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Penn Fosters Green Technology Apprenticeship program
Course PF CourseCourse Title Number Price Duration
Year 1:
Trades Safety: Getting Started 186001 $75.00 5 hours
Working Safely with Electricity 4400 $75.00 10 hours
Basic Industrial Math Block X21 $450.00 30 hours
Addition and Subtraction 186008 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Multiplication and Division 186009 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Fractions, Percents, Proportions, and Angles 186010 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Metric System 186011 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Formulas 186012 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Introduction to Algebra 186013 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Practical Measurements Block X22 $375.00 25 hours
Linear and Distance Measurement 186021 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Bulk Measurement 186022 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Temperature Measurement 186023 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Energy, Force, and Power 186024 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Fluid Measurement 186025 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Jobs, Companies, and the Economy: Basic Concepts
for Employees 186034 $75.00 5 hours
Quality Concepts: Tools and Applications 186036 $75.00 5 hours
Applied Geometry 186085 $75.00 6 hours
Practical Trigonometry 186086 $75.00 6 hours
Introduction to Print Reading 186080 $75.00 8 hours
Abbreviations & Symbols 186081 $75.00 8 hours
Dimensions & Tolerancing 186082 $75.00 8 hours
Print Reading Applications 186083 $75.00 8 hours
Building Drawings 186043 $75.00 8 hours
Electrical Drawings and Circuits 186044 $75.00 8 hours
Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings 186046 $75.00) 8 hours
Piping: Drawings, Materials, and Parts 186047 $75.00) 8 hours
Sketching 186050 $75.00) 8 hours
Common Hand Tools, Part 1 186052 $75.00 5 hours
Common Hand Tools, Part 2 186053 $75.00 5 hours
Electric Drilling and Grinding Tools 186054 $75.00 5 hours
Power Cutting Tools 186055 $75.00 5 hours
Pneumatic Hand Tools 186056 $75.00 5 hours
Plumbing and Pipefitting Tools 286042 $75.00 5 hours
Electricians' Tools 006026 $75.00 10 hours
Tool Grinding and Sharpening 186057 $75.00 5 hours
Year 2:
Physics, Part 1 686003 $75.00 10 hours
Physics, Part 2 686004 $75.00 10 hours
DC Principles Block A21 $450.00 30 hours
Nature of Electricity 086096 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Circuit Analysis and Ohm's Law 086002 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Capacitors and Inductors 086003 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Magnetism and Electromagnetism 086004 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Conductors, Insulators, and Batteries 086005 ($75.00) (5 hours)
DC Motors and Generator Theory 086006 ($75.00) (5 hours)
AC Principles Block A22 $600.00 40 hours
Alternating Current 086007 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Alternating Current Circuits 086008 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Inductors in AC Circuits 086009 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Capacitors in AC Circuits 086010 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Transformers 086011 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Alternators 086012 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Electrical Energy Distribution 086013 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Rectification and Basic Electronic Devices 086014 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Industrial Plumbing and Pipefitting Block D20 $600.00 40 hours
The Trades of Plumbing and Pipefitting 286040 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Pipes, Fittings, and Valves 286041 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Plumbing and Pipefitting Tools 286042 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Joining and Assembling Pipes 286043 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Supporting, Installing, and Testing Pipes 286044 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Plumbing Fixtures and Appliances 286045 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Tanks, Pumps, and Boilers 286046 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Insulation for Piping and Ducting 286047 ($75.00) (5 hours)
Electric Heating 006034 $75.00 10 hours
Electric Lamps, Part 1 006031 $75.00 10 hours
Electric Lamps, Part 2 006032 $75.00 10 hours
Lighting Control 006033 $75.00 10 hours
Hot Water Supply 5385 $75.00 10 hours
Year 3:
Modern Refrigeration and Air Conditioning G14003 $599.00 160 hours
Introduction to Green Technology 498001 $75.00 10 hours
Building Systems 986M12 $230.00 25 hours
Insulate and Weatherize 986M17 $75.00 10 hours
Green Building Practices 986M18 $75.00 20 hours
Photovoltaic Systems 986M19 $150.00 20 hours
Estimated Curriculum Duration: 634 hours (Yr 1 = 209 hours; Yr 2 = 180 hours; Yr 3 = 245 hour)
Number of Exams: 98
***SEE FULL COURSE DESCRIPTIONS BELOW
186001xe "Numerical Index :186001 (Trades Safety\: Getting Started)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Trades Safety\: Getting Started (186001)"
Trades Safety: Getting Started
Duration:
5 hours (includes 1 test)
What Students Learn:
Preview
A thorough knowledge of safe practices is an important part of working in any industrial setting. Every industrial worker should be familiar with accident prevention techniques, fire safety mehods, and the use of personal protective equipment.
Injuries in the workplace cost many millions of dollars in medical costs, lost wages, and production losses each year. Many injuries can be prevented by understanding how accidents and injuries can occur. This study unit is designed to help trainees understand why safety is so important, and to present students with information about safety that goes beyond common sense.
Objectives
When a student completes this study unit, he and she will be able to:
Name the agencies that make and enforce safety regulations and explain an employees responsibilities under those regulations.
List the physical hazards associated with chemicals and describe how to avoid those hazards.
Name several electrical shock hazards and the techniques used to prevent shocks.
List the steps in a lock-out / tag-out procedure.
Explain the importance of machine guarding and name several types of machine guards.
Name the four classes of fire and how to extinguish each of them.
Describe the proper technique used to lift a heavy load.
Explain how to avoid hand injuries when using hand and power tools.
List some of the hazards involved in welding and hot cutting operations and how to prevent them.
Explain how job analysis and the science of ergonomics are used to improve the workplace.
Explain the importance of personal protective equipment and name several types of PPE.
Contents
Introduction; Safety Regulations; Key safety Issues; Protecting Yourself and Your Co-workers.
4400xe "Numerical Index :4400 (Working Safely with Electricity)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Working Safely with Electricity (4400)"
Working Safely with Electricity
Duration:
10 hours (includes 1 test)
What Students Learn:
Electrician Categories and Classifications; Electrical Safety Standards and Codes, including OSHA, NEC, and NESC; Materials Standards; Listing and Labeling by Testing Laboratories; Electric Shock; Safety Precautions; First Aid for Electric Shock; Protective Clothing.
Block X21xe "Numerical Index :Block X21 (Basic Industrial Math)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Basic Industrial Math (Block X21)"
Basic Industrial Math
Duration:
30 hours (includes 6 tests)
What Students Learn:
This module of six study units offers the trainee arithmetic and basic mathematics, metric measurement, and calculator fundamentals. The Metric System is an introductory unit which includes metric conversions. Problem exercises and examples in this module are presented in on-the-job scenarios with applications drawn from the industrial context.
Special Notes:
This updated course replaces lessons contained within Practical Math and Measurements, Block X01. Each study unit contains a progress examination.
Components:
Addition and Subtraction (186008)
Multiplication and Division (186009)
Fractions, Percents, Proportions, and Angles (186010)
Metric System (186011)
Formulas (186012)
Introduction to Algebra (186013)
186008xe "Numerical Index :186008 (Addition and Subtraction)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186008)"
Addition and Subtraction
Objectives:
Define the terms: whole number, numeral, digit, decimal, place value, addend, sum, minuend, subtrahend, and difference.
Explain the significance of the digit zero in a number.
Differentiate between concrete and abstract numbers.
Properly prepare numbers for addition and subtraction.
Perform addition and subtraction on numbers.
How to check your answers to both addition and subtraction problems.
How to use a calculator to add and subtract numbers.
186009xe "Numerical Index :186009 (Multiplication and Division)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186009)"
Multiplication and Division
Objectives:
Define the terms: factor, multiplicand, multiplier, partial product, dividend, divisor, quotient, and remainder.
Recognize the various signs used for multiplication and division.
