connector; /* * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning * of the 'struct inode' */ struct inode { umode_t i_mode; unsigned short i_opflags; kuid_t i_uid; kgid_t i_gid; unsigned int i_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *i_acl; struct posix_acl *i_default_acl; #endif const struct inode_operations *i_op; struct super_block *i_sb; struct address_space *i_mapping; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *i_security; #endif /* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */ unsigned long i_ino; /* * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly. They shall use the * following functions for modification: * * (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink * inode_(inc|dec)_link_count */ union { const unsigned int i_nlink; unsigned int __i_nlink; }; dev_t i_rdev; loff_t i_size; struct timespec64 i_atime; struct timespec64 i_mtime; struct timespec64 i_ctime; spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */ unsigned short i_bytes; u8 i_blkbits; u8 i_write_hint; blkcnt_t i_blocks; #ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED seqcount_t i_size_seqcount; #endif /* Misc */ unsigned long i_state; struct rw_semaphore i_rwsem; unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */ unsigned long dirtied_time_when; struct hlist_node i_hash; struct list_head i_io_list; /* backing dev IO list */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */ int i_wb_frn_winner; u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time; u16 i_wb_frn_history; #endif struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */ struct list_head i_sb_list; struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev writeback list */ union { struct hlist_head i_dentry; struct rcu_head i_rcu; }; atomic64_t i_version; atomic64_t i_sequence; /* see futex */ atomic_t i_count; atomic_t i_dio_count; atomic_t i_writecount; #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) atomic_t i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */ #endif union { const struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */ void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); }; struct file_lock_context *i_flctx; struct address_space i_data; struct list_head i_devices; union { struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe; struct cdev *i_cdev; char *i_link; unsigned i_dir_seq; }; __u32 i_generation; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *i_fsnotify_marks; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_info *i_crypt_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY struct fsverity_info *i_verity_info; #endif void *i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */ } __randomize_layout; struct timespec64 timestamp_truncate(struct timespec64 t, struct inode *inode); static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node) { return (1 << node->i_blkbits); } static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode) { return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash); } /* * __mark_inode_dirty expects inodes to be hashed. Since we don't * want special inodes in the fileset inode space, we make them * appear hashed, but do not put on any lists. hlist_del() * will work fine and require no locking. */ static inline void inode_fake_hash(struct inode *inode) { hlist_add_fake(&inode->i_hash); } /* * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator: * * 0: the object of the current VFS operation * 1: parent * 2: child/target * 3: xattr * 4: second non-directory * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename) * * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two * non-directories at once. * * The locking order between these classes is * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory */ enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class { I_MUTEX_NORMAL, I_MUTEX_PARENT, I_MUTEX_CHILD, I_MUTEX_XATTR, I_MUTEX_NONDIR2, I_MUTEX_PARENT2, }; static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode) { down_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode) { up_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode) { down_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode) { up_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode) { return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode) { return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode) { return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void filemap_invalidate_lock(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->invalidate_lock); } static inline void filemap_invalidate_unlock(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->invalidate_lock); } static inline void filemap_invalidate_lock_shared(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->invalidate_lock); } static inline int filemap_invalidate_trylock_shared( struct address_space *mapping) { return down_read_trylock(&mapping->invalidate_lock); } static inline void filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared( struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->invalidate_lock); } void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void filemap_invalidate_lock_two(struct address_space *mapping1, struct address_space *mapping2); void filemap_invalidate_unlock_two(struct address_space *mapping1, struct address_space *mapping2); /* * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled), * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not. */ static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) loff_t i_size; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); i_size = inode->i_size; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq)); return i_size; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) loff_t i_size; preempt_disable(); i_size = inode->i_size; preempt_enable(); return i_size; #else return inode->i_size; #endif } /* * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever. */ static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); inode->i_size = i_size; write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); inode->i_size = i_size; preempt_enable(); #else inode->i_size = i_size; #endif } static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode) { return MINOR(inode->i_rdev); } static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode) { return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev); } struct fown_struct { rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */ struct pid *pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */ enum pid_type pid_type; /* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */ kuid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */ int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */ }; /** * struct file_ra_state - Track a file's readahead state. * @start: Where the most recent readahead started. * @size: Number of pages read in the most recent readahead. * @async_size: Numer of pages that were/are not needed immediately * and so were/are genuinely "ahead". Start next readahead when * the first of these pages is accessed. * @ra_pages: Maximum size of a readahead request, copied from the bdi. * @mmap_miss: How many mmap accesses missed in the page cache. * @prev_pos: The last byte in the most recent read request. * * When this structure is passed to ->readahead(), the "most recent" * readahead means the current readahead. */ struct file_ra_state { pgoff_t start; unsigned int size; unsigned int async_size; unsigned int ra_pages; unsigned int mmap_miss; loff_t prev_pos; }; /* * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows. */ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index) { return (index >= ra->start && index < ra->start + ra->size); } struct file { union { struct llist_node fu_llist; struct rcu_head fu_rcuhead; } f_u; struct path f_path; struct inode *f_inode; /* cached value */ const struct file_operations *f_op; /* * Protects f_ep, f_flags. * Must not be taken from IRQ context. */ spinlock_t f_lock; atomic_long_t f_count; unsigned int f_flags; fmode_t f_mode; struct mutex f_pos_lock; loff_t f_pos; struct fown_struct f_owner; const struct cred *f_cred; struct file_ra_state f_ra; u64 f_version; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *f_security; #endif /* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL /* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */ struct hlist_head *f_ep; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */ struct address_space *f_mapping; errseq_t f_wb_err; errseq_t f_sb_err; /* for syncfs */ } __randomize_layout __attribute__((aligned(4))); /* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */ struct file_handle { __u32 handle_bytes; int handle_type; /* file identifier */ unsigned char f_handle[]; }; static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f) { atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count); return f; } #define get_file_rcu_many(x, cnt) \ atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, (cnt), 0) #define get_file_rcu(x) get_file_rcu_many((x), 1) #define file_count(x) atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count) #define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1) /* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT) #elif BITS_PER_LONG==64 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)LLONG_MAX) #endif #define FL_POSIX 1 #define FL_FLOCK 2 #define FL_DELEG 4 /* NFSv4 delegation */ #define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */ #define FL_EXISTS 16 /* when unlocking, test for existence */ #define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */ #define FL_CLOSE 64 /* unlock on close */ #define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */ #define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING 256 /* Lease is being downgraded */ #define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING 512 /* Lease is being broken */ #define FL_OFDLCK 1024 /* lock is "owned" by struct file */ #define FL_LAYOUT 2048 /* outstanding pNFS layout */ #define FL_RECLAIM 4096 /* reclaiming from a reboot server */ #define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE) /* * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for * asynchronous locking. */ #define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1 /* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */ typedef void *fl_owner_t; struct file_lock; struct file_lock_operations { void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager_operations { fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */ int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int); bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *); int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); void (*lm_setup)(struct file_lock *, void **); bool (*lm_breaker_owns_lease)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager { struct list_head list; /* * NFSv4 and up also want opens blocked during the grace period; * NLM doesn't care: */ bool block_opens; }; struct net; void locks_start_grace(struct net *, struct lock_manager *); void locks_end_grace(struct lock_manager *); bool locks_in_grace(struct net *); bool opens_in_grace(struct net *); /* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */ #include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h> /* * struct file_lock represents a generic "file lock". It's used to represent * POSIX byte range locks, BSD (flock) locks, and leases. It's important to * note that the same struct is used to represent both a request for a lock and * the lock itself, but the same object is never used for both. * * FIXME: should we create a separate "struct lock_request" to help distinguish * these two uses? * * The varous i_flctx lists are ordered by: * * 1) lock owner * 2) lock range start * 3) lock range end * * Obviously, the last two criteria only matter for POSIX locks. */ struct file_lock { struct file_lock *fl_blocker; /* The lock, that is blocking us */ struct list_head fl_list; /* link into file_lock_context */ struct hlist_node fl_link; /* node in global lists */ struct list_head fl_blocked_requests; /* list of requests with * ->fl_blocker pointing here */ struct list_head fl_blocked_member; /* node in * ->fl_blocker->fl_blocked_requests */ fl_owner_t fl_owner; unsigned int fl_flags; unsigned char fl_type; unsigned int fl_pid; int fl_link_cpu; /* what cpu's list is this on? */ wait_queue_head_t fl_wait; struct file *fl_file; loff_t fl_start; loff_t fl_end; struct fasync_struct * fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */ /* for lease breaks: */ unsigned long fl_break_time; unsigned long fl_downgrade_time; const struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops; /* Callbacks for filesystems */ const struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops; /* Callbacks for lockmanagers */ union { struct nfs_lock_info nfs_fl; struct nfs4_lock_info nfs4_fl; struct { struct list_head link; /* link in AFS vnode's pending_locks list */ int state; /* state of grant or error if -ve */ unsigned int debug_id; } afs; } fl_u; } __randomize_layout; struct file_lock_context { spinlock_t flc_lock; struct list_head flc_flock; struct list_head flc_posix; struct list_head flc_lease; }; /* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */ #ifndef OFFSET_MAX #define INT_LIMIT(x) (~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1))) #define OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(loff_t) #define OFFT_OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(off_t) #endif extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band); #define locks_inode(f) file_inode(f) #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); extern int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); extern int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); #endif extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg); extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp); /* fs/locks.c */ void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode); void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl); extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *); extern struct file_lock * locks_alloc_lock(void); extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t); extern void locks_remove_file(struct file *); extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *); extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_lock_file(struct file *, unsigned int, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl); extern int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl); extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int type); extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *time); extern int generic_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **priv); extern int vfs_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); struct notifier_block; extern int lease_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern void lease_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *); struct files_struct; extern void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files); #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int fcntl_getlk(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 static inline int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 *user) { return -EACCES; } #endif static inline int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp) { return F_UNLCK; } static inline void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode) { } static inline void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_file(struct file *filp) { return; } static inline void posix_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline int posix_lock_file(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conflock) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int vfs_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int vfs_lock_file(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conf) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode, unsigned int type) { return 0; } static inline void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time) { return; } static inline int generic_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int vfs_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **lease, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int lease_modify(struct file_lock *fl, int arg, struct list_head *dispose) { return -EINVAL; } struct files_struct; static inline void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline struct inode *file_inode(const struct file *f) { return f->f_inode; } static inline struct dentry *file_dentry(const struct file *file) { return d_real(file->f_path.dentry, file_inode(file)); } static inline int locks_lock_file_wait(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return locks_lock_inode_wait(locks_inode(filp), fl); } struct fasync_struct { rwlock_t fa_lock; int magic; int fa_fd; struct fasync_struct *fa_next; /* singly linked list */ struct file *fa_file; struct rcu_head fa_rcu; }; #define FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601 /* SMP safe fasync helpers: */ extern int fasync_helper(int, struct file *, int, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_insert_entry(int, struct file *, struct fasync_struct **, struct fasync_struct *); extern int fasync_remove_entry(struct file *, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_alloc(void); extern void fasync_free(struct fasync_struct *); /* can be called from interrupts */ extern void kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct **, int, int); extern void __f_setown(struct file *filp, struct pid *, enum pid_type, int force); extern int f_setown(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg, int force); extern void f_delown(struct file *filp); extern pid_t f_getown(struct file *filp); extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown); /* * sb->s_flags. Note that these mirror the equivalent MS_* flags where * represented in both. */ #define SB_RDONLY 1 /* Mount read-only */ #define SB_NOSUID 2 /* Ignore suid and sgid bits */ #define SB_NODEV 4 /* Disallow access to device special files */ #define SB_NOEXEC 8 /* Disallow program execution */ #define SB_SYNCHRONOUS 16 /* Writes are synced at once */ #define SB_MANDLOCK 64 /* Allow mandatory locks on an FS */ #define SB_DIRSYNC 128 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define SB_NOATIME 1024 /* Do not update access times. */ #define SB_NODIRATIME 2048 /* Do not update directory access times */ #define SB_SILENT 32768 #define SB_POSIXACL (1<<16) /* VFS does not apply the umask */ #define SB_INLINECRYPT (1<<17) /* Use blk-crypto for encrypted files */ #define SB_KERNMOUNT (1<<22) /* this is a kern_mount call */ #define SB_I_VERSION (1<<23) /* Update inode I_version field */ #define SB_LAZYTIME (1<<25) /* Update the on-disk [acm]times lazily */ /* These sb flags are internal to the kernel */ #define SB_SUBMOUNT (1<<26) #define SB_FORCE (1<<27) #define SB_NOSEC (1<<28) #define SB_BORN (1<<29) #define SB_ACTIVE (1<<30) #define SB_NOUSER (1<<31) /* These flags relate to encoding and casefolding */ #define SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL (1 << 0) #define sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) \ (sb->s_encoding_flags & SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL) /* * Umount options */ #define MNT_FORCE 0x00000001 /* Attempt to forcibily umount */ #define MNT_DETACH 0x00000002 /* Just detach from the tree */ #define MNT_EXPIRE 0x00000004 /* Mark for expiry */ #define UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW 0x00000008 /* Don't follow symlink on umount */ #define UMOUNT_UNUSED 0x80000000 /* Flag guaranteed to be unused */ /* sb->s_iflags */ #define SB_I_CGROUPWB 0x00000001 /* cgroup-aware writeback enabled */ #define SB_I_NOEXEC 0x00000002 /* Ignore executables on this fs */ #define SB_I_NODEV 0x00000004 /* Ignore devices on this fs */ #define SB_I_STABLE_WRITES 0x00000008 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ /* sb->s_iflags to limit user namespace mounts */ #define SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE 0x00000010 /* fstype already mounted */ #define SB_I_IMA_UNVERIFIABLE_SIGNATURE 0x00000020 #define SB_I_UNTRUSTED_MOUNTER 0x00000040 #define SB_I_SKIP_SYNC 0x00000100 /* Skip superblock at global sync */ #define SB_I_PERSB_BDI 0x00000200 /* has a per-sb bdi */ #define SB_I_TS_EXPIRY_WARNED 0x00000400 /* warned about timestamp range expiry */ /* Possible states of 'frozen' field */ enum { SB_UNFROZEN = 0, /* FS is unfrozen */ SB_FREEZE_WRITE = 1, /* Writes, dir ops, ioctls frozen */ SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT = 2, /* Page faults stopped as well */ SB_FREEZE_FS = 3, /* For internal FS use (e.g. to stop * internal threads if needed) */ SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE = 4, /* ->freeze_fs finished successfully */ }; #define SB_FREEZE_LEVELS (SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE - 1) struct sb_writers { int frozen; /* Is sb frozen? */ wait_queue_head_t wait_unfrozen; /* wait for thaw */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore rw_sem[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; }; struct super_block { struct list_head s_list; /* Keep this first */ dev_t s_dev; /* search index; _not_ kdev_t */ unsigned char s_blocksize_bits; unsigned long s_blocksize; loff_t s_maxbytes; /* Max file size */ struct file_system_type *s_type; const struct super_operations *s_op; const struct dquot_operations *dq_op; const struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop; const struct export_operations *s_export_op; unsigned long s_flags; unsigned long s_iflags; /* internal SB_I_* flags */ unsigned long s_magic; struct dentry *s_root; struct rw_semaphore s_umount; int s_count; atomic_t s_active; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *s_security; #endif const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop; struct key *s_master_keys; /* master crypto keys in use */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY const struct fsverity_operations *s_vop; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_UNICODE) struct unicode_map *s_encoding; __u16 s_encoding_flags; #endif struct hlist_bl_head s_roots; /* alternate root dentries for NFS */ struct list_head s_mounts; /* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */ struct block_device *s_bdev; struct backing_dev_info *s_bdi; struct mtd_info *s_mtd; struct hlist_node s_instances; unsigned int s_quota_types; /* Bitmask of supported quota types */ struct quota_info s_dquot; /* Diskquota specific options */ struct sb_writers s_writers; /* * Keep s_fs_info, s_time_gran, s_fsnotify_mask, and * s_fsnotify_marks together for cache efficiency. They are frequently * accessed and rarely modified. */ void *s_fs_info; /* Filesystem private info */ /* Granularity of c/m/atime in ns (cannot be worse than a second) */ u32 s_time_gran; /* Time limits for c/m/atime in seconds */ time64_t s_time_min; time64_t s_time_max; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 s_fsnotify_mask; struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *s_fsnotify_marks; #endif char s_id[32]; /* Informational name */ uuid_t s_uuid; /* UUID */ unsigned int s_max_links; fmode_t s_mode; /* * The next field is for VFS *only*. No filesystems have any business * even looking at it. You had been warned. */ struct mutex s_vfs_rename_mutex; /* Kludge */ /* * Filesystem subtype. If non-empty the filesystem type field * in /proc/mounts will be "type.subtype" */ const char *s_subtype; const struct dentry_operations *s_d_op; /* default d_op for dentries */ struct shrinker s_shrink; /* per-sb shrinker handle */ /* Number of inodes with nlink == 0 but still referenced */ atomic_long_t s_remove_count; /* * Number of inode/mount/sb objects that are being watched, note that * inodes objects are currently double-accounted. */ atomic_long_t s_fsnotify_connectors; /* Being remounted read-only */ int s_readonly_remount; /* per-sb errseq_t for reporting writeback errors via syncfs */ errseq_t s_wb_err; /* AIO completions deferred from interrupt context */ struct workqueue_struct *s_dio_done_wq; struct hlist_head s_pins; /* * Owning user namespace and default context in which to * interpret filesystem uids, gids, quotas, device nodes, * xattrs and security labels. */ struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; /* * The list_lru structure is essentially just a pointer to a table * of per-node lru lists, each of which has its own spinlock. * There is no need to put them into separate cachelines. */ struct list_lru s_dentry_lru; struct list_lru s_inode_lru; struct rcu_head rcu; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct mutex s_sync_lock; /* sync serialisation lock */ /* * Indicates how deep in a filesystem stack this SB is */ int s_stack_depth; /* s_inode_list_lock protects s_inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_list_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct list_head s_inodes; /* all inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_wblist_lock; struct list_head s_inodes_wb; /* writeback inodes */ } __randomize_layout; static inline struct user_namespace *i_user_ns(const struct inode *inode) { return inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; } /* Helper functions so that in most cases filesystems will * not need to deal directly with kuid_t and kgid_t and can * instead deal with the raw numeric values that are stored * in the filesystem. */ static inline uid_t i_uid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kuid(i_user_ns(inode), inode->i_uid); } static inline gid_t i_gid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kgid(i_user_ns(inode), inode->i_gid); } static inline void i_uid_write(struct inode *inode, uid_t uid) { inode->i_uid = make_kuid(i_user_ns(inode), uid); } static inline void i_gid_write(struct inode *inode, gid_t gid) { inode->i_gid = make_kgid(i_user_ns(inode), gid); } /** * i_uid_into_mnt - map an inode's i_uid down into a mnt_userns * @mnt_userns: user namespace of the mount the inode was found from * @inode: inode to map * * Return: the inode's i_uid mapped down according to @mnt_userns. * If the inode's i_uid has no mapping INVALID_UID is returned. */ static inline kuid_t i_uid_into_mnt(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, const struct inode *inode) { return mapped_kuid_fs(mnt_userns, i_user_ns(inode), inode->i_uid); } /** * i_gid_into_mnt - map an inode's i_gid down into a mnt_userns * @mnt_userns: user namespace of the mount the inode was found from * @inode: inode to map * * Return: the inode's i_gid mapped down according to @mnt_userns. * If the inode's i_gid has no mapping INVALID_GID is returned. */ static inline kgid_t i_gid_into_mnt(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, const struct inode *inode) { return mapped_kgid_fs(mnt_userns, i_user_ns(inode), inode->i_gid); } /** * inode_fsuid_set - initialize inode's i_uid field with callers fsuid * @inode: inode to initialize * @mnt_userns: user namespace of the mount the inode was found from * * Initialize the i_uid field of @inode. If the inode was found/created via * an idmapped mount map the caller's fsuid according to @mnt_users. */ static inline void inode_fsuid_set(struct inode *inode, struct user_namespace *mnt_userns) { inode->i_uid = mapped_fsuid(mnt_userns, i_user_ns(inode)); } /** * inode_fsgid_set - initialize inode's i_gid field with callers fsgid * @inode: inode to initialize * @mnt_userns: user namespace of the mount the inode was found from * * Initialize the i_gid field of @inode. If the inode was found/created via * an idmapped mount map the caller's fsgid according to @mnt_users. */ static inline void inode_fsgid_set(struct inode *inode, struct user_namespace *mnt_userns) { inode->i_gid = mapped_fsgid(mnt_userns, i_user_ns(inode)); } /** * fsuidgid_has_mapping() - check whether caller's fsuid/fsgid is mapped * @sb: the superblock we want a mapping in * @mnt_userns: user namespace of the relevant mount * * Check whether the caller's fsuid and fsgid have a valid mapping in the * s_user_ns of the superblock @sb. If the caller is on an idmapped mount map * the caller's fsuid and fsgid according to the @mnt_userns first. * * Return: true if fsuid and fsgid is mapped, false if not. */ static inline bool fsuidgid_has_mapping(struct super_block *sb, struct user_namespace *mnt_userns) { struct user_namespace *fs_userns = sb->s_user_ns; kuid_t kuid; kgid_t kgid; kuid = mapped_fsuid(mnt_userns, fs_userns); if (!uid_valid(kuid)) return false; kgid = mapped_fsgid(mnt_userns, fs_userns); if (!gid_valid(kgid)) return false; return kuid_has_mapping(fs_userns, kuid) && kgid_has_mapping(fs_userns, kgid); } extern struct timespec64 current_time(struct inode *inode); /* * Snapshotting support. */ /* * These are internal functions, please use sb_start_{write,pagefault,intwrite} * instead. */ static inline void __sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_up_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1); } static inline void __sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_down_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } static inline bool __sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb, int level) { return percpu_down_read_trylock(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } #define __sb_writers_acquired(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) #define __sb_writers_release(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) /** * sb_end_write - drop write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible waiters * wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_end_pagefault - drop write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of processes handling write page fault to the filesystem. * Wake up possible waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /** * sb_end_intwrite - drop write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement fs-internal number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible * waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } /** * sb_start_write - get write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process wants to write data or metadata to a file system (i.e. dirty * a page or an inode), it should embed the operation in a sb_start_write() - * sb_end_write() pair to get exclusion against file system freezing. This * function increments number of writers preventing freezing. If the file * system is already frozen, the function waits until the file system is * thawed. * * Since freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. Generally, * freeze protection should be the outermost lock. In particular, we have: * * sb_start_write * -> i_mutex (write path, truncate, directory ops, ...) * -> s_umount (freeze_super, thaw_super) */ static inline void sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } static inline bool sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_start_pagefault - get write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process starts handling write page fault, it should embed the * operation into sb_start_pagefault() - sb_end_pagefault() pair to get * exclusion against file system freezing. This is needed since the page fault * is going to dirty a page. This function increments number of running page * faults preventing freezing. If the file system is already frozen, the * function waits until the file system is thawed. * * Since page fault freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. It is advised to * put sb_start_pagefault() close to mmap_lock in lock ordering. Page fault * handling code implies lock dependency: * * mmap_lock * -> sb_start_pagefault */ static inline void sb_start_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /** * sb_start_intwrite - get write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we write to * * This is the third level of protection against filesystem freezing. It is * free for use by a filesystem. The only requirement is that it must rank * below sb_start_pagefault. * * For example filesystem can call sb_start_intwrite() when starting a * transaction which somewhat eases handling of freezing for internal sources * of filesystem changes (internal fs threads, discarding preallocation on file * close, etc.). */ static inline void sb_start_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } static inline bool sb_start_intwrite_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } bool inode_owner_or_capable(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, const struct inode *inode); /* * VFS helper functions.. */ int vfs_create(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int vfs_mkdir(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int vfs_mknod(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, dev_t); int vfs_symlink(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *); int vfs_link(struct dentry *, struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); int vfs_rmdir(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); int vfs_unlink(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); /** * struct renamedata - contains all information required for renaming * @old_mnt_userns: old user namespace of the mount the inode was found from * @old_dir: parent of source * @old_dentry: source * @new_mnt_userns: new user namespace of the mount the inode was found from * @new_dir: parent of destination * @new_dentry: destination * @delegated_inode: returns an inode needing a delegation break * @flags: rename flags */ struct renamedata { struct user_namespace *old_mnt_userns; struct inode *old_dir; struct dentry *old_dentry; struct user_namespace *new_mnt_userns; struct inode *new_dir; struct dentry *new_dentry; struct inode **delegated_inode; unsigned int flags; } __randomize_layout; int vfs_rename(struct renamedata *); static inline int vfs_whiteout(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return vfs_mknod(mnt_userns, dir, dentry, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, WHITEOUT_DEV); } struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *, umode_t, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *); int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group); int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode); int vfs_utimes(const struct path *path, struct timespec64 *times); extern long vfs_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern long compat_ptr_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else #define compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif /* * VFS file helper functions. */ void inode_init_owner(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct inode *inode, const struct inode *dir, umode_t mode); extern bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path); /* * This is the "filldir" function type, used