Properly prepare numbers for multiplication and division.
Perform multiplication and division on whole numbers and decimals.
How to check your answers to both multiplication and division problems.
How to find the average of a group of numbers.
How to use a calculator to multiply and divide numbers.
186010xe "Numerical Index :186010 (Fractions, Percents, Proportions, and Angles)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186010)"
Fractions, Percents, Proportions, and Angles
Objectives:
Define the terms: fraction, proper fraction, improper fraction, lowest common denominator, percent, ratio, and proportion.
How to add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions and decimals.
How to change fractions to decimals and decimals to fractions.
Solve problems involving percent.
How to use a protractor to measure angles.
Lay out templates for checking angles.
How to use a calculator to solve percent problems and to convert fractions to decimals.
186011xe "Numerical Index :186011 (Metric System)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186011)"
Metric System
Objectives:
Name the base units most commonly used in the metric system.
Identify metric prefixes and their values.
Apply conversion factors to increase or decrease metric base units.
Estimate lengths in metric units.
Express temperature in degrees Celsius.
Define the terms: mass, density, force, torque, and pressure. Identify the metric units used to measure each one.
How to use a calculator to convert one metric unit to another.
186012xe "Numerical Index :186012 (Formulas)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186012)"
Formulas
Objectives:
Explain the use of letters in formulas.
Prepare and use formulas to solve problems.
The use of formulas to calculate the perimeter of a triangle and rectangle, distance, area of a triangle, rectangle, and circle, volume of a pyramid, current in a circuit, and volume of a sphere.
How to use a calculator to find square root and solve formulas.
Transform and solve an equation.
Perform basic arithmetic operations with signed terms.
Substitute given numerical values for letters in a formula and find the unknown quantity.
186013xe "Numerical Index :186013 (Introduction to Algebra)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186013)"
Introduction to Algebra
Objectives:
Define the terms: term, constant, coefficient, exponent, monomial, trinomial, and polynomial.
Identify and combine like terms in an expression.
Multiply and divide terms containing exponents.
Remove parentheses from an expression and simplify the expression.
Perform basic arithmetic operations with signed terms.
Block X22xe "Numerical Index :Block X22 (Practical Measurements)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Practical Measurements (Block X22)"
Practical Measurements
Duration:
25 hours (includes 5 tests)
What Students Learn:
The five lessons in this block present the trainee with a broad overview of measurements found in an industrial setting. In addition to the basic measurements of length, temperature, energy, force, and power, the trainee will learn how materials are measured and handled in bulk quantities. Fluid measurements include the measuring of fluid flow, fluid pressure, and fluid level. All lessons include the metric conversions in addition to the English units.
Special Notes:
This updated course replaces the X0105 to X0109 lessons found in Practical Math and Measurements, Block X01. Each study unit contains a progress examination.
Components:
Linear and Distance Measurement (186021)
Bulk Measurement (186022)
Temperature Measurement (186023)
Energy, Force, and Power (186024)
Fluid Measurement (186025)
186021xe "Numerical Index :186021 (Linear and Distance Measurement)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186021)"
Linear and Distance Measurement
Objectives:
Recognize the difference between English and metric units of length.
Find the perimeter of rectangular, square, or triangular areas or objects, such as rooms or machine bases, after measuring the sides.
Calculate the circumference of circular objects like pipes of tanks after measuring the diameter.
Measure lengths with the aid of rigid and flexible rules, thickness gauges and screw pitch gauges.
Read a typical vernier scale and micrometer to take precise measurements.
186022xe "Numerical Index :186022 (Bulk Measurement)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186022)"
Bulk Measurement
Objectives:
Measure an angle by degrees.
Find the areas of rectangles, triangles, and circles.
Find the volumes of prisms, cylinders, and cones.
Find the weight of material stored in a container.
Determine the amount of material that can be stored or handled.
Discuss the types and uses of conveyors and weighing systems.
186023xe "Numerical Index :186023 (Temperature Measurement)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186023)"
Temperature Measurement
Objectives:
Change temperature units from one system to another.
Discuss the use of the various types of thermometers.
Select the type of thermometer to be used at certain temperatures.
186024xe "Numerical Index :186024 (Energy, Force, and Power)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186024)"
Energy, Force, and Power
Objectives:
Distinguish between the concepts of energy, force, and power.
Explain what the term "work" means, and how it is measured.
Know by sight the basic machines, lever, inclined plane, wedge, wheel and axle, and screw.
Solve simple problems that involve levers, mechanical advantage, and machine efficiency.
List the forms of energy that have important industrial applications, and the instruments used for measuring energy.
186025xe "Numerical Index :186025 (Fluid Measurement)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186025)"
Fluid Measurement
Objectives:
Understand the properties of fluids.
Determine the density, specific gravity, and viscosity of fluids.
Express pressure in three different units.
Measure the pressure of fluids using manometers and Bourdon tubs pressure gages.
Measure the flow rate of fluids using different types of flowmeters.
186034xe "Numerical Index :186034 (Jobs, Companies, and the Economy\: Basic Concepts for Employees)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Jobs, Companies, and the Economy\: Basic Concepts for Employees (186034)"
Jobs, Companies, and the Economy: Basic Concepts for Employees
Duration:
5 hours (includes 1 test)
What Students Learn:
Recognition of how the economy affects the actions of companies, employees, consumers, and investors.
The concept of capitalism and the principles of supply and demand.
How government policies affect the amounts of saving, spending, and investing by companies and individuals.
Understand economic measuring tools such as the inflation rate, the unemployment rate and Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
How labor is divided into three employment sectors and how wages are set, including the influence of labor unions and the benefits of a multi-functional workforce.
Recognition of how both the employee and the company must compete in an increasingly international marketplace.
Special Notes:
This updated course replaces How Our Economic System Works, study unit 6606, and Economics Today, study unit 186034.
186036xe "Numerical Index :186036 (Quality Concepts\: Tools and Applications)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Quality Concepts\: Tools and Applications (186036)"
Quality Concepts: Tools and Applications
Duration:
5 hours (includes 1 test)
What Students Learn:
Describe how job roles change as a company evolves in its quality consciousness.
Explain several ways in which you can support TQM.
Identify approaches, practices and skills associated with positive organizational change.
Differentiate between the "change process" at the company level and the manufacturing processes that require improvement.
Describe major causes of process variation and give examples of how they may affect you in your job.
Explain why and how the reduction of variability is a key factor in process improvement.
Describe why and how quality and process improvement depend on data-driven decision making.
Identify seven quality tools and explain their uses.
186085xe "Numerical Index :X0211 (Applied Geometry)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Applied Geometry (X0211)"
Applied Geometry
Duration:
6 hours
Course Prerequisites:
Basic Industrial Math (Block X21)
Practical Measurements (Block X22)
What Students Learn:
Recognize characteristics of angles and closed plane figures.
Distinguish between common geometric solids.
Apply the Pythagorean theorem.
Calculate perimeters and areas of a polygon, circle, and ellipse.
Apply the formula for area and volume of geometric solids.
186086xe "Numerical Index :X0212 (Practical Trigonometry)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Practical Trigonometry (X0212)"
Practical Trigonometry
Duration:
6 hours
Course Prerequisites:
Basic Industrial Math (Block X21)
Practical Measurements (Block X22)
What Students Learn:
Define trigonometric functions.
Use trigonometric tables and apply interpolation.
Solve right triangles.
Apply the laws of sines and cosines in solving oblique triangles.
_________________________________________________
186080
Introduction to Print Reading
What Students Learn:
Describe the basic format for conveying technical information in a
drawing
Interpret the various drawing views used in technical drawings
Extract information from notes and title blocks
Recognize and interpret the different line types used in drawings
Understand the concept of drawing scale and how it affects
information shown in the drawing
Identify various types of building, electrical, and mechanical drawings
_________________________________________________________________________
186081
Print Reading Symbols and
Abbreviations
Course Prerequisite:
Introduction to Print Reading (186080)
What Students Learn:
Recognize, understand, and interpret the most common abbreviations
used on a wide range of drawing types used in construction and
maintenance trades
Understand and interpret the various symbols and notations used on
drawings for electrical, architectural, mechanical, welding, fluid
power, and other types of applications
Explain how symbols are used to show standard materials, parts, and
assemblies
__________________________________________________________________________
186082
Dimensioning and Tolerancing
Course Prerequisite:
Introduction to Print Reading (186080)
What Students Learn:
Recognize the international standards and conventions that apply to
drawings
Explain how different numbering systems were developed and how
they are applied to prints
Read and interpret various systems of dimensions and tolerances on
drawings
Recognize and interpret common symbols and nomenclature used in
geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) systems
_________________________________________________________________________
186083
Print Reading Applications
Course Prerequisite:
Introduction to Print Reading (186080)
Print Reading Symbols and Abbreviations (186081)
Dimensioning and Tolerancing (186082)
What Students Learn:
Work with standard drawing formats to obtain information such as
part titles, part numbers, dimensional standards, revisions, and
materials
Explain how various components shown on prints are connected or
related to each other
Obtain information from a drawing about quantities, materials,
assembly processes, or dimensions
Visualize the three-dimensional parts and assemblies represented by
two-dimensional drawings
Effectively interpret electrical, architectural, mechanical, fluid power,
and other types of prints.
Components:
Introduction to Print Reading (186080)
Print Reading Symbols and Abbreviations (186081)
Dimensioning and Tolerancing (186082)
Print Reading Applications (186083)
Building Drawings (186043)
Electrical Drawings and Circuits (186044)
Electronic Drawings (186045)
Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings (186046)
Piping: Drawings, Materials, and Parts (186047)
Welding Symbols (186048)
Sheet Metal Basics (186049)
Sketching (186050)
186043xe "Numerical Index :186043 (Building Drawings)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186043)"
Building Drawings
Objectives:
Identify the various kinds of building drawings.
Compare elevations, plans, and sections.
Match the symbols used on drawings with the various building materials they stand for.
Interpret the explanations and abbreviations used on building drawings.
Read steel and concrete structural drawings.
186044xe "Numerical Index :186044 (Electrical Drawings and Circuits)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186044)"
Electrical Drawings and Circuits
Objectives:
Identify electrical construction drawings, schematics, and wiring diagrams.
Interpret various electrical symbols.
Read standard abbreviations used in electrical diagrams.
Tell if a diagram is a block diagram, a schematic diagram, or a wiring diagram.
Compare closed circuits, open circuits, grounded circuits, and short circuits.
186046xe "Numerical Index :186046 (Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186046)"
Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings
Objectives:
Graphic symbols for lines, flows, and reservoirs.
Pump and valve symbols.
Fluid circuit and air circuit components.
Graphical, circuit, cutaway, pictorial, and combined diagrams.
186047xe "Numerical Index :186047 (Piping\: Drawings, Materials, and Parts)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186047)"
Piping: Drawings, Materials, and Parts
Objectives:
Define the term "piping drawings."
Recognize plans, elevations, and sectional views.
Identify a view by its placement on a drawing.
List what working drawings include.
Evaluate whether or not a freehand sketch serves its intended purpose.
Interpret the standard symbols and abbreviations and "read" the color coding on piping in industrial and power plants.
Interpret dimensions marked on piping drawings.
186050xe "Numerical Index :186050 (Sketching)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186050)"
Sketching
Objectives:
Use the right techniques for sketching straight and curved lines, and circles and arcs.
Draw, with practice, multiview sketches of simple objects that accurately show all the details of the objects.
Draw dimension sketches of simple machine parts with enough detail that parts can be made.
Draw, with practice, realistic sketches of objects that have simple rectangular and circular shapes.
186052xe "Numerical Index :186052 (Common Hand Tools, Part 1)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186052)"
Common Hand Tools, Part 1
Objectives:
Preview
In the first part of a students introduction to hand tools, you'll learn about various types of tools as well as how to use them safely. You'll also learn how workpieces are held in place, the manner in which workpieces are marked prior to actually starting a given job, and how to make the most of a workbench's many useful features.
Next, students will be introduced to a group of hand tools which most technicians use on a daily basis -- wrenches, pliers, screwdrivers, and hammers. Again, you'll learn the correct ways to safely use and take care of these tools. Equally important, students will learn how not to use these tools and the results of their improper use.
Objectives
When a student completes this study unit, he and she will be able to:
Identify common hand tools and their function.
Explain how to safely use common hand tools.
Maintain most types of hand tools.
Describe the benefits of several special features available for some hand tools.
Contents
Working with Hand Tools; Wrenches; Pliers; Screwdrivers; Striking Tools; Tool Storage and Benchwork.
186053xe "Numerical Index :186053 (Common Hand Tools, Part 2)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186053)"
Common Hand Tools, Part 2
Objectives:
Preview
In this study unit, we'll continue the discussion of hand tools commonly used by technicians. While a broad range of technicians use many of the tools discussed here, such as chisels and punches, many others are more specialized and are commonly used by maintenance and machine trades technicians.
Students will learn how to choose the correct chisel or punch for the job, how to care for it, and use it safely.
Next, you'll learn about the variety of different cutting tools such as snips, knives, and hacksaws. Another important group of tools is shaping tools, such as files. Students will learn the different types of files, and again, how to care for them, and use them safely.
Also discussed in this unit are various specialized maintenance tools. These are tools used for specific types of maintenance jobs such as pulling or prying objects from machines, safely inspecting machines, and retrieving objects in areas that aren't easily accessible to the technician.
Objectives
When a student completes this study unit, he and she will be able to:
Identify and use various chisels and punches safely.
Use and care for cutting tools.
Understand the need for specialized maintenance tools.
Correctly use threading and other precision tools.
Contents
Struck Tools; Cutting Tools; Sheet Metal Tools; Shaping Hand Tools; Hand Tools for Threading and other Precision Work; Specialized Maintenance Hand Tools.
186054xe "Numerical Index :186054 (Electric Drilling and Grinding Tools)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186054)"
Electric Drilling and Grinding Tools
Objectives:
Preview
The electric drill is one of the most widely used power tools. It has many uses and is simple to operate. Electric drills can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes, from a light household duty to the heavy-duty industrial grade hand drill and drill press. One variation of the electric drill is the hammer drill or rotary hammer. The hammer drill is a tool used for making holes in concrete and masonry.
Grinders are commonly used for shaping and finishing metal and other materials. Hand grinders are available in sizes ranging from those designed to do the intricate work of the die grinder to that of the 7-inch heavy-duty disc grinder. Bench grinders are standard equipment in most shops, ranging from a 6-inch bench model to the heavy-duty 12-inch pedestal grinder.
Objectives
When a student completes this study unit, he and she will be able to:
Safely set up and operate a portable electric drill, electric drill press, and electric hammer.
Choose the proper drill bit for many drilling applications.
Set up and use a variety of hand and bench grinders.
Safely use the proper grinder for various jobs.
Follow the necessary steps for proper tool maintenance.
Purchase the proper drilling tool for your application.
Contents
Electric Drills; Drill Presses; Drill Bits; Hammer Drills and Rotary Hammers; Electric Grinders; Abrasives.
186055xe "Numerical Index :186055 (Power Cutting Tools)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186055)"
Power Cutting Tools
Objectives:
Preview
Power cutting tools fall into two categories: portable and stationary. Portable and stationary cutting tools perform many similar operations, but portable tools, carried easily by hand, are used most often at the job site. Stationary tools are used in workshops and on plant tools. Stationary saws range in size from small shop jigsaws to huge band saws used in paper mills to saw large trees into lumber. This unit introduces students to the most common portable power saws used in construction and repair work, namely circular, saber, jig-, and reciprocating saws, and the stationary cutting tools found in most maintenance and fabrication shops.