by readdir() to let * the kernel specify what kind of dirent layout it wants to have. * This allows the kernel to read directories into kernel space or * to have different dirent layouts depending on the binary type. */ struct dir_context; typedef int (*filldir_t)(struct dir_context *, const char *, int, loff_t, u64, unsigned); struct dir_context { filldir_t actor; loff_t pos; }; /* * These flags let !MMU mmap() govern direct device mapping vs immediate * copying more easily for MAP_PRIVATE, especially for ROM filesystems. * * NOMMU_MAP_COPY: Copy can be mapped (MAP_PRIVATE) * NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT: Can be mapped directly (MAP_SHARED) * NOMMU_MAP_READ: Can be mapped for reading * NOMMU_MAP_WRITE: Can be mapped for writing * NOMMU_MAP_EXEC: Can be mapped for execution */ #define NOMMU_MAP_COPY 0x00000001 #define NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT 0x00000008 #define NOMMU_MAP_READ VM_MAYREAD #define NOMMU_MAP_WRITE VM_MAYWRITE #define NOMMU_MAP_EXEC VM_MAYEXEC #define NOMMU_VMFLAGS \ (NOMMU_MAP_READ | NOMMU_MAP_WRITE | NOMMU_MAP_EXEC) /* * These flags control the behavior of the remap_file_range function pointer. * If it is called with len == 0 that means "remap to end of source file". * See Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst for more details about this call. * * REMAP_FILE_DEDUP: only remap if contents identical (i.e. deduplicate) * REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN: caller can handle a shortened request */ #define REMAP_FILE_DEDUP (1 << 0) #define REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN (1 << 1) /* * These flags signal that the caller is ok with altering various aspects of * the behavior of the remap operation. The changes must be made by the * implementation; the vfs remap helper functions can take advantage of them. * Flags in this category exist to preserve the quirky behavior of the hoisted * btrfs clone/dedupe ioctls. */ #define REMAP_FILE_ADVISORY (REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN) struct iov_iter; struct file_operations { struct module *owner; loff_t (*llseek) (struct file *, loff_t, int); ssize_t (*read) (struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write) (struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*read_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*write_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int (*iopoll)(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct io_comp_batch *, unsigned int flags); int (*iterate) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); int (*iterate_shared) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); __poll_t (*poll) (struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*mmap) (struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long mmap_supported_flags; int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*flush) (struct file *, fl_owner_t id); int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*fsync) (struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int datasync); int (*fasync) (int, struct file *, int); int (*lock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*sendpage) (struct file *, struct page *, int, size_t, loff_t *, int); unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); int (*check_flags)(int); int (*flock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*splice_write)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); int (*setlease)(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); long (*fallocate)(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); void (*show_fdinfo)(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU unsigned (*mmap_capabilities)(struct file *); #endif ssize_t (*copy_file_range)(struct file *, loff_t, struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); loff_t (*remap_file_range)(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); int (*fadvise)(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); } __randomize_layout; struct inode_operations { struct dentry * (*lookup) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, unsigned int); const char * (*get_link) (struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); int (*permission) (struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, int); struct posix_acl * (*get_acl)(struct inode *, int, bool); int (*readlink) (struct dentry *, char __user *,int); int (*create) (struct user_namespace *, struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int (*link) (struct dentry *,struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*unlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*symlink) (struct user_namespace *, struct inode *,struct dentry *, const char *); int (*mkdir) (struct user_namespace *, struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t); int (*rmdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*mknod) (struct user_namespace *, struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t,dev_t); int (*rename) (struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*setattr) (struct user_namespace *, struct dentry *, struct iattr *); int (*getattr) (struct user_namespace *, const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); ssize_t (*listxattr) (struct dentry *, char *, size_t); int (*fiemap)(struct inode *, struct fiemap_extent_info *, u64 start, u64 len); int (*update_time)(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); int (*atomic_open)(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct file *, unsigned open_flag, umode_t create_mode); int (*tmpfile) (struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int (*set_acl)(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); int (*fileattr_set)(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct dentry *dentry, struct fileattr *fa); int (*fileattr_get)(struct dentry *dentry, struct fileattr *fa); } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline ssize_t call_read_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->read_iter(kio, iter); } static inline ssize_t call_write_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->write_iter(kio, iter); } static inline int call_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return file->f_op->mmap(file, vma); } extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_copy_file_range(struct file *, loff_t , struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_copy_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern int generic_remap_file_range_prep(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t *count, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t do_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t vfs_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern int vfs_dedupe_file_range(struct file *file, struct file_dedupe_range *same); extern loff_t vfs_dedupe_file_range_one(struct file *src_file, loff_t src_pos, struct file *dst_file, loff_t dst_pos, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); struct super_operations { struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb); void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *); void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *, int flags); int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*drop_inode) (struct inode *); void (*evict_inode) (struct inode *); void (*put_super) (struct super_block *); int (*sync_fs)(struct super_block *sb, int wait); int (*freeze_super) (struct super_block *); int (*freeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*thaw_super) (struct super_block *); int (*unfreeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*statfs) (struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); int (*remount_fs) (struct super_block *, int *, char *); void (*umount_begin) (struct super_block *); int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_devname)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_stats)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ssize_t (*quota_read)(struct super_block *, int, char *, size_t, loff_t); ssize_t (*quota_write)(struct super_block *, int, const char *, size_t, loff_t); struct dquot **(*get_dquots)(struct inode *); #endif long (*nr_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); long (*free_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); }; /* * Inode flags - they have no relation to superblock flags now */ #define S_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Writes are synced at once */ #define S_NOATIME (1 << 1) /* Do not update access times */ #define S_APPEND (1 << 2) /* Append-only file */ #define S_IMMUTABLE (1 << 3) /* Immutable file */ #define S_DEAD (1 << 4) /* removed, but still open directory */ #define S_NOQUOTA (1 << 5) /* Inode is not counted to quota */ #define S_DIRSYNC (1 << 6) /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define S_NOCMTIME (1 << 7) /* Do not update file c/mtime */ #define S_SWAPFILE (1 << 8) /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */ #define S_PRIVATE (1 << 9) /* Inode is fs-internal */ #define S_IMA (1 << 10) /* Inode has an associated IMA struct */ #define S_AUTOMOUNT (1 << 11) /* Automount/referral quasi-directory */ #define S_NOSEC (1 << 12) /* no suid or xattr security attributes */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define S_DAX (1 << 13) /* Direct Access, avoiding the page cache */ #else #define S_DAX 0 /* Make all the DAX code disappear */ #endif #define S_ENCRYPTED (1 << 14) /* Encrypted file (using fs/crypto/) */ #define S_CASEFOLD (1 << 15) /* Casefolded file */ #define S_VERITY (1 << 16) /* Verity file (using fs/verity/) */ #define S_KERNEL_FILE (1 << 17) /* File is in use by the kernel (eg. fs/cachefiles) */ /* * Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system * flags just means all the inodes inherit those flags by default. It might be * possible to override it selectively if you really wanted to with some * ioctl() that is not currently implemented. * * Exception: SB_RDONLY is always applied to the entire file system. * * Unfortunately, it is possible to change a filesystems flags with it mounted * with files in use. This means that all of the inodes will not have their * i_flags updated. Hence, i_flags no longer inherit the superblock mount * flags, so these have to be checked separately. -- rmk@arm.uk.linux.org */ #define __IS_FLG(inode, flg) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & (flg)) static inline bool sb_rdonly(const struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_flags & SB_RDONLY; } #define IS_RDONLY(inode) sb_rdonly((inode)->i_sb) #define IS_SYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & S_SYNC)) #define IS_DIRSYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS|SB_DIRSYNC) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & (S_SYNC|S_DIRSYNC))) #define IS_MANDLOCK(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_MANDLOCK) #define IS_NOATIME(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_RDONLY|SB_NOATIME) #define IS_I_VERSION(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_I_VERSION) #define IS_NOQUOTA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOQUOTA) #define IS_APPEND(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_APPEND) #define IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMMUTABLE) #define IS_POSIXACL(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_POSIXACL) #define IS_DEADDIR(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DEAD) #define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME) #define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE) #define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE) #define IS_IMA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMA) #define IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_AUTOMOUNT) #define IS_NOSEC(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOSEC) #define IS_DAX(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DAX) #define IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_ENCRYPTED) #define IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_CASEFOLD) #define IS_VERITY(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_VERITY) #define IS_WHITEOUT(inode) (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && \ (inode)->i_rdev == WHITEOUT_DEV) static inline bool HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct inode *inode) { return !uid_valid(i_uid_into_mnt(mnt_userns, inode)) || !gid_valid(i_gid_into_mnt(mnt_userns, inode)); } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file); static inline void init_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = iocb_flags(filp), .ki_ioprio = get_current_ioprio(), }; } static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = kiocb_src->ki_flags, .ki_ioprio = kiocb_src->ki_ioprio, .ki_pos = kiocb_src->ki_pos, }; } /* * Inode state bits. Protected by inode->i_lock * * Four bits determine the dirty state of the inode: I_DIRTY_SYNC, * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC, I_DIRTY_PAGES, and I_DIRTY_TIME. * * Four bits define the lifetime of an inode. Initially, inodes are I_NEW, * until that flag is cleared. I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING and I_CLEAR are set at * various stages of removing an inode. * * Two bits are used for locking and completion notification, I_NEW and I_SYNC. * * I_DIRTY_SYNC Inode is dirty, but doesn't have to be written on * fdatasync() (unless I_DIRTY_DATASYNC is also set). * Timestamp updates are the usual cause. * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC Data-related inode changes pending. We keep track of * these changes separately from I_DIRTY_SYNC so that we * don't have to write inode on fdatasync() when only * e.g. the timestamps have changed. * I_DIRTY_PAGES Inode has dirty pages. Inode itself may be clean. * I_DIRTY_TIME The inode itself only has dirty timestamps, and the * lazytime mount option is enabled. We keep track of this * separately from I_DIRTY_SYNC in order to implement * lazytime. This gets cleared if I_DIRTY_INODE * (I_DIRTY_SYNC and/or I_DIRTY_DATASYNC) gets set. I.e. * either I_DIRTY_TIME *or* I_DIRTY_INODE can be set in * i_state, but not both. I_DIRTY_PAGES may still be set. * I_NEW Serves as both a mutex and completion notification. * New inodes set I_NEW. If two processes both create * the same inode, one of them will release its inode and * wait for I_NEW to be released before returning. * Inodes in I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR state can * also cause waiting on I_NEW, without I_NEW actually * being set. find_inode() uses this to prevent returning * nearly-dead inodes. * I_WILL_FREE Must be set when calling write_inode_now() if i_count * is zero. I_FREEING must be set when I_WILL_FREE is * cleared. * I_FREEING Set when inode is about to be freed but still has dirty * pages or buffers attached or the inode itself is still * dirty. * I_CLEAR Added by clear_inode(). In this state the inode is * clean and can be destroyed. Inode keeps I_FREEING. * * Inodes that are I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR are * prohibited for many purposes. iget() must wait for * the inode to be completely released, then create it * anew. Other functions will just ignore such inodes, * if appropriate. I_NEW is used for waiting. * * I_SYNC Writeback of inode is running. The bit is set during * data writeback, and cleared with a wakeup on the bit * address once it is done. The bit is also used to pin * the inode in memory for flusher thread. * * I_REFERENCED Marks the inode as recently references on the LRU list. * * I_DIO_WAKEUP Never set. Only used as a key for wait_on_bit(). * * I_WB_SWITCH Cgroup bdi_writeback switching in progress. Used to * synchronize competing switching instances and to tell * wb stat updates to grab the i_pages lock. See * inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() for details. * * I_OVL_INUSE Used by overlayfs to get exclusive ownership on upper * and work dirs among overlayfs mounts. * * I_CREATING New object's inode in the middle of setting up. * * I_DONTCACHE Evict inode as soon as it is not used anymore. * * I_SYNC_QUEUED Inode is queued in b_io or b_more_io writeback lists. * Used to detect that mark_inode_dirty() should not move * inode between dirty lists. * * I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB Inode is pinning an fscache object for writeback. * * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING? */ #define I_DIRTY_SYNC (1 << 0) #define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC (1 << 1) #define I_DIRTY_PAGES (1 << 2) #define __I_NEW 3 #define I_NEW (1 << __I_NEW) #define I_WILL_FREE (1 << 4) #define I_FREEING (1 << 5) #define I_CLEAR (1 << 6) #define __I_SYNC 7 #define I_SYNC (1 << __I_SYNC) #define I_REFERENCED (1 << 8) #define __I_DIO_WAKEUP 9 #define I_DIO_WAKEUP (1 << __I_DIO_WAKEUP) #define I_LINKABLE (1 << 10) #define I_DIRTY_TIME (1 << 11) #define I_WB_SWITCH (1 << 13) #define I_OVL_INUSE (1 << 14) #define I_CREATING (1 << 15) #define I_DONTCACHE (1 << 16) #define I_SYNC_QUEUED (1 << 17) #define I_PINNING_FSCACHE_WB (1 << 18) #define I_DIRTY_INODE (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC) #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES) #define I_DIRTY_ALL (I_DIRTY | I_DIRTY_TIME) extern void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *, int); static inline void mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY); } static inline void mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC); } /* * Returns true if the given inode itself only has dirty timestamps (its pages * may still be dirty) and isn't currently being allocated or freed. * Filesystems should call this if when writing an inode when lazytime is * enabled, they want to opportunistically write the timestamps of other inodes * located very nearby on-disk, e.g. in the same inode block. This returns true * if the given inode is in need of such an opportunistic update. Requires * i_lock, or at least later re-checking under i_lock. */ static inline bool inode_is_dirtytime_only(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_state & (I_DIRTY_TIME | I_NEW | I_FREEING | I_WILL_FREE)) == I_DIRTY_TIME; } extern void inc_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void drop_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void clear_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void set_nlink(struct inode *inode, unsigned int nlink); static inline void inode_inc_link_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } static inline void inode_dec_link_count(struct inode *inode) { drop_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } enum file_time_flags { S_ATIME = 1, S_MTIME = 2, S_CTIME = 4, S_VERSION = 8, }; extern bool atime_needs_update(const struct path *, struct inode *); extern void touch_atime(const struct path *); int inode_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time, int flags); static inline void file_accessed(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME)) touch_atime(&file->f_path); } extern int file_modified(struct file *file); int sync_inode_metadata(struct inode *inode, int wait); struct file_system_type { const char *name; int fs_flags; #define FS_REQUIRES_DEV 1 #define FS_BINARY_MOUNTDATA 2 #define FS_HAS_SUBTYPE 4 #define FS_USERNS_MOUNT 8 /* Can be mounted by userns root */ #define FS_DISALLOW_NOTIFY_PERM 16 /* Disable fanotify permission events */ #define FS_ALLOW_IDMAP 32 /* FS has been updated to handle vfs idmappings. */ #define FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE 32768 /* FS will handle d_move() during rename() internally. */ int (*init_fs_context)(struct fs_context *); const struct fs_parameter_spec *parameters; struct dentry *(*mount) (struct file_system_type *, int, const char *, void *); void (*kill_sb) (struct super_block *); struct module *owner; struct file_system_type * next; struct hlist_head fs_supers; struct lock_class_key s_lock_key; struct lock_class_key s_umount_key; struct lock_class_key s_vfs_rename_key; struct lock_class_key s_writers_key[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; struct lock_class_key i_lock_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_key; struct lock_class_key invalidate_lock_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_dir_key; }; #define MODULE_ALIAS_FS(NAME) MODULE_ALIAS("fs-" NAME) extern struct dentry *mount_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *path); void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_locked_super(struct super_block *sb); int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data); int set_anon_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc); int get_anon_bdev(dev_t *); void free_anon_bdev(dev_t); struct super_block *sget_fc(struct fs_context *fc, int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *), int (*set)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)); struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type, int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *), int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *), int flags, void *data); /* Alas, no aliases. Too much hassle with bringing module.h everywhere */ #define fops_get(fops) \ (((fops) && try_module_get((fops)->owner) ? (fops) : NULL)) #define fops_put(fops) \ do { if (fops) module_put((fops)->owner); } while(0) /* * This one is to be used *ONLY* from ->open() instances. * fops must be non-NULL, pinned down *and* module dependencies * should be sufficient to pin the caller down as well. */ #define replace_fops(f, fops) \ do { \ struct file *__file = (f); \ fops_put(__file->f_op); \ BUG_ON(!(__file->f_op = (fops))); \ } while(0) extern int register_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern int unregister_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *); extern void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *); extern int may_umount(struct vfsmount *); extern long do_mount(const char *, const char __user *, const char *, unsigned long, void *); extern struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *); extern void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *); extern int iterate_mounts(int (*)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *, struct vfsmount *); extern int vfs_statfs(const struct path *, struct kstatfs *); extern int user_statfs(const char __user *, struct kstatfs *); extern int fd_statfs(int, struct kstatfs *); extern int freeze_super(struct super_block *super); extern int thaw_super(struct super_block *super); extern bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern __printf(2, 3) int super_setup_bdi_name(struct super_block *sb, char *fmt, ...); extern int super_setup_bdi(struct super_block *sb); extern int current_umask(void); extern void ihold(struct inode * inode); extern void iput(struct inode *); extern int generic_update_time(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); /* /sys/fs */ extern struct kobject *fs_kobj; #define MAX_RW_COUNT (INT_MAX & PAGE_MASK) #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_LEASE); return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_DELEG); return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(inode, O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK); if (ret == -EWOULDBLOCK && delegated_inode) { *delegated_inode = inode; ihold(inode); } return ret; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(*delegated_inode, O_WRONLY); iput(*delegated_inode); *delegated_inode = NULL; return ret; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, wait ? O_WRONLY : O_WRONLY | O_NONBLOCK, FL_LAYOUT); return 0; } #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ /* fs/open.c */ struct audit_names; struct filename { const char *name; /* pointer to actual string */ const __user char *uptr; /* original userland pointer */ int refcnt; struct audit_names *aname; const char iname[]; }; static_assert(offsetof(struct filename, iname) % sizeof(long) == 0); static inline struct user_namespace *file_mnt_user_ns(struct file *file) { return mnt_user_ns(file->f_path.mnt); } /** * is_idmapped_mnt - check whether a mount is mapped * @mnt: the mount to check * * If @mnt has an idmapping attached different from the * filesystem's idmapping then @mnt is mapped. * * Return: true if mount is mapped, false if not. */ static inline bool is_idmapped_mnt(const struct vfsmount *mnt) { return mnt_user_ns(mnt) != mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns; } extern long vfs_truncate(const struct path *, loff_t); int do_truncate(struct user_namespace *, struct dentry *, loff_t start, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp); extern int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); extern struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *filp_open(const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *file_open_root(const struct path *, const char *, int, umode_t); static inline struct file *file_open_root_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, umode_t mode) { return file_open_root(&(struct path){.mnt = mnt, .dentry = mnt->mnt_root}, name, flags, mode); } extern struct file * dentry_open(const struct path *, int, const struct cred *); extern struct file * open_with_fake_path(const struct path *, int, struct inode*, const struct cred *); static inline struct file *file_clone_open(struct file *file) { return dentry_open(&file->f_path, file->f_flags, file->f_cred); } extern int filp_close(struct file *, fl_owner_t id); extern struct filename *getname_flags(const char __user *, int, int *); extern struct filename *getname_uflags(const char __user *, int); extern struct filename *getname(const char __user *); extern struct filename *getname_kernel(const char *); extern void putname(struct filename *name); extern int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)); extern int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry); /* fs/dcache.c */ extern void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void); extern void __init vfs_caches_init(void); extern struct kmem_cache *names_cachep; #define __getname() kmem_cache_alloc(names_cachep, GFP_KERNEL) #define __putname(name) kmem_cache_free(names_cachep, (void *)(name)) extern struct super_block *blockdev_superblock; static inline bool sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLOCK) && sb == blockdev_superblock; } void emergency_thaw_all(void); extern int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *); extern const struct file_operations def_blk_fops; extern const struct file_operations def_chr_fops; /* fs/char_dev.c */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 /* Marks the bottom of the first segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_END 234 /* Marks the top and bottom of the second segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_START 511 #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_END 384 extern int alloc_chrdev_region(dev_t *, unsigned, unsigned, const char *); extern int register_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned, const char *); extern int __register_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops); extern void __unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name); extern void unregister_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned); extern void chrdev_show(struct seq_file *,off_t); static inline int register_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops) { return __register_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name, fops); } static inline void unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name) { __unregister_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name); } extern void init_special_inode(struct inode *, umode_t, dev_t); /* Invalid inode operations -- fs/bad_inode.c */ extern void make_bad_inode(struct inode *); extern bool is_bad_inode(struct inode *); extern int __must_check file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __must_check file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file); extern int __must_check file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end); static inline int file_write_and_wait(struct file *file) { return file_write_and_wait_range(file, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern int vfs_fsync(struct file *file, int datasync); extern int sync_file_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags); /* * Sync the bytes written if this was a synchronous write. Expect ki_pos * to already be updated for the write, and will return either the amount * of bytes passed in, or an error if syncing the file failed. */ static inline ssize_t generic_write_sync(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t count) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC) { int ret = vfs_fsync_range(iocb->ki_filp, iocb->ki_pos - count, iocb->ki_pos - 1, (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_SYNC) ? 0 : 1); if (ret) return ret; } return count; } extern void emergency_sync(void); extern void emergency_remount(void); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block); #else static inline int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block) { return -EINVAL; } #endif int notify_change(struct user_namespace *, struct dentry *, struct iattr *, struct inode **); int inode_permission(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, int); int generic_permission(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, int); static inline int file_permission(struct file *file, int mask) { return inode_permission(file_mnt_user_ns(file), file_inode(file), mask); } static inline int path_permission(const struct path *path, int mask) { return inode_permission(mnt_user_ns(path->mnt), d_inode(path->dentry), mask); } int __check_sticky(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); static inline bool execute_ok(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); } static inline bool inode_wrong_type(const struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return (inode->i_mode ^ mode) & S_IFMT; } static inline void file_start_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline bool file_start_write_trylock(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return true; return sb_start_write_trylock(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline void file_end_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; __sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /* * This is used for regular files where some users -- especially the * currently executed binary in a process, previously handled via * VM_DENYWRITE -- cannot handle concurrent write (and maybe mmap * read-write shared) accesses. * * get_write_access() gets write permission for a file. * put_write_access() releases this write permission. * deny_write_access() denies write access to a file. * allow_write_access() re-enables write access to a file. * * The i_writecount field of an inode can have the following values: * 0: no write access, no denied write access * < 0: (-i_writecount) users that denied write access to the file. * > 0: (i_writecount) users that have write access to the file. * * Normally we operate on that counter with atomic_{inc,dec} and it's safe * except for the cases where we don't hold i_writecount yet. Then we need to * use {get,deny}_write_access() - these functions check the sign and refuse * to do the change if sign is wrong. */ static inline int get_write_access(struct inode *inode) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline int deny_write_access(struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline void put_write_access(struct inode * inode) { atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount); } static inline void allow_write_access(struct file *file) { if (file) atomic_inc(&file_inode(file)->i_writecount); } static inline bool inode_is_open_for_write(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) > 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount)); atomic_dec(&inode->i_readcount); } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_readcount); } #else static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { return; } #endif extern int do_pipe_flags(int *, int); extern ssize_t kernel_read(struct file *, void *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t __kernel_read(struct file *file, void *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos); extern ssize_t kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t __kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern struct file * open_exec(const char *); /* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */ extern bool is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern bool path_is_under(const struct path *, const struct path *); extern char *file_path(struct file *, char *, int); #include <linux/err.h> /* needed for stackable file system support */ extern loff_t default_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern int inode_init_always(struct super_block *, struct inode *); extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *); extern void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *); extern ino_t iunique(struct super_block *, ino_t); extern int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode); extern int generic_delete_inode(struct inode *inode); static inline int generic_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return !inode->i_nlink || inode_unhashed(inode); } extern void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *ilookup5_nowait(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup5(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino); extern struct inode *inode_insert5(struct inode *inode, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode * iget5_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode * iget_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern struct inode *find_inode_nowait(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*match)(struct inode *, unsigned long, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *find_inode_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode *find_inode_by_ino_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern int insert_inode_locked4(struct inode *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern int insert_inode_locked(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC extern void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode); #else static inline void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode) { }; #endif extern void unlock_new_inode(struct inode *); extern void discard_new_inode(struct inode *); extern unsigned int get_next_ino(void); extern void evict_inodes(struct super_block *sb); void dump_mapping(const struct address_space *); /* * Userspace may rely on the the inode number being non-zero. For example, glibc * simply ignores files with zero i_ino in unlink() and other places. * * As