Objectives
When a student completes this study unit, he and she will be able to:
Identify the most common portable and stationary power saws.
Identify the various parts of a saw and explain how they work.
Discuss the types of cuts made by each type of saw.
Choose the most appropriate saw and blade for the type of work being done.
Recognize a portable circular saw, name its parts, and (with practice) operate it safely.
Select and (with practice) use the proper saw; saber saw, portable band saw, reciprocating saw, cut-out saw, cut-off saw, for a given application.
Operate (with practice) the stationary circular, radial, band and scroll saws safely.
Observe the various safety precautions when using power saws and stationary power tools.
Contents
Power Saw Safety; Portable Power Saws; Stationary Circular Power Saws; Other Stationary Power Saws.
186056xe "Numerical Index :186056 (Pneumatic Hand Tools)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186056)"
Pneumatic Hand Tools
Objectives:
Preview
Pneumatic tools are used in many areas of maintenance, construction, and production work. These tools harness the power of compressed air and convert this power to useful work. Compressed air can be a very powerful energy source. However, due to this power, you must be extremely careful when using these tools.
Pneumatic tools are normally made much heavier than standard-duty hand and power tools. You will notice this fact as soon as you lift an impact wrench or framing nailer. The cases of the tools are made intentionally heavy to contain the stresses of the impact hammers or piston and to absorb the normal day-to-day abuse that the tool takes. You have probably seen someone remove a tire's lug nuts with a pneumatic impact wrench. The operator picks up the wrench and blasts off four or five bolts. Next, the wrench is dropped the six inches or so to the floor while the operator's hands move to quickly grab the wheel and rim. Come back to this same shop a year later, and you will probably see the same wrench being used after thousands of tires have come and gone. The tool's case may be nicked and grooved, but if properly cleaned and lubricated, the tool could last for many thousand more tires.
This text discusses the selection, use and safe practices of using different types of pneumatic tools.
Objectives
When a student completes this study unit, he and she will be able to:
Describe the various pneumatic tools used for plant maintenance.
Identify and describe the safe use of impact, cutting, and grinding tools.
Explain how pneumatic hammers, nailers, and staplers are selected and used in a safe manner.
Describe the use of pneumatic assembly tools such as grinders, sanders, screwdrivers, and drills and how other types of production tools are selected and used.
Identify the proper procedures for pneumatic tool and system care.
Identify safe tool use procedures and how vibration and excess noise can cause bodily injury.
Contents
Pneumatic Tools for Maintenance; Pneumatic Tools for Construction; Pneumatic Tools for Production and Assemble; Pneumatic Tool Care; Using Pneumatic Tools Safely.
286042xe "Numerical Index :286042 (Plumbing and Pipefitting Tools)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286042)"
Plumbing and Pipefitting Tools
Objectives:
Identify the various tools available for various tasks by appearance.
Demonstrate your knowledge of job safety and tool safety.
Identify the tools required to join and assemble pipes of different material composition.
Determine when and how to use pipe-joint assembly tools.
Identify the tools required to perform layout, cutting, and boring tasks.
Identify the tools needed for testing and maintaining piping systems.
Determine when and how to use finishing, testing, and maintenance tools for piping systems.
006026xe "Numerical Index :006026 (Electricians' Tools)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (006026)"
Electricians' Tools
Objectives:
Electricians' Equipment: Basic Hand Tools; Wire-Working Tools; Conduit-Working Tools; Power Tools; Knowledge as a Tool with Basic Introduction to the Metric System; Units of Electricity; Static Electricity; Electric Current, Measuring Instruments, and the Symbols and Terminology Used by Electricians.
186057xe "Numerical Index :186057 (Tool Grinding and Sharpening)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (186057)"
Tool Grinding and Sharpening
Objectives:
Preview
Trades people must keep their hand tools in good working condition. They must follow a regular maintenance schedule for servicing them. Tools with cutting edges must have the edges sharpened. Other tools must be trued and shaped for their special uses. Screwdrivers, chisels, punches, snips, and twist drills are shaped or sharpened on a grinding machine.
Objectives
When a student completes this study unit, he and she will be able to:
Use a grinding machine, following all safety procedures.
Hone or whet tools with an oilstone.
Explain the procedures for grinding metal stock.
Compare the methods used in grinding screwdrivers, snips, chisels, plane irons, and twist drills.
Contents
Tool Sharpening Equipment; Grinding and Sharpening Procedures.
686003xe "Numerical Index :686002 (Heat, Part 2)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Heat, Part 2 (686002)"
Physics, Part 1
Duration: 10 hours (includes 1 test)
Course Prerequisites:
Formulas (186012); ( Practical Measurements (Block X22)
What Students Learn:
Physical Structure of Matter; Temperature; Units of Measurement; Uniform Motion; Laws of Motion; Vectors; Forces; Center of Gravity; Pressure of Fluids; Measurement of Pressure; Buoyancy; Molecular Forces in Liquids; Laws of Gases; Application of Pressure of Gases; Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy; Power; Friction; Machine Elements; Nuclear Energy.
Special Notes:
This updated course replaces course 5850A.
The entire course consists of study units 686003-686004. (
686004xe "Numerical Index :686002 (Heat, Part 2)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Heat, Part 2 (686002)"
Physics, Part 2
( Duration: 10 hours (includes 1 test)
( Course Prerequisites: ( Formulas (186012)( Practical Measurements (Block X22) (
What Students Learn: ( Heat and Temperature; Measurement of Heat; Change of State; Transference of Heat; Transmission of Sound; Properties of Sound Waves; Ultrasonics; Properties of Light; Reflection of Light; Refraction of Light; Lenses; Spectra; Polarization of Light; Masers and Lasers; Magnetism; Static Electricity; Sources of Current Electricity; Generation of Electricity by Electromagnetic Induction; Mutual Induction and Self- Induction; Electromagnetic Motor Action; Generation of Electricity by Chemical Means; Conduction of Electricity; Electrolysis; Electron Emission; Radio Communication; Television. ( Special Notes:
This updated course replaces course 5850B.
The entire course consists of study units 686003-686004.
Block A21xe "Numerical Index :Block A21 (DC Principles)"xe "Alphabetical Index :DC Principles (Block A21)"
DC Principles
Duration:
30 hours (includes 6 tests)
Course Prerequisites:
Basic Industrial Math (Block X21)
What Students Learn:
In this block consisting of six study units, the trainee will learn the basics of electrical theory. These units introduce electrical terms, symbols, and the operation of simple circuits. Ohm's law receives extensive coverage including practical troubleshooting examples used to industry. A new unit specific to capacitors and inductors provides more in-depth coverage. Up-to-date information on conductors, insulation, and specialty batteries forms a revised study unit. Study units covering magnetism, electromagnetism, motors, and generators are included with industry related examples.
Special Notes:
This updated course replaces DC Principles, Block A01. Each study unit contains a progress examination.
Components:
Nature of Electricity (086096)
Circuit Analysis and Ohm's Law (086002)
Capacitors and Inductors (086003)
Magnetism and Electromagnetism (086004)
Conductors, Insulators, and Batteries (086005)
DC Motors and Generator Theory (086006)
086096xe "Numerical Index :086001 (Nature of Electricity)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086001)"
Nature of Electricity
Objectives:
Explain the operation of a simple circuit.
Define the terms: conductor, insulator, and resistor.
Demonstrate that unlike charges attract and like charges repel.
List the dangers and benefits of static electricity.
Define the terms: volt, ampere, and ohm.
Describe common notations and prefixes used to identify electrical and electronic values.
Identify carbon resistors, potentiometers, and rheostats, and explain how they work.
Identify the common electrical symbols used in schematic diagrams.
Explain the difference between a series and parallel circuit.
086002xe "Numerical Index :086002 (Circuit Analysis and Ohm's Law)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086002)"
Circuit Analysis and Ohm's Law
Objectives:
Find the total resistance in series, parallel, and series-parallel circuits.
Use Ohm's law to calculate the current, voltage, or resistance in circuits.
Calculate the amount of power supplied and dissipated in a DC circuit.
List the steps for finding current, voltage, and resistance with a digital or analog meter.
086003xe "Numerical Index :086003 (Capacitors and Inductors)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086003)"
Capacitors and Inductors
Objectives:
Explain how a capacitor holds a charge.
Describe common types of capacitors.
Identify common capacitor ratings.
Calculate the total capacitance of a circuit containing capacitors in series or in parallel.
Calculate the time constant of a resistance-capacitance or RC circuit.
Explain how inductors are constructed.
Describe the system used to rate inductors.
Describe how an inductor regulates the flow of current in a DC circuit.
Calculate the total inductance of series or parallel connected inductors.
Calculate the time constant for a resistance-inductance or RL circuit.
086004xe "Numerical Index :086004 (Magnetism and Electromagnetism)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086004)"
Magnetism and Electromagnetism
Objectives:
Identify the north and south poles of permanent magnets and electromagnets.
Name magnetic and nonmagnetic materials.
Describe how to magnetize a piece of steel by induction.
Explain the difference between simple, compound, and closed magnetic circuits.
Locate the direction of magnetic lines of force around a conductor (if the direction of current is known).
Use the right-hand rule to locate the poles of a solenoid.
Describe the operation of simple electromagnetic relays, buzzers, and stepping switches.
Explain how a DC motor operates.
Give a simplified explanation for generator action and motor action with electromagnetic induction.
086005xe "Numerical Index :086005 (Conductors, Insulators, and Batteries)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086005)"
Conductors, Insulators, and Batteries
Objectives:
Describe the various types of conductors and discuss their conductivity.
Explain the American Wire Gage System of sizing copper conductors.
Determine the size of conductor needed for an application.
Identify the various types of insulating materials and their temperature ratings.
Explain the difference between a dry cell and a storage battery.
How to connect cells together to obtain more voltage, more current, or more of both voltage and current.
Describe the proper safety precautions used when working with storage batteries.
Describe how to properly clean and care for storage batteries.
Discuss the instruments used for testing storage batteries.
Explain how NiCad, lithium, and other types of special batteries operate, and describe their ratings.
086006xe "Numerical Index :086006 (DC Motors and Generator Theory)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086006)"
DC Motors and Generator Theory
Objectives:
Identify a series-, shunt-, and compound-wound motor and discuss their application.
Explain how a permanent-magnet and stepper motor operate.
List the steps to reversing a DC motor's direction.
Discuss how the speed of a DC motor can be controlled.
Explain the basic principle for generating a direct current.
Name the factors that affect the strength of the induced voltage.
Describe the purpose of a commutator and brush assembly.
Discuss the difference between the field connections of series-, shunt-, and compound-wound machines.
Give the reason for shifting brushes.
Discuss the use of commutating poles and compensating windings for better generator operation.
List the various types of machine losses.
Block A22xe "Numerical Index :Block A22 (AC Principles)"xe "Alphabetical Index :AC Principles (Block A22)"
AC Principles
Duration:
40 hours (includes 8 tests)
Course Prerequisites:
Basic Industrial Math (Block X21)
DC Principles (Block A21)
What Students Learn:
Alternating current is the form of current most often used to furnish electrical energy. Students receive a complete introduction to AC terminology and basic AC circuit configurations. Individual study units on the uses of capacitors and inductors in AC circuits underlines the importance of these components in AC theory. The generation, control, and distribution of AC power are highlighted in study units on alternators, transformers, and energy distribution. How electricity is generated at a power plant and sent to consumers is covered. The student will also be introduced to basic electronics through a study unit on rectification and basic electronic components.
Special Notes:
This updated course replaces AC Principles and Components, Block A02. Each study unit contains a progress examination.
Components:
Alternating Current (086007)
Alternating Current Circuits (086008)
Inductors in AC Circuits (086009)
Capacitors in AC Circuits (086010)
Transformers (086011)
Alternators (086012)
Electrical Energy Distribution (086013)
Rectification and Basic Electronic Devices (086014)
086007xe "Numerical Index :086007 (Alternating Current)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086007)"
Alternating Current
Objectives:
Draw a graph of an AC voltage and describe how AC voltage is created.
Explain AC cycle terms: "alternation," "peak," "positive," and "negative."
Define the time period of an AC voltage as expressed in degrees.
List the characteristic values of an AC cycle and describe the relationship between the values.
Define phase angle and describe how it relates to reactive circuits.
Calculate power for single-phase and three-phase circuits.
Describe how a 220 VAC single-phase circuit operates.
Illustrate the phase relationship of three-phase wave forms.
Determine real power by reading a power factor meter.
Describe delta and wye three-phase circuit connections.
086008xe "Numerical Index :086008 (Alternating Current Circuits)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086008)"
Alternating Current Circuits
Objectives:
Identify electric circuits in terms of their circuit characteristics.
List several circuit characteristics that are used to describe a circuit for a particular load application.
Connect electrical components in series and parallel circuits.
Control loads from one or two switch points.
Describe how delta- and wye-connected three phase circuits are different.
Explain how grounding a circuit increases its safety.
Recognize the difference between control circuits and power circuits.
086009xe "Numerical Index :086009 (Inductors in AC Circuits)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086009)"
Inductors in AC Circuits
Objectives:
Explain how an inductor is made and how it operates in a DC and AC circuit.
Describe inductive reactance and impedance, and how AC frequency effects inductance.
Use Ohm's law in an AC circuit that includes an inductor.
Calculate the impedance of a series RL circuit.
Calculate the impedance of a parallel RL circuit.
086010xe "Numerical Index :086010 (Capacitors in AC Circuits)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086010)"
Capacitors in AC Circuits
Objectives:
Describe how a capacitor stores a charge and how series connected and parallel connected capacitance values are calculated.
Discuss capacitive reactance and use Ohm's Law in AC circuits that contain a capacitor.
Calculate the impedance of a series RC circuit.
Explain how changing the frequency of an AC signal changes capacitive reactance.
086011xe "Numerical Index :086011 (Transformers)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086011)"
Transformers
Objectives:
Explain what the main components of a transformer are.
Tell how mutual inductance makes it possible to change an AC voltage from one value to another when using a transformer.
Determine the turns ratio of a transformer when the primary and secondary voltages are known.
Calculate primary or secondary voltages or current when either one of these and the turns ratio are known.
Explain why transformers are laminated.
Connect three single-phase transformers for three-phase operation.
Calculate line current (if phase current is known) in delta-connected transformers.
Explain the operating principles of an auto transformer.
086012xe "Numerical Index :086012 (Alternators)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086012)"
Alternators
Objectives:
Explain how single- and three-phase alternators operate.
List and describe the major components of an alternator.
Discuss alternator ratings in terms of power, voltage, speed, and temperature.
State the steps required for starting, stopping, and operating alternators.
Describe the similarities and differences of the three main types of alternators.
086013xe "Numerical Index :086013 (Electrical Energy Distribution)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086013)"
Electrical Energy Distribution
Objectives:
Explain the difference between feeder and branch circuits.
Describe the different types of systems available for distributing power within a plant.
Recognize and identify utilization equipment.
Discuss the use of transformers in energy distribution.
Identify by name and describe the uses of various types of raceways.
Distinguish between panel boards and switchboards.
Describe the electrical system of a power utility.
Describe how electricity is generated at a power station or utility.
086014xe "Numerical Index :086014 (Rectification and Basic Electronic Devices)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (086014)"
Rectification and Basic Electronic Devices
Objectives:
Explain how diodes are used as rectifiers.