an additional complication, if userspace was compiled with * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=32 on a 64-bit kernel we'll only end up reading out the * lower 32 bits, so we need to check that those aren't zero explicitly. With * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64, this may cause some harmless false-negatives, but * better safe than sorry. */ static inline bool is_zero_ino(ino_t ino) { return (u32)ino == 0; } extern void __iget(struct inode * inode); extern void iget_failed(struct inode *); extern void clear_inode(struct inode *); extern void __destroy_inode(struct inode *); extern struct inode *new_inode_pseudo(struct super_block *sb); extern struct inode *new_inode(struct super_block *sb); extern void free_inode_nonrcu(struct inode *inode); extern int should_remove_suid(struct dentry *); extern int file_remove_privs(struct file *); /* * This must be used for allocating filesystems specific inodes to set * up the inode reclaim context correctly. */ static inline void * alloc_inode_sb(struct super_block *sb, struct kmem_cache *cache, gfp_t gfp) { return kmem_cache_alloc_lru(cache, &sb->s_inode_lru, gfp); } extern void __insert_inode_hash(struct inode *, unsigned long hashval); static inline void insert_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { __insert_inode_hash(inode, inode->i_ino); } extern void __remove_inode_hash(struct inode *); static inline void remove_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { if (!inode_unhashed(inode) && !hlist_fake(&inode->i_hash)) __remove_inode_hash(inode); } extern void inode_sb_list_add(struct inode *inode); extern void inode_add_lru(struct inode *inode); extern int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int generic_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern ssize_t generic_write_checks(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int generic_write_checks_count(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t *count); extern int generic_write_check_limits(struct file *file, loff_t pos, loff_t *count); extern int generic_file_rw_checks(struct file *file_in, struct file *file_out); ssize_t filemap_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to, ssize_t already_read); extern ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t vfs_iter_read(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iter_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_read(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_write(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); /* fs/splice.c */ extern ssize_t generic_file_splice_read(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t iter_file_splice_write(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_splice_sendpage(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct file *out, loff_t *, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern long do_splice_direct(struct file *in, loff_t *ppos, struct file *out, loff_t *opos, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern void file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping); extern loff_t noop_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t no_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_setpos(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek_size(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t maxsize, loff_t eof); extern loff_t fixed_size_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t size); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek_size(struct file *, loff_t, int, loff_t); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); int rw_verify_area(int, struct file *, const loff_t *, size_t); extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int stream_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK typedef void (dio_submit_t)(struct bio *bio, struct inode *inode, loff_t file_offset); enum { /* need locking between buffered and direct access */ DIO_LOCKING = 0x01, /* filesystem does not support filling holes */ DIO_SKIP_HOLES = 0x02, }; ssize_t __blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block, dio_iodone_t end_io, dio_submit_t submit_io, int flags); static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block) { return __blockdev_direct_IO(iocb, inode, inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iter, get_block, NULL, NULL, DIO_LOCKING | DIO_SKIP_HOLES); } #endif void inode_dio_wait(struct inode *inode); /** * inode_dio_begin - signal start of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_begin(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_dio_count); } /** * inode_dio_end - signal finish of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_end(struct inode *inode) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&inode->i_dio_count)) wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_DIO_WAKEUP); } /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure diring a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp); extern void inode_set_flags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int mask); extern const struct file_operations generic_ro_fops; #define special_file(m) (S_ISCHR(m)||S_ISBLK(m)||S_ISFIFO(m)||S_ISSOCK(m)) extern int readlink_copy(char __user *, int, const char *); extern int page_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern void page_put_link(void *); extern int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs); extern int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len); extern const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations; extern void kfree_link(void *); void generic_fillattr(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct kstat *); void generic_fill_statx_attr(struct inode *inode, struct kstat *stat); extern int vfs_getattr_nosec(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int vfs_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); void __inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void __inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); static inline loff_t __inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode) { return (((loff_t)inode->i_blocks) << 9) + inode->i_bytes; } loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode); void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); const char *simple_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern const struct inode_operations simple_symlink_inode_operations; extern int iterate_dir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); int vfs_fstatat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat, int flags); int vfs_fstat(int fd, struct kstat *stat); static inline int vfs_stat(const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, filename, stat, 0); } static inline int vfs_lstat(const char __user *name, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, name, stat, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } extern const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *, struct delayed_call *); extern int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern struct file_system_type *get_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern void put_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern struct file_system_type *get_fs_type(const char *name); extern struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_active_super(struct block_device *bdev); extern void drop_super(struct super_block *sb); extern void drop_super_exclusive(struct super_block *sb); extern void iterate_supers(void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern void iterate_supers_type(struct file_system_type *, void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *, struct file *); extern int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *, struct file *); extern loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int dcache_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); extern int simple_setattr(struct user_namespace *, struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int simple_getattr(struct user_namespace *, const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int simple_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); extern int simple_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); extern int simple_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rename_exchange(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry); extern int simple_rename(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); extern void simple_recursive_removal(struct dentry *, void (*callback)(struct dentry *)); extern int noop_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern ssize_t noop_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); extern int simple_empty(struct dentry *); extern int simple_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern const struct address_space_operations ram_aops; extern int always_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *); extern struct inode *alloc_anon_inode(struct super_block *); extern int simple_nosetlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern const struct dentry_operations simple_dentry_operations; extern struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern const struct file_operations simple_dir_operations; extern const struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations; extern void make_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); extern bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); struct tree_descr { const char *name; const struct file_operations *ops; int mode; }; struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *, const char *); extern int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *, unsigned long, const struct tree_descr *); extern int simple_pin_fs(struct file_system_type *, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); extern ssize_t simple_write_to_buffer(void *to, size_t available, loff_t *ppos, const void __user *from, size_t count); extern int __generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_check_addressable(unsigned, u64); extern void generic_set_encrypted_ci_d_ops(struct dentry *dentry); #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION extern int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); extern int buffer_migrate_page_norefs(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); #else #define buffer_migrate_page NULL #define buffer_migrate_page_norefs NULL #endif int may_setattr(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct inode *inode, unsigned int ia_valid); int setattr_prepare(struct user_namespace *, struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *, loff_t offset); void setattr_copy(struct user_namespace *, struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr); extern int file_update_time(struct file *file); static inline bool vma_is_dax(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_file && IS_DAX(vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host); } static inline bool vma_is_fsdax(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct inode *inode; if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_DAX) || !vma->vm_file) return false; if (!vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file); if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode)) return false; /* device-dax */ return true; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file) { int res = 0; if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND) res |= IOCB_APPEND; if (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) res |= IOCB_DIRECT; if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(file->f_mapping->host)) res |= IOCB_DSYNC; if (file->f_flags & __O_SYNC) res |= IOCB_SYNC; return res; } static inline int kiocb_set_rw_flags(struct kiocb *ki, rwf_t flags) { int kiocb_flags = 0; /* make sure there's no overlap between RWF and private IOCB flags */ BUILD_BUG_ON((__force int) RWF_SUPPORTED & IOCB_EVENTFD); if (!flags) return 0; if (unlikely(flags & ~RWF_SUPPORTED)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (flags & RWF_NOWAIT) { if (!(ki->ki_filp->f_mode & FMODE_NOWAIT)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; kiocb_flags |= IOCB_NOIO; } kiocb_flags |= (__force int) (flags & RWF_SUPPORTED); if (flags & RWF_SYNC) kiocb_flags |= IOCB_DSYNC; ki->ki_flags |= kiocb_flags; return 0; } static inline ino_t parent_ino(struct dentry *dentry) { ino_t res; /* * Don't strictly need d_lock here? If the parent ino could change * then surely we'd have a deeper race in the caller? */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); res = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return res; } /* Transaction based IO helpers */ /* * An argresp is stored in an allocated page and holds the * size of the argument or response, along with its content */ struct simple_transaction_argresp { ssize_t size; char data[]; }; #define SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct simple_transaction_argresp)) char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size); ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *pos); int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n); /* * simple attribute files * * These attributes behave similar to those in sysfs: * * Writing to an attribute immediately sets a value, an open file can be * written to multiple times. * * Reading from an attribute creates a buffer from the value that might get * read with multiple read calls. When the attribute has been read * completely, no further read calls are possible until the file is opened * again. * * All attributes contain a text representation of a numeric value * that are accessed with the get() and set() functions. */ #define DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(__fops, __get, __set, __fmt) \ static int __fops ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ __simple_attr_check_format(__fmt, 0ull); \ return simple_attr_open(inode, file, __get, __set, __fmt); \ } \ static const struct file_operations __fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __fops ## _open, \ .release = simple_attr_release, \ .read = simple_attr_read, \ .write = simple_attr_write, \ .llseek = generic_file_llseek, \ } static inline __printf(1, 2) void __simple_attr_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { /* don't do anything, just let the compiler check the arguments; */ } int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, int (*get)(void *, u64 *), int (*set)(void *, u64), const char *fmt); int simple_attr_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); struct ctl_table; int __init list_bdev_fs_names(char *buf, size_t size); #define __FMODE_EXEC ((__force int) FMODE_EXEC) #define __FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force int) FMODE_NONOTIFY) #define ACC_MODE(x) ("\004\002\006\006"[(x)&O_ACCMODE]) #define OPEN_FMODE(flag) ((__force fmode_t)(((flag + 1) & O_ACCMODE) | \ (flag & __FMODE_NONOTIFY))) static inline bool is_sxid(umode_t mode) { return (mode & S_ISUID) || ((mode & S_ISGID) && (mode & S_IXGRP)); } static inline int check_sticky(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { if (!(dir->i_mode & S_ISVTX)) return 0; return __check_sticky(mnt_userns, dir, inode); } static inline void inode_has_no_xattr(struct inode *inode) { if (!is_sxid(inode->i_mode) && (inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_NOSEC)) inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC; } static inline bool is_root_inode(struct inode *inode) { return inode == inode->i_sb->s_root->d_inode; } static inline bool dir_emit(struct dir_context *ctx, const char *name, int namelen, u64 ino, unsigned type) { return ctx->actor(ctx, name, namelen, ctx->pos, ino, type) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, ".", 1, ctx->pos, file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_ino, DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dotdot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, "..", 2, ctx->pos, parent_ino(file->f_path.dentry), DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dots(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { if (ctx->pos == 0) { if (!dir_emit_dot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 1; } if (ctx->pos == 1) { if (!dir_emit_dotdot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 2; } return true; } static inline bool dir_relax(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock(inode); inode_lock(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } static inline bool dir_relax_shared(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock_shared(inode); inode_lock_shared(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } extern bool path_noexec(const struct path *path); extern void inode_nohighmem(struct inode *inode); /* mm/fadvise.c */ extern int vfs_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); extern int generic_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); #endif /* _LINUX_FS_H */