Discuss the basic operation of a diode and a triode electron tube.
Connect a PN junction for forward and reverse bias.
Explain how a transistor operates as an amplifier.
Recognize transistor input and output circuits.
Compare rectifier circuits with and without filter circuits.
Describe the operation of an SCR and a triac.
Calculate the ripple frequency of a half-wave and full-wave single-phase and three-phase rectifier.
Block D20xe "Numerical Index :Block D20 (Industrial Plumbing and Pipefitting)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Industrial Plumbing and Pipefitting (Block D20)"
Industrial Plumbing and Pipefitting
Duration:
40 hours (includes 8 tests)
What Students Learn:
The eight lessons in this block provide the trainee with the skills and knowledge needed to perform those tasks associated with the trades of plumber and pipefitter. The program includes coverage of the most widely accepted materials used for pipe, fittings, and valves. The trainee will learn how to use the tools of the trades, with an emphasis on safety. In addition, the methods used to join pipe, and the procedures for supporting, installing, and testing piping systems, are discussed in detail. Common plumbing fixture installation and maintenance, along with a review of tanks, pumps, and boilers, are covered.
Special Notes:
This updated course replaces Industrial Plumbing and Pipefitting, Block D10. Each study unit contains a progress examination.
Components:
The Trades of Plumbing and Pipefitting (286040)
Pipes, Fittings, and Valves (286041)
Plumbing and Pipefitting Tools (286042)
Joining and Assembling Pipes (286043)
Supporting, Installing, and Testing Pipes (286044)
Plumbing Fixtures and Appliances (286045)
Tanks, Pumps, and Boilers (286046)
Insulation for Piping and Ducting (286047)
286040xe "Numerical Index :286040 (The Trades of Plumbing and Pipefitting)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286040)"
The Trades of Plumbing and Pipefitting
Objectives:
Identify the differences between "plumbing" and "pipefitting."
Discuss the basic concepts of codes and standards.
Relate information about the different types of mechanical systems in buildings.
Demonstrate basic skills for blueprint reading.
Identify the terms: blueprints, architectural drawings, working drawings, manufacturers' specifications and job specifications.
Relate the basic concepts of blueprint reading.
Use a measuring scale.
Identify symbols and abbreviations used on working drawings.
Locate specifications pertaining to a specific material or system.
Explain how different types of plumbing and piping systems are categorized.
286041xe "Numerical Index :286041 (Pipes, Fittings, and Valves)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286041)"
Pipes, Fittings, and Valves
Objectives:
Identify and classify the different types of material that are used to manufacture pipes, fittings, and valves.
List the characteristics of the various types of pipes, fittings, and valves available.
Classify and identify pipe "markings."
Know how to "read" a fitting for ordering purposes.
Identify the various types of valves and know their components.
Perform basic valve maintenance and know proper installation techniques.
Select and specify pipes, fittings, and valves for a particular application.
286042xe "Numerical Index :286042 (Plumbing and Pipefitting Tools)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286042)"
Plumbing and Pipefitting Tools
Objectives:
Identify the various tools available for various tasks by appearance.
Demonstrate your knowledge of job safety and tool safety.
Identify the tools required to join and assemble pipes of different material composition.
Determine when and how to use pipe-joint assembly tools.
Identify the tools required to perform layout, cutting, and boring tasks.
Identify the tools needed for testing and maintaining piping systems.
Determine when and how to use finishing, testing, and maintenance tools for piping systems.
286043xe "Numerical Index :286043 (Joining and Assembling Pipes)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286043)"
Joining and Assembling Pipes
Objectives:
List necessary precautions to be taken when working with materials or procedures to join pipes.
Cut pipe lengths manufactured from the various pipes materials, as required by a piping system layout.
Prepare and assemble the various pipe joints you learned earlier.
Identify the materials, tools, and equipment needed for pipe.
Perform basic pipe welding tasks.
286044xe "Numerical Index :286044 (Supporting, Installing, and Testing Pipes)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286044)"
Supporting, Installing, and Testing Pipes
Objectives:
Lay out, install, and align a piping system either inside a building or underground.
Properly support a piping system using the various available methods, taking into account thermal expansion and contraction.
Identify methods and materials used to protect piping installations.
Calculate pipe offsets to avoid obstructions when laying out and installing a piping system.
Test different types of piping systems for defective materials or faulty workmanship.
286045xe "Numerical Index :286045 (Plumbing Fixtures and Appliances)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286045)"
Plumbing Fixtures and Appliances
Objectives:
Recognize trade terms used to categorize and describe plumbing components.
Identify the different types of plumbing fixtures, trim, appliances, and appurtenances.
Explain the procedures used for installing plumbing fixtures and trim.
Discuss common maintenance problems and corrective action for plumbing components.
286046xe "Numerical Index :286046 (Tanks, Pumps, and Boilers)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286046)"
Tanks, Pumps, and Boilers
Objectives:
Identify and classify the various available tanks.
Specify and size round and rectangular tanks, and sumps, for a particular application.
Identify different pumps and know pump principles.
Discuss pump installation, start-up, and maintenance procedures.
List the characteristics of boilers and discuss their classifications.
Identify boiler accessories and know basic boiler maintenance.
286047xe "Numerical Index :286047 (Insulation for Piping and Ducting)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286047)"
Insulation for Piping and Ducting
Objectives:
Identify and understand the function and types of different piping and ducting insulation materials.
Select the proper insulation type, material, and thickness for a given piping system.
Properly cut, form, and install insulation and shielding to piping and ducting.
006034xe "Numerical Index :286044 (Supporting, Installing, and Testing Pipes)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286044)"
Electric Heating
Duration: 10 hours (includes 1 test)
Course Prerequisite:
AC Principles (Block A22)
What Students Learn:
The use of electricity in an ever-increasing number of applications has become an accepted pattern over the years. The microwave and range were originally regarded as luxury items. Today, however, they're viewed by many as necessities, along with dozens of other electric devices, ranging from computers to hair dryers. The acceptance of these devices as necessary for our convenience and comfort has paralleled the rise in our standard of living. Therefore, it's not surprising that electric heating has also been accepted in our homes, schools, offices, and industrial plants. Students will be able to:
Identify the way and the how of the electric-heating market its growth and present trends.
Compare heating sources and list some of the benefits of electric heating. Define the basic terms used in electric heating.
Describe the basics of heat loss and how insulation, ventilation, and other controls affect heat loss calculations.
Understand how heating requirements for buildings are estimated using the degree day method of calculation.
Identify and compare the major selections of heating equipment.
Discuss the relationship of heat, current, resistance, and voltage.
Describe the main types of electric thermal storage systems available, including the advantages of each.
Identify and describe the various heating controls available.
Compare and select electric heating systems for residential applications.
Choose the proper heating system for a particular type of building.
Discuss the various methods for recovering lighting energy for space heating.
Determine which of the electric systems studied apply to industrial buildings.
006031xe "Numerical Index :006031 (Electric Lamps, Part 1)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Electric Lamps, Part 1 (006031)"
Electric Lamps, Part 1
Duration:
10 hours (includes 1 test)
Course Prerequisites:
AC Principles (Block A22)
What Students Learn:
This study unit is designed to provide basic information on the fundamentals of lamp operation. First, students will learn about the concept of light and how it is measured. You will also learn about basic lamp types. The main body of the study unit will provide students with a thorough introduction to the incandescent lamp.
When students complete this study unit, you will be able to:
Describe the concept of light.
Define several important photometry terms.
Name the three major lamp types.
Explain the term lamp efficacy.
Calculate the lumen depreciation of a lamp.
Explain the importance of a lamp's chromaticity and color rendition index (CRI).
Describe the differences between incandescent lamps and discharge-type lamps.
List the basic components of an incandescent lamp.
Explain how a halogen lamp differs from an incandescent lamp.
Use catalog ordering codes to determine incandescent lamp shapes, bases, and wattages.
Special Notes:
This study unit is primarily appropriate for residential and commercial electricians and electrical contractors.
006032xe "Numerical Index :006032 (Electric Lamps, Part 2)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Electric Lamps, Part 2 (006032)"
Electric Lamps, Part 2
Duration:
10 hours (includes 1 test)
Course Prerequisites:
AC Principles (Block A22)
What Students Learn:
This study unit is the second part of learning about lamps. This course describes the components of discharge lamps and what they are used for. Fluorescent and high intensity discharge (HID) lamps are the two major lamp groups that will be covered.
When students complete this study unit, you will be able to:
Understand the advantages and disadvantages of each lamp.
Recognize the different characteristics of each lamp.
Recognize the proper application of these lamps.
Specify or read specifications of discharge lamps.
Understand the basic manufacturer's ordering codes.
Carefully recognize problems before changing a lamp.
Realize some of the complications that may occur in an electrician's work.
Special Notes:
This study unit is primarily appropriate for residential and commercial electricians and electrical contractors.
006033xe "Numerical Index :006033 (Lighting Control)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Lighting Control (006033)"
Lighting Control
Duration:
10 hours (includes 1 test)
Course Prerequisites:
AC Principles (Block A22)
What Students Learn:
Electrical lamps are available in a wide range of different styles and can be used for lighting any type of area. In previous study units, you learned about the different types of lamps and fixtures, and the controlling devices. This study unit is designed to teach you about combining these items to design different types of lighting control systems. It will also teach you how to apply the different systems efficiently and conveniently.
When students complete this study unit, you will be able to:
Combine natural light and dimming devices efficiently.
Use multi-level lighting with fluorescent lamps.
Divide an area into different zones for different lighting needs.
Place switches in convenient areas.
Apply sensors and timers in lighting control systems.
5385xe "Numerical Index :006033 (Lighting Control)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Lighting Control (006033)"
Hot Water Supply
Duration: 10 hours (includes 1 test)
What Students Learn:
Principles of Water Heating; Fire-Heated Water Heaters; Steam-Heated Water Heaters; Electric Water Heaters; Water Heating by Transfer; Storage Tanks and Temperature Control; Details of Hot Water Systems; Sizing Hot Water Piping.
G14003xe "Numerical Index :286047 (Insulation for Piping and Ducting)"xe "Alphabetical Index :& blotitle (286047)"
Modern Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
Duration: 152 hours (includes 19 tests)
Course Prerequisites:
Basic Industrial Math (Block X21) Practical Measurements (Block X22)
What Students Learn:
Part 1 (H14003). Introduction to Refrigeration: Lesson 1: Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Concepts
Conduction and Convection Heat Transfer; Matter and Gas Laws; Refrigeration Process and Components; Handling Refrigerants.
Lesson 2: Safety, Tools, and Equipment
Pressure Vessels and Piping; Electricity and Moving Machinery Hazards; Refrigerant Contact and Inhalation Effects; Properly Moving Heavy Objects; Hand Tools and Specialized Service Equipment.
Lesson 3: Fasteners, Tubing, and Piping
Identification and Application of Fasteners; Hanging and Connecting Tubing, Piping and Ducts; Types of Tubing; Solderless Terminals and Wire Connectors.
Lesson 4: System Evacuation, Refrigerants, and System Charging
System Evacuation Theory, Tools, and Procedures; Leak Detection and System Cleaning; Environmental Effects and Chemical Composition of Refrigerants; Refrigerant Charging Processes.
Lesson 5: Calibrating Instruments, Basic Electricity, and Magnetism
Charging, Calibration, and Test Tools; Electrical Fundamentals; Electrical Measurement Instruments; Introduction to Electric Circuits and Components.
Part 2 (I14003). Refrigeration Systems: Lesson 6: Automatic, Electronic, and Programmable Controls
Temperature Sensing Devices and Components; Pressure and Flow Control Devices;Various Troubleshooting Diagrams; Understanding and Troubleshooting Controls and Control Circuits; Types and Uses of Various Controls.
Lesson 7: Types and Designs of Electric Motors
Motor Components and Applications; Motor Mounts; Drives and Starters; Troubleshoot and Diagnose Various Motor Failures.
Part 3 (J14003). Refrigeration Servicing: Lesson 8: Commercial Refrigeration Components
Refrigeration Temperatures; Various Types and Functions of Evaporators and Condensers; Refrigeration System Maintenance; Types and Functions of Compressors and Expansion Devices.
Lesson 9: Special Commercial Refrigeration Components, Applications, and Troubleshooting
Various Commercial Refrigeration Control Devices; Function of Refrigeration System Accessories; Selecting a Commercial Refrigeration System; Defrost Process; Various Types of Ice-making and Vending Machines; Differences Between Land, Sea and Air Cargo Refrigeration; Proper Troubleshooting Techniques and Procedures; Special Refrigerated Applications.
Part 4 (K14003). Cooling and Heating: Lesson 10: Basic Heating Systems
Types and Functions of Electric Heaters; Components of an Electric Forced-Air Heating System; Preventative Maintenance and Troubleshooting of Electric Heaters and Central Electrical Heating Systems; Types of Gas Furnaces and Their Fuels; Components of a Gas- Fired Forced-Air Furnace; Preventative Maintenance and Troubleshooting of Gas-Fired Furnaces; Identify Fuel Oils; Components of an Oil-Fired Forced-Air Furnace; Preventative Maintenance and Troubleshooting of Oil-Fired Furnaces; Safety Practices Related to Electric, Gas, and Oil Heating Systems.
Lesson 11: Additional Heating Systems and Air Quality
Operation and Components of Hydronic Heating Systems; Troubleshooting and Preventative Maintenance of Hydronic Heating Systems; Air Quality Problems, Causes, and Treatments; Types and Maintenance of Humidifiers.
Lesson 12: Comfort, Air Conditioning, and Air Distribution
Variations in Comfort Levels; Psychrometric Charts; Dry-Bulb and Wet-Bulb, Total Heat, and Other Heat Transfers Topics; Equipment and Systems for Air Distribution and Control.
Lesson 13: Controls, Operating Conditions, and Troubleshooting
Function and Placement of Various Air Conditioning Control Devices; Residential Air Conditioning Systems; Old and New Control Systems; Effects of Relative Humidity on Air Conditioning Systems; Various Grades of Equipment; Tools and Instruments Needed to Troubleshoot an Air Conditioning System
Lesson 14: All-Weather Systems
Year-Round Air Conditioning; Calculate Airflow in Ductwork; Various Types of All-Weather Systems; Reverse-Cycle Refrigeration; Types of Heat Pumps and Their Troubleshooting Procedures; Operating Principles of Geothermal Heat Pumps
215
216
Part 5 (L14003). Chilled Water Systems and Domestic Appliances Lesson 15: Domestic Appliances
Characteristics, Components, and Operation of a Refrigerator; Operation of an Ice Maker; Types of Defrost Systems; Freezer Types and Components; Procedures for Safely Moving and Servicing Freezers; Characteristics and Types of Room Air Conditioning Units; Installation Procedures for Air Conditioning Units; Components, Operation, Functions and Servicing of Air Conditioning Systems.
Lesson 16: Chilled-Water Cooling Systems
Types, Characteristics, and Components of Chilled-Water Air Conditioning Systems; Operation and Function of Chilled-Water System Components; Preventive Maintenance, Troubleshooting Techniques, and Servicing Procedures for Chilled-Water Cooling Systems.
Special Notes:
This updated course replaces Modern Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, course A14003. Call Customer Service for pricing and serial numbers if you need to order study guide(s) with or without the textbook.
This course consists of a textbook and five supplemental study guides.