3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Because linux/module.h has tracepoints in the header, and ftrace.h * used to include this file, define_trace.h includes linux/module.h * But we do not want the module.h to override the TRACE_SYSTEM macro * variable that define_trace.h is processing, so we only set it * when module events are being processed, which would happen when * CREATE_TRACE_POINTS is defined. */ #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM module #endif #if !defined(_TRACE_MODULE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_MODULE_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES struct module; #define show_module_flags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "", \ { (1UL << TAINT_PROPRIETARY_MODULE), "P" }, \ { (1UL << TAINT_OOT_MODULE), "O" }, \ { (1UL << TAINT_FORCED_MODULE), "F" }, \ { (1UL << TAINT_CRAP), "C" }, \ { (1UL << TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE), "E" }) TRACE_EVENT(module_load, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod), TP_ARGS(mod), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, taints ) __string( name, mod->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->taints = mod->taints; __assign_str(name, mod->name); ), TP_printk("%s %s", __get_str(name), show_module_flags(__entry->taints)) ); TRACE_EVENT(module_free, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod), TP_ARGS(mod), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, mod->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, mod->name); ), TP_printk("%s", __get_str(name)) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD /* trace_module_get/put are only used if CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD is defined */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(module_refcnt, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod, unsigned long ip), TP_ARGS(mod, ip), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( int, refcnt ) __string( name, mod->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ip = ip; __entry->refcnt = atomic_read(&mod->refcnt); __assign_str(name, mod->name); ), TP_printk("%s call_site=%ps refcnt=%d", __get_str(name), (void *)__entry->ip, __entry->refcnt) ); DEFINE_EVENT(module_refcnt, module_get, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod, unsigned long ip), TP_ARGS(mod, ip) ); DEFINE_EVENT(module_refcnt, module_put, TP_PROTO(struct module *mod, unsigned long ip), TP_ARGS(mod, ip) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD */ TRACE_EVENT(module_request, TP_PROTO(char *name, bool wait, unsigned long ip), TP_ARGS(name, wait, ip), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( bool, wait ) __string( name, name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ip = ip; __entry->wait = wait; __assign_str(name, name); ), TP_printk("%s wait=%d call_site=%ps", __get_str(name), (int)__entry->wait, (void *)__entry->ip) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */ #endif /* _TRACE_MODULE_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
881 134 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM pagemap #if !defined(_TRACE_PAGEMAP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PAGEMAP_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #define PAGEMAP_MAPPED 0x0001u #define PAGEMAP_ANONYMOUS 0x0002u #define PAGEMAP_FILE 0x0004u #define PAGEMAP_SWAPCACHE 0x0008u #define PAGEMAP_SWAPBACKED 0x0010u #define PAGEMAP_MAPPEDDISK 0x0020u #define PAGEMAP_BUFFERS 0x0040u #define trace_pagemap_flags(folio) ( \ (folio_test_anon(folio) ? PAGEMAP_ANONYMOUS : PAGEMAP_FILE) | \ (folio_mapped(folio) ? PAGEMAP_MAPPED : 0) | \ (folio_test_swapcache(folio) ? PAGEMAP_SWAPCACHE : 0) | \ (folio_test_swapbacked(folio) ? PAGEMAP_SWAPBACKED : 0) | \ (folio_test_mappedtodisk(folio) ? PAGEMAP_MAPPEDDISK : 0) | \ (folio_test_private(folio) ? PAGEMAP_BUFFERS : 0) \ ) TRACE_EVENT(mm_lru_insertion, TP_PROTO(struct folio *folio), TP_ARGS(folio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct folio *, folio ) __field(unsigned long, pfn ) __field(enum lru_list, lru ) __field(unsigned long, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->folio = folio; __entry->pfn = folio_pfn(folio); __entry->lru = folio_lru_list(folio); __entry->flags = trace_pagemap_flags(folio); ), /* Flag format is based on page-types.c formatting for pagemap */ TP_printk("folio=%p pfn=0x%lx lru=%d flags=%s%s%s%s%s%s", __entry->folio, __entry->pfn, __entry->lru, __entry->flags & PAGEMAP_MAPPED ? "M" : " ", __entry->flags & PAGEMAP_ANONYMOUS ? "a" : "f", __entry->flags & PAGEMAP_SWAPCACHE ? "s" : " ", __entry->flags & PAGEMAP_SWAPBACKED ? "b" : " ", __entry->flags & PAGEMAP_MAPPEDDISK ? "d" : " ", __entry->flags & PAGEMAP_BUFFERS ? "B" : " ") ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_lru_activate, TP_PROTO(struct folio *folio), TP_ARGS(folio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct folio *, folio ) __field(unsigned long, pfn ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->folio = folio; __entry->pfn = folio_pfn(folio); ), TP_printk("folio=%p pfn=0x%lx", __entry->folio, __entry->pfn) ); #endif /* _TRACE_PAGEMAP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1612 1612 1609 2140 2139 2141 2140 2139 2139 2139 2140 2142 2143 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * preemptoff and irqoff tracepoints * * Copyright (C) Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org> */ #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include "trace.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/preemptirq.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS /* Per-cpu variable to prevent redundant calls when IRQs already off */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, tracing_irq_cpu); /* * Like trace_hardirqs_on() but without the lockdep invocation. This is * used in the low level entry code where the ordering vs. RCU is important * and lockdep uses a staged approach which splits the lockdep hardirq * tracking into a RCU on and a RCU off section. */ void trace_hardirqs_on_prepare(void) { if (this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_enable(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); tracer_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 0); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on_prepare); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on_prepare); void trace_hardirqs_on(void) { if (this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_enable_rcuidle(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); tracer_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 0); } lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare(CALLER_ADDR0); lockdep_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on); /* * Like trace_hardirqs_off() but without the lockdep invocation. This is * used in the low level entry code where the ordering vs. RCU is important * and lockdep uses a staged approach which splits the lockdep hardirq * tracking into a RCU on and a RCU off section. */ void trace_hardirqs_off_finish(void) { if (!this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 1); tracer_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_disable(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off_finish); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off_finish); void trace_hardirqs_off(void) { lockdep_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0); if (!this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 1); tracer_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_disable_rcuidle(CALLER_ADDR0, CALLER_ADDR1); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off); __visible void trace_hardirqs_on_caller(unsigned long caller_addr) { if (this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_enable_rcuidle(CALLER_ADDR0, caller_addr); tracer_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0, caller_addr); this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 0); } lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare(CALLER_ADDR0); lockdep_hardirqs_on(CALLER_ADDR0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on_caller); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_on_caller); __visible void trace_hardirqs_off_caller(unsigned long caller_addr) { lockdep_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0); if (!this_cpu_read(tracing_irq_cpu)) { this_cpu_write(tracing_irq_cpu, 1); tracer_hardirqs_off(CALLER_ADDR0, caller_addr); if (!in_nmi()) trace_irq_disable_rcuidle(CALLER_ADDR0, caller_addr); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off_caller); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(trace_hardirqs_off_caller); #endif /* CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_PREEMPT_TOGGLE void trace_preempt_on(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_preempt_enable_rcuidle(a0, a1); tracer_preempt_on(a0, a1); } void trace_preempt_off(unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1) { if (!in_nmi()) trace_preempt_disable_rcuidle(a0, a1); tracer_preempt_off(a0, a1); } #endif
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1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 2001 Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/iocontext.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mempool.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/sched/sysctl.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <trace/events/block.h> #include "blk.h" #include "blk-rq-qos.h" #include "blk-cgroup.h" struct bio_alloc_cache { struct bio *free_list; unsigned int nr; }; static struct biovec_slab { int nr_vecs; char *name; struct kmem_cache *slab; } bvec_slabs[] __read_mostly = { { .nr_vecs = 16, .name = "biovec-16" }, { .nr_vecs = 64, .name = "biovec-64" }, { .nr_vecs = 128, .name = "biovec-128" }, { .nr_vecs = BIO_MAX_VECS, .name = "biovec-max" }, }; static struct biovec_slab *biovec_slab(unsigned short nr_vecs) { switch (nr_vecs) { /* smaller bios use inline vecs */ case 5 ... 16: return &bvec_slabs[0]; case 17 ... 64: return &bvec_slabs[1]; case 65 ... 128: return &bvec_slabs[2]; case 129 ... BIO_MAX_VECS: return &bvec_slabs[3]; default: BUG(); return NULL; } } /* * fs_bio_set is the bio_set containing bio and iovec memory pools used by * IO code that does not need private memory pools. */ struct bio_set fs_bio_set; EXPORT_SYMBOL(fs_bio_set); /* * Our slab pool management */ struct bio_slab { struct kmem_cache *slab; unsigned int slab_ref; unsigned int slab_size; char name[8]; }; static DEFINE_MUTEX(bio_slab_lock); static DEFINE_XARRAY(bio_slabs); static struct bio_slab *create_bio_slab(unsigned int size) { struct bio_slab *bslab = kzalloc(sizeof(*bslab), GFP_KERNEL); if (!bslab) return NULL; snprintf(bslab->name, sizeof(bslab->name), "bio-%d", size); bslab->slab = kmem_cache_create(bslab->name, size, ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU, NULL); if (!bslab->slab) goto fail_alloc_slab; bslab->slab_ref = 1; bslab->slab_size = size; if (!xa_err(xa_store(&bio_slabs, size, bslab, GFP_KERNEL))) return bslab; kmem_cache_destroy(bslab->slab); fail_alloc_slab: kfree(bslab); return NULL; } static inline unsigned int bs_bio_slab_size(struct bio_set *bs) { return bs->front_pad + sizeof(struct bio) + bs->back_pad; } static struct kmem_cache *bio_find_or_create_slab(struct bio_set *bs) { unsigned int size = bs_bio_slab_size(bs); struct bio_slab *bslab; mutex_lock(&bio_slab_lock); bslab = xa_load(&bio_slabs, size); if (bslab) bslab->slab_ref++; else bslab = create_bio_slab(size); mutex_unlock(&bio_slab_lock); if (bslab) return bslab->slab; return NULL; } static void bio_put_slab(struct bio_set *bs) { struct bio_slab *bslab = NULL; unsigned int slab_size = bs_bio_slab_size(bs); mutex_lock(&bio_slab_lock); bslab = xa_load(&bio_slabs, slab_size); if (WARN(!bslab, KERN_ERR "bio: unable to find slab!\n")) goto out; WARN_ON_ONCE(bslab->slab != bs->bio_slab); WARN_ON(!bslab->slab_ref); if (--bslab->slab_ref) goto out; xa_erase(&bio_slabs, slab_size); kmem_cache_destroy(bslab->slab); kfree(bslab); out: mutex_unlock(&bio_slab_lock); } void bvec_free(mempool_t *pool, struct bio_vec *bv, unsigned short nr_vecs) { BUG_ON(nr_vecs > BIO_MAX_VECS); if (nr_vecs == BIO_MAX_VECS) mempool_free(bv, pool); else if (nr_vecs > BIO_INLINE_VECS) kmem_cache_free(biovec_slab(nr_vecs)->slab, bv); } /* * Make the first allocation restricted and don't dump info on allocation * failures, since we'll fall back to the mempool in case of failure. */ static inline gfp_t bvec_alloc_gfp(gfp_t gfp) { return (gfp & ~(__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO)) | __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN; } struct bio_vec *bvec_alloc(mempool_t *pool, unsigned short *nr_vecs, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct biovec_slab *bvs = biovec_slab(*nr_vecs); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!bvs)) return NULL; /* * Upgrade the nr_vecs request to take full advantage of the allocation. * We also rely on this in the bvec_free path. */ *nr_vecs = bvs->nr_vecs; /* * Try a slab allocation first for all smaller allocations. If that * fails and __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM is set retry with the mempool. * The mempool is sized to handle up to BIO_MAX_VECS entries. */ if (*nr_vecs < BIO_MAX_VECS) { struct bio_vec *bvl; bvl = kmem_cache_alloc(bvs->slab, bvec_alloc_gfp(gfp_mask)); if (likely(bvl) || !(gfp_mask & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM)) return bvl; *nr_vecs = BIO_MAX_VECS; } return mempool_alloc(pool, gfp_mask); } void bio_uninit(struct bio *bio) { #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP if (bio->bi_blkg) { blkg_put(bio->bi_blkg); bio->bi_blkg = NULL; } #endif if (bio_integrity(bio)) bio_integrity_free(bio); bio_crypt_free_ctx(bio); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_uninit); static void bio_free(struct bio *bio) { struct bio_set *bs = bio->bi_pool; void *p; bio_uninit(bio); if (bs) { bvec_free(&bs->bvec_pool, bio->bi_io_vec, bio->bi_max_vecs); /* * If we have front padding, adjust the bio pointer before freeing */ p = bio; p -= bs->front_pad; mempool_free(p, &bs->bio_pool); } else { /* Bio was allocated by bio_kmalloc() */ kfree(bio); } } /* * Users of this function have their own bio allocation. Subsequently, * they must remember to pair any call to bio_init() with bio_uninit() * when IO has completed, or when the bio is released. */ void bio_init(struct bio *bio, struct block_device *bdev, struct bio_vec *table, unsigned short max_vecs, unsigned int opf) { bio->bi_next = NULL; bio->bi_bdev = bdev; bio->bi_opf = opf; bio->bi_flags = 0; bio->bi_ioprio = 0; bio->bi_status = 0; bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = 0; bio->bi_iter.bi_size = 0; bio->bi_iter.bi_idx = 0; bio->bi_iter.bi_bvec_done = 0; bio->bi_end_io = NULL; bio->bi_private = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP bio->bi_blkg = NULL; bio->bi_issue.value = 0; if (bdev) bio_associate_blkg(bio); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOCOST bio->bi_iocost_cost = 0; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION bio->bi_crypt_context = NULL; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY bio->bi_integrity = NULL; #endif bio->bi_vcnt = 0; atomic_set(&bio->__bi_remaining, 1); atomic_set(&bio->__bi_cnt, 1); bio->bi_cookie = BLK_QC_T_NONE; bio->bi_max_vecs = max_vecs; bio->bi_io_vec = table; bio->bi_pool = NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_init); /** * bio_reset - reinitialize a bio * @bio: bio to reset * @bdev: block device to use the bio for * @opf: operation and flags for bio * * Description: * After calling bio_reset(), @bio will be in the same state as a freshly * allocated bio returned bio bio_alloc_bioset() - the only fields that are * preserved are the ones that are initialized by bio_alloc_bioset(). See * comment in struct bio. */ void bio_reset(struct bio *bio, struct block_device *bdev, unsigned int opf) { bio_uninit(bio); memset(bio, 0, BIO_RESET_BYTES); atomic_set(&bio->__bi_remaining, 1); bio->bi_bdev = bdev; if (bio->bi_bdev) bio_associate_blkg(bio); bio->bi_opf = opf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_reset); static struct bio *__bio_chain_endio(struct bio *bio) { struct bio *parent = bio->bi_private; if (bio->bi_status && !parent->bi_status) parent->bi_status = bio->bi_status; bio_put(bio); return parent; } static void bio_chain_endio(struct bio *bio) { bio_endio(__bio_chain_endio(bio)); } /** * bio_chain - chain bio completions * @bio: the target bio * @parent: the parent bio of @bio * * The caller won't have a bi_end_io called when @bio completes - instead, * @parent's bi_end_io won't be called until both @parent and @bio have * completed; the chained bio will also be freed when it completes. * * The caller must not set bi_private or bi_end_io in @bio. */ void bio_chain(struct bio *bio, struct bio *parent) { BUG_ON(bio->bi_private || bio->bi_end_io); bio->bi_private = parent; bio->bi_end_io = bio_chain_endio; bio_inc_remaining(parent); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_chain); struct bio *blk_next_bio(struct bio *bio, struct block_device *bdev, unsigned int nr_pages, unsigned int opf, gfp_t gfp) { struct bio *new = bio_alloc(bdev, nr_pages, opf, gfp); if (bio) { bio_chain(bio, new); submit_bio(bio); } return new; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_next_bio); static void bio_alloc_rescue(struct work_struct *work) { struct bio_set *bs = container_of(work, struct bio_set, rescue_work); struct bio *bio; while (1) { spin_lock(&bs->rescue_lock); bio = bio_list_pop(&bs->rescue_list); spin_unlock(&bs->rescue_lock); if (!bio) break; submit_bio_noacct(bio); } } static void punt_bios_to_rescuer(struct bio_set *bs) { struct bio_list punt, nopunt; struct bio *bio; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!bs->rescue_workqueue)) return; /* * In order to guarantee forward progress we must punt only bios that * were allocated from this bio_set; otherwise, if there was a bio on * there for a stacking driver higher up in the stack, processing it * could require allocating bios from this bio_set, and doing that from * our own rescuer would be bad. * * Since bio lists are singly linked, pop them all instead of trying to * remove from the middle of the list: */ bio_list_init(&punt); bio_list_init(&nopunt); while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&current->bio_list[0]))) bio_list_add(bio->bi_pool == bs ? &punt : &nopunt, bio); current->bio_list[0] = nopunt; bio_list_init(&nopunt); while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&current->bio_list[1]))) bio_list_add(bio->bi_pool == bs ? &punt : &nopunt, bio); current->bio_list[1] = nopunt; spin_lock(&bs->rescue_lock); bio_list_merge(&bs->rescue_list, &punt); spin_unlock(&bs->rescue_lock); queue_work(bs->rescue_workqueue, &bs->rescue_work); } /** * bio_alloc_bioset - allocate a bio for I/O * @bdev: block device to allocate the bio for (can be %NULL) * @nr_vecs: number of bvecs to pre-allocate * @opf: operation and flags for bio * @gfp_mask: the GFP_* mask given to the slab allocator * @bs: the bio_set to allocate from. * * Allocate a bio from the mempools in @bs. * * If %__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM is set then bio_alloc will always be able to * allocate a bio. This is due to the mempool guarantees. To make this work, * callers must never allocate more than 1 bio at a time from the general pool. * Callers that need to allocate more than 1 bio must always submit the * previously allocated bio for IO before attempting to allocate a new one. * Failure to do so can cause deadlocks under memory pressure. * * Note that when running under submit_bio_noacct() (i.e. any block driver), * bios are not submitted until after you return - see the code in * submit_bio_noacct() that converts recursion into iteration, to prevent * stack overflows. * * This would normally mean allocating multiple bios under submit_bio_noacct() * would be susceptible to deadlocks, but we have * deadlock avoidance code that resubmits any blocked bios from a rescuer * thread. * * However, we do not guarantee forward progress for allocations from other * mempools. Doing multiple allocations from the same mempool under * submit_bio_noacct() should be avoided - instead, use bio_set's front_pad * for per bio allocations. * * Returns: Pointer to new bio on success, NULL on failure. */ struct bio *bio_alloc_bioset(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned short nr_vecs, unsigned int opf, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct bio_set *bs) { gfp_t saved_gfp = gfp_mask; struct bio *bio; void *p; /* should not use nobvec bioset for nr_vecs > 0 */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!mempool_initialized(&bs->bvec_pool) && nr_vecs > 0)) return NULL; /* * submit_bio_noacct() converts recursion to iteration; this means if * we're running beneath it, any bios we allocate and submit will not be * submitted (and thus freed) until after we return. * * This exposes us to a potential deadlock if we allocate multiple bios * from the same bio_set() while running underneath submit_bio_noacct(). * If we were to allocate multiple bios (say a stacking block driver * that was splitting bios), we would deadlock if we exhausted the * mempool's reserve. * * We solve this, and guarantee forward progress, with a rescuer * workqueue per bio_set. If we go to allocate and there are bios on * current->bio_list, we first try the allocation without * __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM; if that fails, we punt those bios we would be * blocking to the rescuer workqueue before we retry with the original * gfp_flags. */ if (current->bio_list && (!bio_list_empty(&current->bio_list[0]) || !bio_list_empty(&current->bio_list[1])) && bs->rescue_workqueue) gfp_mask &= ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM; p = mempool_alloc(&bs->bio_pool, gfp_mask); if (!p && gfp_mask != saved_gfp) { punt_bios_to_rescuer(bs); gfp_mask = saved_gfp; p = mempool_alloc(&bs->bio_pool, gfp_mask); } if (unlikely(!p)) return NULL; bio = p + bs->front_pad; if (nr_vecs > BIO_INLINE_VECS) { struct bio_vec *bvl = NULL; bvl = bvec_alloc(&bs->bvec_pool, &nr_vecs, gfp_mask); if (!bvl && gfp_mask != saved_gfp) { punt_bios_to_rescuer(bs); gfp_mask = saved_gfp; bvl = bvec_alloc(&bs->bvec_pool, &nr_vecs, gfp_mask); } if (unlikely(!bvl)) goto err_free; bio_init(bio, bdev, bvl, nr_vecs, opf); } else if (nr_vecs) { bio_init(bio, bdev, bio->bi_inline_vecs, BIO_INLINE_VECS, opf); } else { bio_init(bio, bdev, NULL, 0, opf); } bio->bi_pool = bs; return bio; err_free: mempool_free(p, &bs->bio_pool); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_alloc_bioset); /** * bio_kmalloc - kmalloc a bio for I/O * @gfp_mask: the GFP_* mask given to the slab allocator * @nr_iovecs: number of iovecs to pre-allocate * * Use kmalloc to allocate and initialize a bio. * * Returns: Pointer to new bio on success, NULL on failure. */ struct bio *bio_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned short nr_iovecs) { struct bio *bio; if (nr_iovecs > UIO_MAXIOV) return NULL; bio = kmalloc(struct_size(bio, bi_inline_vecs, nr_iovecs), gfp_mask); if (unlikely(!bio)) return NULL; bio_init(bio, NULL, nr_iovecs ? bio->bi_inline_vecs : NULL, nr_iovecs, 0); bio->bi_pool = NULL; return bio; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_kmalloc); void zero_fill_bio(struct bio *bio) { struct bio_vec bv; struct bvec_iter iter; bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, iter) memzero_bvec(&bv); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_fill_bio); /** * bio_truncate - truncate the bio to small size of @new_size * @bio: the bio to be truncated * @new_size: new size for truncating the bio * * Description: * Truncate the bio to new size of @new_size. If bio_op(bio) is * REQ_OP_READ, zero the truncated part. This function should only * be used for handling corner cases, such as bio eod. */ static void bio_truncate(struct bio *bio, unsigned new_size) { struct bio_vec bv; struct bvec_iter iter; unsigned int done = 0; bool truncated = false; if (new_size >= bio->bi_iter.bi_size) return; if (bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_READ) goto exit; bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, iter) { if (done + bv.bv_len > new_size) { unsigned offset; if (!truncated) offset = new_size - done; else offset = 0; zero_user(bv.bv_page, bv.bv_offset + offset, bv.bv_len - offset); truncated = true; } done += bv.bv_len; } exit: /* * Don't touch bvec table here and make it really immutable, since * fs bio user has to retrieve all pages via bio_for_each_segment_all * in its .end_bio() callback. * * It is enough to truncate bio by updating .bi_size since we can make * correct bvec with the updated .bi_size for drivers. */ bio->bi_iter.bi_size = new_size; } /** * guard_bio_eod - truncate a BIO to fit the block device * @bio: bio to truncate * * This allows us to do IO even on the odd last sectors of a device, even if the * block size is some multiple of the physical sector size. * * We'll just truncate the bio to the size of the device, and clear the end of * the buffer head manually. Truly out-of-range accesses will turn into actual * I/O errors, this only handles the "we need to be able to do I/O at the final * sector" case. */ void guard_bio_eod(struct bio *bio) { sector_t maxsector = bdev_nr_sectors(bio->bi_bdev); if (!maxsector) return; /* * If the *whole* IO is past the end of the device, * let it through, and the IO layer will turn it into * an EIO. */ if (unlikely(bio->bi_iter.bi_sector >= maxsector)) return; maxsector -= bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; if (likely((bio->bi_iter.bi_size >> 9) <= maxsector)) return; bio_truncate(bio, maxsector << 9); } #define ALLOC_CACHE_MAX 512 #define ALLOC_CACHE_SLACK 64 static void bio_alloc_cache_prune(struct bio_alloc_cache *cache, unsigned int nr) { unsigned int i = 0; struct bio *bio; while ((bio = cache->free_list) != NULL) { cache->free_list = bio->bi_next; cache->nr--; bio_free(bio); if (++i == nr) break; } } static int bio_cpu_dead(unsigned int cpu, struct hlist_node *node) { struct bio_set *bs; bs = hlist_entry_safe(node, struct bio_set, cpuhp_dead); if (bs->cache) { struct bio_alloc_cache *cache = per_cpu_ptr(bs->cache, cpu); bio_alloc_cache_prune(cache, -1U); } return 0; } static void bio_alloc_cache_destroy(struct bio_set *bs) { int cpu; if (!bs->cache) return; cpuhp_state_remove_instance_nocalls(CPUHP_BIO_DEAD, &bs->cpuhp_dead); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct bio_alloc_cache *cache; cache = per_cpu_ptr(bs->cache, cpu); bio_alloc_cache_prune(cache, -1U); } free_percpu(bs->cache); } /** * bio_put - release a reference to a bio * @bio: bio to release reference to * * Description: * Put a reference to a &struct bio, either one you have gotten with * bio_alloc, bio_get or bio_clone_*. The last put of a bio will free it. **/ void bio_put(struct bio *bio) { if (unlikely(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_REFFED))) { BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&bio->__bi_cnt)); if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&bio->__bi_cnt)) return; } if (bio_flagged(bio, BIO_PERCPU_CACHE)) { struct bio_alloc_cache *cache; bio_uninit(bio); cache = per_cpu_ptr(bio->bi_pool->cache, get_cpu()); bio->bi_next = cache->free_list; cache->free_list = bio; if (++cache->nr > ALLOC_CACHE_MAX + ALLOC_CACHE_SLACK) bio_alloc_cache_prune(cache, ALLOC_CACHE_SLACK); put_cpu(); } else { bio_free(bio); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_put); static int __bio_clone(struct bio *bio, struct bio *bio_src, gfp_t gfp) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_CLONED); if (bio_flagged(bio_src, BIO_THROTTLED)) bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_THROTTLED); if (bio->bi_bdev == bio_src->bi_bdev && bio_flagged(bio_src, BIO_REMAPPED)) bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_REMAPPED); bio->bi_ioprio = bio_src->bi_ioprio; bio->bi_iter = bio_src->bi_iter; bio_clone_blkg_association(bio, bio_src); blkcg_bio_issue_init(bio); if (bio_crypt_clone(bio, bio_src, gfp) < 0) return -ENOMEM; if (bio_integrity(bio_src) && bio_integrity_clone(bio, bio_src, gfp) < 0) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } /** * bio_alloc_clone - clone a bio that shares the original bio's biovec * @bdev: block_device to clone onto * @bio_src: bio to clone from * @gfp: allocation priority * @bs: bio_set to allocate from * * Allocate a new bio that is a clone of @bio_src. The caller owns the returned * bio, but not the actual data it points to. * * The caller must ensure that the return bio is not freed before @bio_src. */ struct bio *bio_alloc_clone(struct block_device *bdev, struct bio *bio_src, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs) { struct bio *bio; bio = bio_alloc_bioset(bdev, 0, bio_src->bi_opf, gfp, bs); if (!bio) return NULL; if (__bio_clone(bio, bio_src, gfp) < 0) { bio_put(bio); return NULL; } bio->bi_io_vec = bio_src->bi_io_vec; return bio; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_alloc_clone); /** * bio_init_clone - clone a bio that shares the original bio's biovec * @bdev: block_device to clone onto * @bio: bio to clone into * @bio_src: bio to clone from * @gfp: allocation priority * * Initialize a new bio in caller provided memory that is a clone of @bio_src. * The caller owns the returned bio, but not the actual data it points to. * * The caller must ensure that @bio_src is not freed before @bio. */ int bio_init_clone(struct block_device *bdev, struct bio *bio, struct bio *bio_src, gfp_t gfp) { int ret; bio_init(bio, bdev, bio_src->bi_io_vec, 0, bio_src->bi_opf); ret = __bio_clone(bio, bio_src, gfp); if (ret) bio_uninit(bio); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_init_clone); /** * bio_full - check if the bio is full * @bio: bio to check * @len: length of one segment to be added * * Return true if @bio is full and one segment with @len bytes can't be * added to the bio, otherwise return false */ static inline bool bio_full(struct bio *bio, unsigned len) { if (bio->bi_vcnt >= bio->bi_max_vecs) return true; if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > UINT_MAX - len) return true; return false; } static inline bool page_is_mergeable(const struct bio_vec *bv, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off, bool *same_page) { size_t bv_end = bv->bv_offset + bv->bv_len; phys_addr_t vec_end_addr = page_to_phys(bv->bv_page) + bv_end - 1; phys_addr_t page_addr = page_to_phys(page); if (vec_end_addr + 1 != page_addr + off) return false; if (xen_domain() && !xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(bv, page)) return false; *same_page = ((vec_end_addr & PAGE_MASK) == page_addr); if (*same_page) return true; return (bv->bv_page + bv_end / PAGE_SIZE) == (page + off / PAGE_SIZE); } /** * __bio_try_merge_page - try appending data to an existing bvec. * @bio: destination bio * @page: start page to add * @len: length of the data to add * @off: offset of the data relative to @page * @same_page: return if the segment has been merged inside the same page * * Try to add the data at @page + @off to the last bvec of @bio. This is a * useful optimisation for file systems with a block size smaller than the * page size. * * Warn if (@len, @off) crosses pages in case that @same_page is true. * * Return %true on success or %false on failure. */ static bool __bio_try_merge_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off, bool *same_page) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED))) return false; if (bio->bi_vcnt > 0) { struct bio_vec *bv = &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt - 1]; if (page_is_mergeable(bv, page, len, off, same_page)) { if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > UINT_MAX - len) { *same_page = false; return false; } bv->bv_len += len; bio->bi_iter.bi_size += len; return true; } } return false; } /* * Try to merge a page into a segment, while obeying the hardware segment * size limit. This is not for normal read/write bios, but for passthrough * or Zone Append operations that we can't split. */ static bool bio_try_merge_hw_seg(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned len, unsigned offset, bool *same_page) { struct bio_vec *bv = &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt - 1]; unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q); phys_addr_t addr1 = page_to_phys(bv->bv_page) + bv->bv_offset; phys_addr_t addr2 = page_to_phys(page) + offset + len - 1; if ((addr1 | mask) != (addr2 | mask)) return false; if (bv->bv_len + len > queue_max_segment_size(q)) return false; return __bio_try_merge_page(bio, page, len, offset, same_page); } /** * bio_add_hw_page - attempt to add a page to a bio with hw constraints * @q: the target queue * @bio: destination bio * @page: page to add * @len: vec entry length * @offset: vec entry offset * @max_sectors: maximum number of sectors that can be added * @same_page: return if the segment has been merged inside the same page * * Add a page to a bio while respecting the hardware max_sectors, max_segment * and gap limitations. */ int bio_add_hw_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset, unsigned int max_sectors, bool *same_page) { struct bio_vec *bvec; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED))) return 0; if (((bio->bi_iter.bi_size + len) >> 9) > max_sectors) return 0; if (bio->bi_vcnt > 0) { if (bio_try_merge_hw_seg(q, bio, page, len, offset, same_page)) return len; /* * If the queue doesn't support SG gaps and adding this segment * would create a gap, disallow it. */ bvec = &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt - 1]; if (bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bvec, offset)) return 0; } if (bio_full(bio, len)) return 0; if (bio->bi_vcnt >= queue_max_segments(q)) return 0; bvec = &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt]; bvec->bv_page = page; bvec->bv_len = len; bvec->bv_offset = offset; bio->bi_vcnt++; bio->bi_iter.bi_size += len; return len; } /** * bio_add_pc_page - attempt to add page to passthrough bio * @q: the target queue * @bio: destination bio * @page: page to add * @len: vec entry length * @offset: vec entry offset * * Attempt to add a page to the bio_vec maplist. This can fail for a * number of reasons, such as the bio being full or target block device * limitations. The target block device must allow bio's up to PAGE_SIZE, * so it is always possible to add a single page to an empty bio. * * This should only be used by passthrough bios. */ int bio_add_pc_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset) { bool same_page = false; return bio_add_hw_page(q, bio, page, len, offset, queue_max_hw_sectors(q), &same_page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_add_pc_page); /** * bio_add_zone_append_page - attempt to add page to zone-append bio * @bio: destination bio * @page: page to add * @len: vec entry length * @offset: vec entry offset * * Attempt to add a page to the bio_vec maplist of a bio that will be submitted * for a zone-append request. This can fail for a number of reasons, such as the * bio being full or the target block device is not a zoned block device or * other limitations of the target block device. The target block device must * allow bio's up to PAGE_SIZE, so it is always possible to add a single page * to an empty bio. * * Returns: number of bytes added to the bio, or 0 in case of a failure. */ int bio_add_zone_append_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bio->bi_bdev); bool same_page = false; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND)) return 0; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!blk_queue_is_zoned(q))) return 0; return bio_add_hw_page(q, bio, page, len, offset, queue_max_zone_append_sectors(q), &same_page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bio_add_zone_append_page); /** * __bio_add_page - add page(s) to a bio in a new segment * @bio: destination bio * @page: start page to add * @len: length of the data to add, may cross pages * @off: offset of the data relative to @page, may cross pages * * Add the data at @page + @off to @bio as a new bvec. The caller must ensure * that @bio has space for another bvec. */ void __bio_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { struct bio_vec *bv = &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt]; WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_full(bio, len)); bv->bv_page = page; bv->bv_offset = off; bv->bv_len = len; bio->bi_iter.bi_size += len; bio->bi_vcnt++; if (!bio_flagged(bio, BIO_WORKINGSET) && unlikely(PageWorkingset(page))) bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_WORKINGSET); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__bio_add_page); /** * bio_add_page - attempt to add page(s) to bio * @bio: destination bio * @page: start page to add * @len: vec entry length, may cross pages * @offset: vec entry offset relative to @page, may cross pages * * Attempt to add page(s) to the bio_vec maplist. This will only fail * if either bio->bi_vcnt == bio->bi_max_vecs or it's a cloned bio. */ int bio_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset) { bool same_page = false; if (!__bio_try_merge_page(bio, page, len, offset, &same_page)) { if (bio_full(bio, len)) return 0; __bio_add_page(bio, page, len, offset); } return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_add_page); /** * bio_add_folio - Attempt to add part of a folio to a bio. * @bio: BIO to add to. * @folio: Folio to add. * @len: How many bytes from the folio to add. * @off: First byte in this folio to add. * * Filesystems that use folios can call this function instead of calling * bio_add_page() for each page in the folio. If @off is bigger than * PAGE_SIZE, this function can create a bio_vec that starts in a page * after the bv_page. BIOs do not support folios that are 4GiB or larger. * * Return: Whether the addition was successful. */ bool bio_add_folio(struct bio *bio, struct folio *folio, size_t len, size_t off) { if (len > UINT_MAX || off > UINT_MAX) return false; return bio_add_page(bio, &folio->page, len, off) > 0; } void __bio_release_pages(struct bio *bio, bool mark_dirty) { struct bvec_iter_all iter_all; struct bio_vec *bvec; bio_for_each_segment_all(bvec, bio, iter_all) { if (mark_dirty && !PageCompound(bvec->bv_page)) set_page_dirty_lock(bvec->bv_page); put_page(bvec->bv_page); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__bio_release_pages); void bio_iov_bvec_set(struct bio *bio, struct iov_iter *iter) { size_t size = iov_iter_count(iter); WARN_ON_ONCE(bio->bi_max_vecs); if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bio->bi_bdev); size_t max_sectors = queue_max_zone_append_sectors(q); size = min(size, max_sectors << SECTOR_SHIFT); } bio->bi_vcnt = iter->nr_segs; bio->bi_io_vec = (struct bio_vec *)iter->bvec; bio->bi_iter.bi_bvec_done = iter->iov_offset; bio->bi_iter.bi_size = size; bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_NO_PAGE_REF); bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_CLONED); } static void bio_put_pages(struct page **pages, size_t size, size_t off) { size_t i, nr = DIV_ROUND_UP(size + (off & ~PAGE_MASK), PAGE_SIZE); for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) put_page(pages[i]); } #define PAGE_PTRS_PER_BVEC (sizeof(struct bio_vec) / sizeof(struct page *)) /** * __bio_iov_iter_get_pages - pin user or kernel pages and add them to a bio * @bio: bio to add pages to * @iter: iov iterator describing the region to be mapped * * Pins pages from *iter and appends them to @bio's bvec array. The * pages will have to be released using put_page() when done. * For multi-segment *iter, this function only adds pages from the * next non-empty segment of the iov iterator. */ static int __bio_iov_iter_get_pages(struct bio *bio, struct iov_iter *iter) { unsigned short nr_pages = bio->bi_max_vecs - bio->bi_vcnt; unsigned short entries_left = bio->bi_max_vecs - bio->bi_vcnt; struct bio_vec *bv = bio->bi_io_vec + bio->bi_vcnt; struct page **pages = (struct page **)bv; bool same_page = false; ssize_t size, left; unsigned len, i; size_t offset; /* * Move page array up in the allocated memory for the bio vecs as far as * possible so that we can start filling biovecs from the beginning * without overwriting the temporary page array. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(PAGE_PTRS_PER_BVEC < 2); pages += entries_left * (PAGE_PTRS_PER_BVEC - 1); size = iov_iter_get_pages(iter, pages, LONG_MAX, nr_pages, &offset); if (unlikely(size <= 0)) return size ? size : -EFAULT; for (left = size, i = 0; left > 0; left -= len, i++) { struct page *page = pages[i]; len = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE - offset, left); if (__bio_try_merge_page(bio, page, len, offset, &same_page)) { if (same_page) put_page(page); } else { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_full(bio, len))) { bio_put_pages(pages + i, left, offset); return -EINVAL; } __bio_add_page(bio, page, len, offset); } offset = 0; } iov_iter_advance(iter, size); return 0; } static int __bio_iov_append_get_pages(struct bio *bio, struct iov_iter *iter) { unsigned short nr_pages = bio->bi_max_vecs - bio->bi_vcnt; unsigned short entries_left = bio->bi_max_vecs - bio->bi_vcnt; struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bio->bi_bdev); unsigned int max_append_sectors = queue_max_zone_append_sectors(q); struct bio_vec *bv = bio->bi_io_vec + bio->bi_vcnt; struct page **pages = (struct page **)bv; ssize_t size, left; unsigned len, i; size_t offset; int ret = 0; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!max_append_sectors)) return 0; /* * Move page array up in the allocated memory for the bio vecs as far as * possible so that we can start filling biovecs from the beginning * without overwriting the temporary page array. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(PAGE_PTRS_PER_BVEC < 2); pages += entries_left * (PAGE_PTRS_PER_BVEC - 1); size = iov_iter_get_pages(iter, pages, LONG_MAX, nr_pages, &offset); if (unlikely(size <= 0)) return size ? size : -EFAULT; for (left = size, i = 0; left > 0; left -= len, i++) { struct page *page = pages[i]; bool same_page = false; len = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE - offset, left); if (bio_add_hw_page(q, bio, page, len, offset, max_append_sectors, &same_page) != len) { bio_put_pages(pages + i, left, offset); ret = -EINVAL; break; } if (same_page) put_page(page); offset = 0; } iov_iter_advance(iter, size - left); return ret; } /** * bio_iov_iter_get_pages - add user or kernel pages to a bio * @bio: bio to add pages to * @iter: iov iterator describing the region to be added * * This takes either an iterator pointing to user memory, or one pointing to * kernel pages (BVEC iterator). If we're adding user pages, we pin them and * map them into the kernel. On IO completion, the caller should put those * pages. For bvec based iterators bio_iov_iter_get_pages() uses the provided * bvecs rather than copying them. Hence anyone issuing kiocb based IO needs * to ensure the bvecs and pages stay referenced until the submitted I/O is * completed by a call to ->ki_complete() or returns with an error other than * -EIOCBQUEUED. The caller needs to check if the bio is flagged BIO_NO_PAGE_REF * on IO completion. If it isn't, then pages should be released. * * The function tries, but does not guarantee, to pin as many pages as * fit into the bio, or are requested in @iter, whatever is smaller. If * MM encounters an error pinning the requested pages, it stops. Error * is returned only if 0 pages could be pinned. * * It's intended for direct IO, so doesn't do PSI tracking, the caller is * responsible for setting BIO_WORKINGSET if necessary. */ int bio_iov_iter_get_pages(struct bio *bio, struct iov_iter *iter) { int ret = 0; if (iov_iter_is_bvec(iter)) { bio_iov_bvec_set(bio, iter); iov_iter_advance(iter, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); return 0; } do { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND) ret = __bio_iov_append_get_pages(bio, iter); else ret = __bio_iov_iter_get_pages(bio, iter); } while (!ret && iov_iter_count(iter) && !bio_full(bio, 0)); /* don't account direct I/O as memory stall */ bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_WORKINGSET); return bio->bi_vcnt ? 0 : ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bio_iov_iter_get_pages); static void submit_bio_wait_endio(struct bio *bio) { complete(bio->bi_private); } /** * submit_bio_wait - submit a bio, and wait until it completes * @bio: The &struct bio which describes the I/O * * Simple wrapper around submit_bio(). Returns 0 on success, or the error from * bio_endio() on failure. * * WARNING: Unlike to how submit_bio() is usually used, this function does not * result in bio reference to be consumed. The caller must drop the reference * on his own. */ int submit_bio_wait(struct bio *bio) { DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK_MAP(done, bio->bi_bdev->bd_disk->lockdep_map); unsigned long hang_check; bio->bi_private = &done; bio->bi_end_io = submit_bio_wait_endio; bio->bi_opf |= REQ_SYNC; submit_bio(bio); /* Prevent hang_check timer from firing at us during very long I/O */ hang_check = sysctl_hung_task_timeout_secs; if (hang_check) while (!wait_for_completion_io_timeout(&done, hang_check * (HZ/2))) ; else wait_for_completion_io(&done); return blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(submit_bio_wait); void __bio_advance(struct bio *bio, unsigned bytes) { if (bio_integrity(bio)) bio_integrity_advance(bio, bytes); bio_crypt_advance(bio, bytes); bio_advance_iter(bio, &bio->bi_iter, bytes); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__bio_advance); void bio_copy_data_iter(struct bio *dst, struct bvec_iter *dst_iter, struct bio *src, struct bvec_iter *src_iter) { while (src_iter->bi_size && dst_iter->bi_size) { struct bio_vec src_bv = bio_iter_iovec(src, *src_iter); struct bio_vec dst_bv = bio_iter_iovec(dst, *dst_iter); unsigned int bytes = min(src_bv.bv_len, dst_bv.bv_len); void *src_buf; src_buf = bvec_kmap_local(&src_bv); memcpy_to_bvec(&dst_bv, src_buf); kunmap_local(src_buf); bio_advance_iter_single(src, src_iter, bytes); bio_advance_iter_single(dst, dst_iter, bytes); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_copy_data_iter); /** * bio_copy_data - copy contents of data buffers from one bio to another * @src: source bio * @dst: destination bio * * Stops when it reaches the end of either @src or @dst - that is, copies * min(src->bi_size, dst->bi_size) bytes (or the equivalent for lists of bios). */ void bio_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src) { struct bvec_iter src_iter = src->bi_iter; struct bvec_iter dst_iter = dst->bi_iter; bio_copy_data_iter(dst, &dst_iter, src, &src_iter); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_copy_data); void bio_free_pages(struct bio *bio) { struct bio_vec *bvec; struct bvec_iter_all iter_all; bio_for_each_segment_all(bvec, bio, iter_all) __free_page(bvec->bv_page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_free_pages); /* * bio_set_pages_dirty() and bio_check_pages_dirty() are support functions * for performing direct-IO in BIOs. * * The problem is that we cannot run set_page_dirty() from interrupt context * because the required locks are not interrupt-safe. So what we can do is to * mark the pages dirty _before_ performing IO. And in interrupt context, * check that the pages are still dirty. If so, fine. If not, redirty them * in process context. * * We special-case compound pages here: normally this means reads into hugetlb * pages. The logic in here doesn't really work right for compound pages * because the VM does not uniformly chase down the head page in all cases. * But dirtiness of compound pages is pretty meaningless anyway: the VM doesn't * handle them at all. So we skip compound pages here at an early stage. * * Note that this code is very hard to test under normal circumstances because * direct-io pins the pages with get_user_pages(). This makes * is_page_cache_freeable return false, and the VM will not clean the pages. * But other code (eg, flusher threads) could clean the pages if they are mapped * pagecache. * * Simply disabling the call to bio_set_pages_dirty() is a good way to test the * deferred bio dirtying paths. */ /* * bio_set_pages_dirty() will mark all the bio's pages as dirty. */ void bio_set_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio) { struct bio_vec *bvec; struct bvec_iter_all iter_all; bio_for_each_segment_all(bvec, bio, iter_all) { if (!PageCompound(bvec->bv_page)) set_page_dirty_lock(bvec->bv_page); } } /* * bio_check_pages_dirty() will check that all the BIO's pages are still dirty. * If they are, then fine. If, however, some pages are clean then they must * have been written out during the direct-IO read. So we take another ref on * the BIO and re-dirty the pages in process context. * * It is expected that bio_check_pages_dirty() will wholly own the BIO from * here on. It will run one put_page() against each page and will run one * bio_put() against the BIO. */ static void bio_dirty_fn(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_WORK(bio_dirty_work, bio_dirty_fn); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bio_dirty_lock); static struct bio *bio_dirty_list; /* * This runs in process context */ static void bio_dirty_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct bio *bio, *next; spin_lock_irq(&bio_dirty_lock); next = bio_dirty_list; bio_dirty_list = NULL; spin_unlock_irq(&bio_dirty_lock); while ((bio = next) != NULL) { next = bio->bi_private; bio_release_pages(bio, true); bio_put(bio); } } void bio_check_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio) { struct bio_vec *bvec; unsigned long flags; struct bvec_iter_all iter_all; bio_for_each_segment_all(bvec, bio, iter_all) { if (!PageDirty(bvec->bv_page) && !PageCompound(bvec->bv_page)) goto defer; } bio_release_pages(bio, false); bio_put(bio); return; defer: spin_lock_irqsave(&bio_dirty_lock, flags); bio->bi_private = bio_dirty_list; bio_dirty_list = bio; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bio_dirty_lock, flags); schedule_work(&bio_dirty_work); } static inline bool bio_remaining_done(struct bio *bio) { /* * If we're not chaining, then ->__bi_remaining is always 1 and * we always end io on the first invocation. */ if (!bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CHAIN)) return true; BUG_ON(atomic_read(&bio->__bi_remaining) <= 0); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&bio->__bi_remaining)) { bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_CHAIN); return true; } return false; } /** * bio_endio - end I/O on a bio * @bio: bio * * Description: * bio_endio() will end I/O on the whole bio. bio_endio() is the preferred * way to end I/O on a bio. No one should call bi_end_io() directly on a * bio unless they own it and thus know that it has an end_io function. * * bio_endio() can be called several times on a bio that has been chained * using bio_chain(). The ->bi_end_io() function will only be called the * last time. **/ void bio_endio(struct bio *bio) { again: if (!bio_remaining_done(bio)) return; if (!bio_integrity_endio(bio)) return; rq_qos_done_bio(bio); if (bio->bi_bdev && bio_flagged(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION)) { trace_block_bio_complete(bdev_get_queue(bio->bi_bdev), bio); bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION); } /* * Need to have a real endio function for chained bios, otherwise * various corner cases will break (like stacking block devices that * save/restore bi_end_io) - however, we want to avoid unbounded * recursion and blowing the stack. Tail call optimization would * handle this, but compiling with frame pointers also disables * gcc's sibling call optimization. */ if (bio->bi_end_io == bio_chain_endio) { bio = __bio_chain_endio(bio); goto again; } blk_throtl_bio_endio(bio); /* release cgroup info */ bio_uninit(bio); if (bio->bi_end_io) bio->bi_end_io(bio); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_endio); /** * bio_split - split a bio * @bio: bio to split * @sectors: number of sectors to split from the front of @bio * @gfp: gfp mask * @bs: bio set to allocate from * * Allocates and returns a new bio which represents @sectors from the start of * @bio, and updates @bio to represent the remaining sectors. * * Unless this is a discard request the newly allocated bio will point * to @bio's bi_io_vec. It is the caller's responsibility to ensure that * neither @bio nor @bs are freed before the split bio. */ struct bio *bio_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs) { struct bio *split; BUG_ON(sectors <= 0); BUG_ON(sectors >= bio_sectors(bio)); /* Zone append commands cannot be split */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND)) return NULL; split = bio_alloc_clone(bio->bi_bdev, bio, gfp, bs); if (!split) return NULL; split->bi_iter.bi_size = sectors << 9; if (bio_integrity(sp