498001xe "Numerical Index :006033 (Lighting Control)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Lighting Control (006033)"
Introduction to Green Technology
Duration: 10 hours (includes 1 test)
What Students Learn:
Geothermal Energy: Direct Use of Geothermal Energy; Converting Geothermal Energy to Electricity; Conventional Heat Pumps; Ground- Source Heat Pumps; Low-Emission Vehicles: Efficient Conventional Engines; Alternative Fuels; Zero-Emission Vehicles; Hybrid Vehicles; Photovoltaic Energy: History and Developments; Converting Solar Energy to Electricity; Using the Sun; Practical Photovoltaic Applications; Passive Solar Energy: Maximizing Sunlight; Low-Light Periods; Using the Different Seasons; Other Considerations; Solar Water Heating; Wind Power: Turbines; Generating Electricity; Calculating Potential Power; Challenges with Wind Power.
986M12xe "Numerical Index :006033 (Lighting Control)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Lighting Control (006033)"
Building Systems
Duration: 25 hours (includes 6 tests)
What Students Learn:
Lesson 1 HVAC Systems, Part 1( " Understand how a building is supplied with the energy; Required for mechanical and electrical systems; Describe how the mechanical and electrical (M/E) systems affect the design of buildings; Understand the importance of basic commissioning and the tools for evaluating options by economics and quality; Explain design principles for cooling and heating production and the importance of air handling; Calculate heating and cooling loads; Describe commonly used systems for zone control.
Lesson 2 HVAC Systems, Part 2
Understand refrigeration cycles and how interior spaces are cooled; Identify the basic principles used for chilled-water plant design; Explain the various types of heating systems and related energy sources; Recognize the importance of operating and safety controls associated with all heating equipment; Understand how air-handling systems deliver heating or cooling to desired spaces; Describe the general guidelines for duct system design.
Lesson 3Plumbing and Fire Protection Systems( " Explain how piping systems convey heating or cooling; Identify the different materials used for fluid piping systems, their accessories, and pipe-sizing criteria; Describe the operating principles of water supply and treatment systems, domestic water distribution systems, and related load calculations; Interpret the design of plumbing facilities for buildings and describe typical fixtures and components; Identify the classifications of fire and construction hazards and how they affect planning a fire protection system; Understand the design of a fire alarm system, recognize different detection and signaling devices, and describe various suppression and sprinkler systems.
Lesson 4Electrical, Communication, and Security Systems( " Describe the fundamental properties of electricity and use associated formulas; Explain the operating principles of various types of building power distribution systems; Understand the importance of properly grounding electrical systems; Distinguish between various emergency power systems; Describe the characteristics of telecommunication and other low-voltage systems, their basic components, and wiring requirements; List the five basic steps in electrical system design.
Lesson 5 Lighting Systems( " Explain the physics of light and the basic characteristics of color; Identify various electrical light sources and the factors to consider when selecting lighting equipment; Work with the forms, charts, and related calculations that describe the quantity and quality of illumination; Apply the zonal cavity method and understand its applications and limitations; Describe the benefits of using lighting- related computer-aided design and calculation software.
Lesson 6Advanced Building Systems( " Interpret a lighting design, judging how it relates to visual comfort, architectural needs, color, and interaction with interior design; Read lighting design documentation such as construction drawings and specifications; List the factors to consider in designing lighting for exterior applications; Identify problem areas in buildings where acoustical concerns may require special consideration; Understand how the many mechanical and electrical systems and equipment in commercial buildings are integrated through proper planning and space allocation.
Special Note:
This course consists of a textbook, a supplemental study guide, and a study unit.
986M17xe "Numerical Index :006033 (Lighting Control)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Lighting Control (006033)"
Insulate and Weatherize
Duration: 10 hours (includes 2 tests)
What Students Learn:
Lesson 1 Controlling Energy Consumption in Buildings, Part 1( " Understand heat transfer; Define the thermal boundary; Set priorities for air sealing; Explain how to weatherstrip doors and patches; Study ventilation systems; Describe the process for insulating walls, floors, and attics; Know when and how to replace windows.
Lesson 2Controlling Energy Consumption in Buildings, Part 2 Describe the operating principles of heat pumps and electric resistance systems; Explain cooling basics; Maintain and upgrade air conditioners; Evaluate hot-water conservation; Judge the value of tankless hot-water systems for a specific application; Plan home renovation as a way to save energy; Build up walls and roofs for better insulation; Select appliances and light fixtures to cut energy use.
Special Note:
This course consists of a textbook and a supplemental study guide.
986M18xe "Numerical Index :006033 (Lighting Control)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Lighting Control (006033)"
Green Building Practices
Duration: 20 hours (includes 4 tests)
What Students Learn:
Lesson 1Introduction to Green Building Practices
( " Describe what s meant by the term green construction ; List benefits and drawbacks of choosing green construction; Understand the type of resources consumed during and after the construction of a residence; Recognize where and how energy is consumed an./689ouvw 5 ; m s
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Lesson 2 Structural Topics( " Describe techniques that reduce the amount of concrete used in residential foundations; Describe carpentry methods that use less framing lumber; Identify alternative materials used to frame a home; Understand the connections between a buildings framing phase and its insulation phase; Identify components of windows and window construction types that indicate how much heat theyll lose.
Lesson 3Green Building Systems
Identify the benefits of each plumbing material type available; Decide where to locate and how to join HVAC ductwork; Select heating and cooling appliances that make the best use of locally available fuels; Describe how and when solar energy can help heat interior spaces and the home water supply; Identify ways to reduce dependence on electrical power generated by burning fossil fuels.
Lesson 4 Advanced Green Building Topics( " Describe the level of detail to follow when installing insulation; Explain the differences between various foam insulation types; Identify instances where man-made materials are greener than wood; Explain why the materials from which furniture and finishes are made affect indoor air quality weeks or months after installation; Describe landscaping practices that improve a buildings green characteristic.
Special Note:
This course consists of a textbook and a supplemental study guide.
986M19xe "Numerical Index :006033 (Lighting Control)"xe "Alphabetical Index :Lighting Control (006033)"
Photovoltaic Systems
Duration: 20 hours (includes 4 tests)
What Students Learn:
Lesson 1 Introduction to Photovoltaic Systems
( " List advantages and disadvantages of various types of PV systems; Explain how solar radiation data is used to size and estimate the performance of a PV system; Describe the process of evaluating, planning, and installing PV systems; Use formulas and data to assess potential locations and determine the suitability of PV array locations; Identify the purpose and functions of the major components of PV systems.
Lesson 2Photovoltaic System Components(
" Use formulas to calculate various values of current, voltage, and power from given PV device current-voltage curve characteristics; Identify parts of the current-voltage characteristic curve and their values; Describe battery charging and discharging characteristics; Explain how to connect batteries into banks; Describe the function and features of charge controllers; Identify the basic types of inverters used in PV systems; Identify features and functions of maximum power point trackers (MPPT).
Lesson 3Installing Photovoltaic Systems, Part 1Htд,Jp$1$a$1$1$7$8$H$gdJD1$7$8$H$gdM(
" Calculate the PV system energy and power requirements from a load analysis; Given parameters, calculate the size and configuration of a battery bank and an array; Develop a plan for integrating arrays on buildings; Identify the types of attachment methods available; Identify electrical codes, regulations, and practices applicable to PV systems; Calculate the voltage and current limit on various circuits of a PV system; Identify the applicable codes and standards for utility interconnections and differentiate between load-side and supply-side interconnections and requirements.
Lesson 4 Installing Photovoltaic Systems, Part 2
( " Identify the common requirements for PV system permit applications; Describe the labeling requirements for PV systems and components; List the steps involved with commissioning a new PV system; Outline the periodic maintenance requirements for PV systems; Understand the definitions of life-cycle cost analysis factors; Discuss the types of financial incentives available to those who install PV systems.
Special Note:
" This course consists of a textbook and a supplemental study guide